This book uses meta-analysis to synthesize research on scaffolding and scaffolding-related interventions in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education.
Author: Brian R. Belland
This book uses meta-analysis to synthesize research on scaffolding and scaffolding-related interventions in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) education. Specifically, the volume examines the extent to which study quality, assessment type, and scaffolding characteristics (strategy, intended outcome, fading schedule, scaffolding intervention, and paired intervention) influence cognitive student outcomes. It includes detailed descriptions of the theoretical foundations of scaffolding, scaffolding strategies that have been proposed to meet different intended learning outcomes in STEM, and associated efficacy information. Furthermore, the book describes assessment strategies and study designs which can be used to evaluate the influence of scaffolding, and suggests new fields in which scaffolding strategies that have proven efficacious may be used.
Instructional Science, 30, 1–30. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013544300305
Akkarapatty, N., Muralidharan, A., Raj, N. S., & Vinod, P. (2016). Dimensionality ...
Instructional scaffolding in STEM education: Strategies and efficacy evidence.
Author: Mahnaz Moallem
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The first book to offer an in-depth exploration of the topic of problem-based learning with contributions from international experts The Wiley Handbook of Problem-Based Learning is the first book of its kind to present a collection of original essays that integrate the research and practice of problem-based learning in one comprehensive volume. With contributions from an international panel of leading scholars, researchers, practitioners and educational and training communities, the handbook is an authoritative, definitive, and contemporary volume that clearly demonstrates the impact and scope of research-based practice in problem-based learning (PBL). After many years of its successful implementation in medical education curricula, problem-based learning is now being emphasized and practiced more widely in K-12, higher education, and other professional fields. The handbook provides timely and stimulating advice and reflection on the theory, research, and practice of PBL. Throughout the book the contributors address the skills needed to implement PBL in the classroom and the need for creating learning environments that are active, collaborative, experiential, motivating and engaging. This important resource: Addresses the need for a comprehensive resource to problem-based learning research and implementation Contains contributions from an international panel of experts on the topic Offers a rich collection of scholarly writings that challenge readers to refresh their knowledge and rethink their assumptions Takes an inclusive approach that addresses the theory, design, and practice of problem-based learning Includes guidelines for instructional designers, and implementation and assessment strategies for practitioners Written for academics, students, and practitioners in education, The Wiley Handbook of Problem-Based Learning offers a key resource to the most recent information on the research and practice of problem-based learning.
Learning, Teaching and Assessment Yehudit Judy Dori, Zemira R. Mevarech,
Dale R. Baker ... communication, and assessment tools but the important task of
designing effective instructional scaffolding, activities, and structuring learning
Author: Yehudit Judy Dori
This book addresses the point of intersection between cognition, metacognition, and culture in learning and teaching Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). We explore theoretical background and cutting-edge research about how various forms of cognitive and metacognitive instruction may enhance learning and thinking in STEM classrooms from K-12 to university and in different cultures and countries. Over the past several years, STEM education research has witnessed rapid growth, attracting considerable interest among scholars and educators. The book provides an updated collection of studies about cognition, metacognition and culture in the four STEM domains. The field of research, cognition and metacognition in STEM education still suffers from ambiguity in meanings of key concepts that various researchers use. This book is organized according to a unique manner: Each chapter features one of the four STEM domains and one of the three themes—cognition, metacognition, and culture—and defines key concepts. This matrix-type organization opens a new path to knowledge in STEM education and facilitates its understanding. The discussion at the end of the book integrates these definitions for analyzing and mapping the STEM education research.
The language arts as foundational for science, technology, engineering, art, and mathematics. Can K-12 math teachers train students to make valid logical reasoning? Moving forward with STEAM education research.
Author: Xun Ge
This theory-to-practice guide offers leading-edge ideas for wide-scale curriculum reform in sciences, technology, engineering, the arts, and mathematics--the STEAM subjects. Chapters emphasize the critical importance of current and emerging digital technologies in bringing STEM education up to speed and implementing changes to curricula at the classroom level. Of particular interest are the diverse ways of integrating the liberal arts into STEM course content in mutually reshaping humanities education and scientific education. This framework and its many instructive examples are geared to ensure that both educators and students can become innovative thinkers and effective problem-solvers in a knowledge-based society. Included in the coverage: Reconceptualizing a college science learning experience in the new digital era. Using mobile devices to support formal, informal, and semi-formal learning. Change of attitudes, self-concept, and team dynamics in engineering education. The language arts as foundational for science, technology, engineering, art, and mathematics. Can K-12 math teachers train students to make valid logical reasoning? Moving forward with STEAM education research. Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education equips educators, education researchers, administrators, and education policymakers with curricular and pedagogical strategies for making STEAM education the bedrock of accessible, relevant learning in keeping with today's digital advances.
Scaffolding and Decision Making Technologies Hai-Jew, Shalin ... participants
include K-16 educators, NASA-affiliated educators' support staff, and others
interested in advancing STEM (science, technology, engineering and math)
Author: Hai-Jew, Shalin
Publisher: IGI Global
As an increasing amount of information is made available online, the assumption is that people who visit Web sites will be able to strategize their learning to optimize access to this information. Constructing Self-Discovery Learning Spaces Online: Scaffolding and Decision Making Technologies raises awareness of the strategies supporting self-driven learner efficacy on a number of site types. This book reflects on existing literature about self-discovery learning and what learners need in terms of scaffolding to help them make the right decisions, assess their own level of learning, vet information strategically, collaborate with other learners, and build their own skill sets.
This second edition of Project-Based Learning (PBL) presents an original approach to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) centric PBL.
Author: Robert M. Capraro
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This second edition of Project-Based Learning (PBL) presents an original approach to Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) centric PBL. We define PBL as an “ill-defined task with a well-defined outcome,” which is consistent with our engineering design philosophy and the accountability highlighted in a standards-based environment. This model emphasizes a backward design that is initiated by well-defined outcomes, tied to local, state, or national standard that provide teachers with a framework guiding students’ design, solving, or completion of ill-defined tasks. This book was designed for middle and secondary teachers who want to improve engagement and provide contextualized learning for their students. However, the nature and scope of the content covered in the 14 chapters are appropriate for preservice teachers as well as for advanced graduate method courses. New to this edition is revised and expanded coverage of STEM PBL, including implementing STEM PBL with English Language Learners and the use of technology in PBL. The book also includes many new teacher-friendly forms, such as advanced organizers, team contracts for STEM PBL, and rubrics for assessing PBL in a larger format.
Use this inspiring guide to: Deepen all content areas, including English/ Language Arts Promote the 4Cs: communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity Require students to take risks to solve problems Differentiate ...
Author: Miranda Talley Reagan
Publisher: Corwin Press
Make learning relevant with STEM essential questions This engaging, teacher-friendly guide helps teachers quickly and confidently infuse STEM concepts into all content areas. Real-world vignettes, sample lesson templates, discussion questions and immediately applicable action steps help you seamlessly promote college and career ready skills. Use this inspiring guide to: Deepen all content areas, including English/ Language Arts Promote the 4Cs: communication, collaboration, critical thinking, and creativity Require students to take risks to solve problems Differentiate instruction and scaffold support Expand students’ specific measurable capabilities Incorporate design skills into the curricula Save valuable time and confidently develop standards-aligned STEM projects in all content areas!
The Language of Science Education provides definitions for 100 unique terms, but when considering the related terms that are also defined as they relate to the targeted words, almost 150 words are represented in the book.
Author: William F. McComas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning is written expressly for science education professionals and students of science education to provide the foundation for a shared vocabulary of the field of science teaching and learning. Science education is a part of education studies but has developed a unique vocabulary that is occasionally at odds with the ways some terms are commonly used both in the field of education and in general conversation. Therefore, understanding the specific way that terms are used within science education is vital for those who wish to understand the existing literature or make contributions to it. The Language of Science Education provides definitions for 100 unique terms, but when considering the related terms that are also defined as they relate to the targeted words, almost 150 words are represented in the book. For instance, “laboratory instruction” is accompanied by definitions for openness, wet lab, dry lab, virtual lab and cookbook lab. Each key term is defined both with a short entry designed to provide immediate access following by a more extensive discussion, with extensive references and examples where appropriate. Experienced readers will recognize the majority of terms included, but the developing discipline of science education demands the consideration of new words. For example, the term blended science is offered as a better descriptor for interdisciplinary science and make a distinction between project-based and problem-based instruction. Even a definition for science education is included. The Language of Science Education is designed as a reference book but many readers may find it useful and enlightening to read it as if it were a series of very short stories.
Key to the core book Science Curriculum Topic Study, this resource helps science professional development leaders and teacher educators understand the CTS approach and how to design, lead, and apply CTS in a variety of settings that support ...
Author: Susan Mundry
Publisher: Corwin Press
The Curriculum Topic Study (CTS) process, funded by the US National Science Foundation, helps teachers improve their practice by linking standards and research to content, curriculum, instruction, and assessment. Key to the core book Science Curriculum Topic Study, this resource helps science professional development leaders and teacher educators understand the CTS approach and how to design, lead, and apply CTS in a variety of settings that support teachers as learners. The authors provide everything needed to facililtate the CTS process, including: a solid foundation in the CTS framework; multiple designs for half-day and full-day workshops, professional learning communities, and one-on-one instructional coaching; facilitation, group processing, and materials management strategies; and a CD-ROM with handouts, PowerPoint slides, and templates. By bringing CTS into schools and other professional development settings, science leaders can enhance their teachers' knowlege of content, improve teaching practices, and have a positive impact on student learning.
Report of a Workshop National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and
Social Sciences and Education, Center for Education, Committee on
Undergraduate Science Education, Steering Committee on Criteria and
Benchmarks for Increased Learning from Undergraduate STEM ... a scaffolding
tool and classroom environment that gradually builds students' skills for
multidirectional instruction (i.e., ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
Participants in this workshop were asked to explore three related questions: (1) how to create measures of undergraduate learning in STEM courses; (2) how such measures might be organized into a framework of criteria and benchmarks to assess instruction; and (3) how such a framework might be used at the institutional level to assess STEM courses and curricula to promote ongoing improvements. The following issues were highlighted: Effective science instruction identifies explicit, measurable learning objectives. Effective teaching assists students in reconciling their incomplete or erroneous preconceptions with new knowledge. Instruction that is limited to passive delivery of information requiring memorization of lecture and text contents is likely to be unsuccessful in eliciting desired learning outcomes. Models of effective instruction that promote conceptual understanding in students and the ability of the learner to apply knowledge in new situations are available. Institutions need better assessment tools for evaluating course design and effective instruction. Deans and department chairs often fail to recognize measures they have at their disposal to enhance incentives for improving education. Much is still to be learned from research into how to improve instruction in ways that enhance student learning.
This edited volume bridges the gap by providing that missing link. It covers the current state of research, methodology, assessment, and technology of game-based learning.
Author: Dirk Ifenthaler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The capabilities and possibilities of emerging game-based learning technologies bring about a new perspective of learning and instruction. This, in turn, necessitates alternative ways to assess the kinds of learning that is taking place in the virtual worlds or informal settings. accordingly, aligning learning and assessment is the core for creating a favorable and effective learning environment. The edited volume will cover the current state of research, methodology, assessment, and technology of game-based learning. There will be contributions from international distinguished researchers which will present innovative work in the areas of educational psychology, educational diagnostics, educational technology, and learning sciences. The edited volume will be divided into four major parts.
This book analyzes the nature and requirements of workplace e-learning based on relevant theories such as adult learning, community of practice, organizational learning, and the systems thinking.
Author: Minhong Wang
This book analyzes the nature and requirements of workplace e-learning based on relevant theories such as adult learning, community of practice, organizational learning, and the systems thinking. By integrating considerations on organization, pedagogy and technology, a performance-oriented e-learning framework is then presented, where performance measurement is used to: 1) clarify and link organizational goals and individual learning needs, 2) direct learning towards work performance; and 3) support social communication and knowledge sharing and management in the workplace. E-learning and related emerging technologies have been increasingly used by organizations to enhance the skills and performance of knowledge workers. However, most of the efforts tend to focus on the technology, ignoring the organizational context and relevant pedagogies of workplace learning. Many e-learning projects in the workplace settings fail to connect learning with work performance and align organizational goals and individual needs in a systemic way. Moreover, there is insufficient effort on externalizing and transferring tacit knowledge embedded in practices and expertise, based on which to maintain and expand knowledge assets for sustainable development. The book presents a systemic theoretical framework, design principles, and implementation methods, together with a case study to demonstrate the use and effectiveness of the performance-oriented approach to workplace e-learning, in which organizational, social and individual perspectives are integrated in a systemic way. The performance-oriented approach to workplace e-learning enables self-regulated and socially constructed learning activities to be clearly motivated and driven towards the goal of performance improvement, and makes learning at the organizational, social and individual levels integrated in a systemic way. The effects of individual and social learning support and organizational learning environment on employees’ motivation to use performance-oriented e-learning are also investigated.
This edited volume provides a critical discussion of theoretical, methodological, and practical developments of contemporary forms of educational technologies.
Author: Olusola O. Adesope
This edited volume provides a critical discussion of theoretical, methodological, and practical developments of contemporary forms of educational technologies. Specifically, the book discusses the use of contemporary technologies such as the Flipped Classroom (FC), Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), Social Media, Serious Educational Games (SEG), Wikis, innovative learning software tools, and learning analytic approach for making sense of big data. While some of these contemporary educational technologies have been touted as panaceas, researchers and developers have been faced with enormous challenges in enhancing the use of these technologies to arouse student attention and improve persistent motivation, engagement, and learning. Hence, the book examines how contemporary technologies can engender student motivation and result in improved engagement and learning. Each chapter also discusses the road ahead and where appropriate, uses the current trend to predict future affordances of technologies.
bAckgRound Although interaction is widely assumed to support learning,
distance education literature offers various interpretations of its form and purpose
, which are likely to stem from different theoretical beliefs of what constitutes
Author: Payne, Carla R.
Publisher: IGI Global
"This volume is grounded in the thesis that information technology may offer the only viable avenue to the implementation of constructivist and progressive educational principles in higher education, and that the numerous efforts now under way to realize these principles deserve examination and evaluation"--Provided by publisher.
synchronous CMC mode on the online learning process whichstem largely from
the underutilization of the real-time mode in the design of most distance courses.
... In online educational contexts, as students and tutors share individual
understandings of concepts, intellectual growth is supported by the availability of
scaffolding or guidance from the learning parties with interaction mediated by
Author: Negash, Solomon
Publisher: IGI Global
"This book looks at solutions that provide the best fits of distance learning technologies for the teacher and learner presented by sharing teacher experiences in information technology education"--Provided by publisher.
CHAPTER 12 How to Increase Learning While Not Decreasing the Fun in
Educational Games Valerie Shute, Fengfeng Ke, Russell ... Playground— that
successfully blurs the distinction between assessment and learning to promote
STEM competency development. ... supports that offer just-in-time explanations
when students succeed and encouragement and instructional scaffolding when
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Cutting-edge insights and perspectives from today’s leading minds in the field of learning science The discipline of learning science is fast becoming a primary approach for answering one of the most important questions of our time: How do we most effectively educate students to reach their full potential? Spanning the disciplines of psychology, data science, cognitive science, sociology, and anthropology, Learning Science offers solutions to our most urgent educational challenges. Composed of insightful essays from top figures in their respective fields, the book also shows how a thorough understanding of this critical discipline all but ensures better decision making when it comes to education. Chapters include: • Exploring Student Interactions in Collaborative Problem-Solving with a Multimodal Approach • Learning Science Research Through a Social Science Lens • Semantic Representation & Analysis and its Application in Conversation-based Intelligent Tutoring Systems • Advancing the Relationship Between Learning Sciences and Teaching Practice • Advancing the State of Online Learning: Stay Integrated, Stay Accessible, Stay Curious • Designing Immersive Authentic Simulations that Enhance Motivation and Learning • High School OER STEM Lessons Leading to Deep Learning, For Students and Teachers • How to Increase Learning While Not Decreasing the Fun in Educational Games Whether you’re creating curricula, developing policies, or educating students in a classroom setting, Learning Science delivers the knowledge, insight, and inspiration you need to do your part to ensure every student meets his or her full potential.