Massacres and MoralityMassacres and Morality



Most cultural and legal codes agree that the intentional killing of civilians, whether in peacetime or war, is prohibited.

Author: Alex J. Bellamy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199288427

Category:

Page: 450

View: 714

Why does the mass killing of civilians persist? Why do the perpetrators often escape criticism and punishment despite violating our most deeply held moral beliefs? Is the protection of civilians from these heinous crimes strengthening or weakening? Examining dozens of episodes of mass killing perpetrated by states since the French Revolution, this book argues that the principle that civilians ought not be deliberately killed has been engaged in a protractedstruggle against a variety of 'anti-civilian ideologies' which try to justify such killing. The book argues that although civilian immunity has won the battle of ideas against these ideologies, the battleitself continues as new ideologies emerge and the practice of condemning and punishing perpetrators is uneven and inconsistent - complicated by the politics of each new situation. As a result, whilst it has become much more difficult for states to get away with mass murder, it is still not entirely impossible for them to do so.

Massacres and MoralityMassacres and Morality



Starting with the French Revolution, this text studies mass killing as perpetrated by states.

Author: Alex J. Bellamy

Publisher:

ISBN: 019174543X

Category:

Page: 450

View: 453

Starting with the French Revolution, this text studies mass killing as perpetrated by states. In particular, it examines the role that civilian immunity has played in shaping the behaviour of perpetrators and how international society has responded.

World PeaceWorld Peace



This book shows that we already have many of the institutions and practices needed to make peace possible and sets out an agenda for building world peace.

Author: Alex J. Bellamy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192570055

Category:

Page: 288

View: 882

For as long as there has been war, there have been demands for its elimination. The quest for world peace has excited and eluded political leaders, philosophers, religious elders, activists, and artists for millennia. With war on the rise once again, we rarely reflect on what world peace might look like; much less on how it might be achieved. World Peace aims to change all that and show that world peace is possible. Because the motives, rationales, and impulses that give rise to war - the quest for survival, enrichment, solidarity, and glory - are now better satisfied through peaceful means, war is an increasingly anachronistic practice, more likely to impoverish and harm us humans than satisfy and protect us. This book shows that we already have many of the institutions and practices needed to make peace possible and sets out an agenda for building world peace. In the immediate term, it shows how steps to strengthen compliance with international law, improve collective action such as international peacekeeping and peacebuilding, better regulate the flow of arms, and hold individuals legally accountable for acts of aggression or atrocity crimes can make our world more peaceful. It also shows how in the long term, building strong and legitimate states that protect the rights and secure the livelihoods of their people, gender equal societies, and protecting the right of individuals to opt-out of wars has the potential to establish and sustain world peace. But it will only happen, if individuals organize to make it happen.

The Armenian GenocideThe Armenian Genocide



This third volume in a series edited by Richard Hovannisian, the dean of Armenian historians, provides a unique fusion of the history, philosophy, literature, art, music, and educational aspects of the Armenian experience.

Author: Richard G. Hovannisian

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412835923

Category:

Page: 461

View: 193

World War I was a watershed, a defining moment, in Armenian history. Its effects were unprecedented in that it resulted in what no other war, invasion, or occupation had achieved in three thousand years of identifiable Armenian existence. This calamity was the physical elimination of the Armenian people and most of the evidence of their ever having lived on the great Armenian Plateau, to which the perpetrator side soon gave the new name of Eastern Anatolia. The bearers of an impressive martial and cultural history, the Armenians had also known repeated trials and tribulations, waves of massacre, captivity, and exile, but even in the darkest of times there had always been enough remaining to revive, rebuild, and go forward. This third volume in a series edited by Richard Hovannisian, the dean of Armenian historians, provides a unique fusion of the history, philosophy, literature, art, music, and educational aspects of the Armenian experience. It further provides a rich storehouse of information on comparative dimensions of the Armenian genocide in relation to the Assyrian, Greek and Jewish situations, and beyond that, paradoxes in American and French policy responses to the Armenian genocides. The volume concludes with a trio of essays concerning fundamental questions of historiography and politics that either make possible or can inhibit reconciliation of ancient truths and righting ancient wrongs.

On Just Cause in Law and the Morality of WarOn Just Cause in Law and the Morality of War



The issue here is the extent and manner of inflicted harm justifying the use of violence on behalf of third parties – the legal and moral preconditions for interventions.

Author: Andreas Weiß

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668092822

Category:

Page: 14

View: 309

Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - Political Theory and the History of Ideas Journal, grade: 1,3, University of Birmingham (Department of Political Science and International Studies), course: The Theory and Ethics of Terrorism and Political Violence, language: English, abstract: As the Spaniard Francisco de Vitoria noticed, war can only be justified as response to previous wrongs. The issue here is the extent and manner of inflicted harm justifying the use of violence on behalf of third parties – the legal and moral preconditions for interventions. National defence should remain the central basis for just cause in the law and morality of war, however, in the area of tension between national self-determination and the most fundamental human rights, the prevalent principle of non-intervention reaches its limits and allows for humanitarian interventions as response to acts that shock the moral conscience of mankind. In order to avoid instrumentalization or misemployment of these instruments and guarantee protection of peoples from human rights abuses, an institutionalization is absolutely essential; hence, proper international authority has to be established and has to conduct these interventions on multilateral grounds with care for the cultural circumstances – for the solution of societal problems and of nation-building cannot simply be imposed on nations from outside.

KatynKatyn



The exhibit recounts the execution of 21,857 Polish troops and civilians in the Katyn Forest by the Soviet KGB during World War II. The exhibit was created by Poland's Council for the Protection of the Memory of Struggle and Martyrdom.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1044750685

Category:

Page: 22

View: 810

A booklet to accompany the international touring photographic exhibition that chronicles the genocide of Poland's elites carried out by the Soviet security service and attempts by communist leaders to bury for half a century the truth about this crime against humanity. The exhibit recounts the execution of 21,857 Polish troops and civilians in the Katyn Forest by the Soviet KGB during World War II. The exhibit was created by Poland's Council for the Protection of the Memory of Struggle and Martyrdom.

Memphis Riots and MassacresMemphis Riots and Massacres



I was discharged last summer , and I made up my mind there was work for me to
do here in a moral point of view . When I started the paper I was a compositor . I
believed there was to be a leavening of this section of the south by northern ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on the Memphis Riots

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:35112104676392

Category:

Page: 394

View: 993

Report submitted by E.B. Washburne, chairman.

The Morality GapThe Morality Gap



An Evangelical Response to Situation Ethics Erwin W. Lutzer. stoyan idealists ...
Communism has a history of bloody revolutions and massacres . ... While some
may have a suspicion that an ethical theory which can be used to justify genocide
 ...

Author: Erwin W. Lutzer

Publisher:

ISBN: 0802456030

Category:

Page: 125

View: 590

With the conviction that "the gap between traditional morality and the avant-garde approach is widening," Erwin W. Lutzer offers this precise, easy-to-understand, and knowledgeable critique of situation ethics. This presentation adds new insights to the discussion of morality and the ethic of love. Lutzer pinpoints the fallacies of the situationist's philosophy and offers a biblical alternative that clearly recognizes and deals with moral conflicts.

MassacresMassacres



This work examines spontaneous and organized mass cruelty in the conduct of war, revolution and military occupation.

Author: Eric Carlton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015032745864

Category:

Page: 201

View: 277

This work examines spontaneous and organized mass cruelty in the conduct of war, revolution and military occupation. It covers the period from classical times to the 20th century, seeking to relate the criteria whereby humans make moral judgements to particular sets of circumstances.

Down to Earth SociologyDown to Earth Sociology



Elsewhere in the world , one recalls the Nazis ' “ final solution ” for European
Jews , the massacres and deportations of ... hostility against the targetso powerful
that they must find expression in violent acts unhampered by moral restraints .

Author: James M. Henslin

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106016809292

Category:

Page: 589

View: 770

For over twenty years, and through nine editions, James Henslin's Down to Earth Sociology has opened new windows onto the complex social realities that shape our world. Now in its Tenth Anniversary Edition, the most popular anthology in all of sociology has been revised to include exciting new articles, as well as classic, must-read essays. Focusing on social interaction in everyday life, the forty-seven selections bring students face-to-face with the twin projects of contemporary sociology: understanding the individual's experience of society and analyzing social structure. The Tenth Edition's exceptional new readings include selections on the subtleties of racism, the surprising impact of values, women in the military, how the cultures in Japan and the United States shape response to crime, the world of the hospital, the "anguish" of upward mobility, and collective behavior following a hurricane. These and other new readings, along with major contributions from C. Wright Mills, Peter Berger, Arlie Hochschild, Jonathan Kozol, Deborah Tannen, George Ritzer, Erving Goffman, Barrie Thorne and Zella Luria, Philip Zimbardo, Hebert Gans, and many others, through their expert first-hand reporting give the student a sense of "being there." Basic methodologies are explained, providing insight into how sociologists conduct and interpret their research. Henslin's selections highlight the most significant themes of contemporary sociology, ranging from the sociology of gender, race power, politics, sports, and religion, to the contemporary crises of violent crime, rape, poverty, and homelessness. Down to Earth Sociology includes a unique Correlation Chart that ties every article to relatedchapters in both the most and less widely used introductory textbooks.

Of Morality and SinOf Morality and Sin



Small towns hide many secrets.

Author: Catt Dahman

Publisher:

ISBN: 1500921947

Category:

Page: 112

View: 496

Small towns hide many secrets. When the sun goes down, the residents go inside and what happens behind closed doors stays behind closed doors. Even murder. One by one, members of the football team are dying. One is electrocuted; one is stung to death by wasps; one is poisoned. Another is hanged. Virgil McLendon and his team try to stop the killings of teen boys, but they don't know who is next and why the murders are happening. What do the victims have in common besides playing high school football? Despite the ongoing investigation, the community refuses to reveal their secrets. There is a good reason. Virgil finds that the town is hiding the fact that almost everyone has a reason to kill. The mysteries deepen, and Virgil's team finds that secrets come in layers and when they come to light, nothing will ever be the same. Crime scenes can speak. What they tell will destroy the entire town.

Tragic Challenges and the Moral Hazard of Humanitarian InterventionTragic Challenges and the Moral Hazard of Humanitarian Intervention



Massacres were carried out during the first month against civilians in northeast ,
northwest , and western Rwanda , in Mutara , Bugogwe , and Kibilira ,
respectively . In January 1991 , the killings resumed in Bugogwe and elsewhere
in the ...

Author: Alan J. Kuperman

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556036828291

Category:

Page: 406

View: 882

CommentaryCommentary



Jewish morality is no more likely to win over the enemy than Jewish immorality
ever occasioned his enmity in the first ... The massacre was morally interesting
only as a moment of reckoning with the Jews , an opportunity to apply that tired
but ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCLA:31158013335277

Category:

Page:

View: 761

The Massacre of Saint BartholomewThe Massacre of Saint Bartholomew



The fact that sixteenth - century morality allowed other such massacres , whether
of Catholic or Protestant , to take place in other countries without any outcry , or
that similar killings occur to - day , brought about by supposedly civilised nations
 ...

Author: Sylvia Lennie England

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015038063999

Category:

Page: 278

View: 349