U Boat Bases and Bunkers 1941 45U Boat Bases and Bunkers 1941 45

Many of them took a dim view of what they saw as a lack of discipline on the part of the U-Boat crews once they returned to port, ... moved from its home port of Wilhelmshaven to the Lorient base in France in the summer of 1940.

Author: Gordon Williamson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781849080026


Page: 66

View: 744

Few of the massive military structures built by Germany during World War II are as impressive as the U-Boat bases and bunkers in Germany, Norway and France. This title takes a close look at the formidable edifices on the French coast (Brest, Lorient, St Nazaire, La Pallice, Bordeaux) in Norway (Bergen, Trondheim) and Germany (Keil, Hamburg, Helgoland) and also focuses on the huge 'Valentin' factory complex at Bremen, which manufactured the new type XXI electro-boats. Bunker protective systems, such as camouflage, light and heavy flak installations and nearby air cover, are also examined as well as resident flotillas and the fate of the bases at war's end.

Brittany 1944Brittany 1944

They were an essential element in the U-boat war against Britain and 1,170 U-boat patrols were conducted from these ports. ... Osprey Publishing Ltd: Oxford, 2007; Gordon Williamson, Fortress 3: U-boat Bases and Bunkers 194045 ...

Author: Steven J. Zaloga

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472827388


Page: 97

View: 623

One of the prime objectives for the Allies following the D-Day landings was the capture of sufficient ports to supply their armies. The original Overlord plans assumed that ports along the Breton coast would be essential to expansion of the Normandy beach-head. This included the major ports at Brest and on Quiberon Bay. The newly arrived Third US Army (TUSA) under Lt. Gen. George S. Patton was delegated to take on the Brittany mission. In one of the most rapid mechanized advances of the war, TUSA had the ports of Avranches and Quiberon encircled by the second week of August 1944. But changing priorities meant that most of TUSA was redeployed, meaning only a single corps was left to take the Breton port cities. The fight would drag into 1945, long after German field armies had been driven from France. Using full colour maps and artwork as well as contemporary accounts and photographs, Brittany 1944 is the fascinating story of the siege of Germany's last bastions on the French Atlantic coast.

Naval Warfare 1919 45Naval Warfare 1919 45

Blair, Jr., Hitler's U-boat war: hunters, pp.166– 217; Jean Kessler, 'U-boat bases in the Bay of Biscay', ... Hitler's Uboat bases (Stroud, Glos: Sutton, 2002); Gordon Williamson, U-boat bases and bunkers 1941–45 (Oxford: Osprey, ...

Author: Malcolm H. Murfett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134048137


Page: 18

View: 307

Naval Warfare 1919–45 is a comprehensive history of the war at sea from the end of the Great War to the end of World War Two. Showing the bewildering nature and complexity of the war facing those charged with fighting it around the world, this book ranges far and wide: sweeping across all naval theatres and those powers performing major, as well as minor, roles within them. Armed with the latest material from an extensive set of sources, Malcolm H. Murfett has written an absorbing as well as a comprehensive reference work. He demonstrates that superior equipment and the best intelligence, ominous power and systematic planning, vast finance and suitable training are often simply not enough in themselves to guarantee the successful outcome of a particular encounter at sea. Sometimes the narrow difference between victory and defeat hinges on those infinite variables: the individual’s performance under acute pressure and sheer luck. Naval Warfare 1919–45 is an analytical and interpretive study which is an accessible and fascinating read both for students and for interested members of the general public.

Hitler s Gateway to the AtlanticHitler s Gateway to the Atlantic

German Naval Bases in France 1940-1945 Lars Hellwinkel. as U-boat base 53, 55, 56 U-boat bunkers at 58–9, 60–1, 65,66, 132–3, 134, 145, 147, 153–4, 154, 192–6, 195, 212–13 Brest, Battle of (1944) 145–54, 145, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, ...

Author: Lars Hellwinkel

Publisher: Seaforth Publishing

ISBN: 9781848321991


Page: 242

View: 576

Employing new research from both German and French sources, the author examines the role that the French Atlantic ports played for the Kriegsmarine during the Second World War. When the Wehrmacht overran France in May and June of 1940, the German navy's

British Policy and Strategy towards Norway 1941 45British Policy and Strategy towards Norway 1941 45

Stafford, David, Britain and European Resistance 1940-45, (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983). Steen, Sverre (ed.), Norges krig 194045, I, ... Williams, Gordon, U-Boat Bases and Bunkers 1941–45, (Oxford: Osprey, 2003).

Author: C. Mann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137284358


Page: 299

View: 730

After the German occupation of 1940, Britain was forced to reassess its relationship with Norway, a country largely on the periphery of the main theatres of the Second World War. Christopher Mann examines British military policy towards Norway, concentrating on the commando raids, deception planning and naval operations.

The Bombing Of Brittany Solving The Wrong ProblemThe Bombing Of Brittany Solving The Wrong Problem

... Powers (Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, 2006); Gordon Williamson, U-Boat Bases and Bunker 1941-45, ed. ... {7} Hugh Clout, "Place Annihilation and Urban Reconstruction: The Experience of Four Towns in Brittany, 1940 to ...

Author: Major Jeremiah S. Heathman

Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing

ISBN: 9781782898016


Page: 59

View: 187

As a result of the Allied bombing campaign against Nazi submarine bases during the Second World War, the cities of Brest, Lorient, and Saint Nazaire were nearly completely destroyed. Despite thousands of bombing missions, all three submarine bunkers still stand today. This monograph examines the effectiveness of the Allied bombing campaign against German submarine bases in Brittany by analyzing the campaign through the use of a design methodology. Research is broken down into three frames: the operational approach, the operational environment and the problem frame. The first frame provides an account of the bombing missions and effects. Next, an overview of the operational environment is conducted by exploring the historical context of Brittany, German construction efforts and Allied institutional barriers. The study concludes by examining the problem frame, which entails how the Allies perceived their operational problem and developed an approach based on their understanding. Ultimately, the Allies failed to accurately identify their problem and developed an ineffective approach towards defeating the threat. Had the Allies incorporated design thinking into their planning and execution, they may have developed an effective campaign towards defeating the Nazi U-boat threat rather than solving the wrong problem.

Bastions and Barbed WireBastions and Barbed Wire

Harrison, S & Passmore, D G in press 'The Ardennes campaigns of 1940 and 1944: some theoretical considerations on the role of ... Mallmann Showell, J P 2002 Hitler's U-Boat Bases ... Williamson, G 2003 U-Boat Bases and Bunkers 1941–45.

Author: Tony Pollard

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047427063


Page: 264

View: 763

A collection of the latest work in Conflict Archaeology. General theme is confinement, with concentration camps and siege sites, and defensive structures covered. Also includes other papers on battlefield archaeology and conflict studies.

M26 M46 Pershing Tank 1943 53M26 M46 Pershing Tank 1943 53

... strategic positions and defensive systems 1841764280 FOR 001 JAPANESE PACIFIC ISLAND DEFENSES 1941-45 1841765562 FOR 003 U - BOAT BASES AND BUNKERS 1940-45 1841764272 FOR 004 AMERICAN DEFENSES OF CORREGIDOR AND MANILA BAY 1891-1945 ...

Author: Steven J. Zaloga

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 1841762024


Page: 88

View: 921

From the moment that the M4 Sherman had been matched against German Panther and Tiger tanks, the American tank crews had known that their vehicles were outclassed by the opposition. What was needed was a more powerful tank, more heavily armed and armored, that could take-on the powerful German panzers on a more equal footing. Although it took time to develop by the latter months of the war numbers of M26 Pershing tanks were reaching the frontline US armored units. Well armored and with a powerful 90mm gun the Pershing was a match for any tank in the German order of battle.

The Strategic Bombing of Germany 1940 1945The Strategic Bombing of Germany 1940 1945

The effort expended against the battle cruisers , however , might have been better directed against the U - boat bases at Brest , la Pallice , Lorient , St. Nazaire , and Bordeaux . Huge bunkers to protect the submarine pens were still ...

Author: Alan J. Levine

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0275943194


Page: 262

View: 289

This book is the only full-scale account of the strategic air offensive against Germany published in the last 20 years, and is also the only one that treats the British and the Americans with parity. Much of what Levine writes about British operations will be unfamiliar to American readers. Levine gets past a simple account of "what we did to them" and describes the target systems and German countermeasures in detail, providing exact yet dramatic accounts of the great bomber operations--the Ruhr dams, Ploesti, Regensburg, and Schweinfurt. The book is broad-gauged, touching many matters--from the development of bombing doctrine before the war to the technical development of the Luftwaffe and the RAF.

The Defeat of the Enemy Attack upon Shipping 1939 1945The Defeat of the Enemy Attack upon Shipping 1939 1945

Lorient was in use as a U-boat base from 7th July 1940, Bordeaux from 4th September, and St. Nazaire from 15th ... As a result of the early raids the Germans built bomb-proof U-boat bunkers with wet and dry pens and protected berths.

Author: Eric J. Grove

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429620102


Page: 612

View: 161

This book was originally published in 1957. During the First World War, German use of unrestricted submarine warfare, supported by extensive mining and surface raids, very nearly forced Britain out of the war in 1917. The island’s heavy dependence on seaborne supplies was gravely threatened again in 1939, supplemented this time by air attacks on shipping. After the war, Commanders Waters and Barley wrote a Naval Staff History which has long been recognised as an authoritative study of the impact of the German campaign and its ultimate defeat by Britain and her allies. It remains an indispensable basis for any serious study of the Battle of the Atlantic and has here been updated and revised by Dr Grove, who also contributes a perceptive introduction outlining its significance.