Metaphor and Metonymy in the Digital AgeMetaphor and Metonymy in the Digital Age



chapter 3 Metaphor in the age of mechanical production (Or: Turning potential metaphors into deliberate metaphors) Tony Veale University College Dublin A large repository of familiar linguistic metaphors is also an implicit repository ...

Author: Marianna Bolognesi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027262295

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Page: 263

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This book describes methods, risks, and challenges involved in the construction of metaphor and metonymy digital repositories. The first part of this volume showcases established and new projects around the world in which metaphors and metonymies are harvested and classified. The second part provides a series of cognitive linguistic studies focused on highlighting and discussing theoretical and methodological risks and challenges involved in building these digital resources. The volume is a result of an interdisciplinary collaboration between cognitive linguists, psychologists, and computational scientists supporting an overarching idea that metaphor and metonymy play a central role in human cognition, and that they are deeply entrenched in recurring patterns of bodily experience. Throughout the volume, a variety of methods are proposed to collect and analyze both conceptual metaphors and metonymies and their linguistic and visual expressions.

Metaphor in CultureMetaphor in Culture



in which both the literal sense and the later metaphorical sense are “conflated.” This conflation occurs after the ... In more recent work, Seyda ̈Ozcaliskan (in press) shows that age is closely correlated with metaphor comprehension.

Author: Zoltán Kövecses

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139444613

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To what extent and in what ways is metaphorical thought relevant to an understanding of culture and society? More specifically: can the cognitive linguistic view of metaphor simultaneously explain both universality and diversity in metaphorical thought? Cognitive linguists have done important work on universal aspects of metaphor, but they have paid much less attention to why metaphors vary both interculturally and intraculturally as extensively as they do. In this book, Zoltán Kövecses proposes a new theory of metaphor variation. First, he identifies the major dimension of metaphor variation, that is, those social and cultural boundaries that signal discontinuities in human experience. Second, he describes which components, or aspects of conceptual metaphor are involved in metaphor variation, and how they are involved. Third, he isolates the main causes of metaphor variation. Fourth Professor Kövecses addresses the issue to the degree of cultural coherence in the interplay among conceptual metaphors, embodiment, and causes of metaphor variation.

The Pauline Metaphors of the Holy SpiritThe Pauline Metaphors of the Holy Spirit



Because of this association in the thinking of Paul , these three metaphors belong to the Spirit - metaphors of consummation . In alignment with traditional Jewish eschatology , Paul connects the arrival of the eschatological age with ...

Author: Erik Konsmo

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 1433106914

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Page: 233

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In the Pauline literature of the New Testament, the characteristics of the Spirit and Christian life are described through the use of metaphor. An interpreter of Paul must understand his metaphors in order to arrive at a complete understanding of the Pauline pneumatological perspective. Thus, The Pauline Metaphors of the Holy Spirit examines how the Pauline Spirit metaphors express the intangible Spirit's tangible presence in the life of the Christian. Rhetoricians prior to and contemporary with Paul discussed the appropriate usage of metaphor. Aristotle's thoughts provided the foundation from which these rhetoricians framed their arguments. In this context, The Pauline Metaphors surveys the use of metaphor in the Greco-Roman world during the NT period and also studies modern approaches to metaphor. The modern linguistic theories of substitution, comparison, and verbal opposition are offered as representative examples, as well as the conceptual theories of interaction, cognitive-linguistic, and the approach of Zoltán Kövecses. In examining these metaphors, it is important to understand their systematic and coherent attributes. These can be divided into structural, orientational, and ontological characteristics, which are rooted in the conceptual approach of metaphor asserted by George Lakoff and Mark Johnson. This book evaluates these characteristics against each of the Pauline Spirit-metaphors.

Fire MetaphorsFire Metaphors



Its fire-related name is designed as a metaphor that inspires awe among friends and foe alike. But there is always ambiguity: the match, the lighter and the candle are the tools of the cook, the terrorist and the lover, ...

Author: Jonathan Charteris-Black

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472528131

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Page: 256

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This detailed study of fire metaphors provides a deep understanding of the purposeful work of metaphor in discourse. It analyses how and why fire metaphors are used in discourses of awe (mythology and religion) and authority (political speeches and media reports). Fire serves as a productive and salient lexical field for metaphors that seek to create awe and impose authority. These metaphors offer a rich linguistic and conceptual resource for authors of mythologies, theologies, literature, speeches and journalism, and provide insight into the rich interplay of thought, language and culture. This book explores the purpose of fire metaphors in genres ranging from the Norse sagas to religious texts, from Shakespeare to British and American political speeches. Ultimately it arrives at an understanding of the rhetorical work that metaphor accomplishes in communicating evaluations and ideologies.

Finding Metaphor in Grammar and UsageFinding Metaphor in Grammar and Usage



Another scenario is that the child overextends one word to include a new group of referents by metaphor , for which no ... has led to the conclusion that children may produce more proportional metaphors than sensory ones at an early age ...

Author: Gerard Steen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027238979

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Page: 430

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Cognitive linguists have proposed that metaphor is not just a matter of language but of thought, and that metaphorical thought displays a high degree of conventionalization. In order to produce converging evidence for this theory of metaphor, a wide range of data is currently being studied with a large array of methods and techniques. Finding Metaphor in Grammar and Usage aims to map the field of this development in theory and research from a methodological perspective. It raises the question when exactly evidence for metaphor in language and thought can be said to count as converging. It also goes into the various stages of producing such evidence (conceptualization, operationalization, data collection and analysis, and interpretation). The book offers systematic discussion of eight distinct areas of metaphor research that emerge as a result of approaching metaphor as part of grammar or usage, language or thought, and symbolic structure or cognitive process.

Metaphors of MemoryMetaphors of Memory



These are not just shifts in emphasis ; the history of memory , told in metaphors , constantly shows us different kinds of memory . Metaphors as literary - scientific constructs are also reflections of an age , a culture , an ambience .

Author: Douwe Draaisma

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521650240

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Page: 241

View: 127

First published in 2000, this book explores the metaphors used by philosophers and psychologists to understand memory over the centuries.

Metaphors and Action SchemesMetaphors and Action Schemes



Formal analogues to rhetorical figures at once moved music away from extramusical metaphorical bases even while it was ... This is not to say that there are no inconsistencies within an age , even within the prevailing metaphors .

Author: Robert L. Schwarz

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 0838753558

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Page: 281

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All our abstract ideas are based on metaphors and action schemes. Jean Piaget did voluminous research on how thought develops in children through assimilation of action schemes. George Lakoff and Mark Johnson have done pioneering work on metaphors and action schemes in everyday thinking. This book builds on those foundations, looking at the role played by metaphors and action schemes in the history of ideas. The author begins his argument by taking a critical look at the philosophy of metaphor from Aristotle to the present. While he sees metaphor as simply conceiving one thing in terms of another, he points out that this is an inexhaustible process, because the context in which the process takes place is always changing. Change opens up new possibilities of similarity. Thus, the metaphor is an open door into a space of infinite possibilities.

Understanding Metaphors in the Life SciencesUnderstanding Metaphors in the Life Sciences



To search for a mechanism in the present age is basically to create a causal account of how something works. ... analogies to specific kinds of human machines became less important and mechanism became a dead or conventional metaphor.

Author: Andrew S. Reynolds

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108945011

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Covering a range of metaphors from a diverse field of sciences, from cell and molecular biology to evolution, ecology, and biomedicine, Understanding Metaphors in the Life Sciences explores the positive and negative implications of the widespread use of metaphors in the biological and life sciences. From genetic codes, programs, and blueprints, to cell factories, survival of the fittest, the tree of life, selfish genes, and ecological niches, to genome editing with CRISPR's molecular scissors, metaphors are ubiquitous and vital components of the modern life sciences. But how exactly do metaphors help scientists to understand the objects they study? How can they mislead both scientists and laypeople alike? And what should we all understand about the implications of science's reliance on metaphorical speech and thought for objective knowledge and adequate public policy informed by science? This book will literally help you to better understand the metaphorical dimensions of science.

Researching and Applying Metaphor in the Real WorldResearching and Applying Metaphor in the Real World



Although this study included only one metaphorical expression, it supports the experience of many teachers and statements from ... The results showed an increasing acceptance of metaphorical use as age increased, and the responses ofthe ...

Author: Graham Low

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027287779

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Page: 385

View: 895

It has become increasingly clear that metaphor needs to be explored in terms of the social and discourse context in which it is used, especially where the aim is to address real-world problems. The notion of 'real world' metaphor research has been developed to describe this important area of investigation. This book starts by describing the nature and scope of real world metaphor research and then illustrates, through 17 detailed, mainly empirically-based studies, the different areas it can apply to, and different methodologies that can be employed. Research problems are explored in areas such as artificial intelligence, language teaching and learning, reconciliation dialogue, university lecture discourse, poetry and wine description. Methods include corpus analysis, experimentation, discourse analysis, cross-cultural analysis and genre analysis. In each case the empirical studies refer back to Gibbs's opening overview of real-world research. The result is an invaluable and cross-referenced collection of papers addressing real-world problems.

The Bride of Christ A Metaphor for the ChurchThe Bride of Christ A Metaphor for the Church



Paul Minear has drawn up a list of no fewer than 96 major and minor images for the Church in the New Testament.5 Throughout the ages, time and again new images and metaphors from the New Testament have been used to speak about the ...

Author: Norbert Schnell

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643913531

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Lumen gentium, the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church of the Second Vatican Council, uses various images to speak about the Church. This study is about the Church as the Bride of Christ. Unlike the great images of the Church as the People of God and the Body of Christ, the image of the Church as the Bride of Christ has never been extensively examined since the Second Vatican Council. The current research is a biblical and systematic-theological study of this image. Its main question is what this metaphor can tell us about the essence of the Church, and what its consequences are for the life of the Church today.