North American IntegrationNorth American Integration



Divided into three sections, the book: - Discuss the determinants of integration and shows that the institutional characteristics of the three countries, including democracy and basic rights, are the most important.

Author: Gaspare M. Genna

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135915162

Category:

Page: 270

View: 698

The course of events since the implementation of NAFTA has had unexpected elements with significant impacts on North American integration. First has been the rise of China as a larger source of imports and production partner than Mexico. Second has been the rise of security concerns since September 11, 2001. The result has been much stronger integration between Canada and the US than with Mexico. Migration issues are now linked with security, which has risen to a top priority in the international agenda. While liberalization has furnished strong economic incentives for integration, it has not provided a sufficient guide for the political process, which requires leadership and appropriate institutions to coordinate and regulate the special interest groups. A coherent and effective North American integration would be a valuable asset in the context of global integration and competition, yet the issues involved are quite complex and varied. North American Integration: An Institutional Void in Migration, Security and Development examines the current state of North American integration. Editors Gaspare M. Genna and David A. Mayer-Foulkes gather an international group of experts to give a broad, coherent picture of the current, multifaceted process of integration, and find that institutional development is an essential component. Divided into three sections, the book: - Discuss the determinants of integration and shows that the institutional characteristics of the three countries, including democracy and basic rights, are the most important. - Provides examples of institutional building in contexts for which institutions are lacking, specifically labor, migration and health issues. - Examines issues such as overall security arrangements, trade, drug related violence, energy, and the continuing wage gap among the countries, which have an important bearing on integration.

The Future of North American IntegrationThe Future of North American Integration



This volume considers the promise and challenges of further North American integration, including: - migration, security cooperation, and cross-border commerce - the establishment of a permanent North American Court on Trade and Investment, ...

Author: Peter Hakim

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815798865

Category:

Page: 130

View: 577

When it came into force in 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) joined the economic futures of Canada, Mexico, and the United States, with systematic rules governing trade and investment, dispute resolution, and economic relations. However, economic integration among the three countries extends considerably beyond trade and investment. The NAFTA agreement takes a very narrow view of integration, barely addressing such vital issues as immigration policy and labor markets, the energy sector, environmental protection, and law enforcement. The governments of Canada, Mexico, and the United States now must confront the question of whether NAFTA is enough. Do they want to keep their trilateral relationship focused on economic matters or are they interested in integrating more deeply—perhaps initiating a process to build a North American Community similar to the European Union? This volume contains thoughtful discussions about the future of North America by knowledgeable experts from each of the three countries. Robert Pastor has written one of the more comprehensive books on the subject, Toward a North American Community (Institute for International Economics, 2001). Andrés Rozental is an ambassador at large for Mexico and president of Consejo Mexicano de Asuntos Internationacionales, the country's leading foreign policy association in Mexico. Perrin Beatty is a former foreign minister of Canada and currently the president and CEO of the Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters. The governments of Canada, the United States, and Mexico face thorny challenges as they decide whether and how to accelerate smooth, and institutionalize the integration process. Pastor, Rozenthal, and Beatty encourage greater dialogue among the three governments and their citizens, as well as more systematic thinking among policymakers and citizens about the promise and challenges of further North American integration. This volume considers the promise and challenges of further North American integration, including: - migration, security cooperation, and cross-border commerce - the establishment of a permanent North American Court on Trade and Investment, to replace the current ad hoc tribunals -the possibility of widening NAFTA to incorporate countries in Central America and the Caribbean -collaboration in dealing with criminal drug trafficking, environmental protection, energy and water management, and transportation, communications and other infrastructure development.

The Rebordering of North AmericaThe Rebordering of North America



The first book to explore the implications of September 11th and the new war on terrorism for border controls, cross-border relations, and economic integration in North America, focusing on the US - Mexico and US - Canada borders.

Author: Peter Andreas

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415944678

Category:

Page: 179

View: 689

The first book to explore the implications of September 11th and the new war on terrorism for border controls, cross-border relations, and economic integration in North America, focusing on the US - Mexico and US - Canada borders.

North America in QuestionNorth America in Question



This collection begins by reviewing the recent trajectories and events that have undermined North America's trilateral relationship, then addresses concerns that go beyond NAFTA and economic issues, including labour, immigration, energy, ...

Author: Jeffrey Ayres

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442662476

Category:

Page: 416

View: 723

Can North America survive as a region in light of the political turbulence provoked by the global economic crisis? Or have regional integration and collaboration reached a plateau beyond which disintegration is likely? In North America in Question, leading analysts from Canada, the United States, and Mexico provide theoretically innovative and rich empirical reflections on current challenges sweeping the continent and on the faltering political support for North American regionalism. This collection begins by reviewing the recent trajectories and events that have undermined North America's trilateral relationship, then addresses concerns that go beyond NAFTA and economic issues, including labour, immigration, energy, the environment, quality of citizenship, borders, women's and civil society struggles, and democratic deficits. Although demonstrating that many informal dimensions of North American integration continue to flourish, the contributors assess whether the future will hold greater economic instability, security crises, and emerging bilateral relationships.

Migration Free Trade and Regional Integration in North AmericaMigration Free Trade and Regional Integration in North America



This publication explores the links between trade liberalisation and migration movements in North America and discusses the issue of whether the free circulation of persons accompany the successive stages of regional economic integration.

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264163812

Category:

Page: 316

View: 339

This publication explores the links between trade liberalisation and migration movements in North America and discusses the issue of whether the free circulation of persons accompany the successive stages of regional economic integration.

Regional Governance in Post NAFTA North AmericaRegional Governance in Post NAFTA North America



At a time when scholarly interest in North America seems to be waning, even while important and interesting political and economic developments are taking place, this volume will reinvigorate the study of North America as a region, to ...

Author: Brian Bow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317680086

Category:

Page: 262

View: 966

Twenty years after NAFTA, the consensus seems to be that the regional project in North America is dead. The trade agreement was never followed up by new institutions that might cement a more ambitious regional community. The Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP), launched with some fanfare in 2005, was quietly discontinued in 2009. And new cooperative ventures like the US‐Canada Beyond the Border talks and the US‐Mexico Merida Initiative suggest that the three governments have reverted to the familiar, pre‐NAFTA pattern of informal, incremental bilateralism. One could argue, however, that NAFTA itself has been buried, and yet the region somehow lives on, albeit in a form very different from regional integration in other parts of the world. A diverse group of contributors, from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, with experience in academia, government service, think tanks and the private sector bring to bear a sophisticated and much needed examination of regional governance in North America, its historical origins, its connection to the regional distribution of power and the respective governments’ domestic institutions, and the variance of its forms and function across different issue areas. The editors begin by surveying the literature on North American regional politics, matching up developments there with parallel debates and controversies in the broader literatures on comparative regional integration and international policy coordination more generally. Six contributors later explore the mechanisms of policy coordination in specific issue-areas, each with an emphasis on a particular set of actors, and with its own way of characterizing the relevant political and diplomatic dynamics. Chapters on the political context for regional policy coordination follow leading to concluding remarks on the future of North America. At a time when scholarly interest in North America seems to be waning, even while important and interesting political and economic developments are taking place, this volume will reinvigorate the study of North America as a region, to better understand its past, present and future.

Big Picture RealitiesBig Picture Realities



This book is particularly valuable for public policy experts and scholars and students in international relations.

Author: Daniel Drache

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554582334

Category:

Page: 312

View: 484

In the post-NAFTA era, Canada and Mexico face dramatic and irreversible changes from the Bush revolution in foreign public policy, the rising economic power of China and India, new concerns about border security and human rights, and the trends of economic integration. The essays in Big Picture Realities: Canada and Mexico at the Crossroads address the sea change in the political economic order of North America and chronicle the attempts of Canada and Mexico, two very different societies, to come to terms with the accumulated and often contradictory effects of micro and macro changes. Contributors are Canadian and Mexican scholars and leading authorities in security, immigration, human rights, foreign policy, Canada-Mexico relations, and market integration. This book is particularly valuable for public policy experts and scholars and students in international relations.

The Institutionalisation of North American IntegrationThe Institutionalisation of North American Integration



In this book, Iv Far Pelcastre argues that the process of regional integration in North America is more substantial than previous studies claim.

Author: Iván Farías Pelcastre

Publisher:

ISBN: 1138235806

Category:

Page: 208

View: 956

Most of the existing literature on North American integration advances the argument that despite the vast economic interdependence between Mexico, Canada and the United States, there is limited or no political integration developing between these countries. Such an alleged lack of political integration lies on the nature of the most important accord in the region, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which is aimed at promoting economic exchanges between these countries. In this book, Iv�n Far�as Pelcastre argues that the process of regional integration in North America is more substantial than previous studies claim. He shows that transnational actors and regional institutions have jointly managed to increase the levels of policy interdependence between Canada, Mexico and the United States, hence the political integration between them. Using theoretical approaches that derive from the European experience on integration, the book sheds new light on the actions of transnational actors and regional institutions, and their effects on the North American integration process. Through empirical analysis, it demonstrates that the regional institutions created by NAFTA, as well as its side and parallel agreements, have contributed to build a regional policy framework which has advanced the welfare and protected the public interest in the North American countries. Far�as Pelcastre concludes by making a case for the advancement of these actions and decisions and their support from national and subnational governments, communities and other stakeholders. Written accessibly, and contributing to key contemporary debates of regional integration, this book should be read by all those interested in US-Mexico, US-Canada, and North American trilateral relations.