With case studies of actors like Shirley Temple, Cary Grant and Fred Astaire, as well as a selection of films that reflect politics and society in the Depression decade, this fascinating book examines how the challenges of the Great ...
Author: Iwan Morgan
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Examines how Hollywood responded to and reflected the political and social changes that America experienced during the 1930sIn the popular imagination, 1930s Hollywood was a dream factory producing escapist movies to distract the American people from the greatest economic crisis in their nations history. But while many films of the period conform to this stereotype, there were a significant number that promoted a message, either explicitly or implicitly, in support of the political, social and economic change broadly associated with President Franklin D. Roosevelts New Deal programme. At the same time, Hollywood was in the forefront of challenging traditional gender roles, both in terms of movie representations of women and the role of women within the studio system. With case studies of actors like Shirley Temple, Cary Grant and Fred Astaire, as well as a selection of films that reflect politics and society in the Depression decade, this fascinating book examines how the challenges of the Great Depression impacted on Hollywood and how it responded to them.Topics covered include:How Hollywood offered positive representations of working womenCongressional investigations of big-studio monopolization over movie distributionHow three different types of musical genres related in different ways to the Great Depression the Warner Bros Great Depression Musicals of 1933, the Astaire/Rogers movies, and the MGM akids musicals of the late 1930sThe problems of independent production exemplified in King Vidors Our Daily BreadCary Grants success in developing a debonair screen persona amid Depression conditionsContributors Harvey G. Cohen, King's College LondonPhilip John Davies, British LibraryDavid Eldridge, University of HullPeter William Evans, Queen Mary, University of LondonMark Glancy, Queen Mary University of LondonIna Rae Hark, University of South CarolinaIwan Morgan, University College LondonBrian Neve, University of BathIan Scott, University of ManchesterAnna Siomopoulos, Bentley UniversityJ. E. Smyth, University of WarwickMelvyn Stokes, University College LondonMark Wheeler, London Metropolitan University
In the first, he played a wise Portuguese fisherman who saved a boy who fell off an ocean liner and amid great adventure ... the Great Depression, the vicissitudes of a worldwide war created a need for escape, and Hollywood provided it.
Author: Hamilton Cravens
Presents a social history of the Great Depression, discussing the experiences of ordinary Americans coping with poverty and unemployment, along with an examination of such topics as medicine, family, racial segregation, and technology.
Depression. Allegories. Gone. with. the. Wind. and. The. Grapes. of. Wrath. as. Hollywood. Histories. of. the. Great. Depression. Thomas H. Pauly The Great Depression produced far-reaching transformations in gender roles and family life ...
Author: Steven Mintz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Fully revised, updated, and extended, this compilation of interpretive essays and primary documents teaches students to read films as cultural artifacts within the contexts of actual past events. A new edition of this classic textbook, which ties movies into the broader narrative of US and film history Ten new articles which consider recently released films, as well as issues of gender and ethnicity Well-organized within a chronological framework with thematic treatments to provide a valuable resource for students of the history of American film Fourth edition includes completely new images throughout
Introduction -- The Warners and Franklin Roosevelt -- The Great Depression musicals -- Footlight parade -- On the job -- The NRA code -- Post-1933 : a conclusion
Author: Harvey Cohen
Harry and Jack Warner were among the most important advocates and fundraisers of President Franklin Roosevelt during his 1932 presidential campaign, supporting his New Deal legislation in successful Great Depression musicals like 42nd Street, Gold Diggers of 1933, and Footlight Parade. But while the Warner brothers posed as exemplars of the New Deal in real life and in their movies, they were attempting to reverse Roosevelt's policies within their studio and their industry. Using newly unearthed primary sources, this groundbreaking book examines the bitter and little known struggle in Hollywood and Washington D.C. during 1933 to create a National Recovery Administration (NRA) code of practice for the motion picture industry. But through the manipulation of New Deal legislation, Harry and Jack Warner, along with other studio moguls, sought to curtail workers' rights and salaries instead of bolstering both sides of the labour/management divide as they were supposed to do under NRA regulations, attempting to serve the economic pain of the Depression as much as possible onto artists and craftsmen, not owners or management. With its tales of Hollywood stars and employees fighting to win a fair share of the proceeds of their labour, the creation of the NRA code makes for an intriguing story of financial survival, political intrigue and backstabbing during the worst of the Great Depression.
CHAPTER SEVEN The High Middle Ages of the Movies : The Great Depression The rubric “ classical Hollywood cinema ” has acquired cachet in part because it graces the cover of an influential book by David Bordwell , Janet Staiger ...
Author: Thomas Cripps
Over the last twenty-five years, the field of cinema studies has offered a dramatic reassessment of the history of film in general and of Hollywood in particular. Writers have drawn on the methodologies of a number of disciplines--literary criticism, sociology, psychology, women's studies, and minority and gay studies--to deepen our understanding of motion pictures, the film industry, and movie theater audiences. In Hollywood's High Noon, noted film historian Thomas Cripps offers a lively narrative history of Hollywood's classical age that brings the insights of recent scholarship to students and general readers. From its origin during the First World War to the beginning of its decline in the 1950s, Cripps writes, Hollywood operated as did other American industries: movies were created by a rational production system, regulated by both government and privately organized interests, and subject to the whims of a fickle marketplace. Yet these films did offer consumers something unique: in darkened movie palaces across the country, audiences projected themselves--their hopes and ideas -- onto silver screens, profoundly mediating their reception of Hollywood's flickering images. Beginning with turn-of-the-century moving-picture pioneer Thomas Edison, Cripps traces the invention of Hollywood and the development of the studio system. He explores the movie-going experience, the struggle for social control over the movies through censorship, the impact of sound on the style and content of films, alternatives to Hollywood's oligopoly including "race" films and documentaries, the paradoxical predictability and subversive creativity of genre pictures, and Hollywood's self-proclaimed"shining moment" during the Second World War. Cripps concludes with a discussion of the collapse of the studio system after the war, due in equal parts to suburbanization, the emergence of television, and government anti-trust action.
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4 Mintz, S., “The Movies Meet the Great Depression.” www.digitalhistory. uh.edu/historyonline/hollywood_history.cfm#depression. 5 Personal interview, November 25, 2007.
Author: Robert L. Hilliard
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Hollywood Speaks Out explores that rare Hollywood featurethat dared to tackle red-hot, social issues whilst American societywas gripped by the convulsion and controversy they generated. Explores why Hollywood has always been risk-adverse, and howmost feature flms deal with controversial issues long after thecontroversy is past Organized around such important issues as poverty, racism,sexism, war, anti-Semitism, and homophobia Discusses the relevance and the impact of feature films fromModern Times to WALL-E
Gelber, Steven M. "A Job You Can't Lose: Work and Hobbies in the Great Depression." Journal of Social History 24:4 (Summer 1991): 741-766. HOLLYWOOD PRODUCTION CODE. This term refers to a written set of standards governing the language ...
Author: William H. Young
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Provide over two hundred entries on the popular culture of the United States during the Great Depression.
38 In the context of the Great Depression, to downplay dispiriting conditions became a conscious ideological choice. The Hollywood film industry treated political and industrial issues gingerly, aiming to affirm the essential rightness ...
Author: John F. Kasson
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
“[An] elucidating cultural history of Hollywood’s most popular child star . . . a must-read.”—Bill Desowitz, USA Today Her image appeared in periodicals and advertisements roughly twenty times daily; she rivaled FDR and Edward VIII as the most photographed person in the world. Her portrait brightened the homes of countless admirers: from a black laborer’s cabin in South Carolina and young Andy Warhol’s house in Pittsburgh to FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover’s recreation room in Washington, DC, and gangster “Bumpy” Johnson’s Harlem apartment. A few years later her smile cheered the secret bedchamber of Anne Frank in Amsterdam as young Anne hid from the Nazis. For four consecutive years Shirley Temple was the world’s box-office champion, a record never equaled. By early 1935 her mail was reported as four thousand letters a week, and hers was the second-most popular girl’s name in the country. What distinguished Shirley Temple from every other Hollywood star of the period—and everyone since—was how brilliantly she shone. Amid the deprivation and despair of the Great Depression, Shirley Temple radiated optimism and plucky good cheer that lifted the spirits of millions and shaped their collective character for generations to come. Distinguished cultural historian John F. Kasson shows how the most famous, adored, imitated, and commodified child in the world astonished movie goers, created a new international culture of celebrity, and revolutionized the role of children as consumers. Tap-dancing across racial boundaries with Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, foiling villains, and mending the hearts and troubles of the deserving, Shirley Temple personified the hopes and dreams of Americans. To do so, she worked virtually every day of her childhood, transforming her own family as well as the lives of her fans.
Lorentz's sponsored documentaries, though moving, do not compare in scale with the great age of the Hollywood movie. The Depression years coincided with an enormous expansion of film-making. There was the introduction of sound and then ...
Author: Mike Wells
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Comprehensive books to support study of History for the IB Diploma Paper 3, revised for first assessment in 2017. This coursebook covers Paper 3, HL option 2: History of the Americas, Topic 12: The Great Depression and the Americas (mid 1920s-1939) of the History for the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma syllabus for first assessment in 2017. Tailored to the requirements of the IB syllabus, and written by experienced examiners and teachers it offers an authoritative and engaging guidance through the causes of the Great Depression, the various ways in which governments attempted to solve the crisis and the impact on the region.
He made his way to Hollywood where he became a sensation in the movies. ... While famous movie stars lived the good life and earned salaries that others could only dream of, the Great Depression also affected the movie industry.
Author: Cheryl Mullenbach
Publisher: Chicago Review Press
American history before and after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 Providing a balanced, realistic picture of a time rife with hardships, The Great Depression for Kids brings the era and key concepts to life. Kids learn about the harsh realities that most Americans could not escape, such as massive unemployment, natural disasters, and economic collapse. They also learn that the 1930s were a time when neighbors helped neighbors; sports figures behaved admirably; and an army of young men rebuilt the nation's forests, roads, and parks. Librarians delivered books on horseback, a curly-haired child star charmed moviegoers to "stand up and cheer" in the darkest of days, and a little African American girl became the first of her race to participate in the National Spelling Bee. Beginning with an in-depth look at the 1920s, the book builds readers' background knowledge to help set the stage for the decline of the economy over the next decade. Twenty-one crosscurricular activities help kids learn how to research, buy, and sell stocks; use scientific methods to conduct a survey, re-create Depression glassware; and much more.
American mass culture's conservative response to the Great Depression and the coming of World War II
Author: David Welky
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
American mass culture's conservative response to the Great Depression and the coming of World War II
Dancing in the Dark: A Cultural History of the Great Depression, New York: W.W. Norton & Company; Jewell, Richard. 2007. The Golden Age of Cinema: Hollywood, 1929–1945, Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing; Whitington, Paul. April 10, 2008.
Author: James S. Olson
Intended for AP-focused American history high school students, this book supplies a complete quick reference source and study aide on the Great Depression and New Deal in America, covering the key themes, events, people, legislation, economics, and policies. • Represents an invaluable reference source for a key period of American history that is an integral part of the AP U.S. History curriculum • Presents 15 primary documents accompanied by introductions that place them in their proper historical context • Provides thematic tagging of encyclopedic entries, period chronology, and primary documents for ease of reference • Includes a Historical Thinking Skills section based on AP U.S. History course learning objectives
Fred Astaire , one of Hollywood's leading men during the 1930s and 1940s , was born in Omaha , Nebraska , on May 10 , 1899. His older sister Adele broke into show business in New York City , and in 1917 , he began performing with her .
Author: James Stuart Olson
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Today when most Americans think of the Great Depression, they imagine desperate men standing in bread lines, bootleggers hustling illegal booze to secrecy-shrouded speakeasies, FDR smiling, or Judy Garland skipping along the yellow brick road. Hard times have become an abstraction; but this was the era when the federal government became a major player in the national economy and Americans bestowed the responsibility for maintaining full employment and stable prices on Congress and the White House, making the Depression years a major watershed in U.S. history. In more than 500 essays, this ready reference brings those hard times to life, covering diplomacy, popular culture, intellectual life, economic problems, public policy issues, and prominent individuals of the era.
(1935–1951): The Battles, Brainstorms, and the Bickering—From the Files of Hollywood's Greatest Studio. New York: Simon and Schuster, ... Voices of Protest: Huey Long, Father Coughlin, and the Great Depression. New York: Vintage Books, ...
Author: Chris Yogerst
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
More than any other studio, Warner Bros. used edgy, stylistic, and brutally honest films to construct a view of America that was different from the usual buoyant Hollywood fare. The studio took seriously Harry Warner’s mandate that their films had a duty to educate and demonstrate key values of free speech, religious tolerance, and freedom of the press. This attitude was most aptly demonstrated in films produced by the studio between 1927 and 1941—a period that saw not only the arrival of sound in film but also the Great Depression, the rise of crime, and increased concern about fascism in the lead-up to World War II. In From the Headlines to Hollywood: The Birth and Boom of Warner Bros., Chris Yogerst explores how “the only studio with any guts” established the groundwork and perfected formulas for social romance dramas, along with gangster, war, espionage, and adventure films. In this book, the author discusses such films as ThePublic Enemy, Little Caesar, G-Men, The Life of Emile Zola, Angels with Dirty Faces, and Confessions of a Nazi Spy, illustrating the ways in which their plots truly were “ripped from the headlines.” While much of what has been written about Warner Bros. has focused on the plots of popular films or broad overviews of the studio’s output, this volume sets these in the larger context of the period, an era in which lighthearted fare competed with gritty realism. From the Headlines to Hollywood will appeal to readers with interests in film history, social history, politics, and entertainment.
The Great Depression technically began on October 29, 1929, but it didn't affect Hollywood until 1930, when plans to complete the Hollywood Pantages Theater office tower were curtailed, and Carl Laemmle, president of Universal, ...
Author: Marc Wanamaker
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
The image of Hollywood often translates as some otherworldly dreamscape filled with fantastic lives and fantasy fulfillment. The real deal was carved from the Southern California desert as an outpost northwest of Los Angeles. The movie industry arrived when tumbleweeds were not simply props and actual horsepower pulled the loads. Everyday workers, civic management, and Main Street conventionalities nurtured Hollywood's growth, as did a balmy climate that facilitated outdoor photography and shooting schedules for filmmakers. Splendid vintage photographs from the renowned collections of the Hollywood Heritage Museum and Bison Archives illustrate Hollywood's businesses, homes, and residents during the silent-film era and immediately after, as the Great Depression led up to World War II. These images celebrate Hollywood before and after its annexation into the city of Los Angeles in 1910 and its subsequent ascension as the world's greatest filmmaking center.
“Hollywood's Washington: Film Images of National Politics During the Great Depression.” Prospect 10 (1985): 169–95. Lowi, Theodore J., and Edward J. Harpham. “Political Theory and Public Policy: Marx ...
Author: Peter C. Rollins
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
" Winner of the 2003 Ray and Pat Browne Book Award, given by the Popular Culture Association The contributors to Hollywood’s White House examine the historical accuracy of these presidential depictions, illuminate their influence, and uncover how they reflect the concerns of their times and the social and political visions of the filmmakers. The volume, which includes a comprehensive filmography and a bibliography, is ideal for historians and film enthusiasts.
See Also : AFRICAN AMERICANS , IMPACT OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION ON ; ELLINGTON , DUKE ; JAZZ , MUSIC . ... Despite the steady popular demand for entertainment and escape , Hollywood appeared far from Depression - proof .
Author: Robert S. McElvaine
Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library
These volumes discuss depression-era politics, government, business, economics, literature, the arts, and more.
This text studies 1930s films as a unique and sometimes camouflaged record of the great crisis.
Author: Philip Hanson
Publisher: Associated University Presse
During the Great Depression, economic, political, and social crises converge with a rapidly expanding movie industry to create a product that offers a unique history of the period. This text studies 1930s films as a unique and sometimes camouflaged record of the great crisis.