The History of al Tabari Vol 14The History of al Tabari Vol 14



He therefore dispatched the commanders of the Basran and Kufan armies after the victory of Nihziwand.6 Between the appointment of Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas7 [as commander of alKiifah] and that of “Ammar b. Yasir,8 there were two [other] ...

Author:

Publisher: State University of New York Press

ISBN: 9781438420394

Category:

Page: 216

View: 761

This volume covers the years 21-23/641-43 of the caliphate of 'Umar b. al-Khattab. It can be divided into two distinct and almost equal parts: the first concerning the Muslim conquests in Iran and the east, and the second concerning 'Umar himself, his assassination, and an assessment of the caliph and the man. The volume begins with the caliphal order to the Muslim troops, recently victorious at the famous battle of Nihawand in 21/641, to penetrate farther into infidel lands in the east. The might of the Persian empire had been broken, and a golden opportunity offered itself to the Muslim community to expand its territories. The territorial gains thus achieved are recounted in this volume. Moving out of the garrison towns of al-Kufah and al-Basrah, the Muslim forces' conquests of Isfahan, Hamadhan, al-Rayy, Qumis, Jurjan, Tabaristan, Azerbaijan, Khurasan, parts of Fars province, Kirman, Sijistan and Makran as far as the Indus, are all described in these pages. Contained in these accounts of far-reaching conquests are the peace documents, which are of considerable historical importance. They are typically the documents issued by the victorious Muslim commanders on the ground to the subjugated local inhabitants, laying out in precise terms the obligations of the latter toward their Muslim conquerors in return for safe conduct. Leaving the Muslim forces on the bank of the Indus, Tabari switches his account to Medina, where in 23/643 'Umar b. al-Khattab was assassinated by a Christian slave. After full accounts of this deed, the reader is provided with details of the caliph's genealogy, his physical description, his birth date and age, the names of his children and wives, and the period of time he was a Muslim. A lengthy section follows, in which the deeds of 'Umar are recounted in anecdotal form. There are also quotations from his addresses to his people and some poetic eulogies addressed to him. The volume ends with 'Umar's appointment of the electoral council, five senior figures in the Islamic community, to decide on his successor, and the fascinating and historically greatly important account of the workings of the council with all the cut and thrust of debate and the politicking behind the scenes. Thus was 'Uthman b. 'Affan appointed to succeed 'Umar.

International Journal of Neutrosophic Science IJNS Volume 14 2021International Journal of Neutrosophic Science IJNS Volume 14 2021



Neutrosophic. Science. (IJNS). International Journal of Neutrosophic Science (IJNS) Aim and Scope International. Volume 14 , 2021 S. A. Edalatpanah, Department of Applied Mathematics, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, ...

Author: Broumi Said

Publisher: Infinite Study

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 128

View: 613

International Journal of Neutrosophic Science (IJNS) is a peer-review journal publishing high quality experimental and theoretical research in all areas of Neutrosophic and its Applications.

The North American Indian Volume 14 The Kato The Wailaki The Yuki The Pomo The Wintun The Maidu The Miwok The Yokuts PaperboundThe North American Indian Volume 14 The Kato The Wailaki The Yuki The Pomo The Wintun The Maidu The Miwok The Yokuts Paperbound



8 Respectively, two to three years, and five to six years. 1 Cf. flute. 2 An onomatope, imitating the crackling of VOCABULARIES 235. English Vdley Maidu Hill Maidu thirteen sa-a-pu»ni»hl-wa-li 1 fourteen sd-y6»ni»hf-wa-li fifteen ...

Author:

Publisher: Classic Books Company

ISBN: 9780742698147

Category:

Page:

View: 953

Die Berliner Jahre Schriften und BriefwechselDie Berliner Jahre Schriften und Briefwechsel



Je comprenais tropbien que la Commission ne pouvait assumer à la légère la responsabilité de troubler le travail d'un homme tel que vous en attirant sur sa personne de graves désagréments. Toutefois, avant mon départ de Berlin, ...

Author: Albert Einstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691164106

Category:

Page: 1208

View: 343

The more than one thousand letters and several dozen writings included in this volume cover the years immediately before the final formulation of new quantum mechanics. The discovery of the Compton effect in 1923 vindicates Einstein's light quantum hypothesis. Niels Bohr still criticizes Einstein’s conception of light quanta and advances an alternative theory, but Walther Bothe and Hans Geiger perform a difficult experiment that decides in favor of Einstein’s theory. At the same time, Satyendranath Bose sends a new quantum theoretical derivation of Planck’s law to Einstein and he discovers what is now known as Bose-Einstein condensation. Einstein attempts to reformulate a unified theory of the gravitational and electromagnetic fields. In early November 1923, Einstein flees overnight to the Netherlands in the wake of threats on his life and anti-Semitic rioting in Berlin. He rejoins the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation in June 1924, and supports the idea of a European union. He joins the board of governors of Hebrew University, which opens in April 1925, and celebrates the event in Buenos Aires while on a seven-week lecture tour of Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil. During this period, he delivers lectures, meets with heads of state, visits major institutions, and attends receptions hosted by the local Jewish and German communities. He has a serious, but short-lived, falling out with his son Hans Albert and his first wife Mileva Maric-Einstein over how to invest part of the Nobel Prize money and he rescues his sister Maja and her husband from debt on their house. Einstein has a fourteen-month romantic relationship with his secretary, Betty Neumann, which he ends in October 1924.

Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the IATS 2003 Volume 14 Old Tibetan StudiesProceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the IATS 2003 Volume 14 Old Tibetan Studies



1247 thanks to a donation made by Sa kya Pandita after his visit to Mi fiag grwa tshan/ Mienasi (see site no. ... foundation is traditionally associated with either Karma pakSi or Tson kha pa's teacher Don grub rin chen (14th century).

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004233485

Category:

Page: 260

View: 988

Old Tibetan Studies, edited by Cristina Scherrer-Schaub, is an inquiry into secular and religious Old Tibetan documents from Central Asia and Tibet. The volume is written with the intent to confront facts and textualization and contribute to the clarification of particular aspects of the administrative and legislative organization, the ecclesiastical institution, and the religious, monastic, intellectual and material culture of Old Tibet and its borderlands.The material is critically examined from different perspectives, focusing on classical disciplines (history, linguistics, lexicography, philology, codicology and diplomatics).

Spawn Origins Collection Vol 14Spawn Origins Collection Vol 14



247 7//E/MERCY OF 7//E SA+/A/VG Cyry: SP4/4/M DOFSA/7 C4RE A/F JC/S7 WA/V/S A/VA/VD 70/721//. o 5//VCE THE | É!?!? OF 7//VME, MA --- - HAS RA/Sep zoosoo" " '' #%#22 A/VD FOR WHA72 /o/ o ż. o , , , AOR THE SAACE OF o ogo - Ée SO/ME GAA ...

Author: Brian Holguin

Publisher: Image Comics

ISBN: 9781632153593

Category:

Page: 160

View: 545

Relive the excitement of one of the bestselling independent comics of all time and grow your Spawn: Origins collection! In this volume, the ghost of slain child killer Billy Kincaid returns to taunt Spawn! Possessing human souls, Kincaid carries out his dirty work vicariously through innocents. Sam and Twitch find themselves knee deep in it when current police officers become victims to Kincaid's torment. Can they help Spawn save the people without killing all of them too!?

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems vol 14 2016Neutrosophic Sets and Systems vol 14 2016



Remark 4. For any similarity measures (F, G,), 1–8 (F, G,) may not be a distance measure. 2 - 1. - - - - Theorem 9.sff (F, G,) = Hoa, is a similarity measure. Proof: (i) di. (F, G,) = di. (G. F.) = (F, G,) = (Go Fo) (ii) di.

Author: Florentin Smarandache

Publisher: Infinite Study

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 99

View: 191

“Neutrosophic Sets and Systems” has been created for publications on advanced studies in neutrosophy, neutrosophic set, neutrosophic logic, neutrosophic probability, neutrosophic statistics that started in 1995 and their applications in any field, such as the neutrosophic structures developed in algebra, geometry, topology, etc.

Neutrosophic Sets and Systems book series Vol 14 2016Neutrosophic Sets and Systems book series Vol 14 2016



Remark 4. For any similarity measures (F, G,), 1–8 (F, G,) may not be a distance measure. 2 - 1. - - - - Theorem 9.sff (F, G,) = Hoa, is a similarity measure. Proof: (i) di. (F, G,) = di. (G. F.) = (F, G,) = (Go Fo) (ii) di.

Author: Florentin Smarandache

Publisher: Infinite Study

ISBN: 9781599735146

Category:

Page:

View: 485

Abstract: Contributors to current issue (listed in papers' order): Dragisa Stanujkic, Florentin Smarandache, Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas, Darjan Karabasevic, Huda E. Khalid, Ahmed K. Essa, Kul Hur, Pyung Ki Lim, Jeong Gon Lee, Junhui Kim, Harish Garg, Salah Bouzina, Rajashi Chatterjee, Pinaki Majumdar, Syamal Kumar Samanta, W.B. Vasantha Kandasamy, K. Ilanthenral, Rakib Iqbal, Sohail Zafar, Muhammad Shoaib Sardar, Pablo José Menéndez Vera, Cristhian Fabián Menéndez Delgado, Susana Paola Carrillo Vera, Milton Villegas Alava, Miriam Peña Gónzales, Nguyen Xuan Thao, Naga Raju I, Rajeswara Reddy P, Dr. Diwakar Reddy V, Dr. Krishnaiah G, Bui Cong Cuong, Wenzhong Jiang, Jun Ye. Papers in current issue (listed in papers' order): Multiple Criteria Evaluation Model Based on the Single Valued Neutrosophic Set; A Neutrosophic Binomial Factorial Theorem with their Refrains; The category of neutrosophic sets, On Single-Valued Neutrosophic Entropy of order α; Fuzzy Logic vs Neutrosophic Logic: Operations Logic; Interval-valued Possibility Quadripartitioned Single Valued Neutrosophic Soft Sets and some uncertainty based measures on them; Modified Collatz conjecture or (3a + 1) + (3b + 1)I Conjecture for Neutrosophic Numbers; Neutrosophic Cubic Subalgebras and Neutrosophic Cubic Closed Ideals of B-algebras; Static analysis in neutrosophic cognitive maps; (I,T)-Standard neutrosophic rough set and its topologies; Real Life Decision Optimization Model; Rough Standard Neutrosophic Sets: An Application on Standard Neutrosophic Information Systems; Optimal Design of Truss Structures Using a Neutrosophic Number Optimization Model under an Indeterminate Environment. Keywords: neutrosophy, neutrosophic set, neutrosophic logic, neutrosophic probability, neutrosophic statistics, neutrosophic measure, neutrosophic applications.

Clio Medica Acta Academiae Internationalis Historiae Medicinae Vol 14Clio Medica Acta Academiae Internationalis Historiae Medicinae Vol 14



P. Razzell appuie sa ... de plus , bien connu que l'inoculation était un procédé fort dangereux pouvant amener de véritables épidémies de Clio Medica , Vol . 14 , No. 1 , 1979 variole , alors que la vaccination jennérienne constitue un ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004418264

Category:

Page: 312

View: 590

As periodical of the International Academy of the History of Medicine, this Clio Medica volume contains 11 papers.