Olwen H. Hufton explores the responses of two groups of working women - those in rural areas and those in Paris - to the revolution's aftermath. Women were denied citizenship in the new state, but they were not apolitical.
Author: Olwen H. Hufton
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
The French masses overwhelmingly supported the Revolution in 1789. Economic hardship, hunger, and debt combined to put them solidly behind the leaders. But between the people's expectations and the politicians' interpretation of what was needed to construct a new state lay a vast chasm. Olwen H. Hufton explores the responses of two groups of working women - those in rural areas and those in Paris - to the revolution's aftermath. Women were denied citizenship in the new state, but they were not apolitical. In Paris, collective female activity promoted a controlled economy as women struggled to secure an adequate supply of bread at a reasonable price. Rural women engaged in collective confrontation to undermine government religious policy which was destroying the networks of traditional Catholic charity. Hufton examines the motivations of these two groups, the strategies they used to advance their respective causes, and the bitter misogyinistic legacy of the republican tradition which persisted into the twentieth century.
And yet , women could not attend the general assembly of the section , where the
decision was made to appoint a new city ... We see here the limits to action by
women , limits forced upon them because female citizens were excluded from the
Author: Dominique Godineau
Publisher: Univ of California Press
During the French Revolution, hundreds of domestic and working-class women of Paris were interrogated, examined, accused, denounced, arrested, and imprisoned for their rebellious and often hostile behavior. Here, for the first time in English translation, Dominique Godineau offers an illuminating account of these female revolutionaries. As nurturing and tender as they are belligerent and contentious, these are not singular female heroines but the collective common women who struggled for bare subsistence by working in factories, in shops, on the streets, and on the home front while still finding time to participate in national assemblies, activist gatherings, and public demonstrations in their fight for the recognition of women as citizens within a burgeoning democracy. Relying on exhaustive research in historical archives, police accounts, and demographic resources at specific moments of the Revolutionary period, Godineau describes the private and public lives of these women within their precise political, social, historical, and gender-specific contexts. Her insightful and engaging observations shed new light on the importance of women as instigators, activists, militants, and decisive revolutionary individuals in the crafting and rechartering of their political and social roles as female citizens within the New Republic.
Political Actors: Representative Bodies and Theatricality in the Age of the French
Revolution. Ithaca, NY: ... Interpreting the French Revolution, Elborg Forster, trans
. Cambridge ... Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution.
Author: Micah Alpaugh
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The French Revolution: A History in Documents explores the rapidly evolving political culture of the French Revolution through first-hand accounts of the revolutionary (and counterrevolutionary) actors themselves. It demonstrates how radical Enlightenment philosophy fused with a governmental crisis to create a moment of new political possibilities unlike any the world had previously seen. In so doing, the French and their allies generated a template for revolutionary possibility from which virtually all subsequent political movements – liberalism, abolitionism, socialism, anarchism, conservatism, feminism and human rights included – derived inspiration. As well as providing an invaluable general introduction, vital contextual notes and thematic bibliographies, Micah Alpaugh selects a fascinating range of pieces, drawing on Parisian, provincial, colonial, and even international voices. From Enlightened dissent to apologias for terror, from declarations of human rights to accounts of slave rebellions, from passionate arguments for democratization to the authoritarian pronouncements of Napoleonic rule, this book presents the French Revolution's evolution in all its awesome complexity. In addition to classic texts, Alpaugh includes many lesser-known sources, a number of which are translated into English here for the first time. This unique collection of 13 visual sources and over 90 documents, incorporating perspectives from across class, gender, race and nationality, provides you with insights into the fervent debates, pronouncements and proposals that spawned modern politics.
Goodness Beyond Virtue: Jacobins during the French Revolution. Cambridge,
Mass.: Harvard University Press. Hufton, Olwen H. (1992). Women and the Limits
of Citizenship in the French Revolution. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Author: Peter McPhee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A Companion to the French Revolution comprises twenty-nine newly-written essays reassessing the origins, development, and impact of this great turning-point in modern history. Examines the origins, development and impact of the French Revolution Features original contributions from leading historians, including six essays translated from French. Presents a wide-ranging overview of current historical debates on the revolution and future directions in scholarship Gives equally thorough treatment to both causes and outcomes of the French Revolution
When morning arrived, women from the main market in Paris beat drums and
complained loudly about the lack of bread. ... “Etude critique sur les journées des
5 et 6 octobre 1789,” Revue Historique 67 (1898): 280–81; Andress, French
Revolution and the People, 121. ... Hufton, Women and the Limits of Citizenship,
Author: Robert H. Blackman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The first comprehensive study of the complex events and debates through which the 1789 French National Assembly became a sovereign body.
Abray, 'Feminism in the French Revolution', American Historical Review, 80,
1975, pp. 43–62; A.Dessens, Les revendications des droits de la ... Paris, pp. 72–
74. 12 Ibid., p. 73. 13 On traditional protest, O.Hufton, Women and the Limits of ...
Author: James McMillan
France and Women, 1789-1914 is the first book to offer an authoritative account of women's history throughout the nineteenth century. James McMillan, author of the seminal work Housewife or Harlot, offers a major reinterpretation of the French past in relation to gender throughout these tumultuous decades of revolution and war. This book provides a challenging discussion of the factors which made French political culture so profoundly sexist and in particular, it shows that many of the myths about progress and emancipation associated with modernisation and the coming of mass politics do not stand up to close scrutiny. It also reveals the conservative nature of the republican left and of the ingrained belief throughout french society that women should remain within the domestic sphere. James McMillan considers the role played by French men and women in the politics, culture and society of their country throughout the 1800s.
... (Paris: Des femmes, 1981); Shirley Elson Roessler, Out of the Shadows:
Women and Politics in the French Revolution, ... 1994); Olwen H. Hufton, Women
and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution (Toronto: University of
Author: Edward G. Gray
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The Oxford Handbook of the American Revolution draws on a wealth of new scholarship to create a vibrant dialogue among varied approaches to the revolution that made the United States. In thirty-three essays written by authorities on the period, the Handbook brings to life the diverse multitudes of colonial North America and their extraordinary struggles before, during, and after the eight-year-long civil war that secured the independence of thirteen rebel colonies from their erstwhile colonial parent. The chapters explore battles and diplomacy, economics and finance, law and culture, politics and society, gender, race, and religion. Its diverse cast of characters includes ordinary farmers and artisans, free and enslaved African Americans, Indians, and British and American statesmen and military leaders. In addition to expanding the Revolution's who, the Handbook broadens its where, portraying an event that far transcended the boundaries of what was to become the United States. It offers readers an American Revolution whose impact ranged far beyond the thirteen colonies. The Handbook's range of interpretive and methodological approaches captures the full scope of current revolutionary-era scholarship. Its authors, British and American scholars spanning several generations, include social, cultural, military, and imperial historians, as well as those who study politics, diplomacy, literature, gender, and sexuality. Together and separately, these essays demonstrate that the American Revolution remains a vibrant and inviting a subject of inquiry. Nothing comparable has been published in decades.
Article IV Liberty and justice consist in restoring all that belongs to others (to be
able to do what does not harm another); thus, the only limits on the exercise of
each woman's (each man) natu- ral rights is the perpetual male tyranny she is ...
Author: Sophie Mousset
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Sent to the guillotine for publishing her "Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen" in 1791, Olympe de Gouges advocated rights for women that foreshadowed western societal concerns by 150 years. Sophie Mousset's is the first biography of this astonishing, little-known woman visionary.
The French Counter-Enlightenment and the Making of Modernity Darrin M.
McMahon ... On this theme, see Olwen H. Hufton, “In Search of Counter-
Revolutionary Women,” Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French
Author: Darrin M. McMahon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Critics have long treated the most important intellectual movement of modern history--the Enlightenment--as if it took shape in the absence of opposition. In this groundbreaking new study, Darrin McMahon demonstrates that, on the contrary, contemporary resistance to the Enlightenment was a major cultural force, shaping and defining the Enlightenment itself from the moment of inception, while giving rise to an entirely new ideological phenomenon-what we have come to think of as the "Right." McMahon skillfully examines the Counter-Enlightenment, showing that it was an extensive, international, and thoroughly modern affair.
The Visual and the Visionary: Art and Female Spirituality in Late Medieval
Germany (New York: Zone Books, 1998). Harline ... Women and the Limits of
Citizenship in the French Revolution: The Donald G. Creighton Lectures 1989 (
Author: Silvia Evangelisti
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Cloistered and inaccessible 'brides of Christ'? Or socially engaged women, active in the outside world to a degree impossible for their secular sisters? Nuns tells the fascinating stories of the women who have lived in religious communities since the dawn of the modern age - their ideals and achievements, frustrations and failures, and their attempts to reach out to the society around them. Drawing particularly on the nuns' own words, Silvia Evangelisti explores how they came to the cloister, how they responded to monastic discipline, and how they pursued their spiritual, intellectual, and missionary activities. The book looks not only at the individual stories of outstanding historical figures such as Teresa of Avila but also at the wider picture of convent life - what it symbolized to contemporaries, how it reflected and related to the world beyond the cloister, and what it means in the world today.
Reading Signatures : Female Authorship and Revolutionary Law in France ,
1750 – 1850 . ” Eighteenth - Century Studies 22 ... Hufton , Olwen H . Women and
the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution . Toronto : University of Toronto
Author: Paul R. Hanson
The French Revolution remains the most examined event and period in world history. Most historians would argue that it was the first "modern" revolution, an event so momentous that it changed the very meaning of the word revolution to its current connotation of a political and/or social upheaval that marks a decisive break with the past, moving the society in a forward or progressive direction. No revolution has occurred since 1789 without making reference to this first revolution, and most have been measured against it. When revolution shook the foundations of the Old Regime in France, shock waves reverberated throughout the western world. The A to Z of the French Revolution examines the causes and origins; the roles of significant persons; crucial events and turning points; important institutions and organizations; and the economic, social, and intellectual factors involved in the event that gave birth to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, the introduction of universal manhood suffrage, and the Napoleonic Empire. An introductory essay, chronology, and comprehensive bibliography complement the more than 400 cross-referenced dictionary entries, making this a great resource for students and history enthusiasts alike.
WOMEN OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. CHAPTER I. TO WOMEN, MOTHERS,
AND DAUGHTERS. i Mabch 1, 1854. This book appears at a time when the ... A
great war, in truth, and which has no limits. Judging from the place, time, and ...
Author: Jules Michelet
"Formed principally of the portraits of women, drawn by Michelet in his History of the revolution."--Author's pref. Includes chapters devoted to such general topics as the influence of women on the 18th century, the worship of women for Robespierre, the execution of women, and the reaction of women following the Revolution. The author also concentrates on individuals such as Mme de Stäel, Mme de Condorcet, Olympe de Gouges, Rosa Lacombe, Théroigne de Mericourt, Mme Roland, Charlotte Corday, Mlle Kiralio [sic], Lucille Desmoulins, and Danton's two wives.
The Twilight of the Goddesses : Women and Representation in the French
Revolutionary Era . New Brunswick , NJ : Rutgers University ... Hufton , Olwen H .
Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the French Revolution . Toronto :
Author: Frank A. Kafker
This is an anthology organized around conflicting interpretations of 11 of the most important issues and events of the French Revolution. It includes interpretations by contemporary and earlier historians, and no one view or school of revolutionary studies is stressed.
Thus Rousseau objects to women's position in the public sphere in the most
uncompromising terms. ... The theoretical public of men must, in a deep sense,
keep their own silence, for they share an awful secret about the limits of
republican liberty. ... is banished from the public realm of enlightened reason—
eerily foreshadowing the fate of women in the revolutionary public sphere, the
subject of Part II.
Author: Joan B. Landes
Publisher: Cornell University Press
In this provocative interdisciplinary essay, Joan B. Landes examines the impact on women of the emergence of a new, bourgeois organization of public life in the eighteenth century. She focuses on France, contrasting the role and representation of women under the Old Regime with their status during and after the Revolution. Basing her work on a wide reading of current historical scholarship, Landes draws on the work of Habermas and his followers, as well as on recent theories of representation, to re-create public-sphere theory from a feminist point of view.Within the extremely personal and patriarchal political culture of Old Regime France, elite women wielded surprising influence and power, both in the court and in salons. Urban women of the artisanal class often worked side by side with men and participated in many public functions. But the Revolution, Landes asserts, relegated women to the home, and created a rigidly gendered, essentially male, bourgeois public sphere. The formal adoption of universal rights actually silenced public women by emphasizing bourgeois conceptions of domestic virtue.In the first part of this book, Landes links the change in women's roles to a shift in systems of cultural representation. Under the absolute monarchy of the Old Regime, political culture was represented by the personalized iconic imagery of the father/king. This imagery gave way in bourgeois thought to a more symbolic system of representation based on speech, writing, and the law. Landes traces this change through the art and writing of the period. Using the works of Rousseau and Montesquieu as examples of the passage to the bourgeois theory of the public sphere, she shows how such concepts as universal reason, law, and nature were rooted in an ideologically sanctioned order of gender difference and separate public and private spheres. In the second part of the book, Landes discusses the discourses on women's rights and on women in society authored by Condorcet, Wollstonecraft, Gouges, Tristan, and Comte within the context of these new definitions of the public sphere. Focusing on the period after the execution of the king, she asks who got to be included as the People when men and women demanded that liberal and republican principles be carried to their logical conclusion. She examines women's roles in the revolutionary process and relates the birth of modern feminism to the silencing of the politically influential women of the Old Regime court and salon and to women's expulsion from public participation during and after the Revolution. --Lynn Hunt, University of Pennsylvania "Journal of Modern History"
in the countryside , and his Liberty and Locality in Revolutionary France ( 2003 )
offers a readable account of ... Rebel Daughters : Women and the French
Revolution ( 1992 ) ; Olwyn Hufton , Women and the Limits of Citizenship in the
Author: Jeremy D. Popkin
Publisher: Prentice Hall
This new edition has been updated to reflect the latest scholarship on the subject, in feilds ranging from women's history and the impact of the Revolution on peasant communities to the revolutionary struggles over race and slavery.
Women and Gender Godineau , Dominique . The Women of Paris and Their
French Revolution , trans . Katherine Streip . Berkeley & Los Angeles : University
of California Press , 1998 . Hufton , Olwen . Women and the Limits of Citizenship
Author: Laura Mason
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
presented alongside those of sans-culottes; the histories of women, peasants, and the free blacks and slaves of Saint Domingue are represented, as are the testimonies of revolutionaries and counter-revolutionaries alike. Documents range from political pamphlets, decrees by legislative bodies, and police reports to popular petitions from the countryside and popular literature from the period. Short narrative histories ... provid[e] students with a context in which to evaluate the documents. [This book is