This is a fine and detailed history of one of the most famous names in the British Army, illustrated by striking photographs and detailed maps.
Author: Major General Sir Thomas O. Marden
Detailed history of the part played by the Welch in the Great War. Primarily employed on the Western Front, the Regiment's battalions also saw service at Gallipoli; Mesopotamia, and in Palestine and Macedonia. The Regular battalions of the Regiment were deployed in France and Belgium from the outbreak of war in 1914; and took part in the battle and retreat from Mons; and the other battles of the war of movement - the Marne; Aisne and first Ypres. Later engagements in which the Regiment fought included Aubers Ridge and Loos in 1915; the Somme in 1916; Arras, Messines and Third Ypres (Passchendaele) in 1917; and the German Spring offensives and final advance to victory in 1918. This is a fine and detailed history of one of the most famous names in the British Army, illustrated by striking photographs and detailed maps.
Primary Sources Anon, A Short History of the 19th (Western) Division Adams, Bernard, Nothing of Importance: A Record ... a Welsh Battalion, October 1915 to June 1916 Atkinson, Captain C.T., History of the South Wales Borderers 1914–1918 ...
Author: Steven John
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
Welsh at War From Mons to Loos and the Gallipoli Tragedy is the culmination of twelve years of painstaking research by the author into the the Welsh men and infantry units who fought in the Great War.These units included the four regular regiments the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, South Wales Borderers Welsh Regiment and Welsh Guards as well as the Territorial Monmouthshire Regiment, the Yeomanry regiments, the Denbighshire Hussars, Pembroke Yeomanry, Montgomeryshire Yeomanry, Glamorgan Yeomanry and Welsh Horse Yeomanry and their amalgamation into service battalions for the regular regiments during 1917.Welsh troops fought with great courage in every theater of the war the Western Front, Aden, China, Gallipoli, Egypt, India, Italy, Salonika and in Palestine and as well as the casualties who were suffered during these campaigns, many men gained recognition for acts of gallantry.The book covers all of the major actions and incidents in which each of the Welsh infantry regiments took part from the opening of the war in 1914 until the end of 1915, as well as stories of Welsh airmen, Welshmen shot at dawn, Welsh rugby players who fell, Welsh gallantry winners and the Welshmen who died in non-Welsh units, such as the Dominion forces and other units of the British Armed Forces.While chronicling a history of the war through the events and battles that Welshmen took part in, the stories of individual casualties are included throughout, together with many compelling photographs of the men and their last resting places.
A Record of Eight Months at the Front with a Welsh Battalion, October 1915 to June 1916 Atkinson, Captain C.T., History of the ... British Regiments 1914–1918 Marden, Major General Sir Thomas O., History of the Welch Regiment, Part Two, ...
Author: Steven John
Publisher: Pen and Sword
The Welsh at War trilogy is the culmination of over twelve years of painstaking research by the author into the Welsh men and infantry units who fought in the Great War.These units included the four regular regiments the Royal Welsh Fusiliers, South Wales Borderers Welsh Regiment and Welsh Guards as well as the Territorial Monmouthshire Regiment, the Yeomanry regiments: the Denbighshire Hussars, Pembroke Yeomanry, Montgomeryshire Yeomanry, Glamorgan Yeomanry and Welsh Horse Yeomanry and their amalgamation into service battalions for the regular regiments during 1917.Welsh troops fought with great courage in every theater of the war the Western Front, Aden, China, Gallipoli, Egypt, India, Italy, Salonika and in Palestine and in addition to the casualties suffered during these campaigns, many men gained recognition for acts of gallantry.The three volumes, split chronologically, cover all of the major actions and incidents in which each of the Welsh infantry regiments took part, as well as stories of Welsh airmen, Welshmen shot at dawn, Welsh rugby players who fell, Welsh gallantry winners and the Welshmen who died in non-Welsh units, such as the Dominion forces and other units of the British armed forces.The Welsh at War records the gallant work of Welsh units and servicemen during the period between the arrival of the 38th (Welsh) Division in France during December 1915 until the aftermath of the Battle of Arras in the summer of 1917, covering: the campaigns in Mesopotamia, Salonika, Egypt and Palestine; the Battle of Jutland; the Somme offensive; the German Withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line; the Battle of Arras; the Battle of Messines Ridge; and the build up to the Third Battle of Ypres.
7917. 58 Marden, History of the Welch Regiment Part Two, 1914–1918, pp. 527–28. 59 Ibid., pp. 224–34. 60 R.E. Roberts, Holyhead and the Great War (Holyhead, 1920), p. 31. 61 Museums of the Royal Regiment of Wales: Fact Sheet No.
Author: Edward Madigan
British army chaplains have not fared well in the mythology of the First World War. Like its commanders they have often been characterized as embodiments of ineptitude and hypocrisy. Yet, just as historians have reassessed the motives and performance of British generals, this collection offers fresh insights into the war record of British chaplains. Drawing on the expertise of a dozen academic researchers, the collection offers an unprecedented analysis of the subject that embraces military, political, religious and imperial history. The volume also benefits from the professional insights of chaplains themselves, several of its contributors being serving or former members of the Royal Army Chaplains’ Department. Providing the fullest and most objective study yet published, it demonstrates that much of the post-war hostility towards chaplains was driven by political, social or even denominational agendas and that their critics often overlooked the positive contribution that chaplains made to the day-to-day struggles of soldiers trying to cope with the appalling realities of industrial warfare and its aftermath. As the most complete study of the subject to date, this collection marks a major advance in the historiography of the British army, of the British churches and of British society during the First World War, and will appeal to researchers in a broad range of academic disciplines.
Lieutenant E. I. G. Richards, quoted in Major-General Sir Thomas Marden, The History of the Welsh Regiment, Part II 1914–1918, Western Mail and Echo, Cardiff, 1932, p. 284. Welsh Army Corps: Report of the Executive Committee, Cardiff, ...
Author: Peter Simkins
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Numbering over five million men, Britain's army in the First World War was the biggest in the country's history. Remarkably, nearly half those men who served in it were volunteers. 2,466,719 men enlisted between August 1914 and December 1915, many in response to the appeals of the Field-Marshal Lord Kitchener. How did Britain succeed in creating a mass army, almost from scratch, in the middle of a major war ? What compelled so many men to volunteer ' and what happened to them once they had taken the King's shilling ? Peter Simkins describes how Kitchener's New Armies were raised and reviews the main political, economic and social effects of the recruiting campaign. He examines the experiences and impressions of the officers and men who made up the New Armies. As well as analysing their motives for enlisting, he explores how they were fed, housed, equipped and trained before they set off for active service abroad. Drawing upon a wide variety of sources, ranging from government papers to the diaries and letters of individual soldiers, he questions long-held assumptions about the 'rush to the colours' and the nature of patriotism in 1914. The book will be of interest not only to those studying social, political and economic history, but also to general readers who wish to know more about the story of Britain's citizen soldiers in the Great War.
Although this is the shortest divisional history after that of the 30th it does provide a picture of the division s part in the fighting during the three years it was on the Western Front.
Author: Lieutenant J E Munby
In September 1914 a proposal was put forward by Lloyd George to form a Welsh Army Corps consisting of two divisions. The base on which to build this corps was no more than the three Welsh regiments - Royal Welsh Fusiliers, South Wales Borderers and the Welsh Regiment, and although permission was at first given to go ahead with the proposal it was eventually dropped in April 1915 and just the one division took the field, the 38th (there was already a Welsh Territorial Division, the 53rd). All the discussions concerning the formation of the corps are contained in the publication Welsh Army Corps 1914-1919 described elsewhere in this book list. The division was raised as the 43rd in December 1914 but following the break up of the Fourth New Army in April 1915 to supply reinforcements to the first three New Armies, the division was renumbered 38 and went to France in December 1915 and served on the Western Front for the rest of the war. Its divisional sign was the Red Dragon of Wales and its first GOC was Ivor Philipps, something of a political appointment, who was given the heave-ho in July 1916 during the division s fight for Mametz Wood. In all it suffered 29,380 killed, wounded and missing - the dead numbered 4419. Honours and Awards amounted to 2,664 including five VCs. Its first major battle was for Mametz Wood in July 1916 in which the casualty figures reached 4,000 but there was some criticism of the division s performance, reflected in the commander s removal in the middle of the battle. But whatever the merits of that criticism the division went on to prove its fighting abilities, acknowledged by Haig in the introduction to this History in which he highlights two outstanding examples of soldierly achievement: Pilckem Ridge on 31 July 1917 when the Welsh met and broke to pieces a German Guard Division, and the operation against Pozieres in August 1918 which he describes as a most brilliant operation. Although this is the shortest divisional history after that of the 30th it does provide a picture of the division s part in the fighting during the three years it was on the Western Front. It is particularly good in the Order of Battle particulars including the roll of commanders (down to battalion COs) and staff (down to BM and G3) with dates and changes.
This book profiles the 'Carmarthen Pals', a battalion which fought with great distinction during many of World War One's most significant campaigns.
Author: Steven John
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
The Carmarthenshire Battalion was one of the early units raised in 1914 as a result of Lord Kitchener's expansion of the regular army for the duration of the Great War. This book profiles the 'Carmarthen Pals', a battalion which fought with great distinction during many of World War One's most significant campaigns.
Vol III is concerned only with the Western Front where fifteen battalions served and four of these also served in other theatres.This volume is arranged in seven parts, each part covering a specific period.
Author: C. H. Dudley Ward
The last two volumes of this history cover the Great War, during which the original seven battalions (two Regular, one Special Reserve and four Territorial) expanded to forty of which twenty-two served overseas. Total casualties (dead) amounted to 9,800; 77 Battle Honours were awarded and eight VCs were won, one by an officer serving on the staff at the time (Lieut-Col Doughty-Wylie at Gallipoli). A further VC was awarded to the MO of the 1/6th Battalion in Palestine. Vol III is concerned only with the Western Front where fifteen battalions served and four of these also served in other theatres.This volume is arranged in seven parts, each part covering a specific period. The narrative is continuous beginning with a brief background on the immediate pre-war situation, the reorganisation of the War Office and the Army, leading on to mobilization, the creation of new battalions, a list of all the battalions that existed during the war, with postings and, very useful, the nominal roll of all the officers serving on 1st August 1914, extracted from the Army List - Regular, Reserve and Territorial. The next part takes the story to the end of First Ypres, involving the 1st and 2nd Battalions, followed by 1915, 1916-1917 (May), 1917, 1918 and the German offensive, and finally 1918 the Pursuit of the Enemy. In each part any battle in which a battalion of the Regiment took part is fully described with officer casualties named and other rank casualties given by total. The author makes good use of personal accounts, diaries and memoirs and so provides an extremely interesting record. There is a comprehensive index.
The Shiny Seventh: The 7th (Service) Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment at War, 1915–1918, Bedfordshire Historical Record ... Major-General Sir Thomas, The History of the Welch Regiment: Part II, 1914–1918, Western Mail and Echo, Cardiff, ...
Author: Peter Simkins
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Peter Simkins has established a reputation over the last forty years as one of the most original and stimulating historians of the First World War. He has made a major contribution to the debate about the performance of the British Army on the Western Front. This collection of his most perceptive and challenging essays, which concentrates on British operations in France between 1916 and 1918, shows that this reputation is richly deserved. He focuses on key aspects of the army's performance in battle, from the first day of the Somme to the Hundred Days, and gives a fascinating insight into the developing theory and practice of the army as it struggled to find a way to break through the German line. His rigorous analysis undermines some of the common assumptions - and the myths - that still cling to the history of these British battles.
The Swansea Battalion served in France and Flanders for over three years suffering heavy losses.
Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: Pen & Sword
The Swansea Battalion served in France and Flanders for over three years suffering heavy losses. Its courageous story has never been told before in such detail. Setting off in December 1915 for the Western Front it was still advancing when the Armistice was signed in November 1918.
Regimental history of the Welch Regiment - one of the proudest and oldest formations in the British Army - is divided into two parts.
Author: O.B.E. Major A.C. Whitehorne
Regimental history of the Welch Regiment - one of the proudest and oldest formations in the British Army - is divided into two parts. The first section details the history of the Regiment from its origins as the Regiment of Invalids which became the 41st Regiment of Foot in the 18th century, down to the outbreak of the Great War in 1914. It details its service in the West Indies during the seven Years' War; action on Corsica and Toulon in the French Revolutionary War and its duties as a Marine Regiment serving in some of the greatest sea battles of the age, including the Glorious First of June; the Battle of the Saints and the Battle of St Vincent with Admirals Nelson and Jervis. In the 19th century, the Welch served in India; against America in the War of 1812; the Waterloo campaign; the Afghan wars and the Crimean and Boer Wars.
A History of the 14th (Service) Battalion, The Welsh Regiment in The Great War Bernard Lewis ... Orion Press, 1982 Jones, D., In Parenthesis, Faber and Faber, 1963 Marden, T.O., The History of the Welch Regiment, Part II, 1914– 1918, ...
Author: Bernard Lewis
Publisher: Pen and Sword
The Swansea Battalion was formed from local men by the Mayor of Swansea in the response to Lord Kitcheners famous appeal for volunteers. This, the first full history of the Battalion, covers early recruiting for the battalion in the Swansea area and its subsequent training in Swansea, Rhyl and Winchester, prior to departure, some 1,200 strong, in December 1915 for the Western Front. As part of the 38th Welsh Division it participated in the attack on Mametz Wood on the Somme where, in a single day, it suffered almost 100 men killed and 300 wounded out of an attacking contingent of less than 700. A further very successful raid on the German held High Command Redoubt was followed by front line service in the dreaded Ypres Salient. Here it took part in the bloody third Battle of Ypres, better known today as the Passchendaele Offensive. At Aveluy Wood it was accidentally shelled by its own artillery, suffering a number of fatalities. The Swansea Battalion then took an active part in the battles that finally broke the Hindenburg Line and the spirit of German resistance, one of its exploits being described as the high point of soldierly achievement by Douglas Haig. It was still advancing when the Armistice was signed in November 1918.
8'" A Short History of The Prince of Wales's Volunteers (South Lancashire). Compiled by Lieut.-Col. ... Part II. 1914-1918; by Major-Gen. Sir Thomas O. Marden, Colonel, The Welch Regiment. The History of The Welch Regiment, 1919-1951.
Author: Arthur S. White
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
This is one of the most valuable books in the armoury of the serious student of British Military history. It is a new and revised edition of Arthur White’s much sought-after bibliography of regimental, battalion and other histories of all regiments and Corps that have ever existed in the British Army. This new edition includes an enlarged addendum to that given in the 1988 reprint. It is, quite simply, indispensible.
IWM DOCS: P. N. Baldwin, Midshipman's Log, 28/10/1914. 22. T. B. S. Marshall, quoted by T. O'Marden, The History of the Welch Regiment, Part II, 1914–1918 (Uckfield, UK: Naval and Military Press, 2009), 320. 23. IWM DOCS: H. Rees, ...
Author: Peter Hart
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The dramatic opening weeks of the Great War passed into legend long before the conflict ended. The British Expeditionary Force fought a mesmerizing campaign, outnumbered and outflanked but courageous and skillful, holding the line against impossible odds, sacrificing themselves to stop the last great German offensive of 1914. A remarkable story of high hopes and crushing disappointment, the campaign contains moments of sheer horror and nerve-shattering excitement; pathos and comic relief; occasional cowardice and much selfless courage--all culminating in the climax of the First Battle of Ypres. And yet, as Peter Hart shows in this gripping and revisionary look at the war's first year, for too long the British part in the 1914 campaigns has been veiled in layers of self-congratulatory myth: a tale of poor unprepared Britain, reliant on the peerless class of her regular soldiers to bolster the rabble of the unreliable French Army and defeat the teeming hordes of German troops. But the reality of those early months is in fact far more complex--and ultimately, Hart argues, far more powerful than the standard triumphalist narrative. Fire and Movement places the British role in 1914 into a proper historical context, incorporating the personal experiences of the men who were present on the front lines. The British regulars were indeed skillful soldiers, but as Hart reveals, they also lacked practice in many of the required disciplines of modern warfare, and the inexperience of officers led to severe mistakes. Hart also provides a more accurate portrait of the German Army they faced--not the caricature of hordes of automatons, but the reality of a well-trained and superlatively equipped force that outfought the BEF in the early battles--and allows readers to come to a full appreciation of the role of the French Army, without whom the Marne never would have been won. Ultimately Fire and Movement shows the story of the 1914 campaigns to be an epic tale, and one which needs no embellishment. Through the voices and recollections of the soldiers who were there, Hart strips away the myth to offer a clear-eyed account of the remarkable early days of the Great War.
This volume is concerned with operations on Gallipoli, in Mesopotamia, Palestine, Macedonia (Salonika) and Italy, although the author prefers THE WAR WITH TURKEY, THE WAR WITH BULGARIA and THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA as titles to the three parts ...
Author: Charles Humble Dudley Ward
This volume is concerned with operations on Gallipoli, in Mesopotamia, Palestine, Macedonia (Salonika) and Italy, although the author prefers THE WAR WITH TURKEY, THE WAR WITH BULGARIA and THE WAR WITH AUSTRIA as titles to the three parts into which the book is divided. The first part (Turkey) begins with a brief background on the Turkish army, its strength and dispositions and then, after an account of the landings on 25th April 1915, goes on to describe the regiment s part in the Gallipoli campaign. Four battalions were involved at Gallipoli: 5th, 6th. 7th (Territorial battalions) and the 8th (Service) Battalion. The 8th Battalion was in 13th (Western) division, the only RWF battalion in that division, and landed at Anzac on 4th August 1915, followed shortly after by the three Territorial battalions with 158th Brigade in the 53rd(Welsh) Division. For the next four months they were in the fighting, notably at Suvla, Sari Bair and Scimitar Hill until both divisions were evacuated to Egypt in December. The 13th Division went on to Mesopotamia in April 1916, where the 8th Battalion was the only RWF battalion to fight in that theatre, and it was there to the end. The 53rd Division, after returning from Gallipoli remained in Egypt through 1916 and in February 1917 advanced into Palestine, and in August 1918 the 5th and 6th Battalions amalgamated to form the 5th/6th. In February 1917 the 74th (Yeomanry) Division was formed in Palestine and two Welsh Yeomanry regiments were posted to it and redesignated 24th and 25th Battalions RWF. Both battalions fought in Palestine and in France. The 11th (Service) Battalion went to France in September 1915 with 22nd Division; a month later the division was transferred to Salonika and with it went the 11th RWF, which was the only battalion of the regiment to fight in the Macedonian campaign. Finally, the 1st Battalion, which had served on the Western Front with the 7th Division from October 1914, went with the division to Italy in November 1917 where it remained to the armistice. The activities of all these battalions are well described in this history which concludes with a chapter on the Armistice and Demobilisation. There are a number of appendices which include: the Roll of Honour for the whole Regiment, taken from Soldiers Died and Officers Died; a short piece on the campaign in the Cameroons (Dobell, the British commander, was an RWF officer; brief notes on the Regimental Goats and the Flash ; the COs of all the battalions, with dates; an account of the unveiling and dedication of the War Memorial at Wrexham, the depot of the regiment; and a table showing details of the battalion s war establishment in 1914. Again, there is a comprehensive index. All in all these four volumes make up a very fine regimental history.
Welsh Yeomanry at War sheds new light on the battalion's almost forgotten campaign in Palestine, which saw many of its troops killed and buried in the Holy Land, and also tells the enthralling story of its short but arduous period in France ...
Author: Steven John
Publisher: Pen & Sword Books
Soon after the outbreak of the Great War, following many years of part-time soldiering as cavalry troops on home defense duties, the members of various British Yeomanry regiments were asked to volunteer for overseas service. In 1916, officered by well-known members of the landed gentry, two of the Welsh Yeomanry regiments, the Pembroke Yeomanry and the Glamorgan Yeomanry, were amongst many who embarked for foreign service for the first time ever in their history. Spending the next twelve months in Egypt during the campaign against the Senussi tribesmen, the two regiments merged to form the 24th (Pembroke and Glamorgan Yeomanry) Battalion, Welsh Regiment, which joined the 74th (Yeomanry) Division to take part in the historic offensive into Palestine that ultimately led to the liberation of the Holy City of Jerusalem after 400 years of Ottoman rule. In May 1918, after two years of hard campaigning in the Palestinian deserts, the 24th Welsh embarked for France with the rest of the 74th Division, joining the Allied forces in the victorious 100-day offensive against the Germans. Welsh Yeomanry at War sheds new light on the battalion's almost forgotten campaign in Palestine, which saw many of its troops killed and buried in the Holy Land, and also tells the enthralling story of its short but arduous period in France.
Captain Dudley Ward served in the Welsh Regiment. His historical account of the men who fought through the battles tells the story of the hardships encountered, and the courage and determination these men showed.
Author: C. H. Dudley Ward
The destruction of the British Expeditionary Force in 1914 called for new regiments to be formed. The Welsh Guards was one of these regiments. On 26 February 1915, King George V approved the creation of a Welsh Regiment of Foot Guards. Within a month, the Company Colours and their uniform details were settled. They immediately began training. In August, 1915, the Welsh Guards sailed to France to fight on the Western Front. Times were hard and the regiment's first test was the Battle of Loos: the first major action of the war to use the new Kitchener's men. Captain Dudley Ward served in the Welsh Regiment. His historical account of the men who fought through the battles tells the story of the hardships encountered, and the courage and determination these men showed. Four years of war are retold in compelling detail. Captain Dudley Ward thoroughly captures the sequence of events that unfolded, providing a detailed regimental history of the Welsh Guards during the First World War. Captain Dudley Ward (b.1879-1945) was the author of many regimental histories, including The Fifty Sixth Division: 1914-1918, The 74th (Yeomanry) Division In Syria And France, and Regimental Records of the Royal Welch Fusiliers - Vol III. 1914-1918,.