Understanding VirusesUnderstanding Viruses

The ideal text for undergraduate students majoring in biology, microbiology, medical technology, or pre-med, the Second Edition of Understanding Viruses provides a balanced approach to this fascinating discipline, combining the molecular, ...

Author: Teri Shors

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9780763785536


Page: 704

View: 724

The Second Edition of Understanding Viruses provides a balanced approach to this fascinating discipline, combining the molecular, clinical, and historical aspects of virology. Updated throughout to keep pace with this fast-paced field, the text provides a strong, comprehensive introduction to human viral diseases. New material on molecular virology as well as new virus families presented coupled with chapters on viral diseases of animals; the history of clinical trials, gene therapy, and xenotransplantation; prions and viroids; plant viruses; and bacteriophages add to the scope of the text. Chapters discussing specific viral diseases weave in an epidemiological and global perspective and include treatment and prevention information. Contemporary case studies, Refresher Boxes, and Virus Files engage students in the learning process. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

DNA VirusesDNA Viruses

8 Studying the Structure of Large Viruses With Multiresolution Imaging Carmen
San Martín Summary Multiresolution imaging is an extremely useful technique for
understanding in detail the structure of large DNA viruses that do not yield to the

Author: Paul M. Lieberman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781592598489


Page: 498

View: 173

A compendium of readily reproducible and novel methods to manipulate DNA viruses and characterize their varied biological properties. The authors emphasize techniques for viral detection and genetics, but also include methods for structure determination, gene expression, replication, pathogenesis, complex cellular models, recombinant genetics, and computational/systems approaches. Wide-ranging and highly practical, DNA Viruses: Methods and Protocols will stimulate new directions in virology research with its novel strategies for engineering viral vectors in gene therapy, and its advanced approaches for detecting viruses in human disease.

How Pathogenic Viruses ThinkHow Pathogenic Viruses Think

Part of the answer is that to make sense of virology, you need an “organizing
principle.” In How Pathogenic Viruses Think, I introduce such a principle—a
paradigm which you can use to analyze any virus. Understanding viruses is
similar to ...

Author: Lauren Sompayrac

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781449645793


Page: 167

View: 584

Rev. ed. of: How pathogenic viruses work / Lauren Sompayrac. c2002.

Modulation of Host Gene Expression and Innate Immunity by VirusesModulation of Host Gene Expression and Innate Immunity by Viruses

VIRUS. TECHNOLOGY. The functions of many poxviral immunomodulatory
proteins can be predicted based on ... However, understanding the precise roles
of these proteins during infection of a natural host in vivo requires the ability to
assess ...

Author: Peter Palese

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402032424


Page: 304

View: 736

This book is an excellent, up-to-date reference on a relatively young area of research in which virology, cellular biology and molecular pathogenesis govern the principles of coinvestigation. Thus, the book will be of great interest to virologists, molecular immunologists and biologists, and biochemists but also to clinical pharmacologists in the long-term search for new antiviral agents. Ulrich Desselberger, Gif-sur-Yvette/Cambridge. Infection of a naïve (non-immune) host with a virus elicits an immediate response which results in a cascade of changes in the host, including an interferon response (innate immunity). The outcome of this interaction is influenced by the genes of the virus as well as the genes of the host. Interestingly, different viruses do it in different ways. Not only is there a plethora of mechanisms used by the invading organisms, but the host has also evolved a great variety of redundant and robust countermeasures. This interplay of host and virus represents one of the most significant frontiers in biology today. A clearer understanding of the mechanisms involved will arm us with better strategies to deal with viruses, including emerging pathogens and potential bioterrorism agents. This book is sure to benefit students, scientists, and physicians working in the areas of virology, immunology, microbiology, and infectious diseases. Pharmaceutical industry professionals will also find interest in this illuminating look into virus/host interactions.

ECDL ICDL Syllabus 4 Using Microsoft OfficeECDL ICDL Syllabus 4 Using Microsoft Office

Do viruses always cause the same damage ? VIAU 3 . Is it possible to get a virus
without an Internet connection ? 4 . ... These exercises include topics taken from
the following list : Understanding viruses , understanding virus transmission ...

Author: Dawn Harvey

Publisher: CIA Training Ltd.

ISBN: 1860053440


Page: 276

View: 521

'ECDL/ICDL Syllabus 4' contains a collection of exercises that provides you with support and assistance so you can assess and improve your knowledge of Microsoft Windows and Office. They are designed to reinforce the understanding of the skills and techniques necessary before taking the ECDL tests.

Understanding Genes and GMOsUnderstanding Genes and GMOs

5.6 Viruses While DNA replication, transcription to RNA and the control of gene
expression is fresh in our minds, it's a good time to have a quick look at viruses. I
say a quick look, because I am going to summarise in a few paragraphs what is ...

Author: Colin J. Sanderson

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812703750


Page: 345

View: 127

The rapid progress in genomics and related technologies has increased interest in genetically modified organisms (GMOs). This book equips you with information about what genes are, how they work, and how they can be modified and used in biotechnology. On environmental genetics, it also considers the risks of releasing agricultural GM plants.

Cancer Associated VirusesCancer Associated Viruses

The oncogenic retroviruses (formerly called RNA tumor viruses) have played an
important role in cancer research since ... Thus, studies directed at understanding
viral mechanisms of oncogenesis revealed insights into more general cellular ...

Author: Erle S. Robertson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461400165


Page: 866

View: 574

The acknowledgment that viruses are potent biological factors in driving many cancers have seen a dramatic upsurge in recent years in large part to the success of the human papilloma virus vaccine against invasive cervical carcinomas and followed by the awarding of the noble prize in medicine in 2008 to Dr. Harald zurHausen who identified the link between papilloma virus and cervical cancers. Over the last few years there have been some volumes addressing different aspects of viruses and cancers and to some extent focusing on the DNA viruses, more specifically the human DNA viruses. This proposed volume will attempt to review and address the major gaps in current knowledge in DNA viruses as well as RNA viruses bringing a historical perspective of where studies began to a more recent molecular approach and vaccine successes in tumor viruses. We will also cover other known oncogenic viruses associated cancers in other mammals in addition to humans.

Principles of Molecular VirologyPrinciples of Molecular Virology

Loeffler and Frosch were the first to prove that viruses could infect animals as
well as plants . ... This work laid the basis for the understanding of virus
replication — that virus particles do not ' grow ' but are instead assembled from
preformed ...

Author: Alan Cann

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0120887894


Page: 352

View: 333

The fourth edition of the hugely successful Principles of Molecular Virology takes on a molecular approach, presenting the principles of virology in a clear and concise manner. This work explores and explains the fundamental aspects of virology, including structure of virus particles and genome, replication, gene expression, infection, pathogenesis and subviral agents. The self-assessment questions, glossary and abbreviations section provide excellent revision aids and serve as handy references to students, tutors and researchers alike. NEW TO FOURTH EDITION: * New material on virus structure and virus evolution * Updated pathogenesis section covering Ebola, SARS and HIV * New section on Bioterrorism * Fully updated references * New material on virus structure, virus evolution, zoonoses, bushmeat, SARS and bioterrorism

Structure and Physics of VirusesStructure and Physics of Viruses

Foreword. The great challenges of modern science are increasingly requiring the
combined efforts of different branches of knowledge. A remarkable example is
our longstanding battle to fight and understand viruses, these tiny pathogens that

Author: Mauricio G. Mateu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400765528


Page: 728

View: 134

This book contemplates the structure, dynamics and physics of virus particles: From the moment they come into existence by self-assembly from viral components produced in the infected cell, through their extracellular stage, until they recognise and infect a new host cell and cease to exist by losing their physical integrity to start a new infectious cycle. (Bio)physical techniques used to study the structure of virus particles and components, and some applications of structure-based studies of viruses are also contemplated. This book is aimed first at M.Sc. students, Ph.D. students and postdoctoral researchers with a university degree in biology, chemistry, physics or related scientific disciplines who share an interest or are actually working on viruses. We have aimed also at providing an updated account of many important concepts, techniques, studies and applications in structural and physical virology for established scientists working on viruses, irrespective of their physical, chemical or biological background and their field of expertise. We have not attempted to provide a collection of for-experts-only reviews focused mainly on the latest research in specific topics; we have not generally assumed that the reader knows all of the jargon and all but the most recent and advanced results in each topic dealt with in this book. In short, we have attempted to write a book basic enough to be useful to M.Sc and Ph.D. students, as well as advanced and current enough to be useful to senior scientists with an interest in Structural and/or Physical Virology.

Plant VirusesPlant Viruses

3 STRUCTURE OF VIRUSES M.R.N. Murthy The spectacular progress in
understanding life processes in the late twentieth century emerged from parallel
advances in diverse fields. One of the most important lessons that has been
learnt is the ...

Author: M. V. Nayudu

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 0070656606


Page: 1249

View: 680

This book covers all the pertinent aspects of plant viruses historical aspects, virus structure and composition, genome diversity, disease symptoms, transmission, virus multiplication, interactions between viruses, hosts and vectors, disease physiology, ecology, epidemiology, management of diseases, etc. Further, it includes recent developments in the field of plant virology as well as indicates future prospects in relevant areas of investigation. Besides these, Plant Viruses also presents an integration of basic knowledge and its application in management practices, including transgenics.

Human Viruses in WaterHuman Viruses in Water

Understanding virus removal from water intended for drinking has been made
more important because increased urbanization and burgeoning human
populations result in increased wastes levels, more reuse of virus-contaminated ...

Author: Albert Bosch

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080553273


Page: 306

View: 181

This book provides overviews and updates on basic research, diagnosis, epidemiology, and public health on enteric viruses, as well as on treatment and intervention to prevent their waterborne transmission. Data are presented and interpreted by leading researchers in the field in 13 chapters. An essential resource for virologists, epidemiologists, medical and public health professionals, graduate students and postdoctoral scientists at various levels of their careers. Key Topics Include: * Ecology of enteric viruses * Intervention measures from risk assessment to virus disinfection practices * Cutting edge technology on procedures for virus detection and monitoring in water and the water environment * Quality assurance and quality control measures in water virology * Legal regulations regarding viruses in the environment

Viruses Up CloseViruses Up Close

... protein: a structural material made by the body resolution: a measure of the
sharpness of an image technique: the method, skill, or art used to perform a task
run mun: lNFflltllllllTltlN Biskup, Agnieszka. Understanding Viruses with Max

Author: John M. Shea

Publisher: Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP

ISBN: 9781433983573


Page: 32

View: 938

Explains what viruses are and why they make people ill. Details efforts to study viruses' structure in order to develop vaccines against them. Includes color photographs, a glossary, and additional reading sources.

The Life of a VirusThe Life of a Virus

Tobacco Mosaic Virus as an Experimental Model, 1930-1965 Angela N. H.
Creager ... medical and agricultural scientists interested in understanding viruses
, the absence of experimental evidence positively defining or visualizing these
agents ...

Author: Angela N. H. Creager

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226120252


Page: 398

View: 460

We normally think of viruses in terms of the devastating diseases they cause, from smallpox to AIDS. But in The Life of a Virus, Angela N. H. Creager introduces us to a plant virus that has taught us much of what we know about all viruses, including the lethal ones, and that also played a crucial role in the development of molecular biology. Focusing on the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) research conducted in Nobel laureate Wendell Stanley's lab, Creager argues that TMV served as a model system for virology and molecular biology, much as the fruit fly and laboratory mouse have for genetics and cancer research. She examines how the experimental techniques and instruments Stanley and his colleagues developed for studying TMV were generalized not just to other labs working on TMV, but also to research on other diseases such as poliomyelitis and influenza and to studies of genes and cell organelles. The great success of research on TMV also helped justify increased spending on biomedical research in the postwar years (partly through the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis's March of Dimes)—a funding priority that has continued to this day.

Varicella Zoster VirusVaricella Zoster Virus

Understanding viral evolution thus provides a context in which to view the origins,
pervasiveness and flexibility of viral functions and the forces that have operated
to shape viruses. One feature that is pivotal to understanding the evolution of ...

Author: VZV Research Foundation

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521660246


Page: 531

View: 440

This comprehensive, authoritative account surveys the biology and clinical features of the varicella-zoster virus, the causative agent of chickenpox and zoster (shingles).

Understanding HerpesUnderstanding Herpes

Virus,. Past. and. Present. The word "herpes" means different things to different
people. To some, herpes is the name ... These illnesses are related because they
are all caused by the same two closely related viruses, herpes simplex virus type

Author: Lawrence R. Stanberry

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 1604737042


Page: 116

View: 787

Herpes simplex viruses are capable of causing a wide variety of infections, including genital herpes, which is so common a sexually transmitted disease that it affects one in five people in the United States. Understanding Herpes is an accessible sourcebook about the virus, its various strains, the ways in which it is transmitted, its symptoms, and the most effective treatments for fighting infection and aftereffects. The book also details how the virus can manifest itself in AIDS patients, pregnant women, and newborns, and discusses the emotional problems that can be caused by herpes infections. Revised chapters provide: New information regarding the diagnosis and treatment of genital herpes New breakthroughs and discoveries in antiviral therapy New data about the connection between genital herpes and an increased risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV Additional steps people can take to reduce the spread of genital herpes between sexual partners New information about how drug treatments can reduce the likelihood of spreading the infection to sexual partners Updated information about the use of antiviral drugs during pregnancy A chapter on vaccines includes new information about topical microbicides that may prove effective in preventing genital herpes in women. In plain, informative language this book is ideal for the patient and for loved ones.

Encounters in VirologyEncounters in Virology

An Ideal Supplement To Any Microbiology Or Virology Course, As Well As An Entertaining And Informative Read, Encounters In Virology Is Sure To Bring These Realistic Medical Tales To Life As Readers Race Against Time To Solve These Medical ...

Author: Teri Shors

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9780763773496


Page: 104

View: 704

Encounters in Virology, by author and educator Teri Shors, engages readers with 14 fascinating and thought-provoking case studies pulled from headline news. Each account describes an individual viral disease, along with the signs and symptoms that accompany it, and asks students to become medical detectives as they move along to identify and diagnosis these potentially life-threatening viral diseases. An ideal supplement to any microbiology or virology course, as well as an entertaining and informative read, Encounters in Virology is sure to bring these realistic medical tales to life as readers race against time to solve these medical mysteries.

Advances in Understanding the Biology of Halophilic MicroorganismsAdvances in Understanding the Biology of Halophilic Microorganisms

It is now well-established that viruses are the most abundant biological entities
on Earth and are estimated to harbor the second greatest biomass after
prokaryotes, equivalent to the amount of carbon found in ∼75 million blue
whales (the ...

Author: Russell H. Vreeland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400755390


Page: 244

View: 647

This book is designed to be a long term career reference. The chapters present modern procedures. This is a how-to-book with a difference. These chapters: - reveal the background information about working with salt loving organisms, - are loaded with information about how experiments are conducted under high salt, - provide information about analyses that work under these conditions and those that may not, - present a wide range of details from laboratory designs to equipment used and even to simple anecdotal hints that can only come from experience. Microbiological training focuses largely on the growth, the handling and the study of the microbes associated with humans and animals. Yet the largest proportion of the Earth’s microbiota lives in saline environments such as the Oceans, saline deserts and terminal hypersaline environments. This need for salt can be intimidating for those interested in entering the field or for those interested in understanding how such research is accomplished.

Virus Insect Plant InteractionsVirus Insect Plant Interactions

In the past two decades, researchers have made strides in understanding virus-
insect-plant interactions greater than the totality of knowledge gained during the
previous 50 years. Much of this progress has resulted from the development and

Author: Kerry F. Harris

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080543598


Page: 376

View: 959

In Virus-Insect-Plant Interactions, the world's leading scientists discuss the latest breakthroughs in understanding the biological and ecological factors that define these complex transmission systems and how this knowledge might be used to our advantage in producing innovative, user and environmentally friendly approaches to controlling the spread of plant pathogens by insects. This is an invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers, and students. There are many quick-reference figures and tables, the contents pages include individual chapter abstracts, and each chapter ends with its own bibliography. Presents the most significant research breakthroughs of the past two decades Contains eighteen chapters by forty-two world-renowned researchers Invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers and students Each chapter ends with its own bibliography Contents pages of forematter include individual chapter abstracts Contains many quick-reference figures and tables