... with few prospects for renewed domestic production . Locust and grass- hopper plagues in 1986 only continued the string of Ethiopian economic troubles . Thus , the prospective costs of external rivalry 90 | SCARE TACTICS.
Author: Michael P. Colaresi
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Why do international situations spiral out of control and into war? Why do conflicts finally wind down after years, if not decades, of tension? Various faults in conventional thinking, ranging from relying on indeterminate predictions to ignoring the interaction between domestic and international events, have impeded adequate explanations for the continuation, escalation, and dampening of rivalry conflict. In Scare Tactics: The Politics of International Rivalry, Michael P. Colaresi explains how domestic institutions and interactions among nations converge to create incentives for either war or peace. Specifically, domestic pressure to continue a rivalry and resist capitulating to the "enemy" can be exacerbated in situations where elites benefit from fear-mongering, a process Colaresi refers to as "rivalry outbidding." When rivalry outbidding becomes fused with pressure to change the status quo, even a risky escalation may be preferable to cooperation or rivalry maintenance. The eventual outcomes of such dynamic two-level pressures, if unchecked, are increased conflict, destruction, and death. Colaresi contends, however, that if leaders can resist pressures to escalate threats and step up rivalries, a deteriorating status quo can instead spur cooperation and peace.
What is especially significant to note is that Jason defines 'scare tactics' in such a way that anargument using scare tacticsis fallacious becauseituses devicesthatdo not “constitute evidence.” Thus the argument incase 3.7 shouldbe ...
Author: Douglas Walton
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Scare Tactics, the first book on the subject, provides a theory of the structure of reasoning used in fear and threat appeal argumentation. Such arguments come under the heading of the argumentum ad baculum, the `argument to the stick/club', traditionally treated as a fallacy in the logic textbooks. The new dialectical theory is based on case studies of many interesting examples of the use of these arguments in advertising, public relations, politics, international negotiations, and everyday argumentation on all kinds of subjects. Many of these arguments are amusing, once you see the clever tactic used; others are scary. Some of the arguments appear to be quite reasonable, while others are highly suspicious, or even outrageously fraudulent. In addition to the examples taken from logic textbooks, other cases treated come from a variety of sources, including political debates, legal arguments, and arguments from media sources, like magazine articles and television ads. The purpose of this book is to explain how such arguments work as devices of persuasion, and to develop a method for analyzing and evaluating their reasonable and fallacious uses in particular cases. The book shows how such arguments share a common structure, revealing several distinctive forms of argument nested within each other. Based on its account of this cognitive structure, the new dialectical theory presents methods for identifying, analyzing, and evaluating these arguments, as they are used in specific cases. The book is a scholarly contribution to argumentation theory. It is written in an accessible style, and uses many colorful and provocative examples of fear and threat appeal arguments that are suitable for classroom discussions. The matters treated will be of interest to professionals and students in law, critical thinking, advertising, speech communication, informal logic, cognitive science, rhetoric, and media studies.
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Author: Kaci Lee
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The Art, Craft, and Trade Secrets of Writing, Producing, and Directing Chillers and Thrillers John Russo. Dell NF JOHN RUSSO SCARETACTICS THE ART , CRAFT . TRADE SECRETS PRODUCING AN CHILLERS AND TI JOHN THE ART .
Author: John Russo
Publisher: Dell Books
An insider's guide to the creative end of horror movie making, from concept to saleable package
Purpose Activity 23 : Scare Tactics To increase knowledge of the arguments for and against scare tactics to prevent drug abuse . A common feature of many public awareness programmes designed to prevent drug us is that of ' scare tactics ...
Author: Phil Hope
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
On Line is a pack of 40 training activities and information sheets about drugs for trainers of people who work with young people. The activities are primarily designed for trainers who wish to develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes of workers in a variety of settings who work with young people.The pack uses a wide variety of training methods, to be innovative and to open up different viewpoints. It is divided into twelve sections covering different aspects of drug use and each section contains a number of training activities.
scarecrow To talk about things that make you feel uncom- fortable and scared , you could use the idiom give me the ... torn clothes and that stands in a garden or field to frighten birds away scare tactics pl n ways of achieving a ...
Author: Cambridge University Press
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary defines the vocabulary students need to succeed in high school and beyond. Entries cover more than 2,000 content-area vocabulary items, as well as general academic vocabulary and full coverage of everyday words and phrases. The CD-ROM lets students search for vocabulary by subject area, includes audio of all entry words, offers word family and frequency information, and has a thesaurus and instant lookup feature. The CD-ROM is compatible with Windows XP/Vista and with Mac OSX 10.4 (32-bit only).
Its ads employ scare tactics such as the one which shows a fried egg ( " this is your brain on drugs " ) , which has been satirized on tshirts , and photos of people holding a gun up their noses with the caption , " cocaine .
Author: David Forbes
Publisher: SUNY Press
This book examines recent efforts to rid society of addictions and finds them wanting. The author examines everyday addictive patterns within modernist and postmodernist cultures and provides practical suggestions in the areas of substance abuse prevention and the addiction recovery movement.
... fascist conspiracy rather than a set of political movements rooted in U.S. society , many critics of the Right contributed to sensationalism and demonization that were easily redirected against the Left . Brown Scare tactics such as ...
Author: Chip Berlet
Publisher: Guilford Press
Right-wing militias and other antigovernment organizations have received heightened public attention since the Oklahoma City bombing. While such groups are often portrayed as marginal extremists, the values they espouse have influenced mainstream politics and culture far more than most Americans realize. This important volume offers an in-depth look at the historical roots and current landscape of right-wing populism in the United States. Illuminated is the potent combination of anti-elitist rhetoric, conspiracy theories, and ethnic scapegoating that has fueled many political movements from the colonial period to the present day. The book examines the Jacksonians, the Ku Klux Klan, and a host of Cold War nationalist cliques, and relates them to the evolution of contemporary electoral campaigns of Patrick Buchanan, the militancy of the Posse Comitatus and the Christian Identity movement, and an array of millennial sects. Combining vivid description and incisive analysis, Berlet and Lyons show how large numbers of disaffected Americans have embraced right-wing populism in a misguided attempt to challenge power relationships in U.S. society. Highlighted are the dangers these groups pose for the future of our political system and the hope of progressive social change. Winner--Outstanding Book Award, Gustavus Myers Center for the Study of Bigotry and Human Rights in North America
The use of such scare tactics , known in the biz as " negative appeal , " has been an effective method of advertising since the nineteenth century . ( Figure 10-4 . ) Wrote Roland Marchand of these ad narratives : " Scare copy posited a ...
Author: Daniel Delis Hill
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
The author focuses on the marketing perspective of the topic and illustrates how women's roles in society have shifted during the past century. Among the key issues explored is a peculiar dichotomy of American advertising that served as a conservative reflection of society and, at the same time, became an underlying force of progressive social change. The study shows how advertisers of housekeeping products perpetuated the Happy Homemaker stereytype while tobacco and cosmetics marketers dismantled women's stereotypes to create an entirely new type of consumer.
In the 1930s the scare tactics intensified and images of the prod- uct were replaced by melodramatic scenarios . Consumers risked life - threatening dis- eases if they dared purchase an inferior brand .
Author: Patricia A. Johnston
Publisher: Univ of California Press
During the 1920s and 1930s, Edward Steichen was the most successful photographer in the advertising industry. His commercial work appeared regularly in VANITY FAIR, VOGUE, LADIES HOME JOURNAL, and other popular magazines. Patricia Johnston uses Steichen's work as a case study of the history of advertising and the American economy between the wars. 13 color and 120 b&w photos.