7 However , the most recent immigrants and those immigrants who are fearful or
have been discouraged from seeking benefits are less likely to apply for food
stamps and other benefits . For example , Irma is married to a legal permanent ...
Author: Kalyani Rai
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
The first book length treatment of the ways the welfare reform is affecting immigrants in North America.
Over 80 percent of recipients receive food stamp assistance by using special
ATM - like debit cards in grocery stores . ... Beyond a standard deduction and
certain other allowances , benefits are reduced by $ 0.30 for each dollar of
income from ...
Author: Isabel V. Sawhill
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
The Brookings Institution's Welfare Reform & Beyond Initiative was created to inform the critical policy debates surrounding the upcoming congressional reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and a number of related programs that were created or dramatically altered by the 1996 landmark welfare reform legislation. The goal of the project has been to take the large volume of existing and forthcoming research studies and shape them into a more coherent and policy-oriented whole. This capstone collection gathers twenty brief essays (published between January 2001 and February 2002) that focus on assessing the record of welfare reform, specific issues likely to be debated before the TANF reauthorization, and a broader set of policy options for low-income families. It is a reader-friendly volume that will provide policymakers, the press, and the interested public with a comprehensive guide to the numerous issues that must be addressed as Congress considers the future of the nation's antipoverty policies. The collection covers the following topics and features a new introduction from the editors: - An Overview of Effects to Date - Welfare Reform Reauthorization: An Overview of Problems and Issues - A Tax Proposal for Working Families with Children - Welfare Reform and Poverty - Reducing Non-Marital Births - Which Welfare Reforms are Best for Children? - Welfare and the Economy - What Can Be Done to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Out-of-Wedlock Births? - Changing Welfare Offices - State Programs - Welfare Reform and Employment - Fragile Families, Welfare Reform, and Marriage - Health Insurance, Welfare, and Work - Helping the Hard-to-Employ - Sanctions and Welfare Reform - Child Care and Welfare Reform - Job Retention and Advancement in Welfare Reform - Housing and Welfare Reform - Non-Citizens - Block Grant Structure - Food Stamps - Work Support System - Possible Welfare Reform in the Cities
“Standing in line at a food bank is less dignified than getting food stamps,” she
concedes. ... immigrants were prohibited from receiving food stamps or other
welfare benefits until they became citizens, a process that can take up to seven
Author: CQ Researcher,
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Is more government aid needed? Who will pay for care of aging baby boomers? Will all Americans finally get health insurance? These are just some of the topics covered in Issues for Debate in Social Policy. Engaging and reader-friendly articles encourage students to think critically about some of the most pressing social policy issues of our time. Classroom discussions will sparkle as a result! About CQ Researcher Readers In the tradition of nonpartisanship and current analysis that is the hallmark of CQ Press, readers investigate important and controversial policy issues. Offer your students the balanced reporting, complete overviews, and engaging writing that has consistently provided for more than 80 years. Each article gives substantial background andanalysis of a particular issue as well as useful pedagogical features to inspire critical thinking andto help students grasp and review key material: A Pro/Con box that examines two competing sides of a single question A detailed chronology of key dates and events An annotated bibliography and Web resources Outlook sections that address possible regulation and initiatives from Capitol Hill and the White House over the next 5 to 10 years Photos, charts, graphs, and maps
... including cash welfare assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families [
TANF]), food stamps, and subsidized health insurance. Caseloads for welfare
and other benefit programs have fallen dramatically in the wake of welfare reform
Author: James P. Ziliak
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Leading poverty experts address the longer-term effects of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act.
A central strategy the federal government used to promote adoption of welfare
and other restrictions consisted of using ... That is, only if states adopted certain
provisions could they receive full funding. ... drug felons from welfare and food
stamp benefits for life.61 As with other invisible punishments, this imposition
Author: Daniel P. Mears
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.
But even if we focus on AFDC families, very few of them ever simultaneously
receive all six of the benefits listed. ... In 1992, 13 percent of AFDC recipients in
the United States. did not receive food stamps. It is much worse for other
programs.62 The Cato methodology assumes that if a large unspecified fraction
of public assistance recipients receive a benefit, it should be considered part of
Author: Sanford Schram
Publisher: NYU Press
American mainstream culture has always been fascinated with the notion of the primitive, particularly as embodied by Native Americans. In Inventing the American Primitive, Helen Carr illustrates how responses to the existence of Native American traditions have shaped ideas of American identity and American literature. Inventing the American Primitive examines a body of work, both literary and anthropological, that describes, inscribes, translates and transforms Native American myths and poetry. Drawing on post-colonial and feminist theory, as well as ethnography's recent textual turn, Carr reveals the conflicts and ambivalence in these texts. Through their writings, the writers and anthropologists studied were attempting to preserve a culture which their country, with their help or connivance, sought to destroy. The contradictions and tensions of this position run throughout their work. Although there is no simple narrative of progress in this story, as it moves from the eighteenth-century primitivism to twentieth-century modernism, the book shows the process by which the richness and complexity of Native American traditions came to be acknowledged. Inventing the American Primitive offers a radical new reading of American literary history, as well as fresh insights into the powerful pull of primitivism in United States culture, and into the interactions of gender and race ideologies.
... many people predicted would flow from enactment of welfare reform legislation
in 1996 have not materialized to date . ... time limit on welfare benefits and cuts in
Supplemental Security Income ( SSI ) , food stamps , and other benefits would ...
Author: Alan Weil
Publisher: The Urban Insitute
A dozen essays interpret case study research on the Welfare Reform Act of 1996. Weil and Finegold (Assessing the New Federalism project, Urban Institute, Washington, DC) overview the history of welfare reform and policy implications of the latest act. While the value of supporting low-income working families has been demonstrated, Act II requires meeting diverse recipients' needs through all economic phases. Appends notes on case studies. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
When the value of these in-kind benefits and taxes are considered in measuring
poverty, child poverty rates drop to around ... 1994 to 4.1 million in 2007 (U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, 2009).1 The main food assistance
programs, ... Little research has been done on the patterns of multiple program
participation or on how these patterns have changed during the post-welfare-
Author: Jessica E. Todd
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
In 1996, the safety net for poor households with children changed when Fed. legislation replaced AFDC with TANF. This study investigates participation in, and benefits received from, AFDC/TANF and food assistance programs, before and after the legislation, for children in low-income households. Between 1990 and 2004, the share of children receiving food stamps declined, esp. among children in the poorest households. The share of children in households that received benefits from AFDC/TANF or food assistance programs grew from 35% to 52%. However, the net result of these changes is that average total household benefits from all programs declined. The decline was largest among children in the poorest households. Illustrations.
When added to other income , cash welfare benefits have only a small impact on
the poverty rate , as these benefits ... the Census poverty definition ( i . e . , food
stamps , taxes ( including the effects of the EITC ) and income of other unrelated ...
Author: Thomas Gabe
Publisher: Nova Publishers
Sure to raise the hackles of many across the nation is any mention of welfare and federal entitlement programs. All agree that no one should be on welfare, but the question is what to do about those who really need the income provided by the federal government. In 1996, welfare reform legislation enacted the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, which is a block grant provided to the state with a chief purpose of ending the dependence of needy families on government assistance. Among the principal groups impacted by the welfare reform legislation are female headed families with children. Recent analyses have revealed that single mothers are more likely to be working than in the past and that welfare receipt among poor families with women at the head has declined. Despite these trends, single mothers' net income has shown no increase, suggesting that full-time work may not be enough to eliminate poverty and welfare dependency among female families. This book reports on several current trends in the economic status of female headed families, providing an overview of federal programs and their effects along with several useful charts based on Census Bureau information. The combination of statistics and evaluation make for an important contribution to the study of initiatives to defeat poverty and income deficiencies in a significant part of the population.
Some welfare programs are well known; others are barely heard of even in
Washington. Overall ... Indeed, many federal welfare programs are so small or so
narrowly targeted that few receive benefits. ... Long known as “food stamps,” the
program was renamed in 2008, in part because paper vouchers (or stamps) had
Author: Michael D. Tanner
Publisher: Cato Institute
In 1995, the Cato Institute published a groundbreaking study, The Work Versus Welfare Trade-Off, which estimated the value of the full package of welfare benefits available to a typical recipient in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. It found that not only did the value of such benefits greatly exceed the poverty level but, because welfare benefits are tax-free, their dollar value was greater than the amount of take-home income a worker would recieve from an entry-level job. Since then, many welfare programs have undergone significant change but welfare benefits continue to outpace the income that most recipients can expect to earn from an entry-level job, and the balance between welfare and work may actually have grown worse in recent years. This white paper shows that the current welfare system provides such a high level of benefits that it acts as a disincentive for work. If Congress and state legislatures are serious about reducing welfare dependence and rewarding work, they should consider a number of policy changes, including ways to shrink the gap between the value of welfare and work by reducing current benefit levels and tightening eligibility requirements.
State and Local Responses to Restricting Food Stamp Benefits Robert E.
Robertson ... County officials believed it was important to restore food stamps and
other benefits to legal immigrants particularly because they represent 15 - 20
Author: Robert E. Robertson
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Focuses on the two groups of individuals that were the most likely to lose their food stamp benefits -- able-bodied adults without dependents, and legal immigrants. Specifically, the report describes (1) the actions, if any, that states have taken to assist those individuals who lose eligibility for the Food Stamp Program, and (2) related actions, if any, taken by other organizations -- to assist those individuals who lose their eligibility for the Food Stamp Program. Surveys the 50 states and the District of Columbia on the actions they are taking, if any, in response to the changes in the Food Stamp Program.