Myths about Rock ArtMyths about Rock Art



Rather than considering the myths supposedly depicted in the world's rock art, this book examines the myths archaeologists and others have created about the meanings and significance of rock art.

Author: Robert G. Bednarik

Publisher: Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN: 1784914746

Category:

Page: 220

View: 244

Rather than considering the myths supposedly depicted in the world's rock art, this book examines the myths archaeologists and others have created about the meanings and significance of rock art. This vast body of opinions dominates our concepts of the principal surviving cultural manifestations of early worldviews. Here these constructs are subjected to detailed analysis and are found to consist largely of misinterpretations. From the misidentification of natural rock markings as rock art to mistaken interpretations, from sensationalist claims to pareidolic elucidations of iconographies, the book presents numerous examples of myths researchers have created about pre-Historic 'art'. The claims about a connection between rock art and the neuropathologies of its producers are assessed, and the neuroscience of rock art interpretation is reviewed. The book presents a comprehensive catalogue of falsities claimed about palaeoart, and it endeavours to explain how these arose, and how they can be guarded against by recourse to basic principles of science. It therefore represents a key resource in the scientific study of rock art.

Rock ArtRock Art



What is rock art? How and where is it made? Who made it? What does rock art mean? These questions and more are addressed in this comprehensive guide, complete with full color images.

Author: Stewart M. Green

Publisher: Falcon Guides

ISBN: 1493017071

Category:

Page: 208

View: 473

Rock Art explores the fascinating history of ancient human-made stone markings that have puzzled historians, archaeologists, and hikers alike for centuries. What is rock art, and who created these mysterious symbols, and why are so many pieces of artwork similar across disparate and long-forgotten cultures? How was rock art made--and, more importantly, why? These questions and more are addressed in this comprehensive guide, complete with full-color images and travel listings. Whether you're fascinated by the wondrous ancient imagery imprinted on the landscape or just curious about the markings alongside your favorite hiking trail, Rock Art is the only guide you need to better understand this mysterious and beautiful art form.

Prehistoric Rock ArtPrehistoric Rock Art



Paul G. Bahn provides a richly illustrated overview of prehistoric rock art and cave art from around the world.

Author: Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521140874

Category:

Page: 222

View: 718

Prehistoric rock art is the markings - paintings, engravings, or pecked images - left on rocks or cave walls by ancient peoples. In this book, Paul G. Bahn provides a richly illustrated overview of prehistoric rock art and cave art from around the world. Summarizing the recent advances in our understanding of this extraordinary visual record, he discusses new discoveries, new approaches to recording and interpretation, and current problems in conservation. Bahn focuses in particular on current issues in the interpretation of rock art, notably the "shamanic" interpretation that has been influential in recent years and that he refutes. This book is based on the Rhind Lectures that the author delivered for the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland in 2006.

The Archaeology of Rock ArtThe Archaeology of Rock Art



Like those in other collections , they tated against the extensive use of mythology
for recount the doings of a ' race ' of people who were the understanding the rock
- art , in the context of a model San predecessors on earth . Bleek and Lloyd ...

Author: Christopher Chippindale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521576199

Category:

Page: 373

View: 660

This collection on rock-art explores how we can learn from it as a material record of distant times.

Myth and MeaningMyth and Meaning



Modelling the production and consumption of rock art. South African
Archaeological Bulletin 50:143¥54. ___. 1996. A visit to the Lion«s house: The
structure, metaphors, and sociopolitical significance of a nineteenth-century
Bushman myth, ...

Author: J. D. Lewis-Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315423753

Category:

Page: 257

View: 179

J.D. Lewis-Williams, one of the leading South African archaeologists and ethnographers, excavates meaning from the complex mythological stories of the San-Bushmen to create a larger theory of how myth is used in culture. He extracts their “nuggets,” the far-reaching but often unspoken words and concepts of language and understanding that are opaque to outsiders, to establish a more nuanced theory of the role of these myths in the thought-world and social circumstances of the San. The book -draws from the unique 19th century Bleek/Lloyd archives, more recent ethnographic work, and San rock art;-includes well-known San stories such as The Broken String, Mantis Dreams, and Creation of the Eland;-extrapolates from our understanding of San mythology into a larger model of how people create meaning from myth.

A Companion to Rock ArtA Companion to Rock Art



In South Africa, application of ethnography enabled researchers to recognize a
link between rock art, ritual (including trance), and myth, although none of these
links are direct or causal (Lewis-Williams 1981; Dowson 1998; Solomon 1999).

Author: Jo McDonald

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118253922

Category:

Page: 736

View: 307

This unique guide provides an artistic and archaeological journey deep into human history, exploring the petroglyphic and pictographic forms of rock art produced by the earliest humans to contemporary peoples around the world. Summarizes the diversity of views on ancient rock art from leading international scholars Includes new discoveries and research, illustrated with over 160 images (including 30 color plates) from major rock art sites around the world Examines key work of noted authorities (e.g. Lewis-Williams, Conkey, Whitley and Clottes), and outlines new directions for rock art research Is broadly international in scope, identifying rock art from North and South America, Australia, the Pacific, Africa, India, Siberia and Europe Represents new approaches in the archaeological study of rock art, exploring issues that include gender, shamanism, landscape, identity, indigeneity, heritage and tourism, as well as technological and methodological advances in rock art analyses

The Rock Art of Southern AfricaThe Rock Art of Southern Africa



I therefore now try to answer one of the most important questions that can be
asked about southern African rock art : What did all ... The eland featured in
myths and rites which clearly show that it was an important symbol in Bushman
thought .

Author: J. David Lewis-Williams

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521244609

Category:

Page: 68

View: 263

Rock Art and Sacred LandscapesRock Art and Sacred Landscapes



Through the years we have become accustomed to accepting trends in rock art
research that associate it with expressions or intellectual demonstrations of
sacred sites, gods, origin myths, and teachers of culture. In general rock art is
thought ...

Author: Donna L. Gillette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461484066

Category:

Page: 284

View: 776

Social and behavioral scientists study religion or spirituality in various ways and have defined and approached the subject from different perspectives. In cultural anthropology and archaeology the understanding of what constitutes religion involves beliefs, oral traditions, practices and rituals, as well as the related material culture including artifacts, landscapes, structural features and visual representations like rock art. Researchers work to understand religious thoughts and actions that prompted their creation distinct from those created for economic, political, or social purposes. Rock art landscapes convey knowledge about sacred and spiritual ecology from generation to generation. Contributors to this global view detail how rock art can be employed to address issues regarding past dynamic interplays of religions and spiritual elements. Studies from a number of different cultural areas and time periods explore how rock art engages the emotions, materializes thoughts and actions and reflects religious organization as it intersects with sociopolitical cultural systems.

The Oxford Handbook of African ArchaeologyThe Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology



Koma: the crocodile motif in the rock art of the northern Sotho. South African ... Art
, authorship and female issues in a northern Sotho rock painting site. South
African ... A glimpse into the mythology of the Maluti Bushmen. Cape Monthly ...

Author: Peter Mitchell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191626159

Category:

Page: 1080

View: 110

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

A Cosmos in StoneA Cosmos in Stone



Writers on southern African rock art had long referred to myth and suspected that
the meanings of many images would eventually be found in myths. Some
believed that paintings illustrated myths rather in the way that pictures illustrate a
child's ...

Author: J. David Lewis-Williams

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759101965

Category:

Page: 309

View: 636

Collected articles of the world's preeminent rock art researchers and cognitive archaeologists.

Theoretical Perspectives in Rock Art ResearchTheoretical Perspectives in Rock Art Research



Beliefs Most of the studies of rock art connect the art to beliefs . Some
understanding of beliefs might be gained from observed similarities between
stories / myths and rock art motifs , similarities both in types of figures or in
structures within and ...

Author: Knut Arne Helskog

Publisher:

ISBN: 8270993387

Category:

Page: 330

View: 435

Stone Age Myth and Magic as Documented in the Rock Paintings of South AfricaStone Age Myth and Magic as Documented in the Rock Paintings of South Africa



While this seems self - evident in the case of the mythical creatures depicted the
top rating of the eland seems to be justified due to the appreciation which this
antelope had received in both the rock paintings and the mythology of the
Bushmen ...

Author: Harald Pager

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015013303691

Category:

Page: 118

View: 429

Elevated Rock ArtElevated Rock Art



Towards a maritime understanding of Bronze Age rock art in northern Bohusl_n,
Sweden Johan Ling ... Malmer argued strongly against mythological
interpretations of rock art and claimed that if rock art did primarily depict myths or
 ...

Author: Johan Ling

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 9781782977636

Category:

Page: 272

View: 433

How may Bohusl_n rock art and landscape be perceived and understood? Since the Bronze Age, the landscape has been transformed by shore displacement but, largely due to misunderstanding and certain ideas about the character of Bronze Age society, rock art research in Tanum has drawn much of its inspiration from the present agrarian landscape. This perception of the landscape has not been a major issue. This volume, republished from the GOTAC Serie B (Gothenburg Archaeological thesis 49) aims to shed light on the process of shore displacement and its social and cognitive implications for the interpretation of rock art in the prehistoric landscape. The findings clearly show that in the Bronze Age, the majority of rock art sites in Bohusl_n had a very close spatial connection to the sea. Much rock art analysis focuses on the contemplative observer. The more direct activities related to rock art are seldom fully considered. Here, the basic conditions for the production of rock art, social theory and approaches to image, communication, symbolism and social action are discussed and related to palpable social forms of the ñreadingî of rock art. The general location and content of the Bronze Age remains indicate a tendency towards the maritime realm, which seems to have included both socio-ritual and socio-economic matters of production and consumption and that Bronze Age groups in Bohusl_n were highly active and mobile. The numerous configurations of ship images on the rocks could indicate a general transition or drift towards the maritime realm. Marking or manifesting such transitions in some way may have been important and it is tempting to perceive the rock art as traces of such transitions or positions in the landscape. All this points to a maritime understanding of Bronze Age rock art in northern Bohusl_n.

Picture RocksPicture Rocks



Some sites are subject to disputes over their origins—Indian or Portuguese? Some are ancient, and others, such as the work of the Mi’kmaq, were executed in the past 200 years.

Author: Edward J. Lenik

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1584651970

Category:

Page: 280

View: 776

Located along rivers, at the edges of lakes, on mountain boulders, in rock shelters, on rock ledges where the continent meets the ocean, and tucked into parks and public places, American Indian rock art offers tantilizing glimpses of the signs and symbols of a Native American culture. Picture Rocks documents all known permanent petroglyph and pictograph sites from the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, the six New England states, New York, and New Jersey. Some sites are subject to disputes over their origins—Indian or Portuguese? Some are ancient, and others, such as the work of the Mi’kmaq, were executed in the past 200 years. Many of these sites are little known; others, like those at Bellows Falls, Vermont, are sources of great local pride and appear on city walking tours. Interspersing his own interpretations with comments from scholars and Native American storytellers, Edward J. Lenik provides a definitive look at an extraordinary art form. Two hundred illustrations include historic sketches by early Euro-American colonists, nineteenth-century photographs, and recent photographs and drawings of the current conditions of many sites.

Blood RelationsBlood Relations



Rock-engravings from the Pilbara region (see Figs 19, 21) often depict pairs of
dancing women reminiscent of the ... (Spencer and Gillen 1899: 463–4) Myths
and rock-art images from other parts of Australia repeat such motifs with some ...

Author: Chris Knight

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300186550

Category:

Page: 592

View: 876

The emergence of symbolic culture is generally linked with the development of the hunger-gatherer adaptation based on a sexual division of labor. This original and ingenious book presents a new theory of how this symbolic domain originated. Integrating perspectives of evolutionary biography and social anthropology within a Marxist framework, Chris Knight rejects the common assumption that human culture was a modified extension of primate behavior and argues instead that it was the product of an immense social, sexual, and political revolution initiated by women. Culture became established, says Knight, when evolving human females began to assert collective control over their own sexuality, refusing sex to all males except those who came to them with provisions. Women usually timed their ban on sexual relations with their periods of infertility while they were menstruating, and to the extent that their solidarity drew women together, these periods tended to occur in synchrony. The result was that every month with the onset of menstruation, sexual relations were ruptured in a collective, ritualistic way as the prelude to each successful hunting expedition. This ritual act was the means through which women motivated men not only to hunt but also to concentrate energies on bringing back the meat. Knight shows how this hypothesis sheds light on the roots of such cultural traditions as totemic rituals, incest and menstrual taboos, blood-sacrifice, and hunters’ atonement rites. Providing detailed ethnographic documentation, he also explains how Native American, Australian Aboriginal, and other magico-religious myths can be read as derivatives of the same symbolic logic.

Primitive Culture Researches Into the Development of Mythology Philosophy Religion Language Art and CustomPrimitive Culture Researches Into the Development of Mythology Philosophy Religion Language Art and Custom



the moon , which in popular myth from the time of the Veda has been found in the
well . ... and the rising sun turned him into a great rock called Kauta , just as the
Gorgon ' s head turned Atlas the Earth - bearer into the mountain that bears his ...

Author: Sir Edward Burnett Tylor

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015012083005

Category:

Page:

View: 340

Primitive Culture Resaerches Into the Developement of Mythology Philosophy Religion Language Art and Custom by Edward B TylorPrimitive Culture Resaerches Into the Developement of Mythology Philosophy Religion Language Art and Custom by Edward B Tylor



the moon , which in popular myth from the time of the Veda has been found in the
well . ... and the rising sun turned him into a great rock called Kauta , just as the
Gorgon's head turned Atlas the Earth - bearer into the mountain that bears his ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IBNR:CR102019384

Category:

Page: 502

View: 765