But more than that, as Doug Macdougall makes clear, the science also provides important clues to the future of the planet.
Author: Doug Macdougall
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Volcanic dust, climate change, tsunamis, earthquakes—geoscience explores phenomena that profoundly affect our lives. But more than that, as Doug Macdougall makes clear, the science also provides important clues to the future of the planet. In an entertaining and accessibly written narrative, Macdougall gives an overview of Earth’s astonishing history based on information extracted from rocks, ice cores, and other natural archives. He explores such questions as: What is the risk of an asteroid striking Earth? Why does the temperature of the ocean millions of years ago matter today? How are efforts to predict earthquakes progressing? Macdougall also explains the legacy of greenhouse gases from Earth’s past and shows how that legacy shapes our understanding of today’s human-caused climate change. We find that geoscience in fact illuminates many of today’s most pressing issues—the availability of energy, access to fresh water, sustainable agriculture, maintaining biodiversity—and we discover how, by applying new technologies and ideas, we can use it to prepare for the future.
The science of field geology is the investigative process of determining the distribution of rock units and structures on a planet fs surface, and it is the first-order data set that informs all subsequent studies of a planet, such as ...
Author: Dean B. Eppler
The science of field geology is the investigative process of determining the distribution of rock units and structures on a planet fs surface, and it is the first-order data set that informs all subsequent studies of a planet, such as geochemistry, geochronology, geophysics, or remote sensing. For future missions to the Moon and Mars, the surface systems deployed must support the conduct of field geology if these endeavors are to be scientifically useful. This lecture discussed what field geology is all about.why it is important, how it is done, how conducting field geology informs many other sciences, and how it affects the design of surface systems and the implementation of operations in the future.
Geology. Matters. The preceding twelve chapters have, I hope, provided a window into the multifaceted world of earth science. The field got its start long ...
Author: J. D. Macdougall
Publisher: Univ of California Press
“Macdougall does a masterful job of exploring the questions, dilemmas, and insights that have led to today’s scientific understanding of the composition of our planet. His approach is not “rocks on a shelf” science; it’s a compelling, interdisciplinary peek at Earth’s prehistory—including those processes that support so much of modern civilization.”-Ernest Zebrowski, author of Global Climate Change and Category 5: The Story of Camille “The story of Earth is told in such geologic forms as rock strata, volcanic eruptions, meteor craters, fossils, ocean currents, and ice flows. Macdougall gives these disparate elements voice and puts them into a perspective that emphasizes why Earth science is important in our understanding of both the planet’s history and our role in its tomorrow.”-Jeff Kanipe, author of The Cosmic Connection: How Astronomical Events Impact Life on Earth
In this lively story of discovery, hardship, and humor, Macdougall examines the work of the expedition’s scientists, especially the naturalist Henry Moseley, who rigorously categorized the flora and fauna of the islands the ship visited, ...
Author: Doug Macdougall
Publisher: Yale University Press
A gripping tale of exploration aboard H.M.S. Challenger, an expedition that laid the foundations for modern oceanography From late 1872 to 1876, H.M.S. Challenger explored the world’s oceans. Conducting deep sea soundings, dredging the ocean floor, recording temperatures, observing weather, and collecting biological samples, the expedition laid the foundations for modern oceanography. Following the ship’s naturalists and their discoveries, earth scientist Doug Macdougall engagingly tells a story of Victorian-era adventure and ties these early explorations to the growth of modern scientific fields. In this lively story of discovery, hardship, and humor, Macdougall examines the work of the expedition’s scientists, especially the naturalist Henry Moseley, who rigorously categorized the flora and fauna of the islands the ship visited, and the legacy of John Murray, considered the father of modern oceanography. Macdougall explores not just the expedition itself but also the iconic place that H.M.S. Challenger has achieved in the annals of ocean exploration and science.
Explores the causes and effects of ice ages, explains how the Pleistocene Ice Age has shaped the earth's landscape and influenced human evolution, and offers authoritative speculation and explanations of future climate changes, their causes ...
Author: J. D. Macdougall
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Explores the causes and effects of ice ages, explains how the Pleistocene Ice Age has shaped the earth's landscape and influenced human evolution, and offers authoritative speculation and explanations of future climate changes, their causes, and their impact on both the natural world and human civilization.
The book includes narrative sections about the lives of pioneering geologists, the reality and sublimity of geologic time, the rebirth and destruction of our planet over time, and the underlying science that influences climate change and ...
Author: Elisabeth Ervin-Blankenheim
A loving portrayal of our precious planet that offers easy-to-grasp discussions of scientific concepts and detailed examinations of Earth's tectonic, biological, and paleontological forces... Did you know that the history of Earth can be revealed by examining everything on it? From the esoteric science of minerals to the interactions between humans and their environment, our planet provides answers to every question we could ask about its history and what lies ahead. As climate change impacts everything we do on our planet, now is the time to take a closer look at what messages Earth has for us: what does it mean when the wind blows or the ground shifts? In this book, geologist Elisabeth Ervin-Blankenheim reveals the history of our planet through a geologic lens and explains why everyone should care about it. Song of the Earth is a thrilling biography of our planet that equips readers with the scientific, historical, and philosophical symbiosis between humans and Earth. Ervin-Blankenheim explores geologic principles of deep time, plate tectonics, and change in life forms in plain English. The book is illustrated with striking maps, diagrams, and pictures, allowing her to dissect everything from how a roiling, molten planet cooled to how the first cyanobacteria began to oxygenate the atmosphere to how the atmosphere has changed over time. Ervin-Blankenheim journeys through the science with ease and provides narrative sections about pioneering geologists and their groundbreaking discoveries. In viewing the planet as the integrated ecosystem it is, Ervin-Blankenheim showcases how land, water, life, and the atmosphere maintain an elegant yet delicate balance--one that, based on the author's evidence of current trends in the context of past planetary cataclysm, appears to be under imminent threat. At times both gripping and lovingly poetic, Song of the Earth shows not only how Earth has influenced life, but also how life has distinctly shaped our planet.
Geology. Matters. Geology may be said to be the study of the planet Earth, the materials of which it is made, the processes acting on those materials, ...
Author: J.R.L. Allen
Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
This short introduction aims to provide archaeologists of all backgrounds with a grounding in the principles, materials, and methods of geology. Each chapter ends with a short reading list, and many have selected case-histories in illustration of the points made. Included is a glossary of technical terms.
The tone, in many cases, is light, but the underlying issues are nonetheless real.
... spawn laws intended to solve them; the environmental-law chapter looks
briefly at a sampling of laws and international agreements related to geologic
Author: Carla W. Montgomery
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics
Intended for the introductory-level college course, the principal aim of this text is to present the student with a broad overview of environmental geology. The text looks both at how the earth developed into its present condition and where matters seem to be moving for the future. It is hoped that this knowledge will provide the student with a useful foundation for discussing and evaluating specific environmental issues, as well as for developing ideas about how the problems should be solved.
Macdougall D (2011) Why geology matters: Decoding the past, anticipating the future. Berkeley: University of California Press. Park G (2010) Introducing ...
Author: John A Matthews
Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.
This work tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution.
Author: Donald R. Prothero
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Over the years, paleontologists have made tremendous fossil discoveries, which includes an amazing diversity of fossil humans, suggesting we walked upright long before we acquired large brains. This work tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution.
A Geologist's History of Lunar Exploration Don E. Wilhelms ... Chapters 11 - 18
include findings from the analyses that bear most directly on geological matters
and also touch on findings about the primordial Moon accessible only through
Author: Don E. Wilhelms
When human exploration of the lunar surface began in 1969, it marked not only an unprecedented technological achievement but also the culmination of scientific efforts to understand lunar geology. Memoirs of the Apollo astronauts have preserved the exploratory aspects of these missions; now a geologist who was an active participant in the lunar program offers a detailed historical view of those events--including the pre-Apollo era--from a heretofore untold scientific perspective. It was the responsibility of the scientific team of which Don Wilhelms was a member to assemble an overall picture of the Moon's structure and history in order to recommend where on the lunar surface fieldwork should be conducted and samples collected. His book relates the site-selection process in detail, and draws in concomitant events concerning mission operations to show how they affected the course of the scientific program. While discussing all six landings in detail, it tells the behind-the-scenes story of telescopic and spacecraft investigations before, during, and after the manned landings. Intended for anyone interested the space program, the history of science, or the application of geology to planetology, To a Rocky Moon will leave all readers with a better idea of what the Moon is really like. In so expertly summarizing this earlier phase of exploration, it stands as an authoritative touchstone for those involved in the next.
Why is geological time so important? It underpins everything we study in geology and Earth Science today and provides a framework for many other sciences.
Author: Michael Leddra
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Time Matters provides an invaluable insight into thebackground behind some of the key concepts we use in Earth sciencetoday. It shows the historical context in which these ideas weredeveloped, the important contributions of individual scientists andthinkers, and how these ideas continue to shape our view of scienceand the world in which we live. The book covers subjects such as the age of the earth,catastrophism vs uniformitarianism, evolution vs creationism,plutonism vs neptunism, continental drift and plate tectonics. Itexplores the people involved, their ideas and the scientific andreligious power politics involved in the development. It iseffectively partly a review of the way in which science works ordoes not work. The text includes questions and comment boxes whichhelp the reader to appreciate/understand the ideas and conceptsthat have been included and their problems, strengths orweaknesses. Accessible introduction – does not assume priorknowledge Teaches scientific thought – particularly the use ofevidence Topic based – uses a set of key geological theories This book is written for anyone with an interest in geology andthe history of science, but will be particularly valuable touniversity or high-school students beginning a study of earthscience for the first time.
the important distinction between geology and geomorphology . But what is the ...
A perusal of the two contributions which deal with Irish geological matters will
reveal the intellectual faultline that runs through the entire work . The opening ...
Vols. 1- include the sections: Writings on Irish history, 1936-1979; Research on Irish history in Irish, British and American universities, 1937/8-
Mammoths and dinosaurs, tropical forests in northern Europe and North America, worldwide ice ages, continents colliding and splitting apart, comets and asteroids crashing catastrophically onto the Earth - these are just some of the ...
Author: Martin J. S. Rudwick
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Mammoths and dinosaurs, tropical forests in northern Europe and North America, worldwide ice ages, continents colliding and splitting apart, comets and asteroids crashing catastrophically onto the Earth these are just some of the surprising features of the eventful history of our planet, stretched out over several billion years. But how was it all discovered, how was the evidence for the Earth s long history collected and interpreted, and what sorts of people put together this reconstruction of a deep past that no human beings could ever have witnessed? In "Earth s Deep History," Martin J. S. Rudwick tells the gripping story of the gradual realization that the Earth s history has not only been unimaginably long but also astonishingly eventful in utterly unexpected ways. Rudwick, the world s premier historian of the Earth sciences, is the first to make the story of the discovery of the Earth s deep history attractively accessible to readers without prior knowledge of either the history or the science, and in so doing he reveals why it matters to us today. "
But if geologic informa teaching profession took him to some of the synclines
elsewhere in tion about any of these parts is er ... It might be palachian basin
hinges on the success matters might pay off in substantial wise to reverse this
Vols. for 1946-47 include as sect. 2 of a regular no., World oil atlas.
Geologists described the accumulated layers of sediments over the next century, especially the deposits of coal, ... Macdougall, Why Geology Matters ...
Author: Tim D. Smith
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
In The Boiler Room Boys: An Underground Story of Science, Religion, and the Faith that Fuels Both, Tim Smith describes how from too-young an age he followed two seemingly alternate paths, religion and science, only to find that they are not alternate at all. His so-called “yellow brick road” began with a group of boys meeting independently in his grade school’s boiler room. Conflicting teaching by religious and scientific fundamentalists led him toward a PhD in biomathematics and toward atheism. His attraction to theology and philosophy and the events of his life drew his path back toward the connection between science and his childhood Christianity. However, it wasn’t the intellectual pursuits that showed him the nature of God. Rather, it was life’s experiences that allowed him to hear God’s voice and to sense God’s spirit. In The Boiler Room Boys, Smith reconciles his faith in religion and science, describing how science and theology support one another. In doing so, he also identifies where he sees that both theology and science have taken bad turns that get in the way of people young and old understanding and experiencing the world as it really is. There are many questions that couldn’t be addressed in The Boiler Room Boys, questions that Smith continues to write about from his own boiler room (www.theboilerroomboys.com).