Muslims and CrimeMuslims and Crime



This report has provided a detailed review of the representation and studies of experience of British Muslims and the criminal justice system. Further, the paper has provided direct policy recommendations to curb racism, exclusion and ...

Author: Muzammil Quraishi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351916219

Category:

Page: 164

View: 911

In the aftermath of 9/11 a critical analysis of offending and victimisation of Asian Muslims is desperately required. Muslims and Crime addresses this need by means of a comparative criminological evaluation of British and Pakistani South Asian Muslims. In addition to providing a succinct review of contemporary studies in the field, Muzammil Quraishi evaluates issues of offending and victimization amongst South Asian Muslims; develops an understanding of Islamic criminal law and its influence on crime and social control by means of a comparative evaluation between Britain and Pakistan; explores the nature of Islamophobia and its impact on South Asian Muslims in Britain and Pakistan; explores the American 'Critical Race Theory' perspective within British and Pakistani contexts; and examines the construction of racial stereotypes during colonial encounters and how far these may be traced into the post-colonial social terrain. The book will interest academics in sociology, criminology, race and ethnicity, and law. The themes explored will also be of significant interest to practitioners within criminal justice institutions.

Islam Crime and Criminal JusticeIslam Crime and Criminal Justice



This book brings together research into key aspects of the interconnections between Islam, crime and the criminal justice system in Britain, a particularly timely collection in the light of both the recent disturbances in several northern ...

Author: Basia Spalek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134032907

Category:

Page: 160

View: 345

This book brings together research into key aspects of the interconnections between Islam, crime and the criminal justice system in Britain, a particularly timely collection in the light of both the recent disturbances in several northern English cities as well as the impact of the events of 11 September 2001 and their aftermath. Chapters in the book focus on young Muslim men and criminal activity, Muslim women and their experiences of victimisation, the experiences of Muslim police officers, of Muslims in prison, issues of human rights in relation to Muslims in Britain, and the criminal justice policy implications of religious diversity. Main aims pursued through the book include issues of victimisation as perceived by Muslim communities, Muslim perspectives on crime and criminal justice, and ways of addressing issues of marginalisation and exclusion within Muslim communities. Overall the book provides an important contribution to debates over the role of Muslims in British society generally, as well as their experiences of and involvement in the criminal justice system and the policy implications that arise from this.

Islamophobic Hate CrimeIslamophobic Hate Crime



Chapters cover a range of topics including: • Definitions of hate crime and Islamophobia • Islamophobic hate crime online • Gender and Islamophobia • Media representations of Islamophobia • Institutional Islamophobia As one of the ...

Author: Imran Awan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351373982

Category:

Page: 156

View: 880

In recent years, there has been a sharp increase in anti-Muslim attacks. What is driving the proliferation of these hate crimes? Why are Muslims being demonised? Building on current research and drawing upon real-life examples and case studies, this book provides an accessible introduction to Islamophobia and Islamophobic hate crimes along with the various responses to this form of victimisation. Chapters cover a range of topics including: • Definitions of hate crime and Islamophobia • Islamophobic hate crime online • Gender and Islamophobia • Media representations of Islamophobia • Institutional Islamophobia As one of the first student resources dedicated to the subject of Islamophobia, this book will be instructive and important reading for those engaged in a range of topics in criminology, including hate crime, victimology and victimisation, crime and media, and gender and crime.

We are Not the Enemy We are Not the Enemy



Describes post-September 11 violence directed against Arabs and Muslims in the United States and local, state, and federal government responses.

Author:

Publisher: Human Rights Watch

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 40

View: 749

Describes post-September 11 violence directed against Arabs and Muslims in the United States and local, state, and federal government responses.

Islamophobia and Acts of ViolenceIslamophobia and Acts of Violence



However, the 'price' of Islamophobia is examined throughout this entire volume, and with that, the various faces of Islamophobia become more recognizable"

Author: Carolyn Turpin-Petrosino

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190922313

Category:

Page:

View: 262

"America has an egregious and protracted history involving violent and cruel practices used to dehumanize communities deemed to be the 'Other.' These documented acts began with the Indigenous People of the New World (theft of land and near genocide), the enslavement and legal constriction of African people for 350 years (theft of labor, freedom, and life), followed by the subjugation of Asian immigrants and Hispanic migrant workers (exploiting their labor and the nullification/denial of their entrepreneurship). These oppressive practices were introduced and initially sustained in the New World by White European colonizers primarily from England. Other European ethnic groups that immigrated to America and viewed as lesser or inferior, such as the Irish, Germans, Italians, and those from Eastern European nations, experienced otherness but navigated the American social vetting system until they were deemed White and thus accepted (Ignatiev,1995; Roediger, 2006). Within this sociopolitical crucible, racial identity, acceptance, or rejection are determined and managed as commodities or indicators of social worth. Both then and now, the social construction of group identities, such as the 'Other,' is designed to benefit White majority groups in various ways that yield cumulative advantages. However, to those groups deemed 'Other,' the process yields corresponding disadvantages. The process of labeling the Other and the structural systems in place to maintain these designations and their subsequent effects continue to strongly impact communities of color and those groups viewed as substantially different from the White Male Christian Heterosexism hegemony long established in the U.S.A. (Cadinu & Rothbart, 1996; Tajfel, Billig, Bundy, & Flament, 1971; Branscombe, Wann, Noel, & Coleman, 1993). The U.S. Muslim community, currently estimated at 3.45 million (Pew Research, 2018), has been made to feel the consequences of their perceived differentness, their otherness, sharply. Numerous incidents communicate to them and the public that there is a price exacted for Muslim differentness. The price includes the view of being perpetually foreign, culturally backward, violence-prone, misogynistic, espousing or agreeing with terrorist ideology, and representing an ongoing threat to America and Americans. Those who require this price may be acting from anti-Muslim sentiments, an aspect of Islamophobia. A multifaceted form of bigotry, the attributes of Islamophobia are discussed later in this chapter. However, the 'price' of Islamophobia is examined throughout this entire volume, and with that, the various faces of Islamophobia become more recognizable"--

Under the Heel of the DragonUnder the Heel of the Dragon



Under the Heel of the Dragon offers a unique insight into a misunderstood world and a detailed explanation of the cultural perceptions that drive these misconceptions.

Author: Blaine Kaltman

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 9780896804821

Category:

Page: 176

View: 781

The Turkic Muslims known as the Uighur have long faced social and economic disadvantages in China because of their minority status. Under the Heel of the Dragon: Islam, Racism, Crime, and the Uighur in China offers a unique insight into current conflicts resulting from the rise of Islamic fundamentalism and the Chinese government’s oppression of religious minorities, issues that have heightened the degree of polarization between the Uighur and the dominant Chinese ethnic group, the Han. Author Blaine Kaltman’s study is based on in-depth interviews that he conducted in Chinese without the aid of an interpreter or the knowledge of the Chinese government. These riveting conversations expose the thoughts of a wide socioeconomic spectrum of Han and Uighur, revealing their mutual prejudices. The Uighur believe that the Han discriminate against them in almost every aspect of their lives, and this perception of racism motivates Uighur prejudice against the Han. Kaltman reports that criminal activity by Uighur is directed against their perceived oppressors, the Han Chinese. Uighur also resist Han authority by flouting the laws—such as tax and licensing regulations or prohibitions on the use or sale of hashish—that they consider to be imposed on them by an alien regime. Under the Heel of the Dragon offers a unique insight into a misunderstood world and a detailed explanation of the cultural perceptions that drive these misconceptions.

Crime and Punishment in Islamic LawCrime and Punishment in Islamic Law



In Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: A Fresh Interpretation, Mohammad Kamali considers problems associated with and proposals for reform of the hudud punishments prescribed by Islamic criminal law, and other topics related to crime and ...

Author: Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190910648

Category:

Page: 464

View: 652

In Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: A Fresh Interpretation, Mohammad Kamali considers problems associated with and proposals for reform of the hudud punishments prescribed by Islamic criminal law, and other topics related to crime and punishment in Shariah. He examines what the Qur'an and hadith say about hudud punishments, as well as just retaliation (qisas), and discretionary punishments (ta'zir), and looks at modern-day applications of Islamic criminal law in 15 Muslim countries. Particular attention is given to developments in Malaysia, a multi-religious society, federal state, and self-described democracy, where a lively debate about hudud has been on-going for the last three decades. Malaysia presents a particularly interesting case study of how a reasonably successful country with a market economy, high levels of exposure to the outside world, and a credible claim to inclusivity, deals with Islamic and Shariah-related issues. Kamali concludes that there is a significant gap between the theory and practice of hudud in the scriptural sources of Shariah and the scholastic articulations of jurisprudence of the various schools of Islamic law, arguing that literalism has led to such rigidity as to make Islamic criminal law effectively a dead letter. His goal is to provide a fresh reading of the sources of Shariah and demonstrate how the Qur'an and Sunnah can show the way forward to needed reforms of Islamic criminal law.

Islamophobia in CyberspaceIslamophobia in Cyberspace



This book examines the case for current guidelines dealing with online anti-Muslim abuse and concludes that we require a new understanding of this online behaviour and the impact it can have on vulnerable communities.

Author: Imran Awan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317112051

Category:

Page: 192

View: 427

Cyber hate can take many different forms from online material which can lead to actual offline abuse and violence, cyber violence; cyber stalking, and online harassment with the use of visual images, videos, chat rooms, text and social media which are intended to cause harm. This book examines the case for current guidelines dealing with online anti-Muslim abuse and concludes that we require a new understanding of this online behaviour and the impact it can have on vulnerable communities. It is unique as it focuses on new technology in the form of social media and the Internet and explores the challenges the police and other agencies face when confronting anti-Muslim abuse in cyberspace. It also provides a critique of how people are targeted by online offenders and helps us understand online anti-Muslim behaviour in a much more detailed and comprehensive way by bringing together a range of experts who will examine this phenomenon and critically discuss why they think it has become so much more prevalent than it was before.

The Routledge International Handbook of IslamophobiaThe Routledge International Handbook of Islamophobia



This volume will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as postdoctoral researchers interested in fields such as Criminology, Victimology, Sociology, Social Policy, Religious Studies, Law and related Social Sciences ...

Author: Irene Zempi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351135535

Category:

Page: 430

View: 372

Islamophobic hate crimes have increased significantly following the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and 7/7. More recently, the rhetoric surrounding Trump’s election and presidency, Brexit, the rise of far-right groups and ISIS-inspired terrorist attacks worldwide have promoted a climate where Islamophobia and anti-Muslim sentiments have become ‘legitimised’. The Routledge International Handbook of Islamophobia provides a comprehensive single-volume collection of key readings in Islamophobia. Consisting of 32 chapters accessibly written by scholars, policy makers and practitioners, it seeks to examine the nature, extent, implications of, and responses to Islamophobic hate crime both nationally and internationally. This volume will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as postdoctoral researchers interested in fields such as Criminology, Victimology, Sociology, Social Policy, Religious Studies, Law and related Social Sciences subjects. It will also appeal to scholars, policy makers and practitioners working in and around the areas of Islamophobic hate crimes.