Keith LehrerKeith Lehrer

Ishould point outthatIsee advantageousness asa relationon possible worlds, but Lehrer's way ofputting itisquite compatible with disagreement about this relational ... Lehrer, Keith: 'Can We Know that We Have Free Will by Introspection?

Author: R. Bogdan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400991071


Page: 260

View: 181

The aim of this series is to inform both professional philosophers and a larger readership (of social and natural scientists, methodologists, mathematicians, students, teachers, publishers, etc. ) about what is going on, who's who, and who does what in contemporary philosophy and logic. PROFILES is designed to present the research activity and the resuits of already outstanding personalities and schools and of newly emerging ones in the various fields of philosophy and logic. There are many Festschrift volumes dedicated to various philosophers. There is the celebrated Library of Living Philosophers edited by P. A. Schilpp whose format influenced the present enterprise. Still they can only cover very fittle of the contemporary philosophical scene. Faced with a tremendous expansion of philosophical information and with an almost frightening division of labor and increasing specialization we need systematic and regular ways of keeping track of what happens in the profession. PROFILES is intended to perform such a function. Each volume is devoted to one or several philosophers whose views and results are presented and discussed. The profiled philosopher(s) will summarize and review his (their) own work in the main fields of signifi cant contribution. This work will be discussed and evaluated by invited contributors. Relevant historical and/or biographical data, an up-to-date bibliography with short abstracts of the most important works and, whenever possible, references to significant reviews and discussions will also be included.

The Epistemology of Keith LehrerThe Epistemology of Keith Lehrer

Keith Lehrer's epistemology is not internalist. Internalist justification, however, is an important ingredient of Lehrers's account since internalist justification is a necessary condition for 'full' justification.

Author: Erik Olsson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401000130


Page: 356

View: 365

This book is an extensive, self-contained, up-to-date study of Lehrer's epistemological work. Covering all major aspects, it contains original contributions by some of the most distinguished specialists in the field, outgoing from the latest, significantly revised version of Lehrer's theory. All basic ideas are explained in an introductory chapter. Lehrer's extensive replies in a final chapter give unique access to his current epistemological thinking.

Dictionary Of Modern American PhilosophersDictionary Of Modern American Philosophers

Keith Lehrer (New York, 1966), pp. 175–202. Ed., Freedom and Determinism (New York, 1966). Philosophical Problems and Arguments: An Introduction, with James Cornman and George Pappas (New York, 1968; 4th edn, Indianapolis, 1992).

Author: John R. Shook

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781847144706


Page: 2000

View: 590

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers includes both academic and non-academic philosophers, and a large number of female and minority thinkers whose work has been neglected. It includes those intellectuals involved in the development of psychology, pedagogy, sociology, anthropology, education, theology, political science, and several other fields, before these disciplines came to be considered distinct from philosophy in the late nineteenth century. Each entry contains a short biography of the writer, an exposition and analysis of his or her doctrines and ideas, a bibliography of writings, and suggestions for further reading. While all the major post-Civil War philosophers are present, the most valuable feature of this dictionary is its coverage of a huge range of less well-known writers, including hundreds of presently obscure thinkers. In many cases, the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers offers the first scholarly treatment of the life and work of certain writers. This book will be an indispensable reference work for scholars working on almost any aspect of modern American thought.

Issues in Evolutionary EpistemologyIssues in Evolutionary Epistemology

Keith Lehrer ( 1974 ) offers such a position . We will also argue that all those self - identified " foundationalists " who admit that perceptually- generated referential beliefs ( " justified " or " self - justifying " ) can be in ...

Author: Kai Hahlweg

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791400123


Page: 624

View: 598

This book provides the fullest philosophical examination of theories of evolutionary epistemology now available. Here for the first time are found major statements of new theories, new applications, and many new critical explorations. The book is divided into four parts: Part I introduces several new approaches to evolutionary epistemology; Part II attempts to widen the scope of evolutionary epistemology, either by tackling more traditional epistemological issues, or by applying evolutionary models to new areas of inquiry such as the evolution of culture or of intentionality; Part III critically discusses specific problems in evolutionary epistemology; and Part IV deals with the relationship of evolutionary epistemology to the philosophy of mind. Because of its intellectual depth and its breadth of coverage, Issues in Evolutionary Epistemology will be an important text in the field for many years to come.

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers in AmericaThe Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers in America

Keith Lehrer (New York, 1966), pp. 175–202. Ed., Freedom and Determinism (New York, 1966). Philosophical Problems and Arguments: An Introduction, with James Cornman and George Pappas (New York, 1968; 4th edn, Indianapolis, 1992).

Author: John R. Shook

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472570567


Page: 944

View: 520

For scholars working on almost any aspect of American thought, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America presents an indispensable reference work. Selecting over 700 figures from the Dictionary of Early American Philosophers and the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, this condensed edition includes key contributors to philosophical thought. From 1600 to the present day, entries cover psychology, pedagogy, sociology, anthropology, education, theology and political science, before these disciplines came to be considered distinct from philosophy. Clear and accessible, each entry contains a short biography of the writer, an exposition and analysis of his or her doctrines and ideas, a bibliography of writings and suggestions for further reading. Featuring a new preface by the editor and a comprehensive introduction, The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia to Philosophers in America includes 30 new entries on twenty-first century thinkers including Martha Nussbaum and Patricia Churchland. With in-depth overviews of Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, Noah Porter, Frederick Rauch, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, this is an invaluable one-stop research volume to understanding leading figures in American thought and the development of American intellectual history.

An Introduction to Epistemology Second EditionAn Introduction to Epistemology Second Edition

Lehrer, Keith. 1970. “Knowledge, Truth, and Evidence.” In Michael D. Roth and Leon Galis, eds., Knowing: Essays on the Analysis of Knowledge. New York: Random House. Lehrer, Keith. 1974. Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford UP. Lehrer, Keith.

Author: Jack S. Crumley II

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781770481565


Page: 320

View: 244

The second edition of Jack Crumley’s An Introduction to Epistemology strikes a balance between the many issues that engage contemporary epistemologists and the contributions of the major historical figures. He shows not only how philosophers such as Descartes, Hume, Locke, Berkeley, and Kant foreground the contemporary debates, but also why they deserve consideration on their own terms. A substantial revision of the first edition, the second edition is even more accessible to students. The new edition includes recent work on contextualism, evidentialism, externalism and internalism, and perceptual realism; as well, the chapter on coherence theory is substantially revised, reflecting recent developments in that area. New to this second edition is a chapter on feminist epistemology, which includes discussions of major positions and themes, such as feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint epistemology, postmodern epistemology, and feminist critiques of objectivity. It presents the important contributions of philosophers such as Sandra Harding, Helen Longino, Genevieve Lloyd, and others. Each chapter ends with a list of study questions and readings for further study.

On believing De la croyance Epistemological and semiotic approachesOn believing De la croyance Epistemological and semiotic approaches

KEITH LEHRER Belief, Acceptance and Cognition This paper will be an attempt to clarify the role of belief in cognition. A traditional point of view, which I formerly defended!, construes belief as a condition of knowledge.

Author: Herman [Ed.] Parret

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783111727967


Page: 367

View: 102

Empirical JustificationEmpirical Justification

32, and Mark Pastin, Social and Anti-Social Justification: A Study of Lehrer's Epistemology', in R. J. Bogdan (ed.), Keith Lehrer (D. Reidel, Dordrecht, 1981), p. 207. * See Keith Lehrer, 'Reply to Pastin', in R. J. Bogdan (ed.) ...

Author: P.K. Moser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400945265


Page: 258

View: 347

Broadly speaking, this is a book about truth and the criteria thereof. Thus it is, in a sense, a book about justification and rationality. But it does not purport to be about the notion of justification or the notion of rationality. For the assumption that there is just one notion of justification, or just one notion of rationality, is, as the book explains, very misleading. Justification and rationality come in various kinds. And to that extent, at least, we should recognize a variety of notions of justification and rationality. This, at any rate, is one of the morals of Chapter VI. This book, in Chapters I-V, is mainly concerned with the kind of justification and rationality characteristic of a truth-seeker, specifically a seeker of truth about the world impinging upon the senses: the so-called empirical world. Hence the book's title. But since the prominent contemporary approaches to empirical justification are many and varied, so also are the epistemological issues taken up in the following chapters. For instance, there will be questions about so-called coherence and its role, if any, in empirical justification. And there will be questions about social consensus (whatever it is) and its significance, or the lack thereof, to empirical justification. Furthermore, the perennial question of whether, and if so how, empirical knowledge has so-called founda tions will be given special attention.

Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth Century PhilosophersBiographical Dictionary of Twentieth Century Philosophers

(1981) (with C. Wagner) Rational Consensus in Science and Society, Dordrecht: Reidel. (1981) A self-portrait and “Replies', in R. J. Bogdan (ed.) Keith Lehrer Dordrecht: Reidel. (1989) Thomas Reid, London: Routledge.

Author: Stuart Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134927968


Page: 968

View: 910

This Biographical Dictionary provides detailed accounts of the lives, works, influence and reception of thinkers from all the major philosophical schools and traditions of the twentieth-century. This unique volume covers the lives and careers of thinkers from all areas of philosophy - from analytic philosophy to Zen and from formal logic to aesthetics. All the major figures of philosophy, such as Nietzsche, Wittgenstein and Russell are examined and analysed. The scope of the work is not merely restricted to the major figures in western philosophy but also covers in depth a significant number of thinkers from the near and far east and from the non-European Hispanic-language communities. The Biographical Dictionary also includes a number of general entries dealing with important schools of philosophy, such as the Vienna Circle, or currents of thought, such as vitalism. These allow the reader to set the individual biographies in the context of the philosophical history of the period. With entries written by over 100 leading philosophy scholars, the Biographical Dictionary is the most comprehensive survey of twentieth-century thinkers to date. Structure The book is structured alphabetically by philosopher. Each entry is identically structured for ease of access and covers: * nationality * dates and places of birth and death * philosophical style or school * areas of interest * higher education * significant influences * main appointments * main publications * secondary literature * account of intellectual development and main ideas * critical reception and impact At the end of the book a glossary gives accounts of the schools, movements and traditions to which these philosophers belonged, and thorough indexes enable the reader to access the information in several ways: * by nationality * by major areas of contribution to philosophy e.g. aesthetics * by major influences on the thinker concerned e.g. Plato, Kant, Wittgenstein

Consensus Under FuzzinessConsensus Under Fuzziness

"Lehrer-Wagner Consensual Probabilities do Not Adequately Summarize the Available Information." Synthese 62:47-62. ... 26-47. Lehrer, Keith. (1975). “When Rational Disagreement is Impossible.” Nous 10:327-332. Lehrer, Keith. (1984).

Author: J. Kacprzyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461563334


Page: 303

View: 144

We live, unfortunately, in turbulent and difficult times plagued by various political, economic, and social problems, as well as by natural disasters worldwide. Systems become more and more complicated, and this concerns all levels, exemplified first by global political alliances, groups of countries, regions, etc., and secondly, by multinational (global) corporations and companies of all sizes. These same concerns affect all social groups. This all makes decision processes very complicated. In virtually all decision processes in these complicated systems, there are various actors (decision makers) who represent individual subjects (persons, countries, companies, etc.) and their respective interest groups. To reach a meaningful (good) decision, opinions of all such actors must be taken into account or a given decision may be rejected and not implemented. Ideally, a decision would be made after a consensus between the parties involved had been attained. So, consensus is a very desirable situation. In most real-world cases there is considerable uncertainty concerning all aspects of the decision making process. Moreover, opinions, goals, constraints, etc. are usually imprecisely known. This makes the decision making process difficult as one cannot employ conventional "hard" tools.