On 17 February Roberts trapped Cronjé and about 4,500 men between French's cavalry and Kitchener's infantry on the banks of the Modder River at Paardeberg, some 30 miles upstream from where Methuen had evicted the Boers nearly three ...
Author: Stephen M. Miller
This study analyzes the readiness of the British military establishment for war in 1899 and its performance in the South African War (1899-1902). It focuses on the career of Field Marshal Paul Sanford, 3rd Baron Methuen, whose traditional military training, used so effectively in Queen Victoria's small wars, was put to the test by the modern challenges of the South African War. A subsidiary aim of this work is to correct and refine the historical consensus that Methuen's campaing in the South African War was plagued by practical errors and poor judgement. The South African War was a crucial transitional episode in the history of the British army. Unlike Great Britain's other expeditions, it required the concentrated resources of the entire empire. It was a modern war in the sense that it employed the technology, the weaponry, the communications, and the transportation of the second industrial revolution.
From this point the flashes of the guns above Modder River were visible, and the dull boom of Lyddite was borne to our ears. Methuen's artillery was still doing its best to avenge or retrieve the disaster of the early morning.
Author: Ernest Nathaniel Bennett
Publisher: Good Press
"With Methuen's Column on an Ambulance Train" by Ernest Nathaniel Bennett. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.
On November 27, Methuen's division, not wanting to give the Boers a chance to regroup and requiring water, resumed the advance but left the railway and headed toward the Modder River. Methuen was unaware that between 6,000 to 8,000 ...
Author: Timothy J. Stapleton
Two volumes introduce the history of colonial wars in Africa and illustrate why African countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Somalia, and Sudan continue to experience ethnic, political, and religious violence in the early 21st century. • Begins with a helpful introduction and overview of the topic • Contains alphabetical entries on wars, campaigns, battles, leaders, and other topics related to European colonial conquest in Africa • Includes African rebellions against the early colonial states in the 1890s and early 1900s • Features entries written by scholars in the fields of history and politics • Covers all major regions of Africa as well as relevant European powers • Provides a list of additional sources for further reading
Methuen's Report on Modder River, TNA WO 132/15. Methuen's order of the day after Modder River, 30 November 1899, TNA WO 132/15. Pemberton, op. cit. 75. Pole-Carew, a close member of the Roberts ring, was given to writing frequently to ...
Author: John Powell
Publisher: Pen and Sword
This is the first biography of General Sir Edward Bulfin, who rose to high rank despite his Catholic Irish republican background, at a time when sensitivities were pronounced. Not only that but by the outbreak of the Great War, Bulfin was a brigade commander despite having not attended Sandhurst or Staff College and never commanding his battalion.In his early career he was a protg of Bullers and he made his name in the Boer War. In 1914 Haig credited him with saving the day at First Ypres despite being wounded and gave him 28th Division. Unable to get on with Gough, he was sent home. He raised the 60th London Division and took it to France, Salonika and Egypt where Allenby chose him to command a corps. His success against the Turks at Gaza, Jerusalem and Megiddo justified Allenbys confidence.Despite ruthlessly crushing disturbances in post-war Egypt, Bulfins beliefs and background led him to refuse Churchills order to command the police and army in Ireland.A private man, Bulfin left few letters and no papers and the author is to be congratulated on piecing together this fascinating biography of an enigmatic military figure.
Consequently at Methuen's third battle, known as the Modder River, fought on 28 November, De la Rey dug his burghers in along the low-lying banks of the twisting river.* In fact the cavalry's reconnaissance reports before the battle ...
Author: Lord Anglesey
Publisher: Pen and Sword
This book describes the history of the British cavalry in detail, running up to World War I.
At 4 a.m. on 28 November, Lord Methuen's forces began the march to the Modder River station. The men were full of confidence and a beautiful day was breaking over the veld. As they drew near to the banks of the Riet and Modder they ...
Author: Denis Judd
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The Boer War of 1899-1902 was an epic of heroism and bungling, cunning and barbarism, with an extraordinary cast of characters - including Churchill, Rhodes, Conan Doyle, Smuts, Kipling, Gandhi, Kruger and Kitchener. The war revealed the ineptitude of the British military and unexpectedly exposed the corrupt underside of imperialism in the establishment of the first concentration camps, the shooting of Boer prisoners-of-war and the embezzlement of military supplies by British officers. This acclaimed book provides a complete history of the Boer War - from the first signs of unrest to the eventual peace. In the process, it debunks several of the myths which have grown up around the conflict and explores the deadly legacy it left for southern Africa.
It was the nature rather than the scale of these defeats, and similar battles such as Modder River in November 1899 and ... 55 The same lack of reconnoitring troops handicapped Lord Methuen«s advance along the western railway towards ...
Author: Stephen Badsey
A prevalent view among historians is that both horsed cavalry and the cavalry charge became obviously obsolete in the second half of the nineteenth century in the face of increased infantry and artillery firepower, and that officers of the cavalry clung to both for reasons of prestige and stupidity. It is this view, commonly held but rarely supported by sustained research, that this book challenges. It shows that the achievements of British and Empire cavalry in the First World War, although controversial, are sufficient to contradict the argument that belief in the cavalry was evidence of military incompetence. It offers a case study of how in reality a practical military doctrine for the cavalry was developed and modified over several decades, influenced by wider defence plans and spending, by the experience of combat, by Army politics, and by the rivalries of senior officers. Debate as to how the cavalry was to adjust its tactics in the face of increased infantry and artillery firepower began in the mid nineteenth century, when the increasing size of armies meant a greater need for mobile troops. The cavalry problem was how to deal with a gap in the evolution of warfare between the mass armies of the later nineteenth century and the motorised firepower of the mid twentieth century, an issue that is closely connected with the origins of the deadlock on the Western Front. Tracing this debate, this book shows how, despite serious attempts to ’learn from history’, both European-style wars and colonial wars produced ambiguous or disputed evidence as to the future of cavalry, and doctrine was largely a matter of what appeared practical at the time.
The Boers in the meantime retreated to Riet River , the northern bank of which Cronje held with about 7,000 men and 10 guns . ACTION AT RIET OR MODDER RIVER , NOVEMBER 28 , 1999 . ( See Pl . 3. ) Methuen halted in his advance on the ...
Author: United States. War Department. General Staff
Bulletins cover various military topics for selected foreign countries, with data on naval shipbuilding, military forces, defense budgets, artillery, target practice, foreign currencies, and weights and measures.
CHAPTER II—METHUEN AND MODDER RIVER ON arriving at Nauwport I had presented myself at headquarters, and from Major Haig and Captain Lawrence found that, though there was plenty to do and see every day, the impossibility of collecting a ...
Author: John George Maydon
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
Field-Marshal French is best known for his military services during the First World War; however, his military service stretches back through to his commands in the Boer War. In his campaigns with the newly formed cavalry division he was to receive much acclaim and praise for his adroit handling of his troops and their effectiveness against the largely irregular Boers. He won the battle of Elanslaagte and, having escaped the encirclement of Ladysmith, led his troops on to the capture of Bloemfontain and the relief of Kimberley. Tough and uncompromising, he became a celebrity with the papers back home, his character summed up by the verse: “E’s so tough and terse ‘E don’t want no bloomin’ nurse and ‘E ain’t had one reverse Ave yer, French?” This book charts Colonel French’s adventurous division across the vledts and kops of the South African landscape with pace and verve. The author, John George Maydon, was a prominent member of the Natal parliament that accompanied Colonel French on his cavalry campaign and writes from this unique perspective combining local South African knowledge with a loyalist viewpoint.
Methuen drove the Boers from their positions at Belmont and later from Graspan. Falling back to the north, the Boers dug themselves in on the banks of the Modder River near its confluence with the Riet. There, under the command of ...
Author: Ian van der Waag
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
The story of a century of conflict and change—from the Second Boer War to the anti-apartheid movement and the many battles in between. Twentieth-century South Africa saw continuous, often rapid, and fundamental socioeconomic and political change. The century started with a brief but total war. Less than ten years later, Britain brought the conquered Boer republics and the Cape and Natal colonies together into the Union of South Africa. The Union Defence Force, later the SADF, was deployed during most of the major wars of the century, as well as a number of internal and regional struggles: the two world wars, Korea, uprising and rebellion on the part of Afrikaner and black nationalists, and industrial unrest. The century ended as it started, with another war. This was a flash point of the Cold War, which embraced more than just the subcontinent and lasted a long thirty years. The outcome included the final withdrawal of foreign troops from southern Africa, the withdrawal of South African forces from Angola and Namibia, and the transfer of political power away from a white elite to a broad-based democracy. This book is the first study of the South African armed forces as an institution and of the complex roles that these forces played in the wars, rebellions, uprisings, and protests of the period. It deals in the first instance with the evolution of South African defense policy, the development of the armed forces, and the people who served in and commanded them. It also places the narrative within the broader national past, to produce a fascinating study of a century in which South Africa was uniquely embroiled in three total wars.
After the Battle of Modder River (see p. 268), Lord Methuen made his comfortable headquarters on the north bank of the river and waited for reinforcements to arrive. There were good reasons not to move forward sooner; repairs were ...
Author: Nicki von der Heyde
Publisher: Penguin Random House South Africa
Expert battlefields guide Nicki von der Heyde presents 71 battles covering three wars and a series of conflicts that shaped the course of South Africa’s history – from the colonial clashes that characterised the 18th and 19th centuries through to the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879 and the 2nd Anglo-Boer War of 1899–1902. Informative and lively accounts of the engagements are provided, with special attention given to the context, action, outcomes and principal combatants involved. Arranged in provincial and regional order, the Field Guide to the Battlefields of South Africa includes an array of special features that allow for an enthralling and multi-layered account of the battles: • 580 images • 80 illustrated timelines • 60 fact and feature boxes • 16 annotated battle maps • 10 regional locator maps • Detailed directions to each site • GPS co-ordinates for inaccessible locations. Comprehensive, compelling and vividly illustrated, the Field Guide to the Battlefields of South Africa is an indispensable tool for professional and amateur military historians as well as anyone interested in exploring South Africa’s fascinating history.
Well before even the engagement at the Modder River on 23 November, Wolseley was having doubts about Methuen and recommended his replacement by Grenfell. Lansdowne suggested Kitchener, but Wolseley doubted if both Buller and Kitchener ...
Author: John Gooch
This collections of essays by leading British and South African scholars, looking at the Boer War, focuses on three aspects: how the British Military functioned; the role of the Boers, Afrikaners and Zulus; and the media presentation of the war to the public.
Methuen. 1900. Headlam, Cecil (ed.). The Milner Papers. Cassell. 1933. Hobhouse, Emily. The Brunt of the War And Where It Fell. Methuen. 1902. ———–Boer War Letters. Human & Rousseau. 1984. Kinnear, Alfred. To Modder River with Methuen.
Author: John Simpson
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
Through many decades of groundbreaking journalism, John Simpson has become not only one of the most recognisable and trusted British personalities, but has transferred his skill to books with multiple bestselling success. With his new book he turns his eye to how Great Britain has been transformed by its free press down the years. He shows how, while the press likes to pretend it's independent, they have enjoyed the power they have over the events they report and have at times exercised it irresponsibly. He examines how it changed the world and changed itself over the course of the last hundred years, from the creation of the Daily Mail and the first stokings of anti-German sentiment in the years leading up to the First World War, to the Sun's propping up of the Thatcher government, and beyond. In this self-analysis from one of the pillars of modern journalism some searching questions are asked, including whether the press can ever be truly free and whether we would desire it to be so. Always incisive, brilliantly readable and never shy of controversy, Lies Like Truth sees John Simpson at the height of his game as one of Britain's foremost commentators.