If DNA cannot be isolated, don't give up the identification!
Author: Zvonka Zupanic Slavec
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
If DNA cannot be isolated, don't give up the identification! The author has used for the same purpose methods ranging from physical anthropology to forensic medicine and especially a recent method of comparison of epigenetic traits, which proved to be very useful for the identification of family related skulls in connection with historical and other data. The kinship of 18 identified skulls (buried together in a family vault) is established by comparison of X-ray images of paranasal cavities (frontal and maxillary sinuses, orbital and nasal cavities), the shape and size of which are strongly genetically determined. The comparison also extends to numerous other epigenetic trait similarities on the skulls. It is recommended for: scientists working on human identification and studying heredity, forensic scientists, physical anthropologists, radiologists, stomatologists, paleopathologists, geneticists, historians and many others.
... and Forensic Science; and Zvonka Zupanic-Slavic's (2004) New Method of Identifying Family Related Skulls: Forensic Medicine, Anthropology, Epigenetics.
Author: Marc Oxenham
Publisher: Australian Academic Press
During the last 100 years infant mortality rates have improved dramatically, yet even in a developed country such as Australia the physical health of infants varies greatly, despite advances in science and technology. It has now become clear that emotional and physical development is affected by many different variables. Not only must physical development and health support be adequate, but the presence of factors such as good-enough parenting, and the absence of others such as substance abuse and domestic violence, are now becoming better understood. So how best to work with families where infants are at risk? This is the substance of this book: to understand how to achieve improved outcomes for infants growing up in situations of risk, mainly in the area of the parents' mental health, but also in other related psychosocial circumstances that may impair parental functioning. These include migration, substance abuse, and infant hospitalisation. Throughout this book, the authors examine the effects of adverse life circumstances on infant and family and, in most cases, also describe assessments and interventions. Several chapters have been written by people personally affected by mental illness, or mental illness of a family member. This provides in-depth and often poignant understanding of the perspective of those living with the effects of such illnesses, and helps to expand our knowledge and skills to work with at-risk families.
... Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 10th edn, New Jersey: Johns Wiley & Sons. ... Z. (2004) New Method of Identifying Family Related Skulls: Forensic ...
Author: Nicholas Marquez-Grant
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Methodologies and legislative frameworks regarding the archaeological excavation, retrieval, analysis, curation and potential reburial of human skeletal remains differ throughout the world. As work forces have become increasingly mobile and international research collaborations are steadily increasing, the need for a more comprehensive understanding of different national research traditions, methodologies and legislative structures within the academic and commercial sector of physical anthropology has arisen. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation provides comprehensive information on the excavation of archaeological human remains and the law through 62 individual country contributions from Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America and Australasia. More specifically, the volume discusses the following: What is the current situation (including a brief history) of physical anthropology in the country? What happens on discovering human remains (who is notified, etc.)? What is the current legislation regarding the excavation of archaeological human skeletal remains? Is a license needed to excavate human remains? Is there any specific legislation regarding excavation in churchyards? Any specific legislation regarding war graves? Are physical anthropologists involved in the excavation process? Where is the cut-off point between forensic and archaeological human remains (e.g. 100 years, 50 years, 25 years...)? Can human remains be transported abroad for research purposes? What methods of anthropological analysis are mostly used in the country? Are there any methods created in that country which are population-specific? Are there particular ethical issues that need to be considered when excavating human remains, such as religious groups or tribal groups? In addition, an overview of landmark anthropological studies and important collections are provided where appropriate. The entries are contained by an introductory chapter by the editors which establish the objectives and structure of the book, setting it within a wider archaeological framework, and a conclusion which explores the current European and world-wide trends and perspectives in the study of archaeological human remains. The Routledge Handbook of Archaeological Human Remains and Legislation makes a timely, much-needed contribution to the field of physical anthropology and is unique as it combines information on the excavation of human remains and the legislation that guides it, alongside information on the current state of physical anthropology across several continents. It is an indispensible tool for archaeologists involved in the excavation of human remains around the world.
... cases related to crimes against humanity, and in the process developed a new range of techniques. The identification of Josef Mengele's skull was a ...
Author: Christopher M. Stojanowski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The lives of kings, poets, authors, criminals and celebrities are a perpetual fascination in the media and popular culture, and for decades anthropologists and other scientists have participated in 'post-mortem dissections' of the lives of historical figures. In this field of biohistory, researchers have identified and analyzed these figures' bodies using technologies such as DNA fingerprinting, biochemical assays, and skeletal biology. This book brings together biohistorical case studies for the first time, and considers the role of the anthropologist in the writing of historical narratives surrounding the deceased. Contributors theorize biohistory with respect to the sociology of the body, examining the ethical implications of biohistorical work and the diversity of social theoretical perspectives that researchers' work may relate to. The volume defines scales of biohistorical engagement, providing readers with a critical sense of scale and the different paths to 'historical notoriety' that can emerge with respect to human remains.
“ICRC Report: The Missing and Their Families. ... “Cranio-Facial Morphanalysis: A New Method for Enhancing Reliability While Identifying Skulls by Photo ...
Author: Adam Rosenblatt
Publisher: Stanford University Press
The mass graves from our long human history of genocide, massacres, and violent conflict form an underground map of atrocity that stretches across the planet's surface. In the past few decades, due to rapidly developing technologies and a powerful global human rights movement, the scientific study of those graves has become a standard facet of post-conflict international assistance. Digging for the Disappeared provides readers with a window into this growing but little-understood form of human rights work, including the dangers and sometimes unexpected complications that arise as evidence is gathered and the dead are named. Adam Rosenblatt examines the ethical, political, and historical foundations of the rapidly growing field of forensic investigation, from the graves of the "disappeared" in Latin America to genocides in Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia to post–Saddam Hussein Iraq. In the process, he illustrates how forensic teams strive to balance the needs of war crimes tribunals, transitional governments, and the families of the missing in post-conflict nations. Digging for the Disappeared draws on interviews with key players in the field to present a new way to analyze and value the work forensic experts do at mass graves, shifting the discussion from an exclusive focus on the rights of the living to a rigorous analysis of the care of the dead. Rosenblatt tackles these heady, hard topics in order to extend human rights scholarship into the realm of the dead and the limited but powerful forms of repair available for victims of atrocity.
An almost complete lack of medical records for the imperial family, Botkin, ... So we had to find a new method, that of superimposition, on the computers ...
Author: Greg King
Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc
Abundant, newly discovered sources shatter long-held beliefs The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 revealed, among many other things, a hidden wealth of archival documents relating to the imprisonment and eventual murder of Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra, and their children. Emanating from sources both within and close to the Imperial Family as well as from their captors and executioners, these often-controversial materials have enabled a new and comprehensive examination of one the pivotal events of the twentieth century and the many controversies that surround it. Based on a careful analysis of more than 500 of these previously unpublished documents, along with numerous newly discovered photos, The Fate of the Romanovs makes compelling revisions to many long-held beliefs about the Romanovs' final months and moments.
The new method should identify other, perhaps more telling ... regional variants of the gray wolf and the golden jackal, another member of the canid family.
Author: Scientific American Editors
Publisher: Scientific American
In the U.S., more than half of households have a pet – usually more than one. They’re usually considered members of the family, and some of us even call them our “furry children.” The strength of the human-pet bond tells us as much or more about ourselves as it does about our pets, and in this eBook, Our Furry Friends: The Science of Pets, we look at why dogs and cats behave the way they do and what makes our bond with them so strong. In her opening article, “Pets: Why Do We Have Them?” Daisy Yuhas discusses the variety of reasons for pet ownership, including our emotional need to nurture other living things. This emotional bond brings its own benefits such as social support and reduced stress, making us happier and healthier. How and why pets came to adopt humans is another question entirely, and two articles, “From Wolf to Dog” and “The Taming of the Cat,” look at the evolution of the human relationship with dogs and cats, respectively. Pets’ behavior is examined further in several articles, including “The World According to Dogs,” in which Julie Hecht deciphers what it means when a dog won’t play and whether that “guilty look” really indicates a feeling of responsibility. Meanwhile, in “The Inner Life of Cats,” Kate Wong investigates feline quirks such as why cats purr or bring their kills to their humans. Finally, all pet owners know that animals feel things, and science is starting to agree. As we learn in “Do Animals Feel Empathy?” and “When Animals Mourn,” many species grieve over the loss of relatives or close companions, indicating that empathy and grief could have neural and evolutionary roots.
... Osterix (Sp7) during the formation of mouse skull sutures (Deckelbaum et al. ... Important are the advent of new genetic tools, such as new methods for ...
Author: Jun Aruga
This book provides a comprehensive overview of ZIC-family research. Part1 summarizes the ZIC family in animal evolution and development and presents an overall picture of the ZIC family gene structure in eumetazoan animals, providing an evolutionary hypothesis and reviewing the studies on the role of ZIC family proteins in developmental processes for each animal model. Part 2 shows that the ZIC family are the causative genes for developmental disorders, and discusses the role of the ZIC family in stem cell biology. It also presents studies on the ZIC family in the medical biology field. This interdisciplinary book is a valuable resource not only for those people directly involved in ZIC-family-related research, but also researchers in diverse research fields who are interested in the latest advances in biology and medicine.
In the meantime, in the United States, the measurement of human skulls had been driven by the collection of hundreds of specimens and a new method, ...
Author: Francisco Bethencourt
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Racisms is the first comprehensive history of racism, from the Crusades to the twentieth century. Demonstrating that there is not one continuous tradition of racism, Francisco Bethencourt shows that racism preceded any theories of race and must be viewed within the prism and context of social hierarchies and local conditions. In this richly illustrated book, Bethencourt argues that in its various aspects, all racism has been triggered by political projects monopolizing specific economic and social resources. Racisms focuses on the Western world, but opens comparative views on ethnic discrimination and segregation in Asia and Africa. Bethencourt looks at different forms of racism, and explores instances of enslavement, forced migration, and ethnic cleansing, while analyzing how practices of discrimination and segregation were defended. This is a major interdisciplinary work that moves away from ideas of linear or innate racism and recasts our understanding of interethnic relations.
Spades cut into the ground, hitting another skull or rib bone. ... it was important to use noninvasive methods for identifying sites; remove skulls ...
Author: Ann Clwyd
Publisher: Biteback Publishing
A BORN REBEL, ANN CLWYD HAS NEVER FEARED A FIGHT. The first woman to represent a Welsh Valleys constituency in Parliament, Ann Clwyd has spent thirty-three years in the corridors of power and witnessed the key political events of modern times, from the miners' strike, which ripped apart communities, to the EU referendum, which looks set to reshape a continent. She was shadow Secretary of State for Wales and shadow Secretary of State for International Development - only to be sacked over her refusals to toe the Labour Party line. Waging a tireless war against injustice from the back benches, Ann has campaigned for better-quality NHS care, a cause close to her heart and one that became tragically personal when her beloved husband, Owen, was failed by our hospitals. Publicly denounced by Saddam Hussein, she has been a fierce ally of the Iraqi people for decades, earning a place on the regime's 'most wanted' list and winning the lifelong affection of its citizens. Rebel with a Cause is Ann Clwyd's remarkable story of battling for her principles, regardless of wounds inflicted on her political career. This resolve was demonstrated when, undeterred by Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn's three-line whip, she voted against Article 50. Despite having faced constant opposition over the course of her parliamentary career, Ann has always fought back fiercely and continues to do so to this day.
This is only one of the methods that could be used to legally identify an ... is sufficiently similar in appearance to be recognized by a friend or family ...
Author: Sue Black
Humanity's most appalling crimes are solved by experts presenting painstakingly gathered evidence to the court of law. Investigators rely on physical, chemical and digital clues gathered at the scene of an incident to reconstruct beyond all reasonable doubt the events that occurred in order to bring criminals to justice. Enter the forensic team, tasked with providing objective recognition and identification and evaluating physical evidence (the clues) to support known or suspected circumstances. Far from the super-sleuths of fiction, the real-life masters of deduction occupy a world of dogged detection, analysing fingerprints or gait, identifying traces of toxins, drugs or explosives, matching digital data, performing anatomical dissection, disease diagnosis, facial reconstruction and environmental profiling.
The new algorithms identify the distribution of different material types in volume ... Other classification methods, as discussed later, utilized Gaussian ...
Author: Stephen H. Koslow
Publisher: Psychology Press
Koslow, Stephen H., Investigator, Non-NASA Center: Natl Inst Mental Health, Bethesda, MD.
Identifying. Sex. The methods used to determine sex vary both in the bone element studied and the examination procedure (morphoscopic, morphometric or ...
Author: Isabelle Séguy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book examines methods for linking osteo-archaeological data with historical and environmental sources to shed light on the living conditions of past populations. Covering all time periods from prehistory to the 20th century, it aims to construct models that capture plausible demographic dynamics from highly fragmentary evidence. Starting from the known in order to explore the unknown, this book presents a historical view of methods used in the past and present as well as proposes original ones. The paleodemographic methods presented in this handbook have been tested on anthropological and archaeological data and can easily be applied. This manual represents a fruitful collaboration between historical demographers and anthropological archaeologists who, with the help of mathematicians and statisticians, detail research that opens an important historical dimension to the discipline. Written in a readily understandable manner, it serves as an ideal resource for those wishing to interpret ancient bones in demographic terms.
Metastasis to the base of the skull: clinical findings in 43 patients. ... Prospective versus retrospective methods of identifying patients with delirium.
Author: Nathan Cherny
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
The definitive Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine, now in its fifth edition, has again been thoroughly updated to offer a truly global perspective in this field of extraordinary talent and thoughtfulness. Updated to include new sections devoted to assessment tools, care of patients with cancer, and the management of issues in the very young and the very old, this leading textbook covers all the new and emerging topics since its original publication in 1993. In addition, the multi-disciplinary natureof palliative care is emphasized throughout the book, covering areas from ethical and communication issues, the treatment of symptoms and the management of pain. The printed book is complemented with 12 months free access to the online version, which includes expanded chapter information and links from the references to primary research journal articles, ensuring this edition continues to be at the forefront of palliative medicine. This fifth edition of the Oxford Textbook of Palliative Medicine is dedicated to the memory of Professor Geoffrey Hanks, pioneer in the field of palliative medicine, and co-editor of the previous four editions. A truly comprehensive text, no hospital, hospice, palliative care service, or medicallibrary should be without this essential source of information.
A method of matching and identifying skulls to family snapshots or passport photographs is described.
Author: JJI. McKenna
A method of matching and identifying skulls to family snapshots or passport photographs is described. The technique depends on the recovery of teeth, particularly the maxillary anterior teeth, with the skull and the availability of an antemortem photograph showing those teeth. Measurements of the anterior dentition of unidentified skulls are used to determine the magnification factor necessary for the preparation of life-sized transparencies of photographs. Superimposition of dental landmarks in these transparencies leads to correlation of further cranial features, thus enabling a successful positive identification. Suggestions are made for a system of identification based on assessment of visible features of the dentition.
One new exciting technology to wildlife forensics is retro-engineering. Scans of skulls in a museum can be sent to the laboratory to help them identify a ...
Author: P.K. Sriraman
Publisher: CRC Press
The book discusses various necropsy procedures for wild animals both for the disease investigation and forensic usage. The list of various wildlife crimes, the role of each member of wildlife crime team investigation in general and the role of pathologist in particular, (the forensic veterinary pathology)and the salient features of methodology of crime investigation is given. Information on the mistakes and omissions in forensic necropsy, negative necropsy, common errors committed by pathologist while performing forensic necropsy, postmortem appearances of common pathological conditions and estimation of age of some of the domestic animals and their foetuses is given for guidance. Various types of wounds, and the types of firearms and their terminology are also given for easy understanding about the wounds and fire arms. Note: T&F does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.