Skeletal Muscle Metabolism in Exercise and DiabetesSkeletal Muscle Metabolism in Exercise and Diabetes



However, amino acid and protein metabolism are also thoroughly discussed. We believe that this volume brings an unparralleled, up to date, and comprehensive review of the frontiers in muscle metabolism. Erik A.

Author: Erik A. Richter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489919281

Category:

Page: 330

View: 204

The Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre was founded in 1994 with the support of a grant from the Danish National Research Foundation. Among the goals for the Centre is the organization of research symposia, with the aim of bringing a limited number ofintemation ally renowned scientists together to discuss the latest developments and perspectives in their field. The first Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre Conference was held in 1995 and dealt with cardiovascular regulation. The Second Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre Confer ence was held from October 23-26, 1997. The topic of the Symposium was Muscle Metabo lism: Regulation, Exercise, and Diabetes. Seventy invited scientists from all over the world discussed their latest research related to skeletal muscle metabolism. The speakers were asked to expand on their presentations and to write short, but comprehensive, chapters about their given topics. The result is 28 peer-reviewed and edited chapters covering many if not all aspects of muscle energy metabolism related to exercise and diabetes. Emphasis is on regulation of glucose and fatty acid metabolism and the mechanisms regulating their use as fuels for the muscle during exercise. In addition, abnormalities in the regulation of glucose metabolism in the diabetic state are described. However, amino acid and protein metabolism are also thoroughly discussed. We believe that this volume brings an unparralleled, up to date, and comprehensive review of the frontiers in muscle metabolism. Erik A.

Muscle Metabolism During ExerciseMuscle Metabolism During Exercise



The work of Margaria, Edwards and Dill (40) appeared in 1933. They observed that exercise (treadmill running) could be carried on at low levels without significant changes in resting levels of blood lactate.

Author: Bengt Pernow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461346118

Category:

Page: 558

View: 900

Howard G. Knuttgen of Biology, Boston University, 2 Cummington Department Street, Boston, 02215 Massachusetts, USA The relationship of the formation of lactate acid to skeletal muscle energy release in exercising humans was first explored by A. V. Hill and co-workers (2l, 22). The term "oxygen debt" was suggested by them to describe the excess oxygen consumption of recovery which they felt was closely related. A combination of their work and the earlier work of Krogh and Lindhard (35) re sulted at that time in the belief that a certain amount of energy release during the transition from rest to exercise was provided by a non-aerobic source, glycolysis. The resulting accumulation of lactic acid (as lactate) in the body required an extra con sumption during recovery for its oxidative removal. Jervell (24) subsequently showed that, in exercise, the greatest accumulation in blood took place during the first few minutes. He felt that the blood lactate increase was due to a shortage of oxygen during the transition period. The observation was also made for the first time that the increased level of lac tate due to exercise could be made to fall faster if mild exercise was employed by the subjects in place of sedentary recovery. The work of Margaria, Edwards and Dill (40) appeared in 1933. They observed that exercise (treadmill running) could be carried on at low levels without significant changes in resting levels of blood lactate.

Clinical Nutrition and AgingClinical Nutrition and Aging



This compendium volume is a valuable addition to the existing literature, providing state-of-the-art information on the most effective prevention and treatment options.

Author: Chad Cox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315359823

Category:

Page: 306

View: 655

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Sarcopenia—the loss of muscle mass and strength that occurs with advancing age—is a major health challenge, particularly in North America, Europe, and Japan, which have large aging populations. This compendium volume is a valuable addition to the existing literature, providing state-of-the-art information on the most effective prevention and treatment options. Included are research articles on nutrition management and the prevention of sarcopenia; protein therapy for sarcopenia; effect of exercise on sarcopenia; and other therapeutic strategies, including antioxidants and steroids.

Muscle MetabolismMuscle Metabolism



Diabetes research on models comprising intact animal tissues, cell cultures and isolated pancreatic islets is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of the disease as well as the mechanisms responsible for the chronic complications ...

Author: Juleen R Zierath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781134485413

Category:

Page: 460

View: 682

Diabetes research on models comprising intact animal tissues, cell cultures and isolated pancreatic islets is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of the disease as well as the mechanisms responsible for the chronic complications associated with it. Enormous advances in the understanding of the development of diabetes and its prevention hav

Skeletal Muscle Metabolism in Exercise and DiabetesSkeletal Muscle Metabolism in Exercise and Diabetes



However, amino acid and protein metabolism are also thoroughly discussed. We believe that this volume brings an unparralleled, up to date, and comprehensive review of the frontiers in muscle metabolism. Erik A.

Author: Erik A. Richter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489919295

Category:

Page: 330

View: 444

The Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre was founded in 1994 with the support of a grant from the Danish National Research Foundation. Among the goals for the Centre is the organization of research symposia, with the aim of bringing a limited number ofintemation ally renowned scientists together to discuss the latest developments and perspectives in their field. The first Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre Conference was held in 1995 and dealt with cardiovascular regulation. The Second Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre Confer ence was held from October 23-26, 1997. The topic of the Symposium was Muscle Metabo lism: Regulation, Exercise, and Diabetes. Seventy invited scientists from all over the world discussed their latest research related to skeletal muscle metabolism. The speakers were asked to expand on their presentations and to write short, but comprehensive, chapters about their given topics. The result is 28 peer-reviewed and edited chapters covering many if not all aspects of muscle energy metabolism related to exercise and diabetes. Emphasis is on regulation of glucose and fatty acid metabolism and the mechanisms regulating their use as fuels for the muscle during exercise. In addition, abnormalities in the regulation of glucose metabolism in the diabetic state are described. However, amino acid and protein metabolism are also thoroughly discussed. We believe that this volume brings an unparralleled, up to date, and comprehensive review of the frontiers in muscle metabolism. Erik A.

The Relationship of the Adrenal and Thyroid Glands to Excised Muscle Metabolism The Relationship of the Adrenal and Thyroid Glands to Excised Muscle Metabolism



The experiments of series III showed that during the 40 to 70 day period after
adrenalectomy the total respiratory metabolism and the excised abdominal
muscle metabolism show corresponding increases. It may be noted in table 1 that
the ...

Author: James Ernest Davis

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015067341514

Category:

Page: 12

View: 173

Muscle MetabolismMuscle Metabolism



Thus, this book highlights the fundamental mechanics of muscle work by showcasing: a deep understanding of your muscle's metabolism and anatomy the different body types regarding muscle fibers the basic difference between aerobic and ...

Author: Eric Fischer

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1548096822

Category:

Page: 56

View: 139

"I'm overweight because I have a slow metabolism." Since metabolism is not a state, it is more like a process that needs to be figured out and promoted. Thus, this book highlights the fundamental mechanics of muscle work by showcasing: a deep understanding of your muscle's metabolism and anatomy the different body types regarding muscle fibers the basic difference between aerobic and anerobic repspiration considering muscle contraction how to maximize muscle strength Save this edition in order to start a healthy living as an attempt to live longer, happier and more satisfied..

Multinuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Human Skeletal Muscle Metabolism in Training and DiseaseMultinuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Human Skeletal Muscle Metabolism in Training and Disease



In this chapter, techniques and application of multinuclear (1H, 13C, and 31P) in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) for the assessment of skeletal muscle metabolism in health and disease are described.

Author: Ladislav Valkovič

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1154281804

Category:

Page:

View: 801

In this chapter, techniques and application of multinuclear (1H, 13C, and 31P) in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) for the assessment of skeletal muscle metabolism in health and disease are described. Studies focusing on glucose transport and utilization, lipid storage and consumption, handling of energy rich phosphates, and measurements of newly emerging noninvasive biomarkers, id est, acetylcarnitine and carnosine are summarized. Muscle metabolism connections to exercise physiology and the development as well as possible treatment of metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes are also discussed. Taken together, multinuclear in vivo MRS on humans helped to uncover defects in skeletal muscle metabolic pathways in insulin-resistant conditions; and to discover links between defects in mitochondrial activity/capacity and lipid metabolism, as well as defects in whole-body and/or muscle glucose metabolism. There is also to mention that several of the MR-derived readouts are affected by both training status and metabolic disease in a specific way, and thus could serve as potential markers of training status and metabolic flexibility.

Muscle Metabolism During ExerciseMuscle Metabolism During Exercise



The work of Margaria, Edwards and Dill (40) appeared in 1933. They observed that exercise (treadmill running) could be carried on at low levels without significant changes in resting levels of blood lactate.

Author: Bengt Pernow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0306390116

Category:

Page: 558

View: 184

Howard G. Knuttgen of Biology, Boston University, 2 Cummington Department Street, Boston, 02215 Massachusetts, USA The relationship of the formation of lactate acid to skeletal muscle energy release in exercising humans was first explored by A. V. Hill and co-workers (2l, 22). The term "oxygen debt" was suggested by them to describe the excess oxygen consumption of recovery which they felt was closely related. A combination of their work and the earlier work of Krogh and Lindhard (35) re sulted at that time in the belief that a certain amount of energy release during the transition from rest to exercise was provided by a non-aerobic source, glycolysis. The resulting accumulation of lactic acid (as lactate) in the body required an extra con sumption during recovery for its oxidative removal. Jervell (24) subsequently showed that, in exercise, the greatest accumulation in blood took place during the first few minutes. He felt that the blood lactate increase was due to a shortage of oxygen during the transition period. The observation was also made for the first time that the increased level of lac tate due to exercise could be made to fall faster if mild exercise was employed by the subjects in place of sedentary recovery. The work of Margaria, Edwards and Dill (40) appeared in 1933. They observed that exercise (treadmill running) could be carried on at low levels without significant changes in resting levels of blood lactate.

Muscle MetabolismMuscle Metabolism



This book presents the state-of-the-art knowledge in the field of diabetes research directed at understanding the mechanisms governing the development of skeletal muscle insulin resistance.

Author: Juleen R Zierath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415272106

Category:

Page: 460

View: 546

Diabetes research on models comprising intact animal tissues, cell cultures and isolated pancreatic islets is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of the disease as well as the mechanisms responsible for the chronic complications associated with it. Enormous advances in the understanding of the development of diabetes and its prevention have recently been derived from work with such animal models. This book presents the state-of-the-art knowledge in the field of diabetes research directed at understanding the mechanisms governing the development of skeletal muscle insulin resistance. Muscle Metabolism will be of significant interest for those researching diabetes at an experimental level in both academia and the pharmaceutical industry. In addition, it will also be of interest to researchers in the fields of obesity, metabolism, endocrinology and molecular biology.

Muscle MetabolismMuscle Metabolism



Cortright, R.N., Muoio, D.M. and Dohm, G.L. (1997) Skeletal muscle lipid metabolism: a frontier for new insights into fuel homeostasis.

Author: Juleen R Zierath

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203166426

Category:

Page: 460

View: 538

Diabetes research on models comprising intact animal tissues, cell cultures and isolated pancreatic islets is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of the disease as well as the mechanisms responsible for the chronic complications associated with it. Enormous advances in the understanding of the development of diabetes and its prevention hav