High Performance Synthetic Fibers for CompositesHigh Performance Synthetic Fibers for Composites



National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Materials Advisory Board, Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, Committee on High Performance Synthetic Fibers for Composites ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309043373

Category:

Page: 148

View: 683

High performance synthetic fibers are key components of composite materials--a class of materials vital for U.S. military technology and for the civilian economy. This book addresses the major research and development opportunities for present and future structural composite applications and identifies steps that could be taken to accelerate the commercialization of this critical fiber technology in the United States. The book stresses the need for redesigning university curricula to reflect the interdisciplinary nature of fiber science and technology. It also urges much greater government and industry cooperation in support of academic instruction and research and development in fiber-related disciplines.

Kenaf Fibers and CompositesKenaf Fibers and Composites



Natural fiber-reinforced composites offer a number of advantages when compared with synthetic- and metalbased materials ... and the development of high performance synthetic fibers has continued into advanced composite materials, ...

Author: S. M. Sapuan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498753432

Category:

Page: 231

View: 927

Kenaf fiber is gaining attention as an alternative reinforcement for composite products due to low cost, reduced environmental impact, and attractive mechanical properties. Kenaf Fibers and Composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to application in a variety of products. It discusses fiber characterization and properties, how to prepare kenaf-based composites, and design, manufacturing, and applications. It also covers hybrid fiber composites, kenaf fiber thermosetting composites, kenaf fiber thermoplastic composites, kenaf fibers in various lengths, and forms and arrangements such as particulates, continuous roving, and woven fabrics. Cellulose-based kenaf composites and kenaf fiber-filled biopolymer composites are presented.

High Performance Synthetic Fibers for CompositesHigh Performance Synthetic Fibers for Composites



Various promising classes of materials and methods of fiber synthesis are suggested for farther investigation. Successful fiber reinforcement of a matrix is heavily dependent on the interfact between the two components.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:227782200

Category:

Page: 142

View: 282

This report describes the properties of the principal classes of high-performance synthetic fibers, as well as several current and potential methods of synthesis and processing to attain desirable properties. Various promising classes of materials and methods of fiber synthesis are suggested for farther investigation. Successful fiber reinforcement of a matrix is heavily dependent on the interfact between the two components. The report emphasizes our relatively poor fundamental understanding of fiber-matrix reactions and this 'interphase' region. Research directed at improving our understanding of the properties and behavior of the boundary region is identified as a prime need if advances are to be made in fiber and composite performance. The report emphasizes the complex interdisciplinary nature of fiber science and makes strong policy recommendations for long-range continuity of fiber research and for increased support of education in fiber science. Because of the highly international scope of the commercial fiber and composites industries and the critical importance of fibers for military and space applications, the report considers the consequences of government policy affecting these industries. Attention is called to the need for improving procedures leading to governmental decisions affecting the fiber industry. The need for a policy to provide support for development and production of small quantities of specialty fibers for strategic military applications is also emphasized.

Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced CompositesNatural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites



... hibiscus-strengthened thermosetting polyurethane (TPU) composites 223 hibiscus/atomic nanocrystals/PP/MAPP nanocomposites 228 high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter 287 high-performance synthetic fibers 191 high-wet-modulus ...

Author: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527349302

Category:

Page: 372

View: 356

Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites Discover a comprehensive exploration of fiber reinforced polymers by an expert team of editors Fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites offer several unique properties that make them ideal for use in a wide range of industries, from automotive and aerospace to marine, construction, and co-industrial. In Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications, a distinguished team of mechanical engineers delivers a comprehensive overview of fiber reinforced composites. This edited volume includes thorough discussions of glass-, cotton-, and carbon-fiber reinforced materials, as well as the tribological properties and non-structural applications of synthetic fiber composites. Readers will also find practical explorations of the structural evolution, mechanical features, and future possibilities of fiber, textile, and nano-cementitious materials. The physical and chemical properties of cotton fiber-based composites are explored at length, as are the extraordinary mechanical, thermal, electrical, electronic, and field emission properties of carbon nanotubes. This singular book also includes: A thorough discussion of recent advancements in natural fiber reinforced polymer composites, their implications, and the opportunities that arise as a result A comprehensive exploration of the thermal behavior of natural fiber-based composites An insightful review of the literature on sisal fiber with polymer matrices A response to the growing research gap in the existing literature regarding natural fiber-based polymer composites and solutions to address it Perfect for scientists, engineers, professors, and students working in areas involving natural and synthetic reinforced polymers and composites, Natural and Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Composites: Synthesis, Properties and Applications offers a one-of-a-kind resource to help readers understand a critical and rapidly evolving technology.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable MaterialsEncyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials



Table 6 Cost of synthetic and natural fiber in the context of Bangladesh Categories Description Market price BDT(USD) ... Last but not least, high performance synthetic fiber composites are used in high speed and precision machinery, ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128131961

Category:

Page: 4252

View: 711

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Ceramic Fibers and CoatingsCeramic Fibers and Coatings



The properties of the principal classes of high-performance synthetic fibers, as well as several methods of synthesizing and processing them, were discussed in a 1992 NRC report entitled High-Performance Synthetic Fibers for Composites.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309174176

Category:

Page: 112

View: 101

High-temperature ceramic fibers are the key components of ceramic matrix composites (CMCs). Ceramic fiber properties (strength, temperature and creep resistance, for example)-along with the debonding characteristics of their coatings-determine the properties of CMCs. This report outlines the state of the art in high-temperature ceramic fibers and coatings, assesses fibers and coatings in terms of future needs, and recommends promising avenues of research. CMCs are also discussed in this report to provide a context for discussing high-temperature ceramic fibers and coatings.

High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2High Performance Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites 2



... of synthetic fibers should be given a greater attention when being considered for reinforcement in high performance FRC, and the Poisson effect should be included in the modeling of the behavior of composites with such fibers.

Author: A.E. Naaman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482271676

Category:

Page: 530

View: 745

The leading international authorities bring together in this contributed volume the latest research and current thinking on advanced fiber reinforced cement composites. Under rigorous editorial control, 13 chapters map out the key properties and behaviour of these materials, which promise to extend their applications into many more areas in the com

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive ApplicationsBiocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications



Due to the hybrid composite fiber material of natural/synthetic fiberreinforced composite materials in the use of high-performance energyabsorbing tubes, Suppan et al. [5] done the intensive review to understand the hybridization effect ...

Author: S.M. Sapuan Sapuan

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780128209233

Category:

Page: 456

View: 123

Biocomposite and Synthetic Composites for Automotive Applications provides a detailed review of advanced macro and nanocomposite materials and structures, and discusses their use in the transport industry, specifically for automotive applications. This book covers materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques. A broad range of different material classes are reviewed with emphasis on advanced materials and new research pathways where composites can be derived from agricultural waste in the future, as well as the development and performance of hybrid composites. The book is an essential reference resource for those researching materials development and industrial design engineers who need a detailed understanding of materials usage in transport structures. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis of composite products in automotive applications is also discussed, and the effect of different fiber orientation on crash performance. Synthetic/natural fiber composites for aircraft engine fire-designated zones are linked to automotive applications. Additional chapters include the application and use of magnesium composites compared to biocomposites in the automotive industry; autonomous inspection and repair of aircraft composite structures via vortex robot technology and its application in automotive applications; composites in a three-wheeler (tuk tuk); and thermal properties of composites in automotive applications. Covers advanced macro and nanocomposites used in automotive structures Emphasizes materials selection, properties and performance, design solutions, and manufacturing techniques Features case studies of successful applications of biocomposites in automotive structures

High Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix CompositesHigh Performance Structural Fibers for Advanced Polymer Matrix Composites



DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE FIBERS The development pathways of high-performance carbon and organic fibers have ... was to develop a high-strength synthetic fiber that excelled as both a ballistic fabric and a composite material.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309096140

Category:

Page: 70

View: 232

Military use of advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC)â€"consisting of a resin matrix reinforced by high-performance carbon or organic fibersâ€"while extensive, accounts for less that 10 percent of the domestic market. Nevertheless, advanced composites are expected to play an even greater role in future military systems, and DOD will continue to require access to reliable sources of affordable, high-performance fibers including commercial materials and manufacturing processes. As a result of these forecasts, DOD requested the NRC to assess the challenges and opportunities associated with advanced PMCs with emphasis on high-performance fibers. This report provides an assessment of fiber technology and industries, a discussion of R&D opportunities for DOD, and recommendations about accelerating technology transition, reducing costs, and improving understanding of design methodology and promising technologies.