Principles of Salmonid CulturePrinciples of Salmonid Culture

The important practices in salmonid culture as well as the theory behind them is described. This volume will be of interest to students, researchers, fisheries biologists and managers as well as practising aquaculturists.

Author: W. Pennell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080539661


Page: 1038

View: 717

As salmonids have been reared for more than a century in many countries, one might expect that principles are well established and provide a solid foundation for salmonid aquaculture. Indeed, some of the methods used today in salmonid rearing are nearly identical to those employed one hundred years ago. Areas of salmonid research today include nutrition, smolt and stress physiology, genetics and biotechnology. The purpose of this book is to provide a useful synthesis of the biology and culture of salmonid fishes. The important practices in salmonid culture as well as the theory behind them is described. This volume will be of interest to students, researchers, fisheries biologists and managers as well as practising aquaculturists.

Arctic Charr AquacultureArctic Charr Aquaculture

In: Principles of Salmonid Culture (eds W. Pennell & B. A. Barton), pp. 569–608. Developments in Aquaculture & Fisheries Science, Vol. 29.

Author: Gavin Johnston

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405171502


Page: 288

View: 252

This important book draws together, for the first time, a vastwealth of information on all major aspects of the farming of Arcticcharr, a highly prized and commercially valuable salmonid. Theauthor, Gavin Johnston who has many years' experience of farmingArctic charr, teaching about and researching the species, hasproduced a book that is a landmark publication and an essentialpurchase for all those involved with the species. The book is broadly divided into three sections. The firstsection covers Arctic charr interactions with humans and thecharr's biological requirements for culture. Section two is apractical guide to the art and science of early-rearing Arcticcharr; a hands on application of current knowledge in Arctic charraquaculture. The final section of the book focuses on thecommercial production of Arctic charr, providing cutting-edgeinformation for all those involved in the exploitation of thisvaluable species. Arctic Charr Aquaculture is an essential purchase foranyone involved in, or considering involvement in farming of thisspecies. Farm managers and other personnel in fish farms andexperimental aquaculture units, fish and aquatic biologists willfind a huge amount of useful data in this book. Libraries in alluniversity departments and research establishments whereaquaculture, fisheries and fish biology are studies and taughtshould have copies of this book on their shelves. This book bringstogether for the first time the knowledge needed to farm and marketArctic Charr. Part One is an overview of Arctic Charr aquaculturebeginning with the history and development of Charr aquaculture,the biological attributes of Arctic Charr, the physicalrequirements for growth and commercial production requirements.Other chapters are devoted to Charr health, nutrition and feeding.Part Two is a practical guide for the producer operating an ArcticCharr farm either as a vertically integrated operation or asdiscrete hatcheries and grow out farms. Part Three is devoted tothe business of commercially producing Arctic Charr, and althoughit deals specifically with Charr it also covers many businessaspects of farming relevant to any fish species under cold watercultivation. It covers farm business management, the economics andfinance of Arctic Charr farming, marketing Charr products and aclosing section on how to avoid the pitfalls which others includingthe author have experienced.

Feeding and Digestive Functions in FishesFeeding and Digestive Functions in Fishes

Studies on the chemical nature of feeding stimulants for rainbow trout (Salmo ... Principles of Salmonid Culture, Vol. 29, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 29-95.

Author: J E P Cyrino

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439842690


Page: 589

View: 336

Understanding the biology of the innumerable number of aquatic species on our planet is the focus of sustained research efforts. Environmental degradation, management or rehabilitation of wild stocks, and the forecasted climatic changes are fueling interest in the study of the ecology, feeding behavior, and nutrition of aquatic animals in their nat

The Handbook of Salmon FarmingThe Handbook of Salmon Farming

In : Pennell , W. , Barton , B.A. ( Eds ) Principles of Salmonid Culture . Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science , Volume 29.

Author: Selina M. Stead

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1852331194


Page: 502

View: 413

Over the past few years, there has been significant growth and development in the salmon farming industry. In order to be successful, practitioners not only need to know how the salmon lives and survives in the wild but, amongst other things have knowledge of disease, production processes, economics and marketing. The Handbook of Salmon Farming is a practical guide that covers everything the practitioner needs to know, and will also be of great use to academics and students of aquaculture and fish biology. The editors have invited contributions from experts in academia, the fish industry and government to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive handbook.

Fish Physiology Euryhaline FishesFish Physiology Euryhaline Fishes

Plasticity of smolting in spring chinook salmon: relation to growth and insulin-like growth ... Smolt Production. In Principles of Salmonid Culture, vol. 29 ...

Author: Stephen D. McCormick

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123972323


Page: 594

View: 144

The need for ion and water homeostasis is common to all life. For fish, ion and water homeostasis is an especially important challenge because they live in direct contact with water and because of the large variation in the salt content of natural waters (varying by over 5 orders of magnitude). Most fish are stenohaline and are unable to move between freshwater and seawater. Remarkably, some fishes are capable of life in both freshwater and seawater. These euryhaline fishes constitute an estimated 3 to 5% of all fish species. Euryhaline fishes represent some of the most iconic and interesting of all fish species, from salmon and sturgeon that make epic migrations to intertidal mudskippers that contend with daily salinity changes. With the advent of global climate change and increasing sea levels, understanding the environmental physiology of euryhaline species is critical for environmental management and any mitigative measures. This volume will provide the first integrative review of euryhalinity in fish. There is no other book that focuses on fish that have the capacity to move between freshwater and seawater. The different challenges of salt and water balance in different habitats have led to different physiological controls and regulation, which heretofore has not been reviewed in a single volume. Collects and synthesizes the literature covering the state of knowledge of the physiology of euryhaline fish Provides the foundational information needed for researchers from a variety of fields, including fish physiology, conservation and evolutionary biology, genomics, ecology, ecotoxicology, and comparative physiology All authors are the leading researchers and emerging leaders in their fields

Aquatic GenomicsAquatic Genomics

... Barton B (eds) Principles of Salmonid Culture Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, Volume 29 Elsevier Publishers,Netherlands, ...

Author: N. Shimizu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431659389


Page: 432

View: 455

In a scientific pursuit there is continual food for discovery and wonder. M. Shelley (1818) Genomic analysis of aquatic species has long been overshadowed by the superb activity of the human genome project. However, aquatic genomics is now in the limelight as evidenced by the recent accomplishment of fugu genome sequencing, which provided a significant foundation for comparative fish genomics. Undoubt edly, such progress will provide an exciting and unparalleled boost to our knowl edge of the genetics of aquatic species. Thus, aquatic genomics research has become a promising new research field with an impact on the fishery industry. It is notewor thy that the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has projected that current global fisheries production will soon become insufficient to supply the increasing world population and that aquaculture has a great potential to fulfill that demand. This book, Aquatic Genomic. ~: Steps Toward a Great Future, was designed as a collection of advanced knowledge in aquatic genomics and biological sciences. It covers a variety of aquatic organisms including fish, crustaceans, and shellfish, and describes various advanced methodologies, including genome analysis, gene map ping, DNA markers, and EST analysis. Also included are discussions of many sub jects such as regulation of gene expression, stress and immune responses, sex differ entiation, hormonal control, and transgenic fishes.

Fisheries and Aquaculture Volume IIIFisheries and Aquaculture Volume III

General Biology of Salmonids. Principles of Salmonid Culture (eds. Pennell W. and Barton B. A.), pp. 29–96. 1039 pp. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.

Author: Patrick Safran

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848261105


Page: 472

View: 179

Fisheries and Aquaculture theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Fisheries are a major life support system and the main purpose of this theme on Fisheries and Aquaculture is to provide baseline information and latest knowledge at the dawn of this century to facilitate vital fisheries recovery before their irreparable collapse. This Theme on Fisheries and Aquaculture is divided into five topics. It starts with discussions on major issues and challenges in “Harvesting the Seas”, with emphasis on the role and importance of the fisheries sector and its environment, and introduces trends and perspectives in marine fisheries, including allocation of use rights, subsidies, and port management. The next two topics present an in-depth and detailed knowledge on fish and other aquatic living resources that are commercially exploited and/or farmed. The third topic on Inland Fisheries presents salmonid fish, eels, shad, whitefish and smelt, carp, perch, pike and bass, tilapia, frog, and crustaceans. The fourth topic presents a comprehensive review of trends and perspectives in Aquaculture: Principles and Prospects. The fifth topic on Economics of Fisheries and Aquaculture reviews the latest views and concepts useful to apprehend the fisheries management regime, including a comparative static economic theory and a dynamic theory of fishery, spatial bioeconomic dynamics and role of international law in the management of marine fisheries, rights-based and community fisheries management, aquaculture economics, and game theory and fisheries. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Aquaculture VirologyAquaculture Virology

Salmonid life historiesPennell, W. Barton, B.A. (Eds.), Principles of Salmonid Culture. Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, vol. 29 Elsevier ...

Author: Frederick S. B. Kibenge

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128017548


Page: 568

View: 778

To date textbooks on viruses infecting fish, crustaceans and molluscs, the three main aquatic animal farmed groups, have been on the whole “diseases-centric and individual viral diseases selected based on “epizoo-centric approaches with little to no coverage of the basic biology of the viruses, in contrast to textbooks on viruses infecting terrestrial - farmed, pet, and free-range (wild) - animals and humans. Despite considerable advances in animal virology in recent years coupled with an economically important global aquaculture industry, knowledge of viruses of animal aquaculture is still sparse and in some cases outdated although these viruses are closely related to well-known virus families. The last book in fish virology (Fish viruses and fish viral diseases 1988, Wolf, K.) was published in the 1980s. A lot of work has been done on fish viruses and many new aquatic animal viruses continue to be discovered. Aquaculture Virology provides the current state of knowledge of aquatic animal viruses within the current virus classification and taxonomic context thereby allowing the reader to draw on the principles of general virology. This book is a systematic and concise resource useful to anyone involved with or looking to move into aquaculture and fisheries. Clinical veterinarians, aquaculture disease practitioners, biologists, farmers, and all those in industry, government or academia who are interested in aquatic animal virology will find this book extremely useful. Provides unique comprehensive information on animal viruses for aquaculture and fisheries Presents high quality illustrations of viral structure, diagrams of viral disease processes, gross pathology and histopathology lesions, and summary tables to aid in understanding Describes aquatic animal viruses of the three major aquatic animals, fish, crustaceans, and molluscs, within the current virus classification and taxonomic context thereby allowing the reader to draw on the principles of general virology

Distillers GrainsDistillers Grains

Growth of salmonids. In Principles of Salmonid Aquaculture, Vol. 29, eds. W. Pennell, and B. A. Barton, pp. 467–515. Developments in Aquaculture and ...

Author: KeShun Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439817261


Page: 564

View: 331

In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in grain-based fuel ethanol production in North America and around the world. Whether such production will result in a net energy gain or whether this is sustainable in the long term is under debate, but undoubtedly millions of tons of non-fermented residues are now produced annually for global trade in the form of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). Consequently, in a short period of time a tremendous amount of research has been conducted to determine the suitability of ethanol coproducts for various end uses. Distillers Grains: Production, Properties and Utilization is the first book of its kind to provide in-depth, and up-to-date coverage of Historical and current status of the fuel ethanol industry in the U.S. Processing methods, scientific principles, and innovations for making fuel ethanol using grains as feedstock Physical and chemical properties of DDGS, assay methodologies for compositional analyses, and mycotoxin occurrence in DDGS Changes during processing (from grains to DDGS) and analysis of factors causing variations in compositional, nutritional, and physical values Various traditional, new, and emerging uses for DDGS (including feed for cattle, swine, poultry, fish, and other animals, feedstocks for cellulosic ethanol, biodiesel, and other bioenergy production, and substrates for food and industrial uses) Appealing to all who have an interest in fuel ethanol production, distillers grains, and their uses, this comprehensive reference sharpens the readers’ understanding of distillers grains and will promote better utilization of ethanol coproducts. Animal and food scientists, feed and food technologists, ethanol plant managers and technicians, nutritionists, academic and governmental professionals, and college students will find the book most useful.

Transgenic Animals in AgricultureTransgenic Animals in Agriculture

In : Pennell , W. and Barton , B. ( eds ) Principles of Salmonid Culture . Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science , Vol . 29.

Author: James Dickson Murray

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN: WISC:89063846497


Page: 290

View: 263

In the past decade, a number of advances have been made in genetic engineering as applied to farmed animals. This book has been developed from invited presentations at a conference held in California in August 1997, to address this issue. It is written by representatives from the leading laboratories involved in attempts to improve agriculturally important mammals, poultry and fish. Current knowledge, methodology, technical improvements and successes in the applications of transgenic technology to a range of animals which are important in agriculture are brought together for the first time under one cover. This book is essential reading for research workers in animal genetics, breeding and biotechnology.

Preservation of eggs and genetic sex discrimination in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss Preservation of eggs and genetic sex discrimination in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss

Sperm motility in rainbow trout, Parasalmo mykiss; effect of pH and ... in Aquaculture and Fisheries Sciense V. 29: Principles of Salmonid Culture.

Author: Marina Komrakova

Publisher: Cuvillier Verlag

ISBN: 9783867270663


Page: 177

View: 654

Ecology of Salmonids in Estuaries around the WorldEcology of Salmonids in Estuaries around the World

In Charrs: Salmonid Fishes of the Genus Salvelinus, vol. 1, ed. ... In Principles of Salmonid Culture, ed. W. Pennell and B.A. Barton, 29–95.

Author: Colin D. Levings

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 9780774831765


Page: 388

View: 370

Biologists have long marvelled at how anadromous salmonids – fish that pass from rivers into oceans and back – survive as they migrate between these two very different environments. Yet, relatively little is understood about what happens to salmonids in the estuaries where they make this transition from fresh to salt water. This book distills the current knowledge of how eighteen salmonid species around the world (including salmon, steelhead, char, and trout) are adapted to estuaries. It discusses why the waters where rivers and oceans meet are critical to salmonid survival and how these vital habitats can be preserved and recovered.

Biology of the Hard ClamBiology of the Hard Clam


Author: J.N. Kraeuter

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0444819088


Page: 751

View: 684

Systematics and taxonomy / M.E. Harte -- Shell structure and age determination / Lowell W. Fritz -- Embryogenesis and organogenesis of veligers and early juveniles / Melbourne R. Carriker -- Anatomy and histology of Mercenaria mercenaria / Albert F. Eble -- Reproduction in Mercenaria mercenaria / Arnold G. Eversole -- Genetics of hard clams, Mercenaria mercenaria / Thomas J. Hilbish -- Functional morphology and behavior of shelled veligers and early juveniles / Melbourne R. Carriker -- Physiological ecology of Mercenaria mercenaria / Raymond E. Grizzle, V. Monica Bricelj and Sandra E. Shumway -- Demography and dynamics of hard clam populations / Stephen R. Fegley -- Integrating nutritional physiology and ecology to explain interactions between physics and biology in Mercenaria mercenaria / Charles H. Peterson -- Predators and predation / John N. Kraeuter -- Pests, parasites, diseases, and defense mechanisms of the hard clam, Mercenaria mercenaria / Susan E. Ford -- Management of hard c ...

Sea UrchinsSea Urchins


Author: John M. Lawrence

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128195697


Page: 730

View: 701

Sea Urchins: Biology and Ecology, Fourth Edition, Volume 43 expands its coverage to include the entire class of Echinoidea, making this new edition an authoritative reference of the entire class of species. This is a valuable resource that will help readers gain a deep understanding of the basic characteristics of sea urchins, the basis of the great variation that exists in sea urchins, and how sea urchins are important components of marine ecosystems. Updated coverage includes sections on reproduction, metabolism, endocrinology, larval ecology, growth, digestion, carotenoids and disease. Includes pertinent tables and graphs within chapters to visually summarize information Provides case studies with research applications to provide potential solutions Includes the entire class of Echinoidea and the effect of climate change on the biology and ecology of the species