Comprehensive and easy-to-read, this book provides key information needed to understand the processes and is a valuable reference source for chemical engineers as well as students wishing to branch out in chemical engineering. * The only ...
Author: Zhigang Lei
Special distillation processes are required for separation of mixtures close to boiling point or for forming azeotrope mixtures into their pure components. In Special Distillation Processes, the authors focus on latest developments in the field, such as separation methods that may prove useful for solving problems encountered during research. Topics include extraction, membrane and adsorption distillation involving the separation principle, process design and experimental techniques. The relationship between the processes and the techniques are also presented. Comprehensive and easy-to-read, this book provides key information needed to understand the processes and is a valuable reference source for chemical engineers as well as students wishing to branch out in chemical engineering. * The only comprehensive book available on special distillation processes * Contains a thorough introduction to recent developments in the field * A valuable reference for students and engineers in chemical engineering
Chemical reactions concurrent with distillation may be used either to enhance the
separation or to perform both the reaction and the separation in one process.
This chapter covers several special distillation processes, including azeotropic ...
Author: Fouad M. Khoury
Publisher: CRC Press
The latest edition of a perennial bestseller, Multistage Separation Processes, Fourth Edition provides a clear and thorough presentation of the theoretical foundation, and understanding of the development, evaluation, design, and optimization steps of these processes, from both an academic and industrial perspective. The book's emphasis on starting
The basic design concepts presented here can be integrated into a complete
design of the entire process. Several quantitative examples of ... Lei, Z., Chen, 8.,
and Ding, Z. (2005) Special Distillation Processes, Elsevier. Luyben, W.L. (2006)
Author: Anton A. Kiss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Distillation has historically been the main method forseparating mixtures in the chemical process industry. However,despite the flexibility and widespread use of distillationprocesses, they still remain extremely energy inefficient.Increased optimization and novel distillation concepts can deliversubstantial benefits, not just in terms of significantly lowerenergy use, but also in reducing capital investment and improvingeco-efficiency. While likely to remain the separation technology ofchoice for the next few decades, there is no doubt thatdistillation technologies need to make radical changes in order tomeet the demands of the energy-conscious society. Advanced Distillation Technologies: Design, Control andApplications gives a deep and broad insight into integratedseparations using non-conventional arrangements, including bothcurrent and upcoming process intensification technologies. It includes: Key concepts in distillation technology Principles of design, control, sizing and economics ofdistillation Dividing-wall column (DWC) – design, configurations,optimal operation and energy efficient and advanced control DWC applications in ternary separations, azeotropic, extractiveand reactive distillation Heat integrated distillation column (HIDiC) – design,equipment and configurations Heat-pump assisted applications (MVR, TVR, AHP, CHRP, TAHP andothers) Cyclic distillation technology – concepts, modelingapproach, design and control issues Reactive distillation – fundamentals, equipment,applications, feasibility scheme Results of rigorous simulations in Mathworks Matlab &Simulink, Aspen Plus, Dynamics and Custom Modeler Containing abundant examples and industrial case studies, thisis a unique resource that tackles the most advanced distillationtechnologies – all the way from the conceptual design topractical implementation. The author of Advanced Distillation Technologies, Dr. Ir.Anton A. Kiss, has been awarded the Hoogewerff Jongerenprijs2013. ahref="http://www.hoogewerff-fonds.nl/nieuws/26/hoogewerff_jongerenprijs_2013_toegekend_aan_veelzijdige_procestechnoloog"Findout more (website in Dutch).../a
Wang, C. C. (2011) On the heat transfer correlation for membrane distillation. ...
Wang, K. Y., Teoh, M. M., Nugroho, A. & Chung, T. S. (2011) Integrated forward
osmosismembrane distillation (FO-MD) hybrid ... Special distillation processes.
Author: Sina Zereshki
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Distillation modeling and several applications mostly in food processing field are discussed under three sections in the present book. The provided modeling chapters aimed both the thermodynamic mathematical fundamentals and the simulation of distillation process. The practical experiences and case studies involve mainly the food and beverage industry and odor and aroma extraction. This book could certainly give the interested researchers in distillation field a useful insight.
Furthermore, hybrid processes, such as distillation and a membrane separation
process or distillation and adsorption, can be applied to separate azeotropic
systems, such as e.g. ethanolewater. But in most cases special distillation
Author: Andrzej Gorak
Publisher: Academic Press
Distillation: Fundamentals and Principles — winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics — is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the theory and practice of modern distillation, suitable for advanced students and professionals working in a laboratory, industrial plants, or a managerial capacity. It addresses the most important and current research on industrial distillation, including all steps in process design (feasibility study, modeling, and experimental validation), together with operation and control aspects. This volume features an extra focus on the conceptual design of distillation. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers Practical information on the newest development written by recognized experts Coverage of a huge range of laboratory and industrial distillation approaches Extensive references for each chapter facilitates further study
The extractive and pressure swing distillation processes are optimized by genetic
algorithm (GA). ... Finally for the separating the acetone-methanol azeotrope a
special distillation method must be applied such as extractive (ED) or pressure ...
Computer aided process engineering (CAPE) plays a key design and operations role in the process industries. This conference features presentations by CAPE specialists and addresses strategic planning, supply chain issues and the increasingly important area of sustainability audits. Experts collectively highlight the need for CAPE practitioners to embrace the three components of sustainable development: environmental, social and economic progress and the role of systematic and sophisticated CAPE tools in delivering these goals. Contributions from the international community of researchers and engineers using computing-based methods in process engineering Review of the latest developments in process systems engineering Emphasis on a systems approach in tackling industrial and societal grand challenges
62:1–21 Humbird D, Davis R, Tao L, et al (2011) Process design and economics
for biochemical conversion of lignocellulosic biomass ... U.S. Patent US2011/
0303526, 15 December Lei Z, Chen B, Ding Z (2005) Special distillation
Author: Nguyen Van Duc Long
This book describes the current state of the art in the retrofit of existing distillation processes using advanced distillation techniques. Highlighting concept and practical application rather than theory, it emphasizes the use of advanced process integration and intensification techniques, such as multi-effect distillation, heat pump assisted distillation, thermally coupled distillation, dividing wall column, reactive distillation, and innovative hybrid systems. As a thermal separation method, distillation is one of the most important and widely used technologies in the chemical process industry. While it has many advantages, one major drawback is its large energy requirement, which can significantly influence overall plant profitability. The increasing cost of energy has forced industry to reduce its energy requirement, but simultaneously there has been a need to increase capacity and output due to heightened demand. To accomplish this, the retrofit of distillation processes to increase efficiency and output has become a crucial issue. This book describes the use of advanced process integration and process intensification techniques to carry out effective distillation retrofit. Written by leading researchers in distillation process, process integration, process intensification, and process retrofit, the book presents a comprehensive review of contemporary advanced distillation techniques which can be employed in grass-root systems and retrofit. It is a valuable source of information for undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemical engineering, practicing process designers and chemical engineers.
The book Distillation: Equipment and Processes covers distillation equipmentand
processes-related subjects and ... and comprehensive coverage of reactive
distillation, i.e. a special type of separation wherein the distillation process is ...
Author: Andrzej Gorak
Publisher: Academic Press
Distillation: Equipment and Processes—winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers—is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the theory and practice of modern distillation, suitable for advanced students and professionals working in a laboratory, industrial plants, or a managerial capacity. It addresses the most important and current research on industrial distillation, including all steps in process design (feasibility study, modeling, and experimental validation), together with operation and control aspects. This volume features an extra focus on distillation equipment and processes. Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers Practical information on the newest development written by recognized experts Coverage of a huge range of laboratory and industrial distillation approaches Extensive references for each chapter facilitates further study
Distilled Water In the process of distillation, water is boiled and the resulting
steam is cooled; condensed steam is distilled ... Combinations of Deionization
and Distillation Water of higher purity is also produced by special distillation units
Author: Mary Louise Turgeon
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Updated and easy-to-use, Linne & Ringsrud's Clinical Laboratory Science: The Basics and Routine Techniques, 6th Edition delivers a fundamental overview of the laboratory skills and techniques essential for success in your classes and your career. Author Mary Louise Turgeon's simple, straightforward writing clarifies complex concepts, and a discipline-by-discipline approach helps you build the knowledge to confidently perform clinical laboratory tests and ensure accurate, effective results. Expert insight from respected educator and author Mary Louise Turgeon reflects the full spectrum of clinical laboratory science. Engaging full-color design and illustrations familiarize you with what you'll see under the microscope. Streamlined approach makes must-know concepts and practices more accessible. Broad scope provides an ideal introduction to clinical laboratory science at various levels, including MLS/MLT and Medical Assisting. Hands-on procedures guide you through the exact steps you'll perform in the lab. Learning objectives help you identify key chapter content and study more effectively. Case studies challenge you to apply concepts to realistic scenarios. Review questions at the end of each chapter help you assess your understanding and identify areas requiring additional study. A companion Evolve website provides convenient online access to procedures, glossary, audio glossary and links to additional information. Updated instrumentation coverage familiarizes you with the latest technological advancements in clinical laboratory science. Perforated pages make it easy for you to take procedure instructions with you into the lab. Enhanced organization helps you study more efficiently and quickly locate the information you need. Convenient glossary provides fast, easy access to definitions of key terms.
Extractive distillation processes with and without salt have been proposed to
produce anhydrous ethanol . The energy ... in its dissolution and subsequent
crystallization and requires special construction materials to avoid corrosion
Author: Pradeep Kumar Mishra
Publisher: Allied Publishers
Contributed articles presented at an International Conference on Separation Processes organized by Institute of Chemical Engineering & Technology, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University in 2009.
Distillation Simulation Simulation is a powerful method for qualitative and
quantitative analysis of distillation process operating ... With the rapid rise in fuel
costs , distillation studies with special emphasis to energy conservation have
Author: John J. McKetta Jr
Publisher: CRC Press
Emphasizes the design, control and functioning of various unit operations - offering shortcut methods of calculation along with computer and nomographic solution techniques. Provides practical sections on conversion to and from SI units and cost indexes for quick updating of all cost information.;This book is designed for mechanical, chemical, process design, project, and materials engineers and continuing-education courses in these disciplines.
A vacuum distillation is not always necessary . The glycerol can be recovered
directly from the mash after separation of inorganic salts by ion exchanging ,
decolorizing with activated carbon , concentrating , and some other cleaning
Author: Hans-Jürgen Rehm
The 25 chapters in this volume describe various fermentations and biotechnological processes which did not fit readily into preceding volumes. Among the topics are many that document the opening of new fields: coal in biotechnology, poly-?-hydroxy- butyric acid, biotechnological photosynthesis, accumulation and leaching of metals, microbial processing of tobacco, flax and leather, and future perspectives of biotechnology in space. Written by specialists from leading industrial countries who make their knowledge and expertise available to the reader, the contributions are highly applications oriented, thus following the basic principle of this series. They form at the same time a handy reference for everyone already working in the field. Together with the other volumes in the series they help to get a clearer understanding of the entire field of biotechnology.
Taejon 305-701, Korea Abstract: This paper proposes an intelligent way of fine-
tuning multiloop PI controllers for distillation processes using linguistic fuzzy sets
and fuzzy inference logic. This approach first requires reference dynamic curves
Author: J.B. Rawlings
Three important areas of process dynamics and control: chemical reactors, distillation columns and batch processes are the main topics of discussion and evaluation at the IFAC Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Chemical Reactors, Distillation Columns and Batch Processes (DYCORD '95). This valuable publication was produced from the latest in the series, providing a detailed assessment of developments of key technologies within the field of process dynamics and control.
KEYWORDS : reactive distillation , entrainer , phase equilibria , fatty acids
INTRODUCTION Fatty acid esters are natural ... One of the most known reactive
distillation processes is the Eastman Chemical Company's methyl acetate
process [ 1 ] .
Author: Eva Sørensen
This work contains the proceedings of the Distillation and Absorption conference, which happens every 5 years. This collection of 100 contributions spanning 23 countries showcase the newest and best distillation and absorption technologies which cover a broad range of fundamental and applied aspects of the technology. To address these aspects, the contributions have been put into seven themes: modelling and simulation (steady-state, dynamic and CFD); energy efficiency and sustainability; equipment design and operation; integrated, hybrid and novel processes; process troubleshooting and handling operational problems; control and operation; and basic data.
The development of an appropriate low order dynamic process model of a
distillation column is the most important prerequisite for the design of a
successful control concept. In this paper we present a second order linear
process model for a ...
Author: J.G. Balchen
In addition to the three main themes: chemical reactors, distillation columns, and batch processes this volume also addresses some of the new trends in dynamics and control methodology such as model based predictive control, new methods for identification of dynamic models, nonlinear control theory and the application of neural networks to identification and control. Provides a useful reference source of the major advances in the field.
DISTILLATION 6.1. Distillation Process Description Distillation (Fig. 8) is a unit
process usually employed to separate volatile components of a waste stream or
to purify liquid organic product streams. Figure 9 shows how distillation is used
Author: Lawrence K. Wang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The past 30 years have seen the emergence of a growing desire worldwide to take positive actions to restore and protect the environment from the degrading effects of all forms of pollution: air, noise, solid waste, and water. Because pollution is a direct or indirect consequence of waste, the seemingly idealistic demand for “zero discharge” can be construed as an unrealistic demand for zero waste. However, as long as waste exists, we can only attempt to abate the subsequent pollution by converting it to a less noxious form. Three major questions usually arise when a particular type of pollution has been identified: (1) How serious is the pollution? (2) Is the technology to abate it available? and (3) Do the costs of abatement justify the degree of abatement achieved? The principal intention of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series is to help readers formulate answers to the last two questions. The traditional approach of applying tried-and-true solutions to specific pollution pr- lems has been a major contributing factor to the success of environmental engineering, and has accounted in large measure for the establishment of a “methodology of pollution c- trol. ” However, realization of the ever-increasing complexity and interrelated nature of current environmental problems makes it imperative that intelligent planning of pollution abatement systems be undertaken.