Jean Bricmont's book establishes a firm basis for resistance to global war with no end in sight.
Author: Jean Bricmont
Publisher: NYU Press
Since the end of the Cold War, the idea of human rights has been made into a justification for intervention by the world's leading economic and military powers - above all, the United States - in countries that are vulnerable to their attacks. The criteria for such intervention have become more arbitrary and self-serving, and their form more destructive. Jean Bricmont's Humanitarian Intervention is both a historical account of this development and a political and moral critique. It seeks to restore the critique of imperialism to its rightful place in the defense of human rights. It describes the leading role of the United States in initiating military and other interventions, but also on the obvious support given to it by European powers and NATO. Jean Bricmont's book establishes a firm basis for resistance to global war with no end in sight.
By following the story of anti-slavery activism into the post-1945 period, this volume illuminates the continuities and discontinuities in the international history of humanitarian organizations as well as the history of imperial ...
Author: Amalia Ribi Forclaz
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Humanitarian Imperialism follows the trajectories of late nineteenth century philanthropic organizations in Britain, Italy, France, and Switzerland that targeted the widespread existence of slavery in Africa. The history of these organisations, which can be viewed as predecessors of today's NGOs, illuminates the imperial roots of humanitarian aid in Africa. It shows how private actors contributed to the formulation of humanitarian conventions that arestill in use today. It also reveals the close connections that existed between humanitarian efforts and both liberal and Fascist imperial politics in this period. By combining historical records from variouscountries, Humanitarian Imperialism illustrates the shifts and continuities in the long history of slavery and abolition, the international history of humanitarian institutions, as well as the history of European imperialism in Africa.
The book tells the story of the three-cornered fight among the Colonial Office, the settlers and the natives that shaped the Empire and the pivotal role that the Society played, persuading the authorities to limit settlers' claims in the ...
Author: James Heartfield
Publisher: C Hurst
This is the first book on Aborigines' Protection Society. A colonial history, it looks at how natives were 'protected' in Southern Africa, the Congo, New Zealand, Fiji, Australia and Canada. The author shows how even those with the best of intentions ended up championing colonisation
Humanitarian. Aid: Protecting. Minorities. and. Implementing. Imperialism. in. the.
Ottoman. Empire. in. the. Nineteenth. Century. INTRODUCTION France, the
cradle of enlightenment, has the historical reputation of being a nation that fought
Author: Roy Ripzaad
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Essay from the year 2018 in the subject History - Miscellaneous, grade: 7,0, Utrecht University (Geesteswetenschappen), course: European Imperialism in the Middle East, language: English, abstract: France, the cradle of enlightenment, has the historical reputation of being a nation that fought in the vanguard for liberty, equality and justice. For many scholars France is one of the few European powers of the nineteenth century, if not the only one, that would provide humanitarian and political aid to several minorities that suffered under a dictatorial power in the time after the French Revolution. Perhaps the most known example is the French support for the American revolutionaries who fought for their own enlightened ideology against their British overlords. But ideology cannot be the only reason France would act as benefactor of several minorities.
Beyond Humanitarian Imperialism: The Dubious Origins of 'Humanitarian
Intervention' and Some Rules for its Future Richard Drayton The problem of
humanitarian intervention sits at the crossroad of ideas of human rights, theories
Author: B. Everill
The history of humanitarian intervention has often overlooked Africa. This book brings together perspectives from history, cultural studies, international relations, policy, and non-governmental organizations to analyze the themes, continuities and discontinuities in Western humanitarian engagement with Africa.
After the First World War , the era of bellicose , expansionist imperialism was
superseded by the progressive , humanitarian imperialism articulated at the
League of Nations , which prioritized development , modernization , welfare and
Author: Barbara Bush
Publisher: Pearson Education
"...essential introductory reading" - Times Higher Education Supplement Imperialism and Postcolonialism is a comprehensive look at the history of empire, from the Roman times to the present American empire. The book looks at changes in the way that imperialism has been understood and thought about. It compares empires and looks at the relationship between the history of empire and the histories of individual countries. The book incorporates themes such as culture and national identity in Britain and the relationship between imperialism and modernity.
Bricmont, J.(2006) Humanitarian Imperialism: Using Human Rights toSellWar.
New York: Monthly Review Press. Brocheux, P.(2012) Reflections onVietnam.
NewLeft Review, 73. Brown, B.(2011) SenatorBob Brown Address totheNational
Author: E. Paul
A critical analysis of Australia's neoliberal state and role in the American imperial project in Asia. In exposing the causal mechanisms for violence and prospects for more wars it argues for emancipatory alternatives to the existing dominant and anti-democratic neoliberal governmentality.
... House, 2004), p. 21. UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the
Crime of Genocide (1948). See Powers, pp. 370–1. See also Gourevitch, pp. 99–
100. See Powers, pp. 370–3. See Noam Chomsky, “Humanitarian imperialism ...
Author: Joshua James Kassner
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
A new approach to an issue of tremendous moral, political and legal importance, and explains why the international community should have intervened in Rwanda.
This major new text provides a systematic reappraisal of the evolution of the phenomenon and the concept from the 19th century as the basis for a reassessment of Globalization and US hegemony in the world today.
Author: Ray Kiely
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Imperialism has become a key focus of debate about world politics in the post-9/11 world. This major new text provides a systematic reappraisal of the evolution of the phenomenon and the concept from the 19th century as the basis for a reassessment of Globalization and US hegemony in the world today.
Citizenship in an Age of Crisis and Empire Colin Mooers. minimalism may be as
a critique of 'humanitarian' imperialism, it has less to offer as a political alternative
. For that, we will need to look elsewhere.
Author: Colin Mooers
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
This highly original work posits that the changes in the nature of citizenship caused by neoliberal globalization must be understood as the result of an ongoing imperial project. Although they may seem admirable, policies such as humanitarian and citizenship rights are really an imperial venture led by global institutions and corporations in order to export capitalist market forces worldwide. This entails a form of neoliberal citizenship in which social security is replaced by market insecurity and rising inequality. In this light, the citizen becomes an "imperial subject" whose needs and desires have been colonized by the global market. However, emerging social forces in Latin America and elsewhere have begun to challenge this imperialist logic, fostering a resistance that may bring forth a new global vision of citizenship. This unique analysis draws together neoliberal citizenship, new imperialism, and the creation of 'financial subjects' into an innovative theoretical exploration. By expanding the debate on global citizenship, Imperial Subjects will engage readers in political and social sciences interested in contemporary political thought, citizenship, and globalization.
With the end of the Cold War, the new imperialism on many peoples' lips is “
humanitarian imperialism,” the sort of long-term nation-building exercise that is
perceived as the natural next step that should follow humanitarian interventions
Author: Brett Bowden
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
The term “civilization” comes with considerable baggage, dichotomizing people, cultures, and histories as “civilized”—or not. While the idea of civilization has been deployed throughout history to justify all manner of interventions and sociopolitical engineering, few scholars have stopped to consider what the concept actually means. Here, Brett Bowden examines how the idea of civilization has informed our thinking about international relations over the course of ten centuries. From the Crusades to the colonial era to the global war on terror, this sweeping volume exposes “civilization” as a stage-managed account of history that legitimizes imperialism, uniformity, and conformity to Western standards, culminating in a liberal-democratic global order. Along the way, Bowden explores the variety of confrontations and conquests—as well as those peoples and places excluded or swept aside—undertaken in the name of civilization. Concluding that the “West and the rest” have more commonalities than differences,this provocative and engaging bookultimately points the way toward an authentic intercivilizational dialogue that emphasizes cooperation over clashes.
humanitarian intervention and settler subimperial intervention in the
midnineteenth century, it is hoped that a more nuanced image of 'imperialism'
emerges, challenging the flawed – and politically dangerous–viewthat
imperialism was ...
Author: B. Everill
Bronwen Everill offers a new perspective on African global history, applying a comparative approach to freed slave settlers in Sierra Leone and Liberia to understand their role in the anti-slavery colonization movements of Britain and America.
Humanitarian. imperialism. and. the. case. of. (for). Yugoslavia. In this chapter, I
further explore the post-communist ''criminalization'' of Eastern Europe, focusing
on narratives that use the wars of the 1990s in the Balkans to externalize ...
Author: Natasa Kovacevic
The transition of communist Eastern Europe to capitalist democracy post-1989 and in the aftermath of the Yugoslav wars has focused much scholarly attention - in history, political science and literature - on the fostering of new identities across Eastern European countries in the absence of the old communist social and ideological frameworks. This book examines an important, but hitherto largely neglected, part of this story: the ways in which the West has defined its own identity and ideals via the demonization of communist regimes and Eastern European cultures as a totalitarian, barbarian and Orientalist "other". It describes how old Orientalist prejudices resurfaced during the Cold War period, and argues that the establishment of this discourse helped to justify transitions of Eastern European societies to market capitalism and liberal democracy, suppressing Eastern Europe’s communist histories and legacies, whilst perpetuating its dependence on the West as a source of its own sense of identity. It argues that this process of Orientalization was reinforced by the literary narratives of Eastern European and Russian anti-communist dissidents and exiles, including Vladimir Nabokov, Czeslaw Milosz and Milan Kundera, in their attempts to present themselves as native, Eastern European experts and also emancipate themselves – and their homelands – as civilized, enlightened and Westernized. It goes on to suggest that the greatest potential for recognizing and overcoming this self-Orientalization lies in post-communist literary and visual narratives, with their themes of disappointment in the social, economic, or political changes brought on by the transitions, challenge of the unequal discursive power in East-West dialogues where the East is positioned as a disciple or a mimic of the West, and the various guises of nostalgia for communism.
The last great outburst of European imperialism, which occurred between 1870
and 1914, continues to arouse both ... Nor would historians find fully satisfactory
a more intellectual interpretation explaining imperialism as either a humanitarian
Author: Thomas Garden Barnes
Publisher: University Press of America
To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
2.1 The United States takes control, 1898–1902 2.1.1 Humanitarian imperialism
The year 1898 was a pivotal time in American history. Up until then the United
States had been an isolationist country that assiduously avoided international ...
Author: Roger M. Thompson
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
English competes with Tagalog and Taglish, a mixture of English and Tagalog, for the affections of Filipinos. To understand the competing ideologies that underlie this switching between languages, this book looks at the language situation from multiple perspectives. Part A reviews the social and political forces that have propelled English through its life cycle in the Philippines from the 1898 arrival of Admiral Dewey to the 1998 election of Joseph Estrada. Part B looks at the social support for English in Metro Manila and the provinces with a focus on English teachers and their personal and public use of English. Part C examines the language of television sport broadcasts, commercials, interviews, sitcoms, and movies, and the language of newspapers from various linguistic, sociolinguistic, and sociocultural perspectives. The results put into perspective the short-lived language revolution that took place at the turn of the twenty-first century.
James Heartfield, The Aborigines' Protection Society: Humanitarian Imperialism
in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Canada, South Africa, and the Congo, 1836–1909
, London: Hurst, 2011 James Heartfield's history tells the story of a dynamic ...
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
Aamer Hussein takes love to its logical conclusion, Robert Irwin traces the origins of the ghazal (love lyric), Christopher Shackle recites epic Panjabi poems of sacred love and lyrical death, Imranali Panjwani mourns the massacre of Karbala, Martin Rose istaken hostage by Saddam Hussein, Jalees Rahman reflects on Nazi doctors who took delight in deathly experiments, Ramin Jahanbegloo is incarcerated in the notorious Evin prison, Hamza Elahi visits England's Muslim graveyards, Shanon Shah receives valuable guidance on love and sex from the "Obedient Wives Club", Samia Rahman sets out in search of love, Khola Hasan has mixed feelings about her hijab, Sabita Manian promotes love between India and Pakistan, Boyd Tonkin discovers that dead outrank the living in Jerusalem , Alev Adil takes "a night journey through a veiled self" and Irna Qureshi's mother finally makes a decision on her final resting place. Also in this issue: Parvez Manzoor throws scorn on a nihilistic, revisionist history of Islam, Naomi Foyle reads the first novel of a British Palestinian, Ahmad Khan explores the colonial history of The Aborigines' Protection Society, a short story by the famous Fahmida Riaz, Syrian scenarios by Manhal al-Sarraj, poems by Sabrina Mahfouz and Michael Wolf, Rachel Dwyer's list of Top Ten Muslim Characters in Bollywood and Merryl Wyn Davies's "last word" on love and death at the movies. About Critical Muslim: A quarterly publication of ideas and issues showcasing groundbreaking thinking on Islam and what it means to be a Muslim in a rapidly changing, interconnected world. Each edition centers on a discrete theme, and contributions include reportage, academic analysis, cultural commentary, photography, poetry, and book reviews.
The shift became evident during the Balkan war; the endemic violence that
gripped Bosnia and Kosovo provided Hitchens with a ground to test his ideas
about 'humanitarian imperialism', which was supposedly distinct from '
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
Malaysia and Indonesia are seen as bastions of liberal Islam. Is this really true or simply a widely held misconception about south-east Asian Muslims? What is the contribution of the Muslim archipelago to the world of Islam? What can we learn from Malaysian and Indonesian experiments in democracy? This issue of Critical Muslim addresses these questions by examining the politics, history, culture and religious traditions of Malaysia and Indonesia. Contributors include Merryl Wyn Davies on Malaysian multiculturalism, Luthfi Assyaukanie on Indonesia politics, Carool Kersten on the struggles of Indonesian intellectuals, Andre Vltchek on religion and tolerance in south-east Asia, Andi Achdian on Islam in Java, Ahmad Fuad Rahmat on the Malaysian intellectual guru Naguib Al-Attas, Shanon Shah on Malay Magic, Jo Kukathas on 'Malay-ness', Linda Christanty on literary stars of Indonesia, Rossie Indira on Indonesian pop music, and Nazry Bahrawi on reformist debates in south-east Asia. About Critical Muslim: A quarterly publication of ideas and issues showcasing groundbreaking thinking on Islam and what it means to be a Muslim in a rapidly changing, interconnected world. Each edition centers on a discrete theme, and contributions include reportage, academic analysis, cultural commentary, photography, poetry, and book reviews.
HUMANIST. OR. IMPERIALIST? HUMANITARIAN. INTERVENTIONISM. IN. THE.
POST-COLD. WAR. ERA. Jessica Cobran umanitarianism is a concept bound
with controversy, particu- larly when it takes the form of military intervention and ...
Author: Maximilian C. Forte
This volume focuses on humanitarian interventionism, invasion, occupation, information warfare, propaganda operations, and the military-academic complex. The case studies range from Canadian universities, to WikiLeaks, Iraq, Iran, and Libya. We examine topics such as the role of myth in justifying NATO's war against Libya; the attack on civilian infrastructure in Iraq; WikiLeaks and what it tells us about torture in Iraq; relations between the U.S. and Iran, and the role of propaganda; the depth of militarization of university research in Canada; the successes of WikiLeaks in making an impact on world affairs; and the (im)possibility of "humanitarian intervention" under imperialist conditions. Contributors include Laura Beach, Sabrina Guerrieri, Jessica Cobran, Natalie Jansezia, Corey Seaton, MacLean Hawley, and the volume editor, Maximilian Forte. The volume emerged from the second seminar in the New Imperialism series at Concordia University.
ALNAP, State of the Humanitarian System, 22. 5. Slim, “Relief Agencies and
Moral Standing in War.” 6. Chomsky, “Humanitarian Imperialism.” 7. Chimni, “
International Institutions Today”; Horkheimer and Adorno, Dialectic of
Author: Michael Barnett
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Empire of Humanity explores humanitarianism’s remarkable growth from its humble origins in the early nineteenth century to its current prominence in global life. In contrast to most contemporary accounts of humanitarianism that concentrate on the last two decades, Michael Barnett ties the past to the present, connecting the antislavery and missionary movements of the nineteenth century to today’s peacebuilding missions, the Cold War interventions in places like Biafra and Cambodia to post–Cold War humanitarian operations in regions such as the Great Lakes of Africa and the Balkans; and the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1863 to the emergence of the major international humanitarian organizations of the twentieth century. Based on extensive archival work, close encounters with many of today’s leading international agencies, and interviews with dozens of aid workers in the field and at headquarters, Empire of Humanity provides a history that is both global and intimate. Avoiding both romanticism and cynicism, Empire of Humanity explores humanitarianism’s enduring themes, trends, and, most strikingly, ethical ambiguities. Humanitarianism hopes to change the world, but the world has left its mark on humanitarianism. Humanitarianism has undergone three distinct global ages—imperial, postcolonial, and liberal—each of which has shaped what humanitarianism can do and what it is. The world has produced not one humanitarianism, but instead varieties of humanitarianism. Furthermore, Barnett observes that the world of humanitarianism is divided between an emergency camp that wants to save lives and nothing else and an alchemist camp that wants to remove the causes of suffering. These camps offer different visions of what are the purpose and principles of humanitarianism, and, accordingly respond differently to the same global challenges and humanitarianism emergencies. Humanitarianism has developed a metropolis of global institutions of care, amounting to a global governance of humanity. This humanitarian governance, Barnett observes, is an empire of humanity: it exercises power over the very individuals it hopes to emancipate. Although many use humanitarianism as a symbol of moral progress, Barnett provocatively argues that humanitarianism has undergone its most impressive gains after moments of radical inhumanity, when the "international community" believes that it must atone for its sins and reduce the breach between what we do and who we think we are. Humanitarianism is not only about the needs of its beneficiaries; it also is about the needs of the compassionate.