The Patient s BrainThe Patient s Brain



This revolutionary new book describes and explains how this new scientific knowledge can be put to great practical use.

Author: Fabrizio Benedetti

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191015762

Category:

Page: 304

View: 399

There is a vast literature on what has often been called the doctor-patient relationship, patient-provider interaction, therapist-patient encounter, and such like. However, it is thanks to recent advances within neuroscience, that we now find ourselves in a much better position to be able to describe and discuss the biological mechanisms that underlie the doctor-patient relationship. For example, we now know that different physiological and biochemical mechanisms take part in complex functions, like trust, hope, empathy and compassion, which are all key elements in the therapist-patient encounter. With this neuroscientific knowledge in their hands, health professionals will soon be able to directly see how their words, attitudes, and behaviours activate and inactivate molecules, cortical areas, and sensory systems in the brains of their patients. This revolutionary new book describes and explains how this new scientific knowledge can be put to great practical use. It shows how, from a neuroscientific perspective, the doctor-patient relationship can be subdivided into at least four steps: feeling sick, seeking relief, meeting the therapist, and receiving therapy. The main advantage to approaching the doctor-patient relationship from a neuroscientific perspective is that physicians, psychologists and health professionals can better understand what kind of changes they can induce in their patients' brains, further boosting the professional's empathic and compassionate behaviour. Written by the author of the critically acclaimed 'Placebo Effects', this book will lead to a better awareness of the potential power that the doctor's behaviour may have on the patient's behaviour and capacity for recovery from illness, as well as to better medical practice and social/communication skills. It will be required reading for physicians, psychotherapists, and neuroscientists.

The Patient s BrainThe Patient s Brain



In other words, the mechanisms through which the psychosocial context affects
the patient's brain and the therapeutic outcome is today a fruitful field of research
of neuroscience. 6.1.2 The placebo effect helps understand how social stimuli ...

Author: Fabrizio Benedetti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199579518

Category:

Page: 284

View: 668

There is a vast literature on what has often been called "the doctor-patient relationship", "patient-provider interaction", "therapist-patient encounter", and such like. However, it is thanks to recent advances within neuroscience, that we have now found ourselves in a much better position to be able to describe and discuss the biological mechanisms that underlie the doctor-patient relationship. The concept of this revolutionary new book is that, froma neuroscientific perspective, the doctor-patient relationship can be subdivided into at least four steps: feeling sick, seeking relief, meeting the therapist, and receiving the therapy. The mainadvantage to approaching the doctor-patient relationship from a neuroscientific perspective is that physicians, psychologists and health professionals can better understand what kind of changes they can induce in their patients' brains, boosting the professional's empathic and compassionate behaviour further. Written by the author of the critically acclaimed 'Placebo effects', this book will lead to a better awareness of the potential power that the doctor's behaviour may have on thepatient's behaviour and capacity for recovery from illness, as well as to better medical practice and social/communication skills. It will be required reading for physicians, psychotherapists, andneuroscientists.

Placebo EffectsPlacebo Effects



We now know that this is an active psychobiological phenomenon which takes place in the patient's brain and that is capable of influencing both the course of a disease and the response to a therapy.

Author: Fabrizio Benedetti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192581143

Category:

Page: 576

View: 411

Two of the most widely used terms in medicine are 'placebo' and placebo effect, even though it is not always clear what exactly they mean. Recent progress in biomedical research has allowed a better clarification of the placebo effect. We now know that this is an active psychobiological phenomenon which takes place in the patient's brain and that is capable of influencing both the course of a disease and the response to a therapy. Placebo Effects (3e) is a significantly updated and expanded new edition of a highly successful and critically acclaimed textbook on placebos. It is the first book to emphasize that there are many placebo effects and reviews them critically in different medical conditions, such as neurological and psychiatric disorders, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, immune and hormonal responses, as well as oncology, surgery, sports medicine and acupuncture. In addition, it looks at the psychosocial context, which is considered crucial to the placebo effect. For example what the doctor says to the patient, as well as their attitude, can greatly influence the placebo effect. Exhaustive in its coverage, and written by a world authority in the field, this is the definitive reference textbook on the placebo effect - one that is essential for researchers and clinicians across a wide range of medical specialities.

Placebo EffectsPlacebo Effects



We now know that this is an active psychobiological phenomenon which takes place in the patient's brain and that is capable of influencing both the course of a disease and the response to a therapy.

Author: Fabrizio Benedetti

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192581150

Category:

Page: 576

View: 703

Two of the most widely used terms in medicine are 'placebo' and placebo effect, even though it is not always clear what exactly they mean. Recent progress in biomedical research has allowed a better clarification of the placebo effect. We now know that this is an active psychobiological phenomenon which takes place in the patient's brain and that is capable of influencing both the course of a disease and the response to a therapy. Placebo Effects (3e) is a significantly updated and expanded new edition of a highly successful and critically acclaimed textbook on placebos. It is the first book to emphasize that there are many placebo effects and reviews them critically in different medical conditions, such as neurological and psychiatric disorders, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, immune and hormonal responses, as well as oncology, surgery, sports medicine and acupuncture. In addition, it looks at the psychosocial context, which is considered crucial to the placebo effect. For example what the doctor says to the patient, as well as their attitude, can greatly influence the placebo effect. Exhaustive in its coverage, and written by a world authority in the field, this is the definitive reference textbook on the placebo effect - one that is essential for researchers and clinicians across a wide range of medical specialities.

New ScientistNew Scientist



The cause was associated with the buildup of aluminium in the brain , which is
extremely toxic to neuTime rones . ... The total increase in aluminium levels in the
patients ' brains was not very large ; in fact at least half of the dialysis patients had
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822023363559

Category:

Page:

View: 201

Brain Science under the SwastikaBrain Science under the Swastika



Brain Science under the Swastika is the only comprehensive and scholarly published work regarding the ethical and professional abuses of neuroscientists during the Nazi era.

Author: Lawrence A. Zeidman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191044359

Category:

Page: 736

View: 736

Eighty years ago the largest genocide ever occurred in Nazi Europe. This began with the mass extermination of patients with neurologic and psychiatric disorders that Hitler's regime considered "useless eaters". The neuropsychiatric profession was systematically "cleansed" beginning in 1933, but racism and eugenics had infiltrated the specialty long before that. With the installation of Nazi-principled neuroscientists, mass forced sterilization was enacted, which transitioned to patient murder by the start of World War II. But the murder of roughly 275,000 patients was not enough. The patients' brains were stored and used in scientific publications both during and long after the war. Also, patients themselves were used for unethical experiments. Relatively few neuroscientists resisted the Nazis, with some success in the occupied countries. Most neuroscientists involved in unethical actions continued their careers unscathed after the war. Few answered for their actions, and few repented. The legacy of such a depraved era in the history of neuroscience and medical ethics is that codes now exist to protect patients and research subjects. But this protection is possibly subject to political extremes and individual neuroscientists can only protect patients and colleagues if they understand the dangers of a utilitarian, unethical, and uncompassionate mindset. Brain Science under the Swastika is the only comprehensive and scholarly published work regarding the ethical and professional abuses of neuroscientists during the Nazi era. The author has crafted a scathing tour de force exploring the extremes of ethical abuse, but also ways that this can be resisted and hopefully prevented by future generations of neuroscientists and physicians

EthicsEthics



Mercy Death I have coined the phrase " mercy death ” to mean taking a direct
action to terminate a patient's life because ... Brain Death The advanced medical
technology and sophisticated procedures available in the twentieth century have
 ...

Author: Jacques P. Thiroux

Publisher: Macmillan College

ISBN: PSU:000027738528

Category:

Page: 577

View: 591

Using a clear, jargon-free style and a flexible organization, this book introduces readers with little or no background in philosophy or ethics to traditional and contemporary ethical theory. Through an abundance of examples and case studies, it shows them how to set up their own systematic, rational ethics and how to apply ethical theories to traditional and contemporary moral issues.

What Color Is Your Brain When Caring for PatientsWhat Color Is Your Brain When Caring for Patients



With the help of this dynamic book, determining your own Brain Colors and learning to improve your communication and collaboration with patients, colleagues, administrators, and others is bound to be a no-brainer.

Author: Sheila N. Glazov

Publisher: Slack

ISBN: 1617118346

Category:

Page: 240

View: 725

The differences in personalities and how they shade our perceptions can affect the way healthcare professionals communicate and interact with patients, colleagues, and other individuals in their workplace. Discovering and understanding your own strengths and idiosyncrasies while adapting to others can be an overwhelming task. In response to this common frustration, What Color Is Your Brain? When Caring for Patients: An Easy Approach for Understanding Your Personality Type and Your Patient's Perspective explains the distinctive similarities and differences that impact your daily thoughts and actions. Sheila Glazov, joined by nurse Denise Knoblauch, created colorful personality profiles that simplify the complex nature of the healthcare professionals' attributes and abilities in the workplace while interacting with their patients. What Color Is Your Brain? When Caring for Patients is intended to facilitate effective communication and cooperation and minimize stress and frustration in numerous aspects of your work day. Take the Healthcare Professional "No Right or Wrong Answer" Brain Quiz to effectively analyze your unique characteristics to determine your Brain Colors and to recognize your unique traits and talents in your workplace. Then, read and enjoy the relevant and motivating anecdotal stories from 25 healthcare professionals, which are strategically placed throughout the book. Rather than offer an excuse for people's behavior, this book helps to explain why your perspective differs from or relates to the viewpoints of others. Engaging, educational, and easy to read, What Color Is Your Brain? When Caring for Patients is a guide to discovering and decoding who you are, why others see you the way they do, and how the four Brain Colors play a role in your career and workplace. -Yellow Brainers are Meticulous, Dedicated, Structured, and Loyal -Blue Brainers are Collaborative, Adaptable, Cheerful, and Helpful -Green Brainers are Analytical, Cautious, Calm, and Fair-Minded -Orange Brainers are Spontaneous, Energetic, Optimistic, and Easy-Going After reading What Color Is Your Brain? When Caring for Patients, you will have the knowledge and know-how to: Assess your personality and determine how to productively use your attributes and abilities in the workplace Increase your awareness and appreciation for others' perspectives and differences Create caring, collaborative, and harmonious relationships Understand each color-filled communication style and meet the needs of others Apply the personality principles and tailor communications to fit the Brain Color lobes of each individual Build rapport and appropriately approach patients to offer exceptional care Eliminate stress and solve problems by understanding your patients' and co-workers' perspectives What Color Is Your Brain? When Caring for Patients: An Easy Approach for Understanding Your Personality Type and Your Patient's Perspective explores the essential pieces of the puzzle that is human interaction. With the help of this dynamic book, determining your own Brain Colors and learning to improve your communication and collaboration with patients, colleagues, administrators, and others is bound to be a no-brainer.

Physiology of BehaviorPhysiology of Behavior



In past years a researcher might have studied the behavior of a person with brain
damage and never found out exactly where the lesion was located . The only way
to be sure was to obtain the patient's brain when he or she died and examine ...

Author: Neil R. Carlson

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: OSU:32435080634975

Category:

Page: 730

View: 926

This revised edition incorporates the latest discoveries in the rapidly changing fields of neuroscience and physiological psychology and offers the most comprehensive and integrative coverage of research and theory in contemporary behavioural neuroscience.

Gut Feelings Disorders of Gut Brain Interaction and the Patient Doctor RelationshipGut Feelings Disorders of Gut Brain Interaction and the Patient Doctor Relationship



This book is written for patients and their doctors by an internationally acclaimed gastroenterologist and patient advocate.

Author: Douglas Drossman

Publisher:

ISBN: 0578759683

Category:

Page:

View: 311

This book is written for patients and their doctors by an internationally acclaimed gastroenterologist and patient advocate. It contains up-to-date knowledge on the science, diagnosis, and treatment of all the Disorders of Gut-Brain Interaction (formerly called Functional GI Disorders) and offers techniques to maximize the patient-doctor relationship.

Encyclopedia of Medical Devices and InstrumentationEncyclopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation



Modern surgical techniques and nursing follow - up have reduced the death rate
due to brain surgery from as much as 50 % in the 1930s to < 1 % in the United
States in 2002 . However , Gamma Knife patients most commonly do not have to
 ...

Author: John G. Webster

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 0470040688

Category:

Page: 6

View: 372

The articles in The Encyclopedia of Medical Devices and Instrumentation focus on what is currently useful or is likely to be useful in future medicine. They answer the question, What are the branches of medicine and how does technology assist each of them? Articles focus on the practice of medicine that is assisted by devices, rather than including, for example, the use of drugs to treat disease. The title is the only resource on the market dealing with the subject in encyclopedic detail. * Accessible to practitioners with a broad range of backgrounds from students to researchers and physicians * Articles cover the latest developments such as nanotechnology, fiber optics, and signal processing

The London LancetThe London Lancet



... the various nerves parts of the brain ( corpus striatum and thalamus ) at the
base of the brain , including the pneumogastric , subsides , the cerebro - spinal
fluid rises within the are compressed , and the patient dies from the defec.
yentricles ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044103082053

Category:

Page:

View: 644

Science DigestScience Digest



Supersensitive radiation detectors arThe computer - processed , color - coded
ranged in more or less circular fashion picture that results tells the physician
around the patient's body to record the which parts of the patient's brain are acX -
rays ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X000269895

Category:

Page:

View: 623

Chronic Pain and Brain AbnormalitiesChronic Pain and Brain Abnormalities



It is only natural for someone in pain to attend to the body part that hurts. Yet this book tells the story of persistent pain having negative effects on brain function.

Author: Carl Y. Saab

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124058965

Category:

Page: 176

View: 509

It is only natural for someone in pain to attend to the body part that hurts. Yet this book tells the story of persistent pain having negative effects on brain function. The contributors, all leading experts in their respective fields of pain electrophysiology, brain imaging, and animal models of pain, strive to synthesize compelling and, in some ways, connected hypotheses with regard to pain-related changes in the brain. Together, they contribute their clinical, academic, and theoretical expertise in a comprehensive overview that attempts to define the broader philosophical context of pain (disentangling sensical from nonsensical claims), list the changes known to take place in the brains of individuals with chronic pain and animal models of pain, address the possible causes and mechanisms underlying these changes, and detail the techniques and analytical methods at our disposal to "visualize" and study these changes. Philosophical and social concepts of pain; testimonials of chronic-pain patients Clinical data from pain patients’ brains Advances in noninvasive brain imaging for pain patients Combining theoretical and empirical approaches to the analysis of pain-related brain function Manipulation of brain function in animal models Emerging neurotechnology principles for pain diagnostics and therapeutics

Introduction to Neurogenic Communication DisordersIntroduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders



Impaired Self - Monitoring Many braindamaged adults do poorly at monitoring
their performance , both in structured ... In general , patients with diffuse brain
damage are more likely to be impaired in self - monitoring than those with focal ...

Author: Robert H. Brookshire

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015040744263

Category:

Page: 490

View: 823

Organized into 12 chapters, this clinically relevant text begins with neuroanatomy and neurologic examination, neuropathology, neurophysiology, and assessment of aphasia and related disorders, with discussions of the context of neurogenic communication disorders and aphasia treatment. Also featured are right hemisphere syndrome, traumatic brain injuries, dementia, dysarthria, and apraxia of speech.