The Transcendence of the EgoThe Transcendence of the Ego

The problem of the self with which Sartre is concerned belongs to philosophy quite generally, and Sartre's bold initial ... Sartre offers, in place of Husserl's false conception, a positive account of the 'constitution' of the Ego.

Author: Jean-Paul Sartre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134360192


Page: 104

View: 657

First published in France in 1936 as a journal article, The Transcendence of the Ego was one of Jean-Paul Sartre's earliest philosophical publications. When it appeared, Sartre was still largely unknown, working as a school teacher in provincial France and struggling to find a publisher for his most famous fictional work, Nausea. The Transcendence of the Ego is the outcome of Sartre's intense engagement with the philosophy of Edmund Husserl, the founder of phenomenology. Here, as in many subsequent writings, Sartre embraces Husserl's vision of phenomenology as the proper method for philosophy. But he argues that Husserl's conception of the self as an inner entity, 'behind' conscious experience is mistaken and phenomenologically unfounded. The Transcendence of the Ego offers a brilliant diagnosis of where Husserl went wrong, and a radical alternative account of the self as a product of consciousness, situated in the world. This essay introduces many of the themes central to Sartre's major work, Being and Nothingness: the nature of consciousness, the problem of self-knowledge, other minds, anguish. It demonstrates their presence and importance in Sartre's thinking from the very outset of his career. This fresh translation makes this classic work available again to students of Sartre, phenomenology, existentialism, and twentieth century philosophy. It includes a thorough and illuminating introduction by Sarah Richmond, placing Sartre's essay in its philosophical and historical context.

The Constitution of the EgoThe Constitution of the Ego

This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original.

Author: A. P. Sinnett


ISBN: 1425360904


Page: 48

View: 299

This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.

The Sartrean MindThe Sartrean Mind

Sartre focuses on what he takes to be the most basic and pervasive form this takes: egological reflection and the constitution of “psychic temporality” (BN, pp. 232ff., cf., TE, pp. 21ff). Sartre's account of the constitution of the Ego ...

Author: Matthew C. Eshleman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317408161


Page: 580

View: 527

Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. His influence extends beyond academic philosophy to areas as diverse as anti-colonial movements, youth culture, literary criticism, and artistic developments around the world. Beginning with an introduction and biography of Jean-Paul Sartre by Matthew C. Eshleman, 42 chapters by a team of international contributors cover all the major aspects of Sartre’s thought in the following key areas: Sartre’s philosophical and historical context Sartre and phenomenology Sartre, existentialism, and ontology Sartre and ethics Sartre and political theory Aesthetics, literature, and biography Sartre’s engagements with other thinkers. The Sartrean Mind is the most comprehensive collection on Sartre published to date. It is essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy, as well as for those in related disciplines where Sartre’s work has continuing importance, such as literature, French studies, and politics.

Ontopoietic Expansion in Human Self Interpretation in ExistenceOntopoietic Expansion in Human Self Interpretation in Existence

Now, as long as we stick to an analogical constitution of the other's body, we are adopting a form of the empirical position, that is to say, ... It's an “Ego” which coexists in the world of the “there,” and is therefore an “alter ego.

Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401158008


Page: 417

View: 894

The societal web of life is underpinned by one concept - that of Self and Other - which emerged earlier in this century. The concept has received a new formulation within the field of the phenomenology of life and the human creative condition, finding a foothold, a point of reference that radiates novel, seminal insights. It is nothing other than the creative fulcrum of human functioning. The self-individualisation of the human being, as revealed in the present collection, is existentially and vitally intertwined with that of the Other. Tymieniecka's seminal idea of the `trans-actional' is explored in this collection of essays, which reveals a variety of significant perspectives, weaving the cycles of the human universe of existence in an essential oscillation between the Self and the Other. In this oscillation we throw out our existential tentacles, trying to gain a living space with respect to each other, all the while engaging in a mutual creative prompting and attunement.

Conversations with Husserl and FinkConversations with Husserl and Fink

He suggested that the problem of the self - constitution of the ego was a very interesting concrete problem . The levels of egoconstitution are not simple parallels of the levels of object - constitution . He warned against taking ...

Author: Dorion Cairns

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9024717930


Page: 134

View: 682

This is an unusual volume. During his periods of study with Ed mund Husserl - first from I924 1. 0 I926, then from I93I to I932 - Dorion Cairns had become imnlensely impressed with the stri king philosophical quality of Husserl's conversations with his students and co-workers. Not unlike his daily writing (five to six hours a day was not uncommon, as Husserl reports herein, the nature of which was a continuous searching, reassessing, modi fying, advancing and even rejecting of former views), Husserl's conversations, especially evidenced from Cairns's record, were remarkable for their depth and probing character. Because of this, and because of the importaIlt light they threw on Husserl's written and published works, Cairns had early resolved to set down in writing, as accurately as possible, the details of these conversations. Largely prompted by the questions and concerns of his students, including Cairns, the present Conversations (from the second period, I93I-I932, except for the initial conversation) provide a significant, intriguing, and always fascinating insight into both the issues which were prominent to Husserl at this time, and the way he had come to view the systematic and historical placement of his own earlier studies. Cairns had often insisted - principally in his remarkable lec 1 tures at the Graduate Faculty of the New School - that attaining a fair and accurate view of Husserl's enormously rich and complex 1 Cairns's lectures between 1956 and 1964 are especially important.

Relational Psychoanalysis Volume 4Relational Psychoanalysis Volume 4

The melancholic has lost self-respect, and Freud thinks he must have good reason for that. ... This insight into the constitution of the ego (the I) opens up a completely new view of a psychic structure; suddenly it can be split into ...

Author: Lewis Aron

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317722205


Page: 456

View: 566

Building on the success and importance of three previous volumes, Relational Psychoanalysis continues to expand and develop the relational turn. Under the keen editorship of Lewis Aron and Adrienne Harris, and comprised of the contributions of many of the leading voices in the relational world, Volume 4 carries on the legacy of this rich and diversified psychoanalytic approach by taking a fresh look at recent developments in relational theory. Included here are chapters on sexuality and gender, race and class, identity and self, thirdness, the transitional subject, the body, and more. Thoughtful, capacious, and integrative, this new volume places the leading edge of relational thought close at hand, and pushes the boundaries of the relational turn that much closer to the horizon. Contributors: Neil Altman, Jessica Benjamin, Emanuel Berman, Jeanne Wolff Bernstein, Susan Coates, Ken Corbett, Muriel Dimen, Martin Stephen Frommer, Jill Gentile, Samuel Gerson, Virginia Goldner, Sue Grand, Hazel Ipp, Kimberlyn Leary, Jonathan Slavin, Malcolm Owen Slavin, Charles Spezzano, Ruth Stein, Melanie Suchet.

Phenomenology and Indian PhilosophyPhenomenology and Indian Philosophy

The ego now gradually appears in its social dimension , extending its reach over a son ( putra ) and property ( vitta ) . The order of the various levels of constitution of the ego is said to be manifest in the degree of closeness that ...

Author: Debi Prasad Chattopadhyaya

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791406628


Page: 390

View: 130

Addresses not only the basic theme of phenomenology, but its aesthetic, social, psychological, scientific, and technological aspects as well.

Intersubjective TemporalityIntersubjective Temporality

these unities are essentially based in their constitution on the activities of the ego, which in this constitution is joined by other, foreign egos and their immanent experiences, which, in turn, are constituted as being-with in the ...

Author: Lanei M. Rodemeyer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402042140


Page: 192

View: 363

(YET ANOTHER INTRODUCTION IN PHENOMENOLOGY) In both his published and unpublished works, Edmund Husserl, the "father of phenomenology,” struggles repeatedly with the relation of the individual subject and intersubjectivity. Since his phenomenology is based upon the temporalizing foundations of the subject, though, he is often accused of solipsism, and his efforts at integrating the subject with an intersubjective existence are registered as falling short of their goal. Important philosophers who use phenomenology as their basis, such as Martin Heidegger and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, furthermore, while implicitly criticizing his limitations, assume the existence of intersubjective foundations without 2 taking up the existence and formation of these foundations themselves. This book addresses the above problematic at several levels: First, it is a careful analysis of Husserl's understanding of inner time-consciousness. I take up each aspect of temporalizing consciousness (i. e. , Urimpression, retention, and protention), explaining it in light of Husserl's phenomenology and showing how it functions in the whole of the "living present,” i. e. , our active, constituting consciousness. These sections of the book are helpful both to the uninitiated student trying to enter the world of Husserl's "inner ti- consciousness" and to the experienced Husserl scholar who desires a closer look at Husserl's theory of temporalizing consciousness. Second, as my analyses take us to Husserl's recently published manuscripts, I provide an explanation of Husserl's later considerations of temporalizing consciousness, showing how he developed his earliest conceptions.