And therein lies the reason the Strange Situation takes only twenty minutes or less: with the mere flush of stress, the baby's expectations appear. It's an entire year expressed in twenty minutes. Within the parent-child interaction, ...
Author: Bethany Saltman
Publisher: Ballantine Books
A full-scale investigation of the controversial and often misunderstood science of attachment theory, inspired by the author’s own experience as a parent and daughter. “A profound and beautiful work . . . searingly honest, brazenly fresh, and startlingly rich.”—Andrew Solomon, author of The Noonday Demon When professional researcher and writer Bethany Saltman gave birth to her daughter, Azalea, she loved her deeply but felt as if something was missing. Looking back at her lonely childhood, dangerous teenage years, and love-addicted early adulthood, Saltman thought maybe she was broken. Then she discovered the science of attachment, the field of psychology that explores the question of why—from an evolutionary point of view—love exists between parents and children. Saltman went on a ten-year journey visiting labs, archives, and training sessions, while learning the meaning of “delight” from Mary Ainsworth, one of psychology’s most important but unsung researchers, who died in 1999. Saltman went deep into the history and findings from Ainsworth’s famous laboratory procedure, the Strange Situation, which, like an X-ray, is still used today by scientists around the world to catch a glimpse of the internal workings of attachment. In this simple twenty-minute procedure, a baby and a caregiver enter an ordinary room with two chairs and some toys. During a series of comings and goings, a trained observer studies the minutiae of the pair’s back-and-forth with each other. Through the science of attachment, what Saltman discovered was a radical departure from everything she thought she knew—about love and about her own family, her story, and herself. She was far from broken—she saw that love is too powerful to ever break. Strange Situation is a scientific, lyrical, life-affirming exploration of love. Not only will readers be taken on an emotional ride through one mother’s reckoning with her own past and her family’s future, but they will also be given the tools with which to better understand their own life histories and their relationships today. Praise for Strange Situation “A fascinating deep dive into attachment theory . . . Carefully researched and with copious endnotes, this is an excellent resource for anyone interested in child development.”—Publishers Weekly “Honest and complex . . . A thoughtful engagement with a topic that affects all parents.”—Kirkus Reviews
... Positive social responsiveness to female stranger ( laboratory observation ) More positive response to silent adult stranger Reaction to responsive stranger Positive interaction with female stranger ( Ainsworth “ Strange Situation ...
Author: Eleanor E. Maccoby
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Lijvig en bijzonder goed gedocumenteerd werk over de verschillen tussen de seksen, wat betreft psychologisch functioneren. Met name bepaalde intellectuele capaciteiten en sociale gedragingen, waarvan algemeen wordt aangenomen dat ze verschillend zijn voor mannen en vrouwen, worden onder de loep genomen. De auteurs willen immers een onderscheid maken tussen enerzijds de meningen over sekseverschillen die een soliede feitenbasis hebben en anderzijds deze die louter gebaseerd zijn op veronderstellingen. Het boek doorprikt enkele mythen en geeft ook de sociale implicaties van deze 'ontmaskering' aan. In verband met onderwijs, is vooral het hoofdstuk over intellectuele capaciteiten en cognitieve stijlen van belang (p. 63-134).
First, among researchers interested in social development duringinfancy, the Strange Situationhas heldan extremely important andalmost ubiquitous position formany years (Bretherton,1985). There are multiple studies of the origins of the ...
Author: Elizabeth J. Susman
Publisher: Psychology Press
Originally published in 1992, this title came out of a conference on emotion and cognition as antecedents and consequences of health and disease processes in children and adolescents. The theoretical rationale for the conference was based on the assumption that the development of emotion, cognition, health and illness are processes that influence each other through the lifespan and that these reciprocal interactions begin in infancy. The chapters discuss developmental theories, research and implications for interventions as they relate to promoting health, preventing disease, and treating illness in children and adolescents.
Thinking scientifically → The strange situation methodology Ainsworth's research has been criticized on both ethical and ... In the strange situation, babies were deliberately exposed to a range of stressful situations including ...
Author: Julia Willerton
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Relationships are central to our lives, influencing our health, sense of identity and happiness. In this accessible introduction, Willerton looks at how we develop and maintain relationships, piecing together insights that span health, social interaction, evolutionary origins and developmental psychology. Whatever your level of study or interest, this engaging discussion reveals how psychology can enhance your understanding of personal relationships.
And so the Judge had little time to reflect on her strange situation or the Composer's proposal. But she was not easy in her mind, or even entirely certain that she knew exactly what she had agreed to consider.
Author: Patricia Duncker
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
On a frozen New Year's Day a half-circle of dead bodies lies on freshly fallen snow in the French Jura. A nearby chalet contains the debris of a seemingly ordinary Christmas: champagne, presents for the dead children, and a strange leather-bound book, written in mysterious code, containing maps of the stars. When Dominique Carpentier, the Judge tasked with solving the mystery behind this suicide sect, discovers the book, she is lead to the Composer, Friedrich Groz, who is connected to every one of the dead. And so the pursuit begins. As Carpentier is drawn into a world of complex family ties, ancient beliefs and seductive, disturbing music, she becomes more and more determined to crack the case. But has she met her match in the Composer?
... of Signora Laurentini and then to her own strange situation, in the wild and solitary mountains of a foreign country, in the castle, and the power of a man, to whom, only a few preceding months, she was an entire stranger; ...
Author: Horace Walpole
Publisher: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
What could be better than curling up in front of the fireplace on a chilly fall or winter evening with a good, classic Gothic novel? The fire radiating warmth and peace and the book pages emanating an eerie chill. What better experience for a bibliophile than to delve into this collection of gothic literature? It will take a long time to read through all the atmospheric novels included in this collection. You will have plenty of time to consider and appreciate your own life and surroundings – far from the horrors of these novels! Contents: 1. The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole 2. The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe 3. A Sicilian Romance by Ann Radcliffe 4. The Monk: A Romance by Matthew Gregory Lewis 5. Northanger Abbey by Jane Austen 6. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley 7. The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe 8. Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë 9. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson 10. The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde 11. Dracula by Bram Stoker 12. Melmoth the Wanderer by Charles Robert Maturin 13. The House of the Seven Gables by Nathaniel Hawthorne 14. The Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux 15. Vathek: An Arabian Tale by William Beckford 16. The Old English Baron: a Gothic Story by Clara Reeve 17. Salathiel the Immortal by George Croly 18. Varney the Vampire or The Feast of Blood by James Malcolm Rymer and Thomas Pecket Prest 19. Beware the Cat by William Baldwin 20. The Beetle by Richard Marsh
As examples, upon reunion during the Strange Situation, some infants strike their caregivers, adopt a “frozen” posture, ... as avoidant (A in the Strange Situations coding system) or resistant (C in the Strange Situation coding system; ...
Author: Marion K. Underwood
Publisher: Guilford Press
This authoritative, engaging work examines the key role of relationships in child and adolescent development, from the earliest infant-caregiver transactions to peer interactions, friendships, and romantic partnerships. Sections cover foundational developmental science, the self and relationships, social behaviors, contexts for social development, and risk and resilience. Leading experts thoroughly review their respective areas and highlight the most compelling current issues, methods, and research directions. Pedagogical Features: *Structured to follow the sequence of a typical social development course. *Chapters are brief and can be assigned along with primary source readings. *Includes end-of-chapter suggested reading lists. *Coverage is broader and higher-level than other social development texts. *Designed with the needs of students in mind, in terms of writing style, size, and price.
In that case they might not need protons and neutrons. As early as 1971, Arnold Bodmer, of the University of Illinois, pointed out that up and down quarks might be stable if enough strange quarks joined them. With roughly equal numbers ...
Author: Tom Siegfried
Publisher: Joseph Henry Press
Scientists studying the universe find strange things in two placesâ€"out in space and in their heads. This is the story of how the most imaginative physicists of our time perceive strange features of the universe in advance of the actual discoveries. It is almost a given that physics and cosmology present us with some of the grandest mysteries of all. What weightier questions to ponder than, "How does the universe work?" or "What is the universe made of?" There are any number of bizarre phenomena that could provide clues or even answers to these queries. The strangeness ranges from unusual forms of matter and realms of existence to wild ideas about how time and space are related to one another. Many of these proposals may well turn out to be wrong. But how many will be proven to be right? This book speaks for the scientific theorists who are bold enough to imagine and predict the impossible. New ideas are percolating in their heads every day. One physicist may dream of subatomic particles that could resolve a variety of cosmological conundrums while another may study the likes of "funny energy," which may explain how rapidly the universe is expanding. This is the stuff of Strange Matters. In broad terms, this book is about a variety of discoveries that theorists of the past imagined before the observers and experimenters actually saw them. Moreover, it is about the things that todayâ€™s are now imaginingâ€"but haven't yet been discovered or confirmed by the observers. Strange Matters artfully mixes the present with the past and future, reporting from the frontiers of research where history is in the process of being made. Each chapter examines a different step along the twisted path we've walked to gain our rudimentary understanding of the universe, incorporating historical examples of successful "prediscoveries" with current stories that relate brand new ideas. We come to see the universe not only in terms of what has already been discovered, but also in terms of what has yet to be observed. Strange Matters is a guide to the discoveries of the twenty-first century, a series of visions dreamt by the most imaginative scientists of our time merged with the achievements of the pastâ€"to point the way towards even greater accomplishments of the future.
This is excellent news. After all, as Saltman’s decades of Zen practice tell her and her readers, the one thing completely within our power to change is our minds.
Author: Bethany Saltman
Publisher: Scribe Publications
A full-scale investigation of the controversial and often misunderstood science of attachment theory, inspired by the author’s own experience as a parent and daughter. When award-winning editor, writer, researcher, and longtime Zen student Bethany Saltman gave birth to her daughter, Azalea, she felt like there was something ‘off’ about her experience. She knew she loved her daughter, but would oftentimes be angry, short on patience, even unkind. She went in search of the reasons why, and how to better understand herself, her daughter, and their relationship. Saltman launched a broad inquiry into the science of attachment, a field of developmental psychology that answers the question of why — from an evolutionary point of view — love exists between parents and children. Specifically, she focused on the data from a famous laboratory procedure, the ‘Strange Situation’, used around the world by scientists as the gold standard for measuring attachment security. What Saltman found by studying the Strange Situation is that love is unbreakable. Each and every one of us — including her — is built for it. In this intimate, rigorous, and deeply personal rendering, Saltman discovers that while our behaviour as parents is important, what matters most is the way we think about our attachments, transmitted mind to mind from generation to generation. This is excellent news. After all, as Saltman’s decades of Zen practice tell her and her readers, the one thing completely within our power to change is our minds.
Damian listened to Agent Beatrice Duntle explain that a strange situation had transpired at a place called Sally's Diner along the Harknaw River. After hanging up his phone, he told Ridge all the details he had gathered from Duntle: ...
Author: R.W. Clinger
Publisher: JMS Books LLC
What happened to the three fraternity brothers who disappeared from Roth College? Lovers and partners Damian Truth and Ridge Tyson take on the case, searching for two assumed killers associated with the brothers in the hopes of bringing them to justice. Damian sketches clues he receives psychically to determine who the killers are and “see” the location of the victims’ bodies. At his side is the sexy and quiet Ridge, who battles personal demons that only he alone can fight. But the killers have a list of revenge murders to accomplish, burying bodies on top of bodies. Can Damian and Ridge solve the case before another name is marked off the list?
It was definitely a strange situation the police found themselves in. They felt there was something very odd about Karen Matthews but they didn't really know if this was relevant or not. It was almost impossible for them to say if ...
Author: Luke Evison
The disappearance of Shannon Matthews in Dewsbury in 2008 is a true crime case that people still seem to be fascinated by. Rarely a year goes past without a new television documentary on the case or a battery of tabloid updates concerning the activities of the disgraced Karen Matthews. The reason why the Shannon Matthews case became so famous is that it didn't end in the way people expected. The missing child was found alive and there was an outrageous twist when it became apparent that the mother was involved and it had all been a strange sort of hoax. The Shannon Matthews case was like a black comedy written by a thriller writer. The fact it was true made it all the more astonishing.
"You don't appreciate our position in this matter. We are not judges, but guessers. ... His colleague was evidently perplexed, and showed it, but extricated the others from an awkward situation with the tact for which he was noted.
Author: Louis Tracy
Publisher: Good Press
"The Strange Case of Mortimer Fenley" by Louis Tracy. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.
closed the case.534 Five days later, an article by Lambertz was published in the opinion pages of Dagens Nyheter. Lambertz said that, after going through the documentation, he found that the eight murders of which Sture had been found ...
Author: Dan Josefsson
Publisher: Portobello Books
In 1991 Sture Bergwall, a petty criminal and drug addict, botched an armed robbery so badly that he was deemed to be more in need of therapy than punishment. He was committed to Ster, Sweden's equivalent of Broadmoor, and began a course of psychotherapy and psychoactive drugs. During the therapy, he began to recover memories so vicious and traumatic that he had repressed them: sickening scenes of childhood abuse, incest and torture, which led to a series of brutal murders in his adult years. He eventually confessed to raping, killing and even eating more than 30 victims. Embracing the process of self-discovery, he took on a new name: Thomas Quick. He was brought to trial and convicted of eight of the murders. In 2008, his confessions were proven to be entirely fabricated, and every single conviction was overturned. In this gripping book, Dan Josefsson uncovers the tangled web of deceptions and delusions that emerged within the Quick team. He reveals how a sick prisoner and mental patient, addled with prescription drugs and desperate for validation, allowed himself to become a case study for a sect-like group of therapists who practiced the controversial method of 'recovered' memory therapy. The group's leader, psychoanalyst Margit Norell, hoped that her vast study of Thomas Quick would make history... And the more lies Quick told, the better he was treated: the supposedly most dangerous serial killer and sexual predator in Sweden was practically free to come and go as he wanted. This is a study of psychoanalytic ambition and delusion, and the scandalous miscarriage of justice that it led to, written by one of Sweden's foremost investigative journalists.
Many studies have confirmed the relation between parents' unresolved trauma and loss as evident in the Adult Attachment Interview and infant disorganization in the Strange Situation (van IJzendoorn et al. 1999).
Author: Jon G. Allen
Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub
The essence of "plain old therapy," according to Jon G. Allen, is a mindful relationship between the patient and a trusted clinician who recognizes and understands the patient's trauma and connects with the nature and magnitude of his or her suffering. In Restoring Mentalizing in Attachment Relationships: Treating Trauma With Plain Old Therapy, Allen, a clinical psychologist with widely respected expertise in trauma, makes a research-based case for the virtues of the healing relationship created and nurtured through traditional psychotherapy. Though in recent years therapy has become just one of many treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder and other trauma-related illnesses, the author argues that it remains the best. The book provides a conceptual framework for treating trauma patients and illuminates relationship factors that are empirically associated with positive outcomes. Patients who have suffered broken and dysfunctional attachments will benefit from its emphasis on trust, compassion, and true connection. Mental health clinicians of diverse theoretical orientations -- be they psychiatrists, psychologists, or social workers, in training or practice -- will benefit from its emphasis on what works, as will their patients.
This third stage of attachment has been studied by observing how one-yearold infants react when separated from their mothers, a strategy called the Strange Situation Test (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters, & Wall, 1978; Ainsworth & Wittig, ...
Author: Christopher Peterson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Positive psychology is the scientific study of what goes right in life, from birth to death and at all stops in between. It is a newly-christened approach within psychology that takes seriously the examination of that which makes life most worth living. Everyone's life has peaks and valleys, and positive psychology does not deny the valleys. Its signature premise is more nuanced, but nonetheless important: what is good about life is as genuine as what is bad and, therefore, deserves equal attention from psychologists. Positive psychology as an explicit perspective has existed only since 1998, but enough relevant theory and research now exist to fill a textbook suitable for a semester-long college course.A Primer in Positive Psychology is thoroughly grounded in scientific research and covers major topics of concern to the field: positive experiences such as pleasure and flow; positive traits such as character strengths, values, and talents; and the social institutions that enable these subjects as well as what recent research might contribute to this knowledge. Every chapter contains exercises that illustrate positive psychology, a glossary, suggestions of articles and books for further reading, and lists of films, websites, and popular songs that embody chapter themes.A comprehensive overview of positive psychology by one of the acknowledged leaders in the field, this textbook provides students with a thorough introduction to an important area of psychology.
In the strange situation I found myself, all the time-consuming rituals of social intercourse and interaction were stripped away and openness was all that was left, no room for prevarication, compromise or empty courtesies.
Author: Marilyn Messik
Publisher: Troubador Publishing Ltd
"I was five when I discovered I could fly, sixteen when I killed a man. Both events were unsettling in their own way." It’s hard to know what’s normal, if you’re not, and it takes Stella a while to realise she’s in the definitely ‘not’ drawer. But we are who we are and we make adjustments to fit in – most of the time – and it’s only when she finds she’s not quite as unique as she thought, that things begin to acquire a whole new dimension. Forced to call on resources she didn’t know she possessed and thrust headlong into the violence of a situation for which nothing could have prepared her, Stella is suddenly face to face with the stark reality of medical experimentation and its horrifying consequences. But in a world of uncertainties, one thing’s beyond doubt – this hero stuff really isn’t her. Normal, or as near as damn it, is what she wants and if that means smothering her instincts and adjusting her expectations well, so be it. At least she’ll then know should she slip off the wagon occasionally, it’ll be through choice, not chance and to suit herself. Isn’t it a fact though that just when you think you’ve got yourself sorted, life turns round and bites you? Relatively Strange introduces a protagonist whose irreverent sense of humour, conviction she always knows best and inability to keep her mouth shut, will strike a chord with like-minded readers everywhere. Marilyn has been inspired by a number of authors, including Stephen King, Susan Hill and John Connolly.
Strange. Situation. Test. and. Crittenden's. Dynamic. Maturational. Model. The next phases of attachment theory extended its ... This was the Strange Situation Test, and was devised by Ainsworth (1978) an early colleague of Bowlby.
Author: Graham Music
Publisher: Psychology Press
This new edition of the bestselling text, Nurturing Natures, provides an indispensable synthesis of the latest scientific knowledge about children’s emotional development. Integrating a wealth of both up-to-date and classical research from areas such as attachment theory, neuroscience developmental psychology and cross-cultural studies, it weaves these into an accessible enjoyable text which always keeps in mind children recognisable to academics, practitioners and parents. It unpacks the most significant influences on the developing child, including the family and social context. It looks at key developmental stages from life in the womb to the pre-school years and right up until adolescence, covering important topics such as genes and environment, trauma, neglect or resilience. It also examines how children develop language, play and memory and, new to this edition, moral and prosocial capacities. Issues of nature and nurture are addressed and the effects of different kinds of early experiences are unpicked, creating a coherent and balanced view of the developing child in context. Nurturing Natures is written by an experienced child therapist who has used a wide array of research from different disciplines to create a highly readable and scientifically trustworthy text. This book should be essential reading for childcare students, for teachers, social workers, health visitors, early years practitioners and those training or working in child counselling, psychiatry and mental health. Full of fascinating findings, it provides answers to many of the questions people really want to ask about the human journey from conception into adulthood. .
s (1978) work in the development of the Strange Situation, their seminal observations and classification of differences in infants' behavioral patterns in the Strange Situations (referred to as “attachment style” or “attachment ...
Author: Morris N. Eagle
Publisher: Guilford Press
Although attachment theory was originally rooted in psychoanalysis, the two areas have since developed quite independently. This incisive book explores ways in which attachment theory and psychoanalysis have each contributed to understanding key aspects of psychological functioning--including infantile and adult sexuality, aggression, psychopathology, and psychotherapeutic change--and what the two fields can learn from each other. Morris Eagle critically evaluates how psychoanalytic thinking can aid in expanding core attachment concepts, such as the internal working model, and how knowledge about attachment can inform clinical practice and enrich psychoanalytic theory building. Three chapters on attachment theory and research are written in collaboration with Everett Waters.
The production of the latter is thus governed by the presentation of the former. strange situation test: a procedure designed to test the quality of the attachment bond between mothers and their infants. The strange situation has three ...
Author: Mike Cardwell
First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.