Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta EarthquakePractical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake

This book reviews existing research on the Loma Prieta quake and draws from it practical lessons that could be applied to other earthquake-prone areas of the country.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309050302


Page: 288

View: 559

The Loma Prieta earthquake struck the San Francisco area on October 17, 1989, causing 63 deaths and $10 billion worth of damage. This book reviews existing research on the Loma Prieta quake and draws from it practical lessons that could be applied to other earthquake-prone areas of the country. The volume contains seven keynote papers presented at a symposium on the earthquake and includes an overview written by the committee offering recommendations to improve seismic safety and earthquake awareness in parts of the country susceptible to earthquakes.

Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta EarthquakePractical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake

The initial phase of Caltrans' Bridge Seismic Retrofit Program involved installation of hinge and joint restrainers to prevent deck joints from separating.

Author: James E. Roberts


ISBN: OCLC:45254482


Page: 94

View: 849

The initial phase of Caltrans' Bridge Seismic Retrofit Program involved installation of hinge and joint restrainers to prevent deck joints from separating. This was seen as the major cause of bridge collapse during the 1971 San Fernando (Sylmar) earthquake. The Loma Prieta, California earthquake of Oct. 17, 1989 again proved the reliability of hinge and joint restrainers, but the collapse of the Cypress Street Viaduct emphasized the necessity to immediately accelerate the column retrofit phase of the bridge seismic retrofit program with a higher funding level for both research and implementation.

Seismic CitySeismic City

10 11 12 13 14 15 Damage to FourStory Corner Apartment Buildings,” in The Loma Prieta, California, Earthquake of ... “The Geotechnical Aspects,” in Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake, 29–68 (Washington, DC: National ...

Author: Joanna L. Dyl

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295742472


Page: 376

View: 266

On April 18, 1906, a 7.8-magnitude earthquake shook the San Francisco region, igniting fires that burned half the city. The disaster in all its elements — earthquake, fires, and recovery — profoundly disrupted the urban order and challenged San Francisco’s perceived permanence. The crisis temporarily broke down spatial divisions of class and race and highlighted the contested terrain of urban nature in an era of widespread class conflict, simmering ethnic tensions, and controversial reform efforts. From a proposal to expel Chinatown from the city center to a vision of San Francisco paved with concrete in the name of sanitation, the process of reconstruction involved reenvisioning the places of both people and nature. In their zeal to restore their city, San Franciscans downplayed the role of the earthquake and persisted in choosing patterns of development that exacerbated risk. In this close study of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Joanna L. Dyl examines the decades leading up to the catastrophic event and the city’s recovery from it. Combining urban environmental history and disaster studies, Seismic City demonstrates how the crisis and subsequent rebuilding reflect the dynamic interplay of natural and human influences that have shaped San Francisco.

Documenting AftermathDocumenting Aftermath

National Research Council , " Overview : Lessons and Recommendations from the Committee for the Symposium on Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake , " in Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake : Report from a ...

Author: Megan Finn

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262038218


Page: 280

View: 183

An examination of how changing public information infrastructures shaped people's experience of earthquakes in Northern California in 1868, 1906, and 1989. When an earthquake happens in California today, residents may look to the United States Geological Survey for online maps that show the quake's epicenter, turn to Twitter for government bulletins and the latest news, check Facebook for updates from friends and family, and count on help from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). One hundred and fifty years ago, however, FEMA and other government agencies did not exist, and information came by telegraph and newspaper. In Documenting Aftermath, Megan Finn explores changing public information infrastructures and how they shaped people's experience of disaster, examining postearthquake information and communication practices in three Northern California earthquakes: the 1868 Hayward Fault earthquake, the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire, and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. She then analyzes the institutions, policies, and technologies that shape today's postdisaster information landscape. Finn argues that information orders—complex constellations of institutions, technologies, and practices—influence how we act in, experience, and document events. What Finn terms event epistemologies, constituted both by historical documents and by researchers who study them, explain how information orders facilitate particular possibilities for knowledge. After the 1868 earthquake, the Chamber of Commerce telegraphed reassurances to out-of-state investors while local newspapers ran sensational earthquake narratives; in 1906, families and institutions used innovative techniques for locating people; and in 1989, government institutions and the media developed a symbiotic relationship in information dissemination. Today, government disaster response plans and new media platforms imagine different sources of informational authority yet work together shaping disaster narratives.

Magnitude 8Magnitude 8

LOMA PRIETA ( 1989 ) , PAGES 187-231 5:04 P.M. on an Unusual Tuesday National Research Council , Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake , National Academy Press , 1994 ; Lee Benuska , ed . , “ Loma Prieta Earthquake ...

Author: Philip L. Fradkin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520221192


Page: 348

View: 127

A "superb cautionary tale (that) should be required reading for every Californian" (Mike Davis, author of "City of Quartz"), "Magnitude 8" reaches beyond the earthshaking moment to examine the mythology, culture, social implications, politics, and science of earthquakes. Map.

Disaster RecoveryDisaster Recovery

Practical lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake . Committee for the Symposium on Practical Lessons from the Loma Prieta Earthquake . Washington, DC: The National Academy Press, pp . 135–164 .

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466583856


Page: 544

View: 181

Since the publication of the first edition of Disaster Recovery, a number of important new studies and guides have become available. Now revised, updated, and expanded, this second edition meets the high standards for providing evidence-based best practices in a user-friendly textbook set by its predecessor. It is also more international in scope,

The Loma Prieta California Earthquake of October 17 1989 Highway SystemsThe Loma Prieta California Earthquake of October 17 1989 Highway Systems

Recent earthquakes demonstrate that Caltrans has learned the life safety lessons of the Loma Prieta earthquake well . They have prioritized their entire bridge inventory , performed a structural analysis on the most vulnerable ...

Author: Mark Yashinsky


ISBN: UCR:31210020798839


Page: 191

View: 171

The Public Health Consequences of DisastersThe Public Health Consequences of Disasters

Medical response to catastrophic events: California's planning and the Loma Prieta earthquake. Ann Emerg Med 1992:21:368–74. ... The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake: impact on hospital care. ... In: Practical lessons from ...

Author: Eric K. Noji

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199880003


Page: 488

View: 487

Natural and man-made disasters--earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, industrial crises, and many others--have claimed more than 3 million lives during the past 20 years, adversely affected the lives of at least 800 million people, and caused more than 50 billion dollars in property damages. A major disaster occurs almost daily in some part of the world. Increasing population densities in flood plains, along vulnerable coastal areas, and near dangerous faults in the earth's crust, as well as the rapid industrialization of developing economies are factors likely to make the threat posed by natural disasters much bigger in the future. Illustrated with examples from recent research in the field, this book summarizes the most pertinent and useful information about the public health impact of natural and man-made disasters. It is divided into four sections dealing with general concerns, geophysical events, weather-related problems, and human-generated disasters. The author starts with a comprehensive discussion of the concepts and role of surveillance and epidemiology, highlighting general environmental health concerns, such as sanitation, water, shelter, and sewage. The other chapters, based on a variety of experiences and literature drawn from both developing and industrialized countries, cover discrete types of natural and technological hazards, addressing their history, origin, nature, observation, and control. Throughout the book the focus is on the level of epidemiologic knowledge on each aspect of natural and man-made disasters. Exposure-, disease-, and health-event surveillance are stressed because of the importance of objective data to disaster epidemiology. In addition, Noji pays particular attention to prevention and control measures, and provides practical recommendations in areas in which the public health practitioner needs more useful information. He advocates stronger epidemiologic awareness as the basis for better understanding and control of disasters. A comprehensive theoretical and practical treatment of the subject, The Public Health Consequences of Disasters is an invaluable tool for epidemiologists, disaster relief specialists, and physicians who treat disaster victims.