Mind Reason and Being in the worldMind Reason and Being in the world



The 14 specially commissioned chapters in this superb collection enrich McDowell and Dreyfus's debate over perceptual experience, rationality, reflectiveness, and perception.

Author: Joseph K. Schear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415485869

Category:

Page: 348

View: 613

John McDowell and Hubert L. Dreyfus are philosophers of world renown, whose work has decisively shaped the fields of analytic philosophy and phenomenology respectively. Mind, Reason, and Being-in-the-World: The McDowell-Dreyfus Debate opens with their debate over one of the most important and controversial subjects of philosophy: is human experience pervaded by conceptual rationality, or does experience mark the limits of reason? Is all intelligibility rational, or is there a form of intelligibility at work in our skilful bodily rapport with the world that eludes our intellectual capacities? McDowell and Dreyfus provide a fascinating insight into some fundamental differences between analytic philosophy and phenomenology, as well as areas where they may have something in common. Fifteen specially commissioned chapters by distinguished international contributors enrich the debate inaugurated by McDowell and Dreyfus, taking it in a number of different and important directions. Fundamental philosophical problems discussed include: the embodied mind, subjectivity and self-consciousness, intentionality, rationality, practical skills, human agency, and the history of philosophy from Kant to Hegel to Heidegger to Merleau-Ponty. With the addition of these outstanding contributions, Mind, Reason, and Being-in-the-World is essential reading for students and scholars of analytic philosophy and phenomenology.

Mind Reason and Being in the WorldMind Reason and Being in the World



... as a thesis formulated originally in the context of epistemology and argued in Mind and World to be required for the possibility of knowledge as such, allows itself to be extended into the sorts of domains which occupy Dreyfus, ...

Author: Joseph K. Schear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135124694

Category:

Page: 350

View: 805

John McDowell and Hubert L. Dreyfus are philosophers of world renown, whose work has decisively shaped the fields of analytic philosophy and phenomenology respectively. Mind, Reason, and Being-in-the-World: The McDowell-Dreyfus Debate opens with their debate over one of the most important and controversial subjects of philosophy: is human experience pervaded by conceptual rationality, or does experience mark the limits of reason? Is all intelligibility rational, or is there a form of intelligibility at work in our skilful bodily rapport with the world that eludes our intellectual capacities? McDowell and Dreyfus provide a fascinating insight into some fundamental differences between analytic philosophy and phenomenology, as well as areas where they may have something in common. Fifteen specially commissioned chapters by distinguished international contributors enrich the debate inaugurated by McDowell and Dreyfus, taking it in a number of different and important directions. Fundamental philosophical problems discussed include: the embodied mind, subjectivity and self-consciousness, intentionality, rationality, practical skills, human agency, and the history of philosophy from Kant to Hegel to Heidegger to Merleau-Ponty. With the addition of these outstanding contributions, Mind, Reason, and Being-in-the-World is essential reading for students and scholars of analytic philosophy and phenomenology.

Inside EthicsInside Ethics



His first comprehensive account of this enterprise is given in his 1991 John Locke Lectures, “Mind and World,” lectures that were ... ed., Mind, Reason and Being-in-the-World: The McDowell-Dreyfus Debate (London: Routledge, 5 See, e.g., ...

Author: Alice Crary

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674967816

Category:

Page: 283

View: 192

Alice Crary offers a transformative account of moral thought about human beings and animals. Instead of assuming that the world places no demands on our moral imagination, she underscores the urgency of treating the exercise of moral imagination as necessary for arriving at an adequate world-guided understanding of human beings and animals.

Being in the WorldBeing in the World



Dreyfus's approach to this daunting book is straightforward and pragmatic.

Author: Hubert L. Dreyfus

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262540568

Category:

Page: 384

View: 511

Being-in-the-World is a guide to one of the most influential philosophical works of this century: Division I of Part One of Being and Time, where Martin Heidegger works out an original and powerful account of being-in-the-world which he then uses to ground a profound critique of traditional ontology and epistemology. Hubert Dreyfus's commentary opens the way for a new appreciation of this difficult philosopher, revealing a rigorous and illuminating vocabulary that is indispensable for talking about the phenomenon of world. The publication of Being and Time in 1927 turned the academic world on its head. Since then it has become a touchstone for philosophers as diverse as Marcuse, Sartre, Foucault, and Derrida who seek an alternative to the rationalist Cartesian tradition of western philosophy. But Heidegger's text is notoriously dense, and his language seems to consist of unnecessarily barbaric neologisms; to the neophyte and even to those schooled in Heidegger thought, the result is often incomprehensible. Dreyfus's approach to this daunting book is straightforward and pragmatic. He explains the text by frequent examples drawn from everyday life, and he skillfully relates Heidegger's ideas to the questions about being and mind that have preoccupied a generation of cognitive scientists and philosophers of mind.

Embodied Mind Meaning and ReasonEmbodied Mind Meaning and Reason



This insight into the cognitive processes of the brain-in-a-body-interacting-with-a-structuredenvironment helps us understand how and ... After all, being at home in our world, and the well-being and flourishing that accompanies this, ...

Author: Mark Johnson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226500256

Category:

Page: 264

View: 206

Introduction: bringing the body to mind -- Cognitive science and Dewey's theory of mind, thought, and language -- Cowboy bill rides herd on the range of consciousness -- We are live creatures: embodiment, American pragmatism, and the cognitive organism / Mark Johnson and Tim Rohrer -- The meaning of the body -- The philosophical significance of image schemas -- Action, embodied meaning, and thought -- Knowing through the body -- Embodied realism and truth incarnate -- Why the body matters

The Mind and Its WorldThe Mind and Its World



The Mind and Its World provides a clear and accessible introduction to a cluster of contemporary controversies in the area of the philosophy of mind and language.

Author: Gregory McCulloch

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415093309

Category:

Page: 227

View: 260

The Mind and Its World provides a clear and accessible introduction to a cluster of contemporary controversies in the area of the philosophy of mind and language.

The Edinburgh ReviewThe Edinburgh Review



If tradition , prescription , experience , custom , authority were erased from the tablet of the human mind , reason would reform the world . Utility he believes to be the only true morality ; vice , an error of judgement ; duty , a ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101076379518

Category:

Page:

View: 902

The Mechanical MindThe Mechanical Mind



Rigorous yet entertaining, this unique book offers both specialist and non-specialist alike a fascinating exploration of the theories of mind and thought debated in recent philosophy.

Author: Timothy Crane

Publisher: Penguin Mass Market

ISBN: UOM:39015037846220

Category:

Page: 220

View: 453

Incorporates recent developments in philosophy, linguistics, psychology and artificial intelligence. Provides insights into the way the mind works.

Revelation and ReasonRevelation and Reason



Plato asserted that the deep forms, which are behind material objects and the world, are discoverable by the mind. ... ontology – the nature of being – becomes important in understanding the relation between Revelation and reason. iv.

Author: Colin E. Gunton

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567350466

Category:

Page: 248

View: 826

Colin Gunton was a world renowned scholar, systematic theologian and Reformed Church minister. Revelation and Reason is an in-depth analysis, derived from the annual lecture/seminar course he gave to MA students at King's College London. Approximately one-third of the work is a direct transcript, and analysis of the three two-hour lectures Colin Gunton gave at a break-neck speed: 1. 'From Reason and Revelation to Revelation And Reason'; 2. 'The Modern Problem in an Historical Context'; 3. 'Aspects of Karl Barth on Faith And Reason'. These lectures were a history, analysis and critique of Revelation and Reason in Systematic Theology and Philosophy, culminating with Karl Barth. The remainder is a transcript of the unrehearsed, unscripted, extemporary responses Colin Gunton gave to MA student's papers on set topics in the Revelation and Reason course, seamlessly integrated, where relevant, with detail from the main three lectures. Colin was a creative lecturer and widely read theologian and philosopher. These extemporary responses show the breadth of his learning, and his genius spontaneously to bring to mind relevant ideas from a wealth of theologians and philosophers, whilst incisively and piercingly exposing the flaws as well as the strengths under consideration. From this wealth of reading, Colin gave space to the free rein of his mind particularly when fielding questions or trying to analyze a particular strand of a theologian's thought. Revelation and Reason is a complementary volume to Colin Gunton's posthumously published The Barth Lectures (Continuum 2007) and to the first volume of his unfinished Systematic Theology, also forthcoming from T&T Clark.

Finding Your Power to Be Happy Seven Practices to Bring Unconditional Happiness into Your LifeFinding Your Power to Be Happy Seven Practices to Bring Unconditional Happiness into Your Life



Rational people, looking at the situation in which Sisyphus found himself, would say, “He should be miserable. ... Making its home in the material world, your mind demands the rationality and reason that set up the dilemma of the absurd ...

Author: D.E. Hardesty

Publisher: D.E. Hardesty

ISBN: 9781311878144

Category:

Page: 324

View: 905

Learn to find the happiness that is natural to you, and enjoy better relationships, better health, more success and a longer life. The peculiar thing about us humans is, we spend a lot of time working to find people and things that will make us happy. In fact, we seem to spend the majority of our time doing this. However, there is no guarantee that any of this effort will work. There are lots of people who have hordes of people around them, and who have lots of things, but have been unable to make themselves happy. The truth is, happiness can be had with little effort. Have you ever been happy for no reason at all? Of course you have. Without anything changing in life, happiness just appears. We see it in young children all the time. In fact, we expect to see it in children. If you happen to ask a smiling child why he or she is so happy, at best the answer may be, “Because.” For an adult this may be an unsatisfying answer, but for the child it is the truth -- happiness exists “just because.” As we age we seem to lose touch with happiness-for-no-reason-at-all. We see a world where everyone is striving for stuff, striving for popularity, striving, striving, striving. The natural fount of happiness we once enjoyed disappears as we join them. However, that happiness is not gone. All that happened is we lost our connection to it. This book is about recovering that connection. We all grow up believing that if we work hard, and if we are good people, we will enjoy good relationships with others, good health, success and a long life. Obviously this is not true. There are a lot of rich old people who are not happy. What we have, what we do, and the other circumstances of our lives do not provide authentic happiness. Instead, happiness comes from inside of us, and all by itself enables us to have secure relationships, good health, more success and longer lives. So, what is the secret of being happy? Being happy is a little like flipping a switch. When it’s on you are happy and when it’s off you are not. It’s so easy. How else can you explain being happy for no reason. What you need to do is learn to turn it on, and keep it turned on. This book discusses seven practices that help you do that. There is a lot of wisdom available about how to be happy. Most of it is thousands of years old, but some is quite new. The seven practices we will look at incorporate this wisdom to help you learn how to turn on happiness in your life. This kind of happiness does not require changing anything in your life. All you have to do is learn to turn it on.

The Shared WorldThe Shared World



“Self, World and Space: The Meaning and Mechanisms of Ego- and Allocentric Spatial Representation.” Brain and Mind 1:59–92. ... In Language, Mind, and Logic, edited by J. Butterfield, 45–59. ... Mind, Reason, and Imagination.

Author: Axel Seemann

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262039796

Category:

Page: 248

View: 294

A novel treatment of the capacity for shared attention, joint action, and perceptual common knowledge. In The Shared World, Axel Seemann offers a new treatment of the capacity to perceive, act on, and know about the world together with others. Seemann argues that creatures capable of joint attention stand in a unique perceptual and epistemic relation to their surroundings; they operate in an environment that they, through their communication with their fellow perceivers, help constitute. Seemann shows that this relation can be marshaled to address a range of questions about the social aspect of the mind and its perceptual and cognitive capacities. Seemann begins with a conceptual question about a complex kind of sociocognitive phenomenon—perceptual common knowledge—and develops an empirically informed account of the spatial structure of the environment in and about which such knowledge is possible. In the course of his argument, he addresses such topics as demonstrative reference in communication, common knowledge about jointly perceived objects, and spatial awareness in joint perception and action.

Regard for Reason in the Moral MindRegard for Reason in the Moral Mind



“What in the World Is Weakness of Will? ... In McDowell's Mind, Value, and Reality, pp. 77–94. Harvard University Press. McDowell, J. 1995/1998. “Might There Be External Reasons?” In McDowell's Mind, Value, and Reality, pp. 95–111.

Author: Joshua May

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192539601

Category:

Page: 288

View: 840

The burgeoning science of ethics has produced a trend toward pessimism. Ordinary moral thought and action, we're told, are profoundly influenced by arbitrary factors and ultimately driven by unreasoned feelings. This book counters the current orthodoxy on its own terms by carefully engaging with the empirical literature. The resulting view, optimistic rationalism, shows the pervasive role played by reason our moral minds, and ultimately defuses sweeping debunking arguments in ethics. The science does suggest that moral knowledge and virtue don't come easily. However, despite the heavy influence of automatic and unconscious processes that have been shaped by evolutionary pressures, we needn't reject ordinary moral psychology as fundamentally flawed or in need of serious repair. Reason can be corrupted in ethics just as in other domains, but a special pessimism about morality in particular is unwarranted. Moral judgment and motivation are fundamentally rational enterprises not beholden to the passions.

The Mind CureThe Mind Cure



The nervous system is therefore a human telegraph system through which the mind is constantly kept informed concerning the events of its own world, and constantly giving directions with regard to what is to be done in every part of its ...

Author: Christian Larson

Publisher: Lulu Press, Inc

ISBN: 9781329825048

Category:

Page:

View: 839

THIS book contains "The Cure of Nervousness," "The Cure of Insomnia,""Good Health for the Mind," "The Prevention and Cure of Despondency" and "How to Remove Fear." Get rid of nervousness. You can. Learn to sleep well, and thus double your capacity for work. Build up a strong, clear, vigorous mind. Remove all depressing mental states. And get rid of fear, the greatest enemy of man. This book should be in every household.

Stoic Six Pack 4 The ScepticsStoic Six Pack 4 The Sceptics



God would again be all in all, a uniformity which excluded all inner diverseness, a homogeneous mass of pure fire. ... Reason existing by itself in an undifferentiated unity is to use words which convey nothing, I think, to the mind.

Author: Diogenes Laërtius

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781329741768

Category:

Page: 224

View: 829

A sextet of sceptic texts has been collected in Stoic Six Pack 4 - The Sceptics: Pyrrhonic Sketches by Sextus Empiricus, Life of Pyrrho by Diogenes Laërtius, Sextus Empiricus and Greek Scepticism by Mary Mills Patrick, The Greek Sceptics: from Pyrrho to Sextus by Norman MacColl, Stoics and Sceptics by Edwyn Bevan and Life of Carneades by Diogenes Laërtius. A key concept for the sceptics was ataraxia ("tranquility"), a Greek term used by Pyrrho to describe a lucid state of robust tranquility, characterized by ongoing freedom from distress and worry. By applying ideas of what he called "practical skepticism" to Ethics and to life in general, Pyrrho concluded that ataraxia could be achieved. Arriving at a state of ataraxia became the ultimate goal of the early Skeptikoi.