Uninhabited Air VehiclesUninhabited Air Vehicles



U.S. Air Force (USAF) planners have envisioned that uninhabited air vehicles (UAVs), working in concert with inhabited vehicles, will become an integral part of the future force structure.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309069830

Category:

Page: 124

View: 911

U.S. Air Force (USAF) planners have envisioned that uninhabited air vehicles (UAVs), working in concert with inhabited vehicles, will become an integral part of the future force structure. Current plans are based on the premise that UAVs have the potential to augment, or even replace, inhabited aircraft in a variety of missions. However, UAV technologies must be better understood before they will be accepted as an alternative to inhabited aircraft on the battlefield. The U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) requested that the National Research Council, through the National Materials Advisory Board and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, identify long-term research opportunities for supporting the development of technologies for UAVs. The objectives of the study were to identify technological developments that would improve the performance and reliability of “generation-after-next†UAVs at lower cost and to recommend areas of fundamental research in materials, structures, and aeronautical technologies. The study focused on innovations in technology that would “leapfrog†current technology development and would be ready for scaling-up in the post-2010 time frame (i.e., ready for use on aircraft by 2025).

Review of ONR s Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles ProgramReview of ONR s Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles Program



National Research Council, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, Naval Studies Board, Committee for the Review of ONR's Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles Program. UAV UCAV UGV USAF VSTOL VTOL VTUAV WAN WPN ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309069779

Category:

Page: 58

View: 684

Joint Vision 20101 addresses the need for achieving military dominance through the application of new operational concepts. For the Department of the Navy, future operational concepts will hinge on a continuance of forward yet unobtrusive presence and the capability to influence events ashore as required. This capability will be enabled by the development and insertion into the forces of new technologies for providing command, control, and surveillance; battlespace dominance; power projection; and force sustainment. For example, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have recently proven to be valuable operational platforms for providing tactical intelligence by surveillance of the battlefield. To support naval force objectives, the Office of Naval Research (ONR) has established a research program within the Strike Technology Division (Code 351) of the Naval Expeditionary Warfare Science and Technology Department aimed at expanding the operational capabilities of UAVs to include not only surveillance and reconnaissance, but strike and logistics missions as well. This new class of autonomous vehicles, known as uninhabited combat air vehicles (UCAVs), is foreseen as being intelligent, recoverable, and highly maneuverable in support of future naval operations. Review of ONR'S Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles Program evaluates ONR's UCAV technology activities, including its vision documents and its science and technology roadmap (in areas of vehicle dynamics, communications, sensors, and autonomous agents) against criteria that would be selected by the committee, such as the relevance for meeting future naval priorities, the cost and time scale for its utilization, duplication of effort, and scientific and technical quality.

Uninhabited Air VehiclesUninhabited Air Vehicles



U.S. Air Force (USAF) planners have envisioned that uninhabited air vehicles (UAVs), working in concert with inhabited vehicles, will become an integral part of the future force structure.

Author: Committee on Materials Structures and Aeronautics for Advanced Uninhabited Air Vehicles

Publisher:

ISBN: 0309385296

Category:

Page: 124

View: 243

U.S. Air Force (USAF) planners have envisioned that uninhabited air vehicles (UAVs), working in concert with inhabited vehicles, will become an integral part of the future force structure. Current plans are based on the premise that UAVs have the potential to augment, or even replace, inhabited aircraft in a variety of missions. However, UAV technologies must be better understood before they will be accepted as an alternative to inhabited aircraft on the battlefield. The U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) requested that the National Research Council, through the National Materials Advisory Board and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, identify long-term research opportunities for supporting the development of technologies for UAVs. The objectives of the study were to identify technological developments that would improve the performance and reliability of a generation-after-nexta UAVs at lower cost and to recommend areas of fundamental research in materials, structures, and aeronautical technologies. The study focused on innovations in technology that would a leapfroga current technology development and would be ready for scaling-up in the post-2010 time frame (i.e., ready for use on aircraft by 2025)."

Advances in Unmanned Aerial VehiclesAdvances in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles



Saripalli S., Montgomery J. F., and Sukhatme G. S., “Visually Guided Landing of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle”, ... Ridley M., Goktogan A., and DurrantWhyte H., “The ANSER Project: Data Fusion across Multiple Uninhabited Air Vehicles”, ...

Author: Kimon P. Valavanis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402061145

Category:

Page: 544

View: 736

The past decade has seen tremendous interest in the production and refinement of unmanned aerial vehicles, both fixed-wing, such as airplanes and rotary-wing, such as helicopters and vertical takeoff and landing vehicles. This book provides a diversified survey of research and development on small and miniature unmanned aerial vehicles of both fixed and rotary wing designs. From historical background to proposed new applications, this is the most comprehensive reference yet.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles Likely Missions and Challenges for the Policy Relevant FutureUnmanned Aerial Vehicles Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles Likely Missions and Challenges for the Policy Relevant Future



Unless stated otherwise, this article uses the phrase “unmanned platform” to refer to UAVs and/or UCAVs. 3. Maj Thomas G. O'Reilly, “Uninhabited Air Vehicle: Critical Leverage System for our Nation's Defense in 2025” (master's thesis, ...

Author: Manjeet Singh Pardesi

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437905533

Category:

Page: 10

View: 789

Analyzes the strategic implications of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) from a Singaporean point of view and concludes that UAV¿s lack of situational awareness and need for ever-larger amounts of communication bandwidth are major drawbacks that can be partially compensated for by various means. However, the author concludes that UAV¿s will complement, but not replace, manned aircraft.

Unmanned Aerial VehiclesUnmanned Aerial Vehicles



[MCM 06] McMANus J. and WALKER R., “Multidisciplinary approach to intelligent unmanned airborne vehicles mission ... McLAIN T. and BEARD R., “Vector field path following for miniature air vehicles”, IEEE Transactions on Robotics, vol.

Author: Rogelio Lozano

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118599860

Category:

Page: 352

View: 467

This book presents the basic tools required to obtain the dynamical models for aerial vehicles (in the Newtonian or Lagrangian approach). Several control laws are presented for mini-helicopters, quadrotors, mini-blimps, flapping-wing aerial vehicles, planes, etc. Finally, this book has two chapters devoted to embedded control systems and Kalman filters applied for aerial vehicles control and navigation. This book presents the state of the art in the area of UAVs. The aerodynamical models of different configurations are presented in detail as well as the control strategies which are validated in experimental platforms.

X 45 Uninhabited Combat Air VehicleX 45 Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicle



The X-45 was born from the studies of a number of programs in the 1990's aimed at producing technology that could be incorporated into a viable uninhabited air vehicle designed to autonomously conduct a range of operational missions ...

Author: Hugh Harkins

Publisher:

ISBN: 1903630215

Category:

Page: 88

View: 982

The X-45 was born from the studies of a number of programs in the 1990's aimed at producing technology that could be incorporated into a viable uninhabited air vehicle designed to autonomously conduct a range of operational missions including strike and suppression of enemy air defences. The successful conduct of the X-45 program paved the way for the new generation of Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicles being flight tested in the early part of this second decade of the 21st Century including the Boeing Phantom Ray, which is a direct descendant of the X-45 Advanced Technology Demonstrators of the previous decade.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Civilian Logistics and Supply Chain ManagementUnmanned Aerial Vehicles in Civilian Logistics and Supply Chain Management



Human factors issues in the development, evaluation, and operation of uninhabited aerial vehicles. Paper presented at the Associations of Unmanned Vehicles Systems International. Goodchild, A., & Toy, J. (2018).

Author: Kille, Tarryn

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522579014

Category:

Page: 374

View: 617

Many industries have begun to recognize the potential support that unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) offer, and this is no less true for the commercial sector. Current research on this field is narrowly focused on technological development to improve the functionality of delivery and endurance of the drone delivery in logistics, as well as on regulatory challenges posed by such operations. There is a need for further attention to be applied to operational and integration challenges associated with UAVs. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Civilian Logistics and Supply Chain Management is a collection of innovative research that investigates the opportunities and challenges for the use of UAVs in logistics and supply chain management with a specific aim to focus on the multifaceted impact of drone delivery. While highlighting topics including non-military operations, public management, and safety culture, this book is ideally designed for government administrators, managers, industry professionals, researchers, and students.

Developments and Challenges for Autonomous Unmanned VehiclesDevelopments and Challenges for Autonomous Unmanned Vehicles



... Readiness Level UAV Unmanned/Uninhabited Air Vehicle UCAV Unmanned/Uninhabited Combat Air Vehicle UCUV Unmanned/Uninhabited Combat Underwater Vehicle UGV Unmanned/Uninhabited Ground Vehicle UMV Unmanned/Uninhabited Maritime Vehicle ...

Author: Anthony Finn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642107047

Category:

Page: 230

View: 537

It is widely anticipated that autonomous vehicles will have a transformational impact on military forces and will play a key role in many future force structures. As a result, many tasks have already been identified that unmanned systems could undertake more readily than humans. However, for this to occur, such systems will need to be agile, versatile, persistent, reliable, survivable and lethal. This will require many of the vehicles ‘cognitive’ or higher order functions to be more fully developed, whereas to date only the ‘component’ or physical functions have been successfully automated and deployed. The book draws upon a broad range of others’ work with a view to providing a product that is greater than the sum of its parts. The discussion is intentionally approached from the perspective of improving understanding rather than providing solutions or drawing firm conclusions. Consequently, researchers reading this book with the hope of uncovering some novel theory or approach to automating an unmanned vehicle will be as disappointed as the capability planner who anticipates a catalogue of technical risks and feasibility options against his favoured list of component technologies and potential applications. Nevertheless, it is hoped that both will at least learn something of the other’s world and that progress will ensue as a result. For the defence policy and decision maker, this is a "must-read" book which brings together an important technology summary with a considered analysis of future doctrinal, legal and ethical issues in unmanned and autonomous systems. For research engineers and developers of robotics, this book provides a unique perspective on the implications and consequences of our craft; connecting what we do to the deployment and use of the technology in current and future defence systems. Professor Hugh Durrant-Whyte

Cooperative Search by Uninhabited Air Vehicles in Dynamic EnvironmentCooperative Search by Uninhabited Air Vehicles in Dynamic Environment



Control of networked multi-vehicle systems designed to perform complex coordinated tasks is currently an important and challenging field of research.

Author: Yanli Yang

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:67305165

Category:

Page: 158

View: 836

Control of networked multi-vehicle systems designed to perform complex coordinated tasks is currently an important and challenging field of research. This dissertation addresses a cooperative search problem where a team of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) seek to find targets of interest in an uncertain and adversary environment. We present a practical framework for on-line planning and control of a group of UAVs to do the cooperative search, which is based on two inter-dependent tasks: (i) using "cognitive maps" as the environment representation and incrementally learning it through new sensor readings; and (ii) based on the obtained information, planning a guidance path for the vehicle to follow. This dissertation investigates both the cognitive map building problem and the cooperative path planning problem. We present two evidential methods to incrementally build cognitive maps for directing UAVs to perform cooperative search tasks, where the sensor reading is represented probabilistically and is fused into the maps using evidential rules. By utilizing the generated cognitive maps, a finite horizon optimal control problem is formulated to generate physical feasible paths for the vehicles to follow, where certain constraints on arial vehicles including physical maneuverability, fuel consumption, etc, are considered and the dynamic nature of the environment is taken into account. The emergent coordination among UAVs is enabled by letting each UAV to consider other vehicles' actions into its path planning decision process. The effectiveness of the proposed multi-vehicle cooperative search scheme is illustrated via simulations in various dynamic, uncertainty, and risky environment.

Recent Advances in Research on Unmanned Aerial VehiclesRecent Advances in Research on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles



Chapter 2 Max Plus Decision Processes in Planning Problems for Unmanned Air Vehicle Teams Ben G. Fitzpatrick Abstract. Many aspects of unmanned air vehicle (UAV) operations In this paper, we consider some idempotent modifications of ...

Author: Fariba Fahroo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642376948

Category:

Page: 207

View: 980

A team of launched and coordinated Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), requires advanced technologies in sensing, communication, computing, and control to improve their intelligence and robustness towards autonomous operations. To enhance reliability, robustness, and mission capability of a team of UAVs, a system-oriented and holistic approach is desirable in which all components and subsystems are considered in terms of their roles and impact on the entire system. This volume aims to summarize the recent progress, identify challenges and opportunities, and develop new methodologies and systems on coordinated UAV control. A group of experts working in this area have contributed to this volume in several related aspects of autonomous control of networked UAVs. Their papers introduce new control methodologies, algorithms, and systems that address several important issues in developing intelligent, autonomous or semi-autonomous, networked systems for the next generation of UAVs. The papers share a common focus on improved coordination of the members of the networked system to accomplish a common mission, to achieve heightened capability in system reconfiguration to compensate for lost members or connections, and to enhance robustness against terrain complications and attacks.

Small Unmanned Fixed wing Aircraft DesignSmall Unmanned Fixed wing Aircraft Design



Unmanned air vehicles can now be seen in many applications from domestic, industrial, government/official to military. The range of configurations includes fixed wing, multirotorcraft, adaptive wing, and space re-entry vehicles, ...

Author: Andrew J. Keane

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119406297

Category:

Page: 496

View: 745

Small Unmanned Fixed-wing Aircraft Design is the essential guide to designing, building and testing fixed wing UAVs (or drones). It deals with aircraft from two to 150 kg in weight and is based on the first-hand experiences of the world renowned UAV team at the UK’s University of Southampton. The book covers both the practical aspects of designing, manufacturing and flight testing and outlines and the essential calculations needed to underpin successful designs. It describes the entire process of UAV design from requirements definition to configuration layout and sizing, through preliminary design and analysis using simple panel codes and spreadsheets to full CFD and FEA models and on to detailed design with parametric CAD tools. Its focus is on modest cost approaches that draw heavily on the latest digital design and manufacturing methods, including a strong emphasis on utilizing off-the-shelf components, low cost analysis, automated geometry modelling and 3D printing. It deliberately avoids a deep theoretical coverage of aerodynamics or structural mechanics; rather it provides a design team with sufficient insights and guidance to get the essentials undertaken more pragmatically. The book contains many all-colour illustrations of the dozens of aircraft built by the authors and their students over the last ten years giving much detailed information on what works best. It is predominantly aimed at under-graduate and MSc level student design and build projects, but will be of interest to anyone engaged in the practical problems of getting quite complex unmanned aircraft flying. It should also appeal to the more sophisticated aero-modeller and those engaged on research based around fixed wing UAVs.

Coordinating Networked Uninhabited Air Vehicles for Persistent Area DenialCoordinating Networked Uninhabited Air Vehicles for Persistent Area Denial



This paper explores the problem of cooperative control among multiple networked unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) for a persistent area denial (PAD) mission. An adaptive Markov chain model is used to predict the locations of pop-up threats.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:74287904

Category:

Page: 7

View: 380

This paper explores the problem of cooperative control among multiple networked unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) for a persistent area denial (PAD) mission. An adaptive Markov chain model is used to predict the locations of pop-up threats. The mixed information of predicted pop-up threats and actual pop-up targets is utilized to develop cooperative strategies for networked UAVs. The approach is illustrated by use of a simulation test bed for multiple networked UAVs and Monte Carlo simulation runs to evaluate the cooperative strategy set forth here. Both theoretical analysis and simulation results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of using predicted pop-up information in improving the overall PAD mission performance.

Multiple Heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial VehiclesMultiple Heterogeneous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles



Visual scan patterns during simulated control of an uninhabited aerial vehicle (UAV). Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 75(6):531– 538, 2004. C. D. Wickens and S. Dixon. Workload demands of remotely piloted vehicle ...

Author: Aníbal Ollero

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540739586

Category:

Page: 238

View: 793

Complete with online files and updates, this cutting-edge text looks at the next generation of unmanned flying machines. Aerial robots can be considered as an evolution of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This book provides a complete overview of all the issues related to aerial robotics, addressing problems ranging from flight control to terrain perception and mission planning and execution. The major challenges and potentials of heterogeneous UAVs are comprehensively explored.

Bio inspired Computation in Unmanned Aerial VehiclesBio inspired Computation in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles



Oxford University Press, New York Clough B (2005) Unmanned aerial vehicles: autonomous control challenges, a researcher's perspective. J Aerosp Comput Inf Commun 2(8):327–347 Dorigo M, Maniezzo V, Colorni A (1996) Ant system: ...

Author: Haibin Duan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642411960

Category:

Page: 269

View: 312

Bio-inspired Computation in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles focuses on the aspects of path planning, formation control, heterogeneous cooperative control and vision-based surveillance and navigation in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) from the perspective of bio-inspired computation. It helps readers to gain a comprehensive understanding of control-related problems in UAVs, presenting the latest advances in bio-inspired computation. By combining bio-inspired computation and UAV control problems, key questions are explored in depth, and each piece is content-rich while remaining accessible. With abundant illustrations of simulation work, this book links theory, algorithms and implementation procedures, demonstrating the simulation results with graphics that are intuitive without sacrificing academic rigor. Further, it pays due attention to both the conceptual framework and the implementation procedures. The book offers a valuable resource for scientists, researchers and graduate students in the field of Control, Aerospace Technology and Astronautics, especially those interested in artificial intelligence and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Professor Haibin Duan and Dr. Pei Li, both work at Beihang University (formerly Beijing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics, BUAA). Prof Duan's academic website is: http://hbduan.buaa.edu.cn