The Price of Global HealthThe Price of Global Health



Figure 5.2 Cost-effectiveness plane reacts differently to various treatment options, statistical analyses of outcomes across patient groups is very important for a good assessment of health improvements and associated costs.

Author: Ed Schoonveld

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317019305

Category:

Page: 494

View: 303

Public debate on the rising cost of new biotechnology drug treatments has intensified over the last few years as healthcare budget pressures have mounted under a strained economy. Meanwhile, the demand for new, effective medical and drug treatments continues to rise as unhealthy lifestyles cause further increases in diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Global drug pricing is one of the most hotly debated yet least understood aspects of the pharmaceutical industry. How should drug prices be set and what does it mean for patients? Why do governments increasingly get involved, and what is its impact on the global competitive environment? How can a life-saving industry have a poorer image than gun and tobacco industries, whose products are associated with death? Ed Schoonveld explains how pharmaceutical prices are determined in a complex global payer environment and what factors influence the process. His insights will help a wide range of audiences, from healthcare industry professionals to policy makers and the broader public, to gain a better understanding of this highly complex and emotionally charged field. The Price of Global Health is recognized as a valued and unique reference book that covers a complete array of topics related to global pharmaceutical pricing. It contains an in-depth but straightforward exploration of the pharmaceutical pricing strategy process, its underlying market access, general business and ethical considerations, and its implications for payers, physicians and patients. It is a much-needed and invaluable resource for anybody interested or involved in, or affected by, the development, funding and use of prescription drugs. In particular, it is of critical importance to pharmaceutical company executives and other leaders and professionals in commercialization and drug development, including marketing, business development, market access and pricing, clinical development, drug discovery, regulatory affairs, health outcomes, market research and public affairs. The second edition includes new chapters on payer value story development, oncology, orphan drugs and payer negotiations. Furthermore, many country chapters have been substantially updated to reflect changes in the healthcare systems, including the Affordable Care Act in the US, AMNOG in Germany, medico-economic requirements in France and many other country-specific changes. Lastly, almost every chapter has been updated with new examples and illustrations.

A Risky BusinessA Risky Business



The problem is poor forecasting of effective demand for products. Good forecasting is fundamental for key decisions, such as how much production capacity to build, which must be made years in advance of products being delivered.

Author: Center for Global Development. Global Health Forecasting Working Group

Publisher: Ctr for Global Development

ISBN: 1933286180

Category:

Page: 126

View: 556

Access to medicines is an issue of life or death for millions of people in poor countries. While great strides have been made in the last decade to improve health in poor countries -- more aid funding for drugs and vaccines; creation of funds to buy medicines; and concessionary pricing of medicines by some pharmaceutical firms –- the global supply chain that connects the dots –- production to people –- does not work well. The problem is poor forecasting of effective demand for products. Good forecasting is fundamental for key decisions, such as how much production capacity to build, which must be made years in advance of products being delivered. But donors that provide much of the money to purchase drugs, and a whole range of technical agencies and intermediaries, have yet to devise and coordinate among themselves, and with developing country governments, credible forecasts. This report of the Global Health Forecasting Working Group, which was convened in early 2006 by senior fellow and director of programs Ruth Levine, provides an elegant analysis of the problem and a sensible agenda for action. Their report offers specific recommendations that apply across a range of products and that could be implemented by identifiable public and private organizations. Among their recommendations is the creation of an "infomediary" -- a neutral third party to collect and disseminate essential data for forecasting demand. Another recommendation is that donors who are the major purchasers should accept more of the risks associated with unforeseen shocks to actual demand -- internalizing at least the shock that their own lack of predictable financing constitutes. That would imply, for example, that for some products donors move to contracts with manufacturers that include minimum quantity guarantees. If these recommendations are implemented, manufacturers will benefit -- in reduced risk in the production of medical technologies; the donors or ministries of health will benefit from more reliable and accurate information on the price and availability of essential products; and most important, millions of families in the developing world will benefit -- in reduced disease and deaths and the personal agony those entail.

Case Studies in Global Health Millions SavedCase Studies in Global Health Millions Saved



Useful as a stand-alone text or as a complement to Essentials of Global Health, this book provides readers with a clear and inspiring picture of how global public health efforts have made a difference in the lives of people around the world ...

Author: Ruth Levine

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9780763746209

Category:

Page: 172

View: 578

Case Studies in Global Health: Millions Saved consists of 20 case studies, which illustrate real life, proven, large-scale success stories in global public health. Drawing from a rich evidence base, the accessible case write-ups highlight experiences in the scale up of health technologies, the strengthening of health systems, and the use of health education and policy change to achieve impressive reductions in disease and disability, even in the poorest countries. An overview chapter draws attention to the factors that contributed to each of the successes. Discussion questions help to bring out the main points and provide a point of departure for independent student research. Useful as a stand-alone text or as a complement to Essentials of Global Health, this book provides readers with a clear and inspiring picture of how global public health efforts have made a difference in the lives of people around the world.

Introduction to Global HealthIntroduction to Global Health



environmental factors that influence health; the funding and management of health systems; and the development and accessibility of new health technologies. 15.4 THE PRICE OF GLOBAL HEALTH Many public health intervention packages would ...

Author: Kathryn H. Jacobsen

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781449648251

Category:

Page: 404

View: 953

Introduction to Global Health, Second Edition, is a comprehensive look at today’s most critical global health issues. Unlike other texts of its kind, this book emphasizes possible solutions to global health concerns rather than just focusing on the problems. The author examines the socioeconomic, biological, and environmental causes and consequences of disease. Topics covered include infectious diseases, nutrition, maternal health, non-communicable diseases (NCDs), mental health, and injuries. The chapters also explore global health metrics, ethics and human rights, policies, and practices The Second Edition is a thorough revision that offers expanded coverage of health across the lifespan, from childhood to young adulthood to aging (with additional coverage of NCDs, injuries, and mental health issues), as well as new coverage of health issues during humanitarian crises and health issues related to human rights. Key Features: • Emphasizes possible solutions to global health concerns rather than just focusing on the problems. • Discussion questions in each chapter help students to reflect on and apply the material from the chapter. • Student companion website offers additional activities to engage the students in learning. Instructor Resources: Instructors Manual, PowerPoint, Test Bank Student Resources: Companion Website

Global Health Watch 4Global Health Watch 4



Global Health Watch, now in its fourth edition, is widely perceived as the definitive voice for an alternative discourse on health and healthcare.

Author: Global Health Watch Staff

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 1783602538

Category:

Page: 432

View: 523

Global Health Watch, now in its fourth edition, is widely perceived as the definitive voice for an alternative discourse on health and healthcare. It covers a range of issues that currently impact on health, including the present political and economic architecture in a fast-changing and globalized world; a political assessment of the drive towards Universal Health Coverage; broader determinants of health, such as gender-based violence and access to water; stories of struggles, actions and change; and a scrutiny of a range of global institutions and processes. It integrates rigorous analysis, alternative proposals and stories of struggle and change to present a compelling case for a radical transformation of the way we approach actions and policies on health.

Pharmaceutical Prices in the 21st CenturyPharmaceutical Prices in the 21st Century



This book provides an overview of the global pharmaceutical pricing policies. Medicines use is increasing globally with the increase in resistant microbes, emergence of new treatments, and because of awareness among consumers.

Author: Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319121697

Category:

Page: 411

View: 123

This book provides an overview of the global pharmaceutical pricing policies. Medicines use is increasing globally with the increase in resistant microbes, emergence of new treatments, and because of awareness among consumers. This has resulted in increased drug expenditures globally. As the pharmaceutical market is expanding, a variety of pharmaceutical pricing strategies and policies have been employed by drug companies, state organizations and pharmaceutical pricing authorities.

OECD Health Policy Studies Pharmaceutical Pricing Policies in a Global MarketOECD Health Policy Studies Pharmaceutical Pricing Policies in a Global Market



This report assesses how pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies have contributed to the achievement of certain health policy objectives, and it examines the national and transnational effects of these policies.

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264044159

Category:

Page: 216

View: 760

This report assesses how pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies have contributed to the achievement of certain health policy objectives, and it examines the national and transnational effects of these policies.

Global Surgery and Public Health A New ParadigmGlobal Surgery and Public Health A New Paradigm



Global Surgery and Public Health: A New Paradigm offers the most current information as well as a systematic approach to considering surgery in the context of a broader umbrella of public health.

Author: Catherine R. deVries

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9780763780487

Category:

Page: 300

View: 191

Health Sciences & Professions

The Handbook of Global Health PolicyThe Handbook of Global Health Policy



In a context of dwindling donor resources for global health, policy solutions must be foundto reduce the price of medicines, diagnostics, and vaccines. Generic competition isa cornerstone in ensuring access tohealth commodities.

Author: Garrett W. Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118509609

Category:

Page: 632

View: 397

The Handbook of Global Health Policy provides adefinitive source of the key areas in the field. It examines theethical and practical dimensions of new and current policy modelsand their effect on the future development of global health andpolicy. Maps out key debates and policy structures involved in allareas of global health policy Isolates and examines new policy initiatives in global healthpolicy Provides an examination of these initiatives that captures boththe ethical/critical as well as practical/empirical dimensionsinvolved with global health policy, global health policy formationand its implications Confronts the theoretical and practical questions of ‘whogets what and why’ and ‘how, when andwhere?’ Captures the views of a wide array of scholars andpractitioners, including from low- and middle-income countries, toensure an inclusive view of current policy debates

Global HealthGlobal Health



TB drug prices slashed for poor countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 79(9), 904–905. Health Action International (HAI) Global. (2010). Global pill price “snapshot” reveals large differences in the price of ciprofloxacin ...

Author: Michael H. Merson

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9780763785598

Category:

Page: 936

View: 712

Rev. ed. of: International public health. 2nd ed. c2006.

The Global Health CrisisThe Global Health Crisis



Accordingly, the prices in developed countries' markets tend to be higher than the prices in developing or underdeveloped countries' markets. As discussed in Chapter 4, over 80 percent of pharmaceutical firms' global sales are ...

Author: Thana Cristina de Campos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108118347

Category:

Page:

View: 317

Proposing a new view of global justice based on natural law, this book presents a discussion of the key ethical values in contemporary medicine and health, notably in relation to neglected diseases like malaria, Ebola and Zika. The lack of treatments for such diseases points to a global health crisis. Thana Cristina de Campos provides a general framework, based on global commutative justice, for discussion of the ethical responsibilities of international stakeholders, mapping the varying duties they have, and their content and force. She also addresses the urgent need for reforms to the international legal rules on bioethics, notably the system of intellectual property rights. These ideas will be of interest to those who are looking for a more nuanced view of the human right to health than that provided by advocates in the globalist mainstream.

Pathways To Global Health Case Studies In Global Health Diplomacy Pathways To Global Health Case Studies In Global Health Diplomacy



countries.9 Cigarette prices are influenced by many factors, including the tobacco market structure (monopoly, oligopoly, or competitive market) and tobacco tax system (size and structure of the excise tax).

Author: Matlin Stephen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789813144040

Category:

Page: 360

View: 942

Following the publication of Negotiating and Navigating Global Health: Case Studies in Global Health Diplomacy Editor Ellen Rosskam and Ilona Kickbusch, this second volume of case studies will complement the first volume and extends its scope. The new book focuses on health diplomacy negotiations, in Geneva and elsewhere, that have involved WHO or that have substantial implications for the work of WHO. Each of the chapters provides a detailed account of a particular example of global health negotiation, concerning hard and soft law instruments but also addressing the full range of health issues — reaching from issues of research and development, polio eradication, NCDs and plain packaging, to the post-2015 process, the WHO reform and non-state involvement. The book therefore captures a wide-range of experiences of distinguished diplomats, academics and senior practitioners. The contributions to the book are written by negotiators and academics and thus, will provide a unique angle and a tool of reflection for a broad audience. In particular, it will be of interest not only to the academic community and students, but also to policy-makers and diplomats. The case studies will allow for learning on how negotiations work in a complex policy environment. The focus on WHO will explore how a major international organization engages in global health diplomacy and on the implications that health-related diplomacy taking place in a variety of settings has for its work. As such, the book is an important contribution to the growing field of global health diplomacy and to the debate about the role of WHO in the 21str century.

Global Health 101Global Health 101



Includes Bonus Chapter: Intersectoral Approaches to Enabling Better Health Richard Skolnik ... a global health organization based in the United States, worked to make manufacturing more cost-effective, which reduced the price to just ...

Author: Yale School of Public Health New Haven Connecticut Richard Skolnik

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 9781284045390

Category:

Page: 576

View: 132

Rated by an independent panel as the best introductory Global Health text for undergraduates, Global Health 101, Third Edition is a clear, concise, and user-friendly introduction to the most critical issues in global health. It illustrates key themes with an extensive set of case studies, examples, and the latest evidence. Particular attention is given to the health-development link, to developing countries, and to the health needs of poor and disadvantaged people. The Third Edition is a thorough revision that offers an extensive amount of new and updated information, while maintaining clarity, simplicity, and ease of use for faculty and students. Offering the latest data on the burden of disease, the book presents unique content on key topics that are often insufficiently covered in introductory materials, such as immunization and adolescent health. Key Features: New chapter on Adolescent Health an important but largely uncovered topic in the existing Global Health literature Expanded chapter on Child Health with special attention given to immunizations Expanded coverage throughout on the topic of health disparities The latest information on nutrition including the Global Nutrition Report of November 2014 and the Lancet Series on Maternal and Child Nutrition of 2013 New section on Pharmaceuticals More than 25 additional Policy and Program briefs that cover a range of key topics Includes Navigate 2 Advantage Access with: A comprehensive, interactive eBook with embedded video links, knowledge checks and end-of-chapter quizzes Interactive practice activities including study questions Pre-loaded assessments including chapter quizzes, mid-terms, and a final exam. An expansive package of instructor materials including: sample syllabi, model policy briefs, a case study for discussion for each of the core chapters of the book, and an extensive bibliography of global health references organized by chapter."

A History of Global HealthA History of Global Health



It provided a potential magic bullet, another technological solution to a globalhealth crisis. The only problem was that it cost between US$10,000 and US$15,000 per patient per year, a price that made its widespread use in most of the ...

Author: Randall M. Packard

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421420349

Category:

Page: 432

View: 145

Designed to be read and taught, the book offers a critical historical view, providing historians, policy makers, researchers, program managers, and students with an essential new perspective on the formation and implementation of global-health policies and practices.

Making Global Health Care Innovation WorkMaking Global Health Care Innovation Work



Patents link R&D costs to the price of medicines by granting the inventor an exclusive right to sell that productfor a limited time period, typically 20 years. This marketing monopoly means that the inventor canset the price of this ...

Author: N. Engel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137456038

Category:

Page: 221

View: 935

Global Health involves, among many things the intensified travelling of people, resources, technologies, knowledge, standards, and ideas. This book describes what happens when innovations are transferred to new settings: What work is needed to make them work, but also how they change the setting into which they are introduced.

The Effect of Poverty and War on Global HealthThe Effect of Poverty and War on Global Health



Sustainable development: The UN millennium development goals, the UN global compact, and the common good. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press. Willis Towers Watson. (2011). Global health insurance costs expected to ...

Author: Henry O'Lawrence

Publisher: Informing Science

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 343

View: 288

This book helps both undergraduate and beginning graduate students, professors, healthcare administrators, public policy administrators, public health clinicians and administrators, and anyone preparing to enter the healthcare field and planning to improve healthcare systems. The book provides useful information for both educators and students in engaging in a productive discussion and igniting interaction in the classroom.

Removing the Barriers to Global Health EquityRemoving the Barriers to Global Health Equity



In fact, the yearly cost has doubled since the 2003 appropriation of $74 billion – which the Bush administration expected ... Schifferes' report goes on to try to compartmentalise the costs in terms of health costs and economic costs, ...

Author: Theodore H. MacDonald

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781138030916

Category:

Page: 320

View: 413

Medical research and global awareness of health inequalities continue to grow apace. Why then is global health inequality widening, with benefits disproportionally affecting the richest third? How can obstacles to more equitable healthcare be overcome? This passionately-argued book presents answers that will be essential reading for everyone interested in global health, public health, public policy and economics. Policy makers in global communities and government, political activists and all those with an interest in equality in healthcare will find stimulating, well-supported analyses of the interaction between neoliberal policies, geopolitical issues and health. Meanwhile professionals in international healthcare organisations, care agencies, and international charities will find challenging and refreshing socio-political solutions to those offered by the current neoliberal paradigm.

Global Politics of HealthGlobal Politics of Health



By charting these debates and showing how they shape the way actors think about key issues relating to health, such as people movement, infectious disease, the business of health, and the consequences of war, this volume provides an ...

Author: Sara Davies

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745640426

Category:

Page: 243

View: 774

International responses to the outbreak of SARS, the spread of HIV/AIDS, and the promotion of health as a human right all demonstrate how global politics have a profound effect on the way we think about and respond to major health challenges. Despite a growing interest in the relationship between health and international relations there has yet to be a systematic study of the links between them. Global Health Issues aims to fill this gap – ultimately showing how world politics can be good, or bad, for your health. This book calls for a more nuanced understanding of the nature of the current global health crisis and the political dilemmas faced by those responsible for the development and implementation of responses to it. By charting these debates and showing how they shape the way actors think about key issues relating to health, such as people movement; infectious disease; the business of health; and the consequences of war; this volume provides an innovative and comprehensive introduction to health and international relations for students of global politics, health studies and related disciplines.

Emerging Trends in Global HealthEmerging Trends in Global Health



However, there are numerous costs that should be noted. Health care costs represent a significant amount. Smoking was responsible for 6% of the health care costs in the U.S. in 1999 (CDC, 2002). Health care costs for tobacco related ...

Author: Gurinder Shahi

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9780557024001

Category:

Page: 494

View: 242

This book is an edited compilation of topical review essays addressing emerging issues, concerns and opportunities in global health.

Global HealthGlobal Health



WHO Global NCD Action Plan offers a menu of “best buy” or cost‐effective, high‐impact interventions for meeting the nine ... WHO established the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC); the first global health treaty on Tobacco.

Author: Elizabeth A. Armstrong-Mensah

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119110231

Category:

Page: 224

View: 117

Global Health Lecture Notes: Issues, Challenges and Global Action provides a thorough introduction to a wide range of important global health issues and explores the resources and skills needed for this rapidly expanding area. Global Health is a growing area that reflects the increasing interconnectedness of health and its determinants. Major socio-economic, environmental and technological changes have produced new challenges, and exacerbated existing health inequalities experienced in both developed and developing countries. This textbook focuses on managing and preventing these challenges, as well as analysing critical links between health, disease, and socio-economic development through a multi-disciplinary approach. Featuring learning objectives and discussion points, Global Health Lecture Notes is an indispensable resource for global health students, faculty and practitioners who are looking to build on their understanding of global health issues.