. . And here's the story of how those dreamers overcame the odds against them. 'I think there is a world market for maybe five computers.' Thomas Watson, chairman of IBM, 1943
Author: Albert Jack
Publisher: Hachette UK
From the wireless to the computer, and from hula hoops to interplanetary travel, inventions and discoveries have changed our lifestyles in ways that would have astounded our ancestors. Each of them was originally developed by visionaries who dreamt of the seemingly impossible, but who were opposed by an array of experts publicly declaring that ‘It cannot be done.’ Well, yes it could . . . And here's the story of how those dreamers overcame the odds against them.
Such theories are often ridiculed or even laughed at. But to those who commit
this fallacy, this is actually a reason to think that their theory is true. “After all,” they
reason, “the mainstream laughed at Galileo when he said the sun was the center
Author: Robert Arp
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A timely and accessible guide to 100 of the most infamous logical fallacies in Western philosophy, helping readers avoid and detect false assumptions and faulty reasoning You’ll love this book or you’ll hate it. So, you’re either with us or against us. And if you’re against us then you hate books. No true intellectual would hate this book. Ever decide to avoid a restaurant because of one bad meal? Choose a product because a celebrity endorsed it? Or ignore what a politician says because she’s not a member of your party? For as long as people have been discussing, conversing, persuading, advocating, proselytizing, pontificating, or otherwise stating their case, their arguments have been vulnerable to false assumptions and faulty reasoning. Drawing upon a long history of logical falsehoods and philosophical flubs, Bad Arguments demonstrates how misguided arguments come to be, and what we can do to detect them in the rhetoric of others and avoid using them ourselves. Fallacies—or conclusions that don’t follow from their premise—are at the root of most bad arguments, but it can be easy to stumble into a fallacy without realizing it. In this clear and concise guide to good arguments gone bad, Robert Arp, Steven Barbone, and Michael Bruce take readers through 100 of the most infamous fallacies in Western philosophy, identifying the most common missteps, pitfalls, and dead-ends of arguments gone awry. Whether an instance of sunk costs, is ought, affirming the consequent, moving the goal post, begging the question, or the ever-popular slippery slope, each fallacy engages with examples drawn from contemporary politics, economics, media, and popular culture. Further diagrams and tables supplement entries and contextualize common errors in logical reasoning. At a time in our world when it is crucial to be able to identify and challenge rhetorical half-truths, this bookhelps readers to better understand flawed argumentation and develop logical literacy. Unrivaled in its breadth of coverage and a worthy companion to its sister volume Just the Arguments (2011), Bad Arguments is an essential tool for undergraduate students and general readers looking to hone their critical thinking and rhetorical skills.
days— “ they laughed at Galileo , ” “ they laughed at Newton ” —suffer from a
serious logical flaw satirized perfectly by Carl Sagan : “ They laughed at Bozo the
Clown , too . ” The simple truth is that , among promoters of revolutionary or “
Author: John Ruscio
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Do your students have the tools to distinguish between the true science of human thought and behavior, and pop psychology? Ruscio's new book provides a tangible and compelling framework for making that distinction. Because we are inundated with "scientific" claims, the author does not merely differentiate science and pseudoscience, but goes further to teach the fundamentals of scientific reasoning on which students can base their evaluation of information.
Didn't they laugh at Galileo , Newton , Darwin , and Einstein ? These questions
deserve an answer . Answering the last question first , yes they laughed at
Galileo , but , as a wise person — I think it was Martin Gardner - once observed ,
Author: Keith M. Parsons
In this accessible, concise yet comprehensive introduction to a sometimes-formidable subject, Parsons presents elementary topics in logic for people who have little background in mathematics or science and have no career goals in those fields.
You laugh : That is not wise ! Men laughed , remember , at Galileo . They laughed
at Newton . I had not thought you were one who mocks what is contrary to
common superstition . " “ My father , " said Ommony , " you are confirming rumors
Author: Talbot Mundy
Publisher: Rivercity Press
A young English adventurer in India during the 1920s sets out to find a piece of jade with supernatural powers and the hidden valley inhabited by a holy lama who can reveal the secrets of the universe. The 23 books in this series, published between 1916 and 1939, are all somewhat related, although they may have different main characters. In order of publication they are: King-of the Khybers (1916; aka King of the Kyber Rifles), The Winds of the World (1916), Hira Singh's Tale (1918), Guns of the Gods (1921), The Caves of Terror (1924), The Nine Unknown (1924), Ramsden (1926; aka The Devil's Guard), The Woman Ayisha (1930), The Hundred Days (1930), Jingrim (1931; aka Jingrim Sahib, 1953), The Lost Trooper (1931), C. I. D. (1932), Jungle Jest (1932), The Lion of Petra (1932), The King in Check (1933; aka Affair in Araby, 1953), The Gunga Sahib (1933), The Mystery of Khufu's Tomb (1933), Jingrim and Allah's Peace (1933), The Red Flame of Erinpura (1934), The Seventeen Thieves of El-Kalil (1935), The Thunder Dragon Gate (1937), and Old Ugly Face (1939).