It reduces the number of flag, switch and signalmen to a minimum, and the actual
saving on the pay roll soon repays the first cost of erection. ... y y p g 3. b 3. o
washers have been tested for over three years, and their merits fully proven. ... of
the rail, and, by smoothness of track, preservation from battering of ends of rails,
and little care required, gives the most durable and economical joint yet devised.