Ultradian Rhythms in Physiology and BehaviorUltradian Rhythms in Physiology and Behavior

Historical Perspective In 1842, in a paper entitled "Further Development of a General Law of Vital Periodicity", which was part of a series of seven Lancet papers on periodicities in health and disease, Thomas Laycock wrote: "As everything ...

Author: Hartmut Schulz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642704859


Page: 340

View: 556

Historical Perspective In 1842, in a paper entitled "Further Development of a General Law of Vital Periodicity", which was part of a series of seven Lancet papers on periodicities in health and disease, Thomas Laycock wrote: "As everything finite must have a period within which its existence is circumscribed, so every period so circumscribing the finite, being a measure of time, must be divisible into lesser periods. But it has always been found easier to reason from generals to particulars than to ascend from particulars to generals, especially in questions in volving the phenomena of life" (p. 423). From a historical perspec tive, Laycock's insight indeed anticipated the progress of chronobio logic research. In spite of the abundant evidence pointing at the existence of short-term rhythms with periodicities much shorter than 24 hours, termed "ultradian" rhythms after Halberg (1964), it has gen erally been found much easier to investigate circadian rather than uI tradian rhythms. In m~st cases, ultradian rhythms have been ignored, or dismissed as insignificant phenomena, even in cases where they could be easily "eyeballed" in the data. Laycock himself believed that the most basic periodicity in vital phenomena was 12 hours. Short-term fluctuations in the levels of certain behaviors, which could not be accounted for by external stimulation or by internal stimuli, have been known to ethologists and other observers of animal behavior for many years.

Ultradian Rhythms in Life ProcessesUltradian Rhythms in Life Processes

This volume integrates these new developments on all levels from the molecular, genetic and cellular to the psycho social processes of everyday life.

Author: David Lloyd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447119692


Page: 419

View: 498

Profound progress has been made in the fields of chronobiology and psychobiology within the past decade, in theory, experiment and clinical application. This volume integrates these new developments on all levels from the molecular, genetic and cellular to the psycho social processes of everyday life. We present a balanced variety of research from workers around the globe, who discuss the funda mental significance of their approach for a new understanding of the central role of ultradian rhythms in the self-organizing and adaptive dynamics of all life processes. The years since the publication of Ultra dian rhythms in physiology and behavior by Schultz and Lavie in 1985 have seen a burgeoning realization of the ubiquity and importance of ultradian rhythms within and between every level of the psychobiological hierarchy. The experimental evidence lies scattered through a disparate litera ture, and this volume attempts, albeit in a highly selective manner, to bring together some of the different strands. The editors are very conscious of the omission of many important current aspects; e.g. we have not included any of the fascinating and indeed long and well-established experiments with plants (Bunning 1971, 1977; Guillaume and Koukkari 1987; Millet et al. 1988; 10hnsson et al. 1990) that are widely regarded as having initiated the whole field of chronobiology (De Mairan 1729). Neither have we reviewed recent developments on glycolytic oscillations, since a great deal of the seminal work was already completed by 1973 (Chance et al. 1973).

Rhythms in FishesRhythms in Fishes

Aschoff, J., 1981, A survey of biological rhythms, in: Handbook of Behavioral
Neurobiology, J. Aschoff, ed., Vol 4, ... M.P., 1985, On diversity and uniformity of
ultradian rhythms, in: Ultradian rhythms in physiology and Behavior, Exp. Brain.

Author: M.A. Ali

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461530428


Page: 348

View: 805

Tush, my good lord, this superficial tale Is but a preface of her worthy praise; King Henry the Sixth: Part I, Act V, Sc. 5 This volume is the direct result of a NATO. Advanced Study Institute (ASI) of the same title, held at Bishop's University, Lennoxville, Quebec, Canada in August 1991. All the major presentations had been commissioned, so to speak, during the organisational phase. This was done with the view of not only having a structured ASI, whIch is expected to be a high-level tutorial activity, but also the ensuing volume. As will be indicated in the general introduction, there have been a couple of meetings and publications dealing with rhythms in fishes in the past twenty years. However, as in other disciplines, there has been substantial progress in this field also. Further, I wished to cover almost all aspects and come out with a volme which will be as complete as possible. Of course, this failed to materialise. In spite of starting the arrangements two years before the event, several lecturers were not able to attend due to a number of reasons. Some could be replaced while others could not Taking into account their individual specialties, I asked about twenty active workers in the field to provide provoking overviews, not simply reviews of their own work. Also, this being a NATO.

Ultradian Rhythms from Molecules to MindUltradian Rhythms from Molecules to Mind

5. 1. 1 Biological Rhythms and Clocks From an evolutionary perspective, the adaptation of an organism’s behavior to its environment has depended on one of life’s fundamental traits: biological rhythm generation.

Author: David Lloyd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402083525


Page: 450

View: 837

5. 1. 1 Biological Rhythms and Clocks From an evolutionary perspective, the adaptation of an organism’s behavior to its environment has depended on one of life’s fundamental traits: biological rhythm generation. In virtually all light-sensitive organisms from cyanobacteria to humans, biological clocks adapt cyclic physiology to geophysical time with time-keeping properties in the circadian (24 h), ultradian (24 h) domains (Edmunds, 1988; Lloyd, 1998; Lloyd et al. , 2001; Lloyd and Murray, 2006; Lloyd, 2007; Pittendrigh, 1993; Sweeney and Hastings, 1960) By definition, all rhythms exhibit regular periodicities since they constitute a mechanism of timing. Timing exerted by oscillatory mechanisms are found throughout the biological world and their periods span a wide range from milliseconds, as in the action potential of n- rons and the myocytes, to the slow evolutionary changes that require thousands of generations. In this context, to understand the synchronization of a population of coupled oscillators is an important problem for the dynamics of physiology in living systems (Aon et al. , 2007a, b; Kuramoto, 1984; Strogatz, 2003; Winfree, 1967). Circadian rhythms, the most intensively studied, are devoted to measuring daily 24 h cycles. A variety of physiological processes in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms display circadian rhythmicity which is characterized by the following major properties (Anderson et al. , 1985; Edmunds, 1988): (i) stable, autonomous (self-sustaining) oscillations having a free-running period under constant envir- mental conditions of ca.

Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral SciencesHandbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences

Ultradian rhythms in physiology and behavior. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag.
Scott, C. J., Jansen, H. T., Kao, C. C., Kuehl, D. E., & Jackson, G. L. (1995).
Disruption of reproductive rhythms and patterns of melatonin and prolactin
secretion ...

Author: Gary G. Berntson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470083567


Page: 728

View: 473

As technology has made imaging of the brain noninvasive and inexpensive, nearly every psychologist in every subfield is using pictures of the brain to show biological connections to feelings and behavior. Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences, Volume I provides psychologists and other behavioral scientists with a solid foundation in the increasingly critical field of neuroscience. Current and accessible, this volume provides the information they need to understand the new biological bases, research tools, and implications of brain and gene research as it relates to psychology.

Sleep Wake DisordersSleep Wake Disorders

Colquhoun, W.P., 1971, Biological Rhythms and Human Performance, Academic
Press, London. Czeisler, C., Zimmermann ... 148–164 in: Ultradian Rhythms in
Physiology and Behavior (H. Schulz and P. Lavie, eds.) Springer Verlag, Berlin.

Author: K. Meier-Ewert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489902450


Page: 208

View: 620

Sleep-wake disorders frequently give rise to severe ailments and varied distresses in a great number of people in the world, disturbing their physical and mental activities and their social function. Sleep-wake disorders are now classified into a great number of cate gories according to their clinical features and etiological factors. Patients with sleep-wake disorders are taken care of not only by specialists for such disorders but also by general physicians and specialists of different physical and mental disorders. In the recent years, the nature of sleep and sleep-wake disorders have been intensively studied by investiga tors belonging to different fields of science including medicine, biology, and psychology in many countries. It is very important for the progress of research that investigators work ing in the related fields in different countries meet together and exchange their findings and ideas. The Japanese-German International Symposium on Sleep-Wake Disorders was held on October 9-10th, 1996 in the old, beautiful city of Erfurt (Germany). This symposium was organized by Professor Karlheinz Meier-Ewert (Schwalmstadt, Germany) and Dr. Masako Okawa (Ichikawa, Japan), with support of the German Society of Sleep Research (President at that time, Professor J. H. Peter) and of the Japanese Society of Sleep Research (President at that time, Professor Y. Hishikawa).

Encyclopedia of Behavioral NeuroscienceEncyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Relationship of Circadian Rhythms to Physical and Mental Health The essential
circadian clock genes are ultimately responsible for circadian rhythms of
physiology and behavior, and disruptions of circadian rhythms may play a role in
pathology. ... For example, the cell cycle has an ultradian rhythm that varies by
the organism and type of cell, but cell populations tend to enter into the cell cycle
at the ...


Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080914558


Page: 1816

View: 418

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

The Evolution Of Psychotherapy The Second ConferenceThe Evolution Of Psychotherapy The Second Conference

Lavie (Eds.), Ultradian rhythms in physiology and behavior. New York: Springe-
Verlag. Wever, R. (1989). Light effects on human circadian rhythms: A review of
recent Andechs experiments. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 4, 161–185 ...

Author: Jeffrey K. Zeig

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317772187


Page: 334

View: 979

First published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Circadian ClocksCircadian Clocks

Functional diversities of two activity components of circadian rhythm in genetical
splitting mice (CS strain). Journal of Comparative Physiology, A184, 243-251.
Albrecht, U., Sun ... Physiology and Behavior, 47, 397–401. Beau, J. ... Strain-
differentiated circadian and ultradian rhythms in locomotor activity of the
laboratory rat.

Author: Joseph S. Takahashi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461512011


Page: 770

View: 266

The Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology series deals with the aspects of neurosciences that have the most direct and immediate bearing on behavior. It presents the most current research available in the specific areas of sensory modalities. This volume explores circadian rhythms.

Equine GenomicsEquine Genomics

... of Przewalski horse populations that reported both diurnal and ultradian (24-
hour cycles) behavioral patterns (Berger, ... impose on horses timing cues that
induce or enhance the expression of diurnal rhythms in physiology and behavior.

Author: Bhanu P. Chowdhary

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118522127


Page: 336

View: 583

Analysis of the equine genome began just over a decade ago, culminating in the recent complete sequencing of the horse genome. The availability of the equine whole genome sequence represents the successful completion of an important era of equine genome analysis, and the beginning of a new era where the sequence information will catalyze the development of new tools and resources that will permit study of a range of traits that are economically important and are significant to equine health and welfare. Equine Genomics provides a timely comprehensive overview of equine genomic research. Chapters detail key accomplishments and the current state of research, as well as looking forward to possible applications of genomic technologies to horse breeding, health, and welfare. Equine Genomics delivers a global overview of the topic and is seamlessly edited by a leading equine genomics researcher. Equine Genomics is an indispensible source of information for anyone with an interest in this increasingly important field of study, including equine genomic researchers, clinicians, animal science professionals and equine field veterinarians.

Handbook of Clinical Health PsychologyHandbook of Clinical Health Psychology

Kiritz, S., & Moos, R. H. Physiological effects of the social environment.
Psychosomatic Medicine ... Maxim, P. E., Bowden, D. M., & Sackett, G. P.
Ultradian rhythms of solitary and social behavior in rhesus monkeys. Physiology
and Behavior ...

Author: C. Green

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461334125


Page: 632

View: 696

We seek to throw down the gauntlet with this handbook, challenging the he gemony of the "behavioral medicine" approach to the psychological study and treatment of the physically ill. This volume is not another in that growing surfeit oftexts that pledge allegiance to the doctrinaire purity of behavioristic thinking, or conceptualize their subject in accord with the sterility of medical models. Diseases are not our focus, nor is the narrow band of behavioral assessment and therapy methodologies. Rather, we have sought to redefine this amorphous, yet burgeoning field so as to place it squarely within the province of a broadly-based psychology-specifically, the emerging, substantive discipline of health psy chology and the well-established professionalism and diverse technologies of clinical psychology. The handbook's title-Clinical Health Psychology-reflects this reorientation explicitly, and Chapter 1 addresses its themes and provides its justifications more fully. In the process of developing a relevant and comprehensive health assess ment tool, the editors were struck by the failure of clinical psychologists to avail themselves of the rich vein of materials that comprise the psychosocial world of the physically ill. Perhaps more dismaying was the observation that this field was being mined-less than optimally-by physicians and nonclinical psychologists.

The Neuropsychology of Sleep and DreamingThe Neuropsychology of Sleep and Dreaming

EEG patterns during cognitive tasks 1: Methodology and analysis of complex
behaviors. EEG and ... Physiological Behavior, 8, 811-815. Gopher, D., & Lavie, P
. (1982). Ultradian rhythms in the performance of a simple motor task. Journal of ...

Author: John S. Antrobus

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780805809251


Page: 329

View: 563

This volume describes how the conceptual and technical sophistication of contemporary cognitive and neuroscientific fields has enhanced the neurocognitive understanding of dreaming sleep. Because it is the only naturally-occurring state in which the active brain produces elaborate cognitive processes in the absence of sensory input, the study of dreaming offers a unique cognitive and neurophysiological view of the production of higher cognitive processes. The theory and research included is driven by the search for the most direct relationships linking the neurophysiological characteristics of sleepers to their concurrent cognitive experiences. The search is organized around three sets of theoretical models and the three classes of neurocognitive relationships upon which they are based. The contributions to this volume demonstrate that the field has begun to move in new directions opened up by the rapid advances in contemporary cognitive science, neuropsychology, and neurophysiology.

Text Book Of General PhysiologyText Book Of General Physiology

It is known only in some instances that the rhythm reflects the natural behaviour
of the species in the field and is not a pattern induced by a constant laboratory
environment . Typical examples of ultradian rhythms in man are provided by the ...

Author: P.V. Jabde

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 8183560377


Page: 500

View: 761

Physiology as such a vast subject with unlimited scope and which can be studied in different ways. There was a long left need, among students and teachers for a text book with recent information and written according to national syllabus. Efforts have been made to collect recent informations from several standard works and journals. Contents: Nutrition, Circulation, Respiration, Physiology of Aviation High Altitude, Space and Deep-sea Diving, Thermo- Regulation, Osmoregulation, Excretion, Muscles, Nervous System, Reproduction, Sense Organs, Chemical Messengers, Physiology of Endocrine Glands, Chronobiology.

The American CockroachThe American Cockroach

10.4 Circadian rhythms of physiological systems As more is known of the
behavioural rhythms of individuals, greater ... and male adults (Richards and
Halberg, 1964), with ultradian frequencies of 3.4 and 0.86 h also detected in the

Author: William J. Bell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412161400


Page: 529

View: 684

This volume deals mainly with the biology of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (1.). Contributors were urged to emphasize recent findings, including unpublished data when possible, a goal that would not have been feasible if it were not for the two previously published books on the basic biology of cockroaches, The Biology o/the Cockroach (1968) by D. M. Guthrie and A. R. Tindall and The Cockroach, Volume 1 (1968) by P. B. Cornwell. Those topics not included in The American Cockroach, such as external morphology, are well covered in the two preceding books. In addition, these books provided a broad background upon which contributors to The American Cockroach have been able to build with recent trends, new and established concepts and integration. Although this book deals primarily with the American cockroach, many chapters offer a comparative approach in sections where the more recent and exciting research has been accomplished on other species. Most contributors place the cockroach in perspective with regard to its appropriateness or inappropriateness for various types of biological investigations. Many questions are realistically left unanswered when no acceptable or obvious solution is apparent; an invitation to new researchers to consider the cockroach as an experimental subject.

Circadian Physiology Second EditionCircadian Physiology Second Edition

While the first edition of the critically acclaimed and highly popular Circadian Physiologyoffered a concise but rigorous review of basic and applied research on circadian rhythms, this newest edition provides educators with the primary ...

Author: Roberto Refinetti, PhD.

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420039016


Page: 688

View: 209

While the first edition of the critically acclaimed and highly popular Circadian Physiologyoffered a concise but rigorous review of basic and applied research on circadian rhythms, this newest edition provides educators with the primary textbook they need to support a course on this cutting-edge topic. Maintaining the same accessible multidisciplinary approach of the original, this volume provides a thorough grounding in a broad range of topics, while offering instructors many unique advantages. This impressive handbook provides the foundation, along with the supplementary material, and all the implementation details necessary to run a cutting-edge class on an exceptionally timely and intriguing topic. This edition of Circadian Physiologynot only updates the material covered in the original, but it also expands its length and scope, presenting many new findings, such as the discovery of new retinal photoreceptors, the identification of several non-hypothalamic circadian pacemakers, and the elucidation of genomic and proteomic mechanisms of biological timing. Three times the length of the original, this volume includes approximately 730 figures and 5,000 bibliographic references, making it a true handbook of circadian physiology.

Avery s Diseases of the Newborn E BookAvery s Diseases of the Newborn E Book

RHYTHMS. Neuroendocrine rhythmicity is an essential aspect of normal
physiology and behavior. Certain rhythms occur in response to light:dark cycles.
Ultradian rhythms have a periodicity shorter than 1 day but longer than 1 hour.
Others ...

Author: Christine A. Gleason

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781455727148


Page: 1520

View: 728

Avery’s Diseases of the Newborn, edited by Christine A. Gleason and Sherin U. Devaskar, is a practical, clinical reference for diagnosing and managing of all the important diseases affecting newborns. Thoroughly revised by a team of new editors, this edition provides new perspectives and updated coverage of genetics, nutrition, respiratory conditions, MRSA, neonatal pain, cardiovascular fetal interventions, care of the late preterm infant, and more. This authoritative reference is ideal as a clinical resource or subspecialty review tool. Treat newborns effectively with focused coverage of diagnosis and management, including pertinent developmental physiology and the pathogenesis of neonatal problems. Meet every challenge you face in neonatology with Avery’s authoritative, comprehensive clinical resource and subspecialty review tool. Navigate quickly and easily with extensive cross-referencing throughout the organ-related sections. Stay current with coverage of hot topics including MRSA, neonatal pain, cardiovascular fetal interventions, care of the late preterm infant, and the developing intestinal microbiome. Tap into the fresh perspectives of new editors who provide extensive updates throughout, particularly on genetic and respiratory disorders. Apply the latest nutritional findings with thorough discussions of this valuable information in the more comprehensive nutrition section. Master the fundamentals of neonatology through the greater emphasis on developmental biology and pathobiology.

Neuroendocrinology in Physiology and MedicineNeuroendocrinology in Physiology and Medicine

Neuroendocrinology in Physiology and Medicine offers an unprecedented marriage of clinical and basic knowledge that has been missing from classical neuroscience, endocrinology, and physiology texts.

Author: P. Michael Conn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781592597079


Page: 574

View: 792

A panel of leading experts integrate the latest findings from basic and clinical science to create a comprehensive treatment of the processes by which the brain acts as an endocrine organ, not only to control hormonal functions, but also to maintain homeostasis and regulate behavior. The authors-recognized both as leaders in their fields and as skilled teachers-provide systematic coverage of the analytical, anatomical, functional, clinical, and pathological aspects of neuroendocrinology. Topics range from the interactions between the nervous and endocrine systems to the regulation of reproduction, development, metabolism, fluid balance, and biological rhythms. Neuroendocrinology in Physiology and Medicine offers an unprecedented marriage of clinical and basic knowledge that has been missing from classical neuroscience, endocrinology, and physiology texts. It will teach today's medical students and serve researchers as a valuable reference to this rapidly growing field.

Brain Control of Wakefulness and SleepBrain Control of Wakefulness and Sleep

Circadian rhythms, for example, refer to processes with a period of about a day,
while ultradian rhythms are those with periods ... This constancy of circadian
period likely reflects function; circadian rhythms prepare behavior and physiology
for ...

Author: Mircea M. Steriade

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306487144


Page: 728

View: 964

Explores the history of efforts to understand the nature of waking and sleeping states from a biological point of view. This book explores the behavioral and physiological events of waking and sleep, analyzing the realities and the future possibilities of unifying basic studies on anatomy and cellular psychology.