The Handbook of Credit Risk ManagementThe Handbook of Credit Risk Management



The Handbook of Credit Risk Management is an indispensable resource for risk managers wanting to strengthen their skills with tangible, real-world applications of credit risk management, which their organizations can readily implement.

Author: Sylvain Bouteille

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118421468

Category:

Page: 352

View: 830

A comprehensive guide to credit risk management The Handbook of Credit Risk Management presents a comprehensive overview of the practice of credit risk management for a large institution. It is a guide for professionals and students wanting a deeper understanding of how to manage credit exposures. The Handbook provides a detailed roadmap for managing beyond the financial analysis of individual transactions and counterparties. Written in a straightforward and accessible style, the authors outline how to manage a portfolio of credit exposures--from origination and assessment of credit fundamentals to hedging and pricing. The Handbook is relevant for corporations, pension funds, endowments, asset managers, banks and insurance companies alike. Covers the four essential aspects of credit risk management: Origination, Credit Risk Assessment, Portfolio Management and Risk Transfer. Provides ample references to and examples of credit market services as a resource for those readers having credit risk responsibilities. Designed for busy professionals as well as finance, risk management and MBA students. As financial transactions grow more complex, proactive management of credit portfolios is no longer optional for an institution, but a matter of survival.

Risk Management of Financial DerivativesRisk Management of Financial Derivatives



The examination procedures are designed to be comprehensive. These guidelines and procedures focus principally on off-balance-sheet derivatives and structured notes.

Author: Barry Leonard

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788180207

Category:

Page: 190

View: 702

Provides a framework for evaluating the adequacy of risk management practices of derivative dealers and end-users. More technical information on the various aspects of derivatives risk management, such as evaluating statistical models, is available in the appendix. Separate examination procedures, internal control questions, and verification procedures are provided for dealers and end-users. The examination procedures are designed to be comprehensive. These guidelines and procedures focus principally on off-balance-sheet derivatives and structured notes.

Handbook of Credit ScoringHandbook of Credit Scoring



Handbook of Credit Scoring offers the insights of a select group of experts on credit scoring systems.

Author: Elizabeth Mays

Publisher: Global Professional Publishi

ISBN: 1888988010

Category:

Page: 382

View: 104

· Credit scoring is a vital and sometimes misunderstood tool in financial services · Evaluates the different systems available Bankers and lenders depend on credit scoring to determine the best credit risks--and ensure maximum profit and security from their loan portfolios. Handbook of Credit Scoring offers the insights of a select group of experts on credit scoring systems. Topics include: Scoring Applications, Generic and Customized Scoring Models, Using consumer credit information, Scorecard modelling with continuous vs. Classed variables, Basic scorecard Development and Validation, Going beyond Credit Score, Data mining, Scorecard collection strategies, project management for Credit Scoring

The Banker s Handbook on Credit RiskThe Banker s Handbook on Credit Risk



The Banker's Handbook on Credit Risk shows you how to comply with Basel II regulations on credit risk step by step, building on the basics in credit risk up to advanced credit risk methodologies.

Author: Morton Glantz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080570054

Category:

Page: 432

View: 455

The Banker's Handbook on Credit Risk shows you how to comply with Basel II regulations on credit risk step by step, building on the basics in credit risk up to advanced credit risk methodologies. This advanced credit/risk management book takes a "new tools" approach to Basel II implementation. The hands-on applications covered in this book are vast, including areas of Basel II banking risk requirements (credit risk, credit spreads, default risk, value at risk, market risk, and so forth) and financial analysis (exotic options and valuation), to risk analysis (stochastic forecasting, risk-based Monte Carlo simulation, portfolio optimization) and real options analysis (strategic options and decision analysis). This book is targeted at banking practitioners and financial analysts who require the algorithms, examples, models, and insights in solving more advanced and even esoteric problems. The book comes complete with a DVD filled with sample modeling videos, case studies, and software applications to help the reader get started immediately. The various trial software applications included allows the reader to quickly access the approximately 670 modeling functions, 250 analytical model templates, and powerful risk-based simulation software to help in the understanding and learning of the concepts covered in the book, and also to use the embedded functions and algorithms in their own models. In addition, the reader can get started quickly in running risk-based Monte Carlo simulations, run advanced forecasting methods, and perform optimization on a myriad of situations, as well as structure and solve customized real options and financial options problems. * Only book to show bankers step by step how to comply with Basel II regulations on credit risk * Over 150 hands-on software applications included on the DVD accompanying the book, including sample modeling videos * Provides all the latest quantitative tools

Credit Scoring for Risk ManagersCredit Scoring for Risk Managers



This is the second edition of Credit Scoring For Risk Managers: The Handbook for Lenders.

Author: Elizabeth Mays

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 1450578969

Category:

Page: 266

View: 586

This is the second edition of Credit Scoring For Risk Managers: The Handbook for Lenders. Like the first edition, it was written for bankers and other consumer lenders who need a clear understanding of how to use credit scoring effectively throughout the loan life cycle. In today's financial system, scoring is used by virtually all lenders for all types of consumer lending assets, making it vitally important that risk managers understand how to manage and monitor scores and how to set policies for their use. This edition is substantially different from the first edition published in 2004. The world's economies have been through a major financial crisis and severe recession and some have questioned the role and value of models and scores used by lenders in the years leading up to the U.S. housing collapse and economic downturn. We have devoted a significant portion of the book to topics relevant to ensuring scorecards are properly managed through volatile environments and controlling the risk of using credit scores for decision-making. Ten of the book's sixteen chapters are new. Many focus on scorecard management practices and on controlling model risk. Score management refers to all the activities model managers and users engage in after the scorecard is developed. These include setting proper lending policies to use in conjunction with the score, periodic back-testing and validation, and remediation of any issues that may arise related to scorecard performance. Chapter 4 takes the reader step by step through a scorecard development project and discusses best practices for managing and documenting scorecard projects to increase the transparency of the performance, assumptions and limitations of scoring models. The last three chapters are devoted to the important topic of score model governance. Chapter 14 describes how to design a model governance framework to ensure credit scoring models are properly developed, used and validated on an on-going basis. Chapter 15 is focused on model monitoring and back-testing and describes a set of reports lenders should create and review to ensure their scorecards are performing well. Independent review of risk models by a third-party model expert is an important part of sound model governance. In Chapter 16 we describe how to carry out a thorough independent model review. Other chapters focus on new material not covered in the previous edition including types of data that are used as predictive information in scores (Chapter 3), fair lending analysis of scorecards and the creation of adverse action reasons (Chapter 11), the use of scores as components of other models (Chapter 10), common scoring mistakes to avoid (Chapter 12) and the important topic of reject inference (Chapter 9).

The Handbook of International Trade and FinanceThe Handbook of International Trade and Finance



Designed for use by anyone involved in international sales, finance, shipping and administration, The Handbook of International Trade and Finance provides a full explanation of the key areas of international trade - including risk ...

Author: Anders Grath

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 9780749463984

Category:

Page: 224

View: 860

Designed for use by anyone involved in international sales, finance, shipping and administration, The Handbook of International Trade and Finance provides a full explanation of the key areas of international trade - including risk management, international payments and currency management. It is an essential reference source that will help to reduce risks and improve cashflow, identify the most competitive finance alternatives, structure the best payment terms, and minimize finance and transaction costs. Coverage includes: trade risks and risk assessment; methods of payment; currency risk; export credit insurance; trade finance; and terms of payment. Designed for all businesses, regardless of size and business sector, the book also describes the negotiating process from the perspectives of both the buyer and the seller - providing valuable insight into the complete financing process.

Handbook of Financial Risk ManagementHandbook of Financial Risk Management



The Handbook of Financial Risk Management is also an excellent text or supplement for graduate and MBA-level students in courses on financial risk management and simulation.

Author: Ngai Hang Chan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118573549

Category:

Page: 432

View: 764

An authoritative handbook on risk management techniques and simulations as applied to financial engineering topics, theories, and statistical methodologies The Handbook of Financial Risk Management: Simulations and Case Studies illustrates the practical implementation of simulation techniques in the banking and financial industries through the use of real-world applications. Striking a balance between theory and practice, the Handbook of Financial Risk Management: Simulations and Case Studies demonstrates how simulation algorithms can be used to solve practical problems and showcases how accuracy and efficiency in implementing various simulation methods are indispensable tools in risk management. The book provides the reader with an intuitive understanding of financial risk management and deepens insight into those financial products that cannot be priced traditionally. The Handbook of Financial Risk Management also features: Examples in each chapter derived from consulting projects, current research, and course instruction Topics such as volatility, fixed-income derivatives, LIBOR Market Models, and risk measures Over twenty-four recognized simulation models Commentary, data sets, and computer subroutines available on a chapter-by-chapter basis As a complete reference for practitioners, the book is useful in the fields of finance, business, applied statistics, econometrics, and engineering. The Handbook of Financial Risk Management is also an excellent text or supplement for graduate and MBA-level students in courses on financial risk management and simulation.

Handbook of Credit DerivativesHandbook of Credit Derivatives



Regardless of your perspective, The Handbook of Credit Derivatives will give you expert knowledge and insights into credit-derivatives, arm you with the latest professional tactics and techniques for pricing and evaluating these versatile ...

Author: Jack Clark Francis

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies

ISBN: 0070225885

Category:

Page: 392

View: 847

For financial professionals, credit derivatives are uniquely powerful tools to manage credit risk--tools that are less costly and more effective than traditional methods. Investors, on the other hand, appreciate the efficiency with which they can use credit derivatives to easily access different sectors of the credit markets. Regardless of your perspective, The Handbook of Credit Derivatives will give you expert knowledge and insights into credit-derivatives, arm you with the latest professional tactics and techniques for pricing and evaluating these versatile securities, and help you get your arms around today's most exciting, rewarding risk management and investment tool. Book jacket.

Credit ManagementCredit Management



The best single-volume guide for anyone responsible for managing credit, risk and customers.

Author: Mr Glen Bullivant

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409460596

Category:

Page: 748

View: 110

The best single-volume guide for anyone responsible for managing credit, risk and customers. Previously published as Credit Management Handbook, the new edition, with a new editor, has been revised to reflect changes in practice and technology and is the set text for the Institute of Credit Management (ICM) examinations.

Professional s Handbook of Financial Risk ManagementProfessional s Handbook of Financial Risk Management



This book covers the various roles of the risk management function.

Author: Lev Borodovsky

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080480446

Category:

Page: 832

View: 160

Professional's Handbook of Financial Risk Management is a major reference work in finance. A complete practical reference book covering all aspects of financial risk management including an in-depth look at operational risk management, regulation, risk-based capital, and risk adjusted performance measurement. The book focuses on practical financial risk management techniques and solutions, and is designed to guide the risk professional step-by-step through the implementation of a firm-wide risk management framework. This book covers the various roles of the risk management function. Rather than describing every possible role in exhaustive detail, the authors have provided a story line for each of the discussed topics, including practical issues that a risk manager needs to consider when tackling the subject, possible solutions to difficulties that might be encountered, background knowledge that is essential to know, and more intricate practices and techniques that are being used. By providing these fundamentals, the novice risk professional can gain a thorough understanding of the topic in question while the more experienced professional can use some of the more advanced concepts within the book. Thus the book can be used to broaden your own knowledge of the risk world, both by familiarizing yourself with areas in which you lack experience and by enhancing your knowledge in areas that you already have expertise. All authors are leaders in their field who between them have the expertise and knowledge, both practical and theoretical, to produce this definitive risk management guide. The editors of this book, Marc Lore and Lev Borodovsky, are senior financial risk managers at Sanwa Bank (International) London, and Credit Suisse First Boston, USA respectively. They also run The Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP), the industry association for financial risk management practitioners and researchers. Endorsed by GARP - Global Association of Risk Professionals Authored and edited by leading financial markets risk professionals International in coverage; the concepts and methods covered are not specific to any country or institution, but rather to the risk management profession as a whole

Handbook of Quantitative Finance and Risk ManagementHandbook of Quantitative Finance and Risk Management



Credit. VaR. C.-F. Lee et al. (eds.), Handbook of Quantitative Finance and Risk
Management, DOI 10.1007/978-0-387-77117-5_46, c Springer Science+
Business Media, LLC 2010 Value at Risk due to Credit Seniority Credit Spread
Recovery ...

Author: Cheng-Few Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387771174

Category:

Page: 1716

View: 928

Quantitative finance is a combination of economics, accounting, statistics, econometrics, mathematics, stochastic process, and computer science and technology. Increasingly, the tools of financial analysis are being applied to assess, monitor, and mitigate risk, especially in the context of globalization, market volatility, and economic crisis. This two-volume handbook, comprised of over 100 chapters, is the most comprehensive resource in the field to date, integrating the most current theory, methodology, policy, and practical applications. Showcasing contributions from an international array of experts, the Handbook of Quantitative Finance and Risk Management is unparalleled in the breadth and depth of its coverage. Volume 1 presents an overview of quantitative finance and risk management research, covering the essential theories, policies, and empirical methodologies used in the field. Chapters provide in-depth discussion of portfolio theory and investment analysis. Volume 2 covers options and option pricing theory and risk management. Volume 3 presents a wide variety of models and analytical tools. Throughout, the handbook offers illustrative case examples, worked equations, and extensive references; additional features include chapter abstracts, keywords, and author and subject indices. From "arbitrage" to "yield spreads," the Handbook of Quantitative Finance and Risk Management will serve as an essential resource for academics, educators, students, policymakers, and practitioners.

Financial Risk Manager HandbookFinancial Risk Manager Handbook



Financial Risk Manager Handbook, Fifth Edition supportscandidates studying for the Global Association of RiskProfessional's (GARP) annual FRM exam and prepares you to assessand control risk in today's rapidly changing financial world ...

Author: Philippe Jorion

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470521996

Category:

Page: 736

View: 131

The essential reference for financial risk management Filled with in-depth insights and practical advice, theFinancial Risk Manager Handbook is the core text for riskmanagement training programs worldwide. Presented in a clear andconsistent fashion, this completely updated FifthEdition-which comes with an interactive CD-ROM containinghundreds of multiple-choice questions from previous FRM exams-isone of the best ways to prepare for the Financial Risk Manager(FRM) exam. Financial Risk Manager Handbook, Fifth Edition supportscandidates studying for the Global Association of RiskProfessional's (GARP) annual FRM exam and prepares you to assessand control risk in today's rapidly changing financial world.Authored by renowned risk management expert Philippe Jorion-withthe full support of GARP-this definitive guide summarizes the corebody of knowledge for financial risk managers. * Offers valuable insights on managing market, credit,operational, and liquidity risk * Examines the importance of structured products, futures,options, and other derivative instruments * Identifies regulatory and legal issues * Addresses investment management and hedge fund risk Financial Risk Manager Handbook is the most comprehensiveguide on this subject, and will help you stay current on bestpractices in this evolving field. The FRM Handbook is the officialreference book for GARP's FRM® certification program. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials arenot included as part of eBook file.

The Handbook of Risk ManagementThe Handbook of Risk Management



RISK. FACTORS. If we assume that most firms have or should have appropriate
risk control procedures in place to manage their individual market and credit risk
exposure as part of their routine business operations, what remains is their ...

Author: Philippe Carrel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470661798

Category:

Page: 284

View: 205

This handbook shows a firm how to repurpose its risk management in order to design and implement a corporate culture which involves all business units and individuals at each level of the hierarchy, how to analyse its risk appetite, translate it into risk policies and risk targets and distribute responsibilities and capabilities accordingly. The book explains how to identify risk exposure across the enterprise; how to empower each business unit with risk management capabilities; how to create an information workflow for preventative decision making; how to align funding strategies and liquidity management tactics with corporate risk policies and finally, how to deal with risk management in external communications.

Credit Portfolio ManagementCredit Portfolio Management



Praise for Credit Portfolio Management "This book takes a complex subject and makes it accessible and practical. The discussion of economic capital is particularly relevant to any firm that wants to enhance value for its stakeholders.

Author: Charles Smithson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471465423

Category:

Page: 352

View: 525

A cutting-edge text on credit portfolio management Credit risk. A number of market factors are causing revolutionary changes in the way it is measured and managed at financial institutions. Charles Smithson, author of the bestselling Managing Financial Risk, introduces a portfolio management approach to credit in his latest book. Understanding how to manage the inherent risks of this market has become increasingly important over the years. Credit Portfolio Management provides readers with a complete understanding of the alternative approaches to credit risk measurement and portfolio management. This definitive guide discusses the pricing and managing of credit risks associated with a variety of off-balance-sheet products such as credit default swaps, total return swaps, first-to-default baskets, and credit spread options; as well as on-balance-sheet customized structured products such as credit-linked notes, repackage notes, and synthetic collateralized debt obligations (CDOs). Filled with expert insight and advice, this book is a must-read for all credit professionals. Charles W. Smithson, PhD (New York, NY), is the Managing Partner of Rutter Associates and Executive Director of the International Association of Credit Portfolio Managers (IACPM). He is the author of five books, including The Handbook of Financial Engineering and Managing Financial Risk (now in its Third Edition).

The Handbook of Convertible BondsThe Handbook of Convertible Bonds



This is a complete guide to the pricing and risk management of convertible bond portfolios.

Author: Jan De Spiegeleer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119978060

Category:

Page: 396

View: 146

This is a complete guide to the pricing and risk management of convertible bond portfolios. Convertible bonds can be complex because they have both equity and debt like features and new market entrants will usually find that they have either a knowledge of fixed income mathematics or of equity derivatives and therefore have no idea how to incorporate credit and equity together into their existing pricing tools. Part I of the book covers the impact that the 2008 credit crunch has had on the markets, it then shows how to build up a convertible bond and introduces the reader to the traditional convertible vocabulary of yield to put, premium, conversion ratio, delta, gamma, vega and parity. The market of stock borrowing and lending will also be covered in detail. Using an intuitive approach based on the Jensen inequality, the authors will also show the advantages of using a hybrid to add value - pre 2008, many investors labelled convertible bonds as 'investing with no downside', there are of course plenty of 2008 examples to prove that they were wrong. The authors then go onto give a complete explanation of the different features that can be embedded in convertible bond. Part II shows readers how to price convertibles. It covers the different parameters used in valuation models: credit spreads, volatility, interest rates and borrow fees and Maturity. Part III covers investment strategies for equity, fixed income and hedge fund investors and includes dynamic hedging and convertible arbitrage. Part IV explains the all important risk management part of the process in detail. This is a highly practical book, all products priced are real world examples and numerical examples are not limited to hypothetical convertibles. It is a must read for anyone wanting to safely get into this highly liquid, high return market.

The Handbook of Credit Portfolio ManagementThe Handbook of Credit Portfolio Management



Features expertise from an international team of 35 contributors, including Moorad Choudhry, Panikos Teklos, and Tamar Frankel Provides much-needed, timely information for institutional investors and professional portfolio, asset, and hedge ...

Author: Greg N. Gregoriou

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071642965

Category:

Page: 528

View: 588

Features expertise from an international team of 35 contributors, including Moorad Choudhry, Panikos Teklos, and Tamar Frankel Provides much-needed, timely information for institutional investors and professional portfolio, asset, and hedge fund managers as the fallout from the credit bubble continues to plague the institutional finance sector Includes important discussion of new risk management techniques and standards, including Basel II

The Oxford Handbook of Credit DerivativesThe Oxford Handbook of Credit Derivatives



This book will appeal to students and researchers in statistics, economics, and finance, as well as practitioners, credit traders, and quantitative analysts

Author: Alexander Lipton

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191648250

Category:

Page: 704

View: 137

From the late 1990s, the spectacular growth of a secondary market for credit through derivatives has been matched by the emergence of mathematical modelling analysing the credit risk embedded in these contracts. This book aims to provide a broad and deep overview of this modelling, covering statistical analysis and techniques, modelling of default of both single and multiple entities, counterparty risk, Gaussian and non-Gaussian modelling, and securitisation. Both reduced-form and firm-value models for the default of single entities are considered in detail, with extensive discussion of both their theoretical underpinnings and practical usage in pricing and risk. For multiple entity modelling, the now notorious Gaussian copula is discussed with analysis of its shortcomings, as well as a wide range of alternative approaches including multivariate extensions to both firm-value and reduced form models, and continuous-time Markov chains. One important case of multiple entities modelling - counterparty risk in credit derivatives - is further explored in two dedicated chapters. Alternative non-Gaussian approaches to modelling are also discussed, including extreme-value theory and saddle-point approximations to deal with tail risk. Finally, the recent growth in securitisation is covered, including house price modelling and pricing models for asset-backed CDOs. The current credit crisis has brought modelling of the previously arcane credit markets into the public arena. Lipton and Rennie with their excellent team of contributors, provide a timely discussion of the mathematical modelling that underpins both credit derivatives and securitisation. Though technical in nature, the pros and cons of various approaches attempt to provide a balanced view of the role that mathematical modelling plays in the modern credit markets. This book will appeal to students and researchers in statistics, economics, and finance, as well as practitioners, credit traders, and quantitative analysts

Derivatives HandbookDerivatives Handbook



The editors have formed a truly impressive group of contributors. This book strikes a good balance throughout to focus on the significant issues in the industry and provide a broad perspective on risk management.

Author: Robert J. Schwartz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471157651

Category:

Page: 688

View: 491

While derivatives continue to play an increasingly vital role in driving today's global financial markets, they also continue to be one of the most complicated and often misunderstood financial instruments in the marketplace. In Derivatives Handbook: Risk Management and Control, two of the field's leading experts bring together the best, current cutting-edge thinking on derivatives to provide a comprehensive and accessible resource on risk management. Derivatives Handbook presents a cogent, clear-eyed, and fresh perspective with an all-star roster of leading practitioners, academics, attorneys, accountants, consultants, and professionals who share their invaluable insights. These seasoned players provide incisive discussions on a wide range of topics, including Risk and Regulation in Derivatives Markets, Credit Derivatives, and Minimizing Operations Risk. Plus, there are comprehensive sections dedicated to case law and legal risk, risk measurement, risk oversight, regulation, and transparency and disclosure. For further guidance, Derivatives Handbook provides a concise survey of literature on some of the most significant scholarship in recent years. This book contains a wealth of probing, informative articles for not only finance professionals, but also for senior managers, corporate boards, lawyers, students, and anyone with an interest in the financial markets. Derivatives-the latest thinking, the top minds in the field, the newest applications Derivatives Handbook: Risk Management and Control brings together the latest and best thinking on derivatives and risk management from some of the world's leading practitioners, academics, attorneys, accountants, consultants, and professionals all in one acclaimed book. Robert Schwartz and Clifford Smith have created a solid resource for derivatives use. Sections include: * Risk and Regulation in Derivatives Markets * Credit Derivatives Report Card on VAR * Hedge Accounting * Minimizing Operations Risk The Board of Directors' Role * Firm-wide Risk Management An entire section of derivative case studies * Plus, a complete review of case law affecting swaps and related derivative instruments "Derivatives Handbook: Risk Management and Control covers a wide range of subjects related to risk management-including legal risks, accounting issues, the current global regulatory debate and an explanation of how to manage and measure risk. The editors have formed a truly impressive group of contributors. This book strikes a good balance throughout to focus on the significant issues in the industry and provide a broad perspective on risk management."- Gay H. Evans, Senior Managing Director, Bankers Trust International, PLC and Chairman of the International Swaps and Derivatives Association Derivatives Handbook: Risk Management and Control provides the most reliable, current information and authoritative guidance for anyone with an interest in the derivatives markets. The Contributors Brandon Becker, Tanya Styblo Beder, Harold Bierman, Jr., Wendy H. Brewer, Michael S. Canter, Andrew J. C. Clark, Christopher L. Culp, Daniel P. Cunningham, Franklin R. Edwards, Gerald D. Gay, Anthony C. Gooch, Wendy Lee Gramm, Alan Greenspan, Margaret E. Grottenthaler, Douglas E. Harris, Ludger Hentschel, Jamie Hutchinson, Frank Iacono, James V. Jordan, Linda B. Klein, Anatoli Kuprianov, James C. Lam, Robert J. Mackay, Robert M. Mark, Francois-Ihor Mazur, Joanne T. Medero, Antonio S. Mello, Merton H. Miller, John E. Parsons, Jeffrey L. Seltzer, Charles W. Smithson, and Thomas J. Werlen.