How to Have Theory in an EpidemicHow to Have Theory in an Epidemic

This is an essential book, one that will strongly affect the way people approach the subject of AIDS in the future."--Douglas Crimp, author of "AIDS: Demo Graphics"

Author: Paula A. Treichler

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822323184


Page: 477

View: 477

A collection of essays on the AIDS epidemic, by a leading feminist cultural theorist of science


Treichler, Paula A. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of
AIDS (Durham, NC, 1999). Trexler, R. C. Florentine Religious Experience: The
Sacred Image', Studies in the Renaissance, 19 (1972): 7–41. Tuckel, Peter, et al.

Author: Cohn Jr.

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192551580


Page: 656

View: 975

By investigating thousands of descriptions of epidemics reaching back before the fifth-century-BCE Plague of Athens to the distrust and violence that erupted with Ebola in 2014, Epidemics challenges a dominant hypothesis in the study of epidemics, that invariably across time and space, epidemics provoked hatred, blaming of the 'other', and victimizing bearers of epidemic diseases, particularly when diseases were mysterious, without known cures or preventive measures, as with AIDS during the last two decades of the twentieth century. However, scholars and public intellectuals, especially post-AIDS, have missed a fundamental aspect of the history of epidemics. Instead of sparking hatred and blame, this study traces epidemics' socio-psychological consequences across time and discovers a radically different picture: that epidemic diseases have more often unified societies across class, race, ethnicity, and religion, spurring self-sacrifice and compassion.

Plagues and EpidemicsPlagues and Epidemics

How to have theory in an epidemic: Cultural chronicles of AIDS. Durham, NC:
Duke University Press. Trennert, Robert. 1998. White man's medicine:
Government doctors and the Navajo. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico
Press. Trombly ...

Author: D. Ann Herring

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 9781847887559


Page: 416

View: 552

Until recently, plagues were thought to belong in the ancient past. Now there are deep worries about global pandemics. This book presents views from anthropology about this much publicized and complex problem. The authors take us to places where epidemics are erupting, waning, or gone, and to other places where they have not yet arrived, but where a frightening story line is already in place. They explore public health bureaucracies and political arenas where the power lies to make decisions about what is, and is not, an epidemic. They look back into global history to uncover disease trends and look ahead to a future of expanding plagues within the context of climate change. The chapters are written from a range of perspectives, from the science of modeling epidemics to the social science of understanding them. Patterns emerge when people are engulfed by diseases labeled as epidemics but which have the hallmarks of plague. There are cycles of shame and blame, stigma, isolation of the sick, fear of contagion, and end-of-the-world scenarios. Plague, it would seem, is still among us.

Community Interventions and AIDSCommunity Interventions and AIDS

AIDS, homophobia and biomedical discourse: An epidemic of signification. In D.
Crimp (Ed.), AIDS: Cultural analysis, cultural activism. London: MIT Press.
Treichler, P. (1991). How to have theory in an epidemic: The evolution of AIDS ...

Author: Edison J. Trickett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190289560


Page: 320

View: 597

As news headlines report staggering numbers of people infected with HIV or AIDS across the globe and as stereotypes of typical AIDS patients become less and less specific to particular sexual orientations and ethnic backgrounds, the AIDS pandemic shows little sign of relenting. AIDS crosses geopolitical and social barriers, and social and behavioral scientists are confronted with the new challenge of developing scientific inquiry and corresponding interventions around participatory, community-based, and community-focused methods. These interventions are increasingly targeting the contextual influences on individual behavior, such as peer groups, social networks and support systems, and community norms. Community-level interventions also draw on local resources and are respectful of sociocultural circumstances and traditions. This book articulates how the social and behavioral sciences can respond to HIV/AIDS. It is written for all who have a stake in AIDS research, stimulating discussion and debate about the natures of community research and intervention broadly across such disciplines as public health, community health education, urban planning, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy of science. The book proposes alternative perspectives on means of ascertaining knowledge about the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the inclusion of community collaboration in interventions.

Inhuman NetworksInhuman Networks

Paula A. Treichler, How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of
AIDS (Durham, NC: Duke University Press 1999). 32. Wald, Contagious, 2. 33. Cf
. Agamben, Homo Sacer; Esposito, Bíos; Cohen, A Body Worth Defending. 34.

Author: Grant Bollmer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781501316166


Page: 304

View: 856

Social media's connectivity is often thought to be a manifestation of human nature buried until now, revealed only through the diverse technologies of the participatory internet. Rather than embrace this view, Inhuman Networks: Social Media and the Archaeology of Connection argues that the human nature revealed by social media imagines network technology and data as models for behavior online. Covering a wide range of historical and interdisciplinary subjects, Grant Bollmer examines the emergence of “the network” as a model for relation in the 1700s and 1800s and follows it through marginal, often forgotten articulations of technology, biology, economics, and the social. From this history, Bollmer examines contemporary controversies surrounding social media, extending out to the influence of network models on issues of critical theory, politics, popular science, and neoliberalism. By moving through the past and present of network media, Inhuman Networks demonstrates how contemporary network culture unintentionally repeats debates over the limits of Western modernity to provide an idealized future where “the human” is interchangeable with abstract, flowing data connected through well-managed, distributed networks.

The Culture of AIDS in AfricaThe Culture of AIDS in Africa

How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS. Durham: Duke
University Press. TrengroveJones, Tim. 2002. “Simple Aids Vision Belongs in
Museum,” Sunday Independent, June 16. Tshamano, Ndwamato Walter. 1993.

Author: Gregory Barz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199780037


Page: 528

View: 106

The Culture of AIDS in Africa enters into the many worlds of expression brought forth across this vast continent by the ravaging presence of HIV/AIDS. Africans and non-Africans, physicians and social scientists, journalists and documentarians share here a common and essential interest in understanding creative expression in crushing and uncertain times. They investigate and engage the social networks, power relationships, and cultural structures that enable the arts to convey messages of hope and healing, and of knowledge and good counsel to the wider community. And from Africa to the wider world, they bring intimate, inspiring portraits of the performers, artists, communities, and organizations that have shared with them their insights and the sense they have made of their lives and actions from deep within this devastating epidemic. Covering the wide expanse of the African continent, the 30 chapters include explorations of, for example, the use of music to cope with AIDS; the relationship between music, HIV/AIDS, and social change; visual approaches to HIV literacy; radio and television as tools for "edutainment;" several individual artists' confrontations with HIV/AIDS; various performance groups' response to the epidemic; combating HIV/AIDS with local cultural performance; and more. Source material, such as song lyrics and interviews, weaves throughout the collection, and contributions by editors Gregory Barz and Judah M. Cohen bookend the whole, to bring together a vast array of perspectives and sources into a nuanced and profoundly affective portrayal of the intricate relationship between HIV/AIDS and the arts in Africa.

Education and HIV AIDSEducation and HIV AIDS

The way we discuss this epidemic can have a real impact on the lives of people
affected. Paula Treichler presents critical perspectives on the social constructions
of AIDS research in her book How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural ...

Author: Nalini Asha Biggs

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441105813


Page: 192

View: 545

Education and HIV/AIDS draws together contributors with expertise in HIV/AIDS and education working around the world, including Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Europe, the USA and the Caribbean, from a variety of perspectives. Contributors explore the changing nature of education in light of this epidemic, as well as the impact of public health issues on educational institutions, in a range of different contexts. Within each chapter, the contributors pull apart a variety of relationships HIV/AIDS has with education; some provide a comparative analysis of global responses and international politics, others use small case studies to explore how local culture and tradition impacts these issues. Each chapter contains a summary of the key points and issues within each chapter to enable easy navigation, key contemporary questions to encourage active engagement with the material and references to seminal texts and cutting-edge research to prompt further reading and discussion.

HIV InterventionsHIV Interventions

... and “material,” a concrete vehicle that lays a trail of its existence in documents,
policies, conversations, and other sites and routes of cultural circulation. —Paula
A. Treichler, How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS ...

Author: Marsha Rosengarten

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295990323


Page: 148

View: 662

Winner of the Sociology of Health and Illness Book Prize HIV has changed in the presence of recent biomedical technologies. In particular, the development of anti-retroviral therapies (ARVs) for the treatment of HIV was a significant landmark in the history of the disease. Treatment with ARV drug regimens, which began in 1996, has enabled many thousands to live with the human immunodeficiency virus without progressing to AIDS. Yet ARVs have also been fraught with problems of regimen compliance, viral resistance, and iatrogenic disease. Besides intensifying the technological and ethical complexities of medicine, the drugs have also affected conceptions of risk and risk practices, in turn presenting new challenges for prevention. In order to devise safer, more effective forms of treatment, prevention, and possibly cure, Marsha Rosengarten asserts, it is essential to understand the relationship between HIV, medical technologies, and ideas about the body. HIV is an entity that constitutes and is constituted by complex material and informational environments. Recognition of this two-way traffic between the medical science of HIV and the expression of HIV in individuals and societies provides a novel basis for devising new or supplementary modes of thinking about and intervening in the epidemic. Through such diverse materials as drug advertisements, pill formulations, scientific articles, clinical trials, diagnostic test results, and viral imaging as well as interviews with those living and working with HIV, Rosengarten provides numerous demonstrations of how the entities comprising the HIV epidemic - bodies, viral resistance, diagnostic results, safe sex - are forged through dynamic relations. These various phenomena challenge existing prevention models and raise social and ethical concerns about the impact of additional technologies such as HIV pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis and the promise of vaccines and microbicides. HIV Interventions is relevant to those engaged in questions of the social and ethical dimensions of biomedicine, biotechnology, and genomics. Further, the specific focus of the project offers HIV practitioners - in the sciences and social sciences, in clinical research, clinical practice, social research, policy development and prevention education - new perspectives and analytic tools for intercepting a virus that continues to endure and, most critically, to change in the course of doing so.

Colonizing LeprosyColonizing Leprosy

In The Time of AIDS: Social Analysis, Theory, and Method, edited by Gilbert Herdt
and Shirley Lindenbaum. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1992. ———.
How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS. Durham ...

Author: Michelle T. Moran

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469606736


Page: 296

View: 727

By comparing institutions in Hawai'i and Louisiana designed to incarcerate individuals with a highly stigmatized disease, Colonizing Leprosy provides an innovative study of the complex relationship between U.S. imperialism and public health policy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Focusing on the Kalaupapa Settlement in Moloka'i and the U.S. National Leprosarium in Carville, Michelle Moran shows not only how public health policy emerged as a tool of empire in America's colonies, but also how imperial ideologies and racial attitudes shaped practices at home. Although medical personnel at both sites considered leprosy a colonial disease requiring strict isolation, Moran demonstrates that they adapted regulations developed at one site for use at the other by changing rules to conform to ideas of how "natives" and "Americans" should be treated. By analyzing administrators' decisions, physicians' treatments, and patients' protests, Moran examines the roles that gender, race, ethnicity, and sexuality played in shaping both public opinion and health policy. Colonizing Leprosy makes an important contribution to an understanding of how imperial imperatives, public health practices, and patient activism informed debates over the constitution and health of American bodies.

Encyclopedia of Gay Histories and CulturesEncyclopedia of Gay Histories and Cultures

John Nguyet Erni Bibliography Kinsella, James. Covering the Plague: AIDS and
the American Media. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1989.
Treichler, Paula A. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: A Cultural Chronicle of

Author: George Haggerty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135585136


Page: 986

View: 873

First Published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Mobilizing New YorkMobilizing New York

Paula A. Treichler, How to Have Theory in an Epidemic, 25; Brier, Infectious
Ideas, 80–81; Self, All in the Family, 388. 32. Michael Daly, “AIDS Anxiety,” New
York Magazine, June 20, 1983; Dudley Clendinen, “AIDS Spreads Pain and Fear

Author: Tamar W. Carroll

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9781469619897


Page: 304

View: 891

Examining three interconnected case studies, Tamar Carroll powerfully demonstrates the ability of grassroots community activism to bridge racial and cultural differences and effect social change. Drawing on a rich array of oral histories, archival records, newspapers, films, and photographs from post–World War II New York City, Carroll shows how poor people transformed the antipoverty organization Mobilization for Youth and shaped the subsequent War on Poverty. Highlighting the little-known National Congress of Neighborhood Women, she reveals the significant participation of working-class white ethnic women and women of color in New York City's feminist activism. Finally, Carroll traces the partnership between the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) and Women's Health Action Mobilization (WHAM!), showing how gay men and feminists collaborated to create a supportive community for those affected by the AIDS epidemic, to improve health care, and to oppose homophobia and misogyny during the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Carroll contends that social policies that encourage the political mobilization of marginalized groups and foster coalitions across identity differences are the most effective means of solving social problems and realizing democracy.

Fatal IsolationFatal Isolation

See Steven Epstein, Impure Science: AIDS, Activism, and the Politics of
Knowledge (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996); Paula Treichler, How
to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS (Durham, NC: Duke

Author: Richard C. Keller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226256436


Page: 240

View: 820

In a cemetery on the southern outskirts of Paris lie the bodies of nearly a hundred of what some have called the first casualties of global climate change. They were the so-called abandoned victims of the worst natural disaster in French history, the devastating heat wave that struck in August 2003, leaving 15,000 dead. They died alone in Paris and its suburbs, and were then buried at public expense, their bodies unclaimed. They died, and to a great extent lived, unnoticed by their neighbors--their bodies undiscovered in some cases until weeks after their deaths. Fatal Isolation tells the stories of these victims and the catastrophe that took their lives. It explores the multiple narratives of disaster--the official story of the crisis and its aftermath, as presented by the media and the state; the life stories of the individual victims, which both illuminate and challenge the ways we typically perceive natural disasters; and the scientific understandings of disaster and its management. Fatal Isolation is both a social history of risk and vulnerability in the urban landscape and a story of how a city copes with emerging threats and sudden, dramatic change.

Routledge International Encyclopedia of WomenRoutledge International Encyclopedia of Women

How to have theory in an epidemic: Cultural chronicles of AIDS. Durham, N.C.:
Duke University Press. Williams, Raymond. 1976. Keywords: A vocabulary of
culture and society. New York: Oxford University Press (rev. ed. 1983). ---------.

Author: Cheris Kramarae

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135963156


Page: 2050

View: 520

For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.

Culture WarsCulture Wars

... Epidemic: How They Slowed Advances and Were Resolved. Westport, CT:
Praeger, 2008. McKeever, James. The AIDS Plague. Medford, OR: Omega, 1986.
Treichler, Paula. How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of

Author: Roger Chapman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317473503


Page: 1200

View: 651

The term "culture wars" refers to the political and sociological polarisation that has characterised American society the past several decades. This new edition provides an enlightening and comprehensive A-to-Z ready reference, now with supporting primary documents, on major topics of contemporary importance for students, teachers, and the general reader. It aims to promote understanding and clarification on pertinent topics that too often are not adequately explained or discussed in a balanced context. With approximately 640 entries plus more than 120 primary documents supporting both sides of key issues, this is a unique and defining work, indispensable to informed discussions of the most timely and critical issues facing America today.

Understanding HIV AIDS StigmaUnderstanding HIV AIDS Stigma

Tostes MA , Chalub M & Botega NJ ( 2004 ) The quality of life of HIV - infected
women is associated with psychiatric morbidity , AIDS Care 16 ( 2 ) : 177–186 .
Treichler P ( 1999 ) How to have theory in an epidemic : Cultural chronicles of

Author: Harriet Deacon

Publisher: HSRC Press

ISBN: 0796921040


Page: 104

View: 923

At a time when alarming numbers of people with HIV/AIDS seek help under cover of darkness, deeply ashamed of their plight, it is crucial to find ways to better comprehend and address the specific nature of stigma around HIV/AIDS in southern Africa.

Sex Trafficking Scandal and the Transformation of Journalism 1885 1917Sex Trafficking Scandal and the Transformation of Journalism 1885 1917

4 (1990): 390-409; Paula Treichler, How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural
Chronicles of AIDS (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999). 5. On the
treatment of the Helen Jewett murder in the penny press, see Patricia Cline
Cohen, ...

Author: Gretchen Soderlund

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226021362


Page: 232

View: 136

During the first half of the nineteenth century, the penny presses of the industrial East treated brothels as a mundane, if annoying, aspect of city life. But later in the century, reformers and mainstream papers began to push back against this representation through highly public campaigns against “white slavery.” These newspaper crusades mixed a potent cocktail of lurid sexual detail and sensationalist scandal aimed equally at promoting anti-vice measures, arousing popular demand for progressive reform, and increasing newspaper circulation. In Sex Trafficking, Scandal, and the Transformation of Journalism, Gretchen Soderlund offers a new way to understand sensationalism in both newspapers and reform movements. By tracing the history of high-profile print exposés on sex trafficking by journalists like William T. Stead and George Kibbe Turner, Soderlund demonstrates how controversies over gender, race, and sexuality were central to the shift from sensationalism to objectivity—and crucial to the development of journalism in the early twentieth century.

The Queer RenaissanceThe Queer Renaissance

How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: The Evolution of AIDS Treatment Activism."
In Technoculture, edited by Constance Penley and Andrew Ross, 57–106.
Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1991. Trinh T. Minh-ha, Woman,
Native, ...

Author: Robert McRuer

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814755542


Page: 257

View: 603

2013 Honorable Mention, Asian American Studies Association's prize in Literary Studies Part of the American Literatures Initiative Series Why do black characters appear so frequently in Asian American literary works and Asian characters appear in African American literary works in the early twentieth century?Interracial Encounters attempts to answer this rather straightforward literary question, arguing that scenes depicting Black-Asian interactions, relationships, and conflicts capture the constitution of African American and Asian American identities as each group struggled to negotiate the racially exclusionary nature of American identity. In this nuanced study, Julia H. Lee argues that the diversity and ambiguity that characterize these textual moments radically undermine the popular notion that the history of Afro-Asian relations can be reduced to a monolithic, media-friendly narrative, whether of cooperation or antagonism. Drawing on works by Charles Chesnutt, Wu Tingfang, Edith and Winnifred Eaton, Nella Larsen, W.E.B. Du Bois, and Younghill Kang, Interracial Encounters foregrounds how these reciprocal representations emerged from the nation’s pervasive pairing of the figure of the “Negro” and the “Asiatic” in oppositional, overlapping, or analogous relationships within a wide variety of popular, scientific, legal, and cultural discourses. Historicizing these interracial encounters within a national and global context highlights how multiple racial groups shaped the narrative of race and national identity in the early twentieth century, as well as how early twentieth century American literature emerged from that multiracial political context.

Reframing Disease ContextuallyReframing Disease Contextually

How to Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS. North Carolina:
Duke University Press. Trotter, Thomas (1804). An Essay, Medical, Philosophical,
and Chemical, on Drunkenness and Its Effect on the Human Body. London: ...

Author: Mary Ann Gardell Cutter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401701556


Page: 195

View: 663

This volume will be of interest to philosophers of medicine, bioethicists, and philosophers, medical professionals, historians of western medicine, and health policymakers. The book provides an overview of key debates in the history of modern western medicine on the nature, knowledge, and value of disease. It includes case studies of e.g. AIDS, genetic disease, and gendered disease.

The AIDS ConspiracyThe AIDS Conspiracy

Counterknowledge: How We Surrendered to Conspiracy Theories, Quack
Medicine, Bogus Science and Fake History. London: Atlantic Books. ... How to
Have Theory in an Epidemic: Cultural Chronicles of AIDS. Durham (NC) and
London: ...

Author: Nicoli Nattrass

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231520256


Page: 224

View: 849

Since the early days of the AIDS epidemic, many bizarre and dangerous hypotheses have been advanced to explain the origins of the disease. In this compelling book, Nicoli Nattrass explores the social and political factors prolonging the erroneous belief that the American government manufactured the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to be used as a biological weapon, as well as the myth's consequences for behavior, especially within African American and black South African communities. Contemporary AIDS denialism, the belief that HIV is harmless and that antiretroviral drugs are the true cause of AIDS, is a more insidious AIDS conspiracy theory. Advocates of this position make a "conspiratorial move" against HIV science by implying its methods cannot be trusted and that untested, alternative therapies are safer than antiretrovirals. These claims are genuinely life-threatening, as tragically demonstrated in South Africa when the delay of antiretroviral treatment resulted in nearly 333,000 AIDS deaths and 180,000 HIV infections—a tragedy of stunning proportions. Nattrass identifies four symbolically powerful figures ensuring the lifespan of AIDS denialism: the hero scientist (dissident scientists who lend credibility to the movement); the cultropreneur (alternative therapists who exploit the conspiratorial move as a marketing mechanism); the living icon (individuals who claim to be living proof of AIDS denialism's legitimacy); and the praise-singer (journalists who broadcast movement messages to the public). Nattrass also describes how pro-science activists have fought back by deploying empirical evidence and political credibility to resist AIDS conspiracy theories, which is part of the crucial project to defend evidence-based medicine.