The text's rhetorical approach emphasizes the transformative power that grammar choices can have on a writer and helps students develop the personality they wish to portray in their writing.
Author: Lawrence Weinstein
Publisher: Longman Publishing Group
Grammar Moves: Shaping Who You Are helps students understand how the grammatical moves they make reveal their personality traits and present their persona to their readers. The text's rhetorical approach emphasizes the transformative power that grammar choices can have on a writer and helps students develop the personality the wish to portray in their writing. Writers can use the imperative mood to suggest control, colons to be assertive, parenthesis to keep the conversation real, and even commas to present an organized persona. By showing students how seemingly small choices can help them manage the impression they make on readers, Grammar Moves: Shaping Who You Are helps students become more deliberate writers.
Acts may be coordinated with other acts , moves with other moves , and so on . In order to distinguish discourse coordination from grammatical coordination I use the term list relation . In addition to " discourse coordination " we may ...
Author: John H. Connolly
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
The contents of this volume are a selection from the papers given at the Sixth Inter-national Conference on Functional Grammar (ICFG), which was held in York, at the University College of Ripon and York St John, from 18 to 22 August, 1994. Functional Grammar as understood in the ICFGs and in this volume is the linguistic model as proposed by Simon Dik, who died six months after the conference. The editors hope that this volume is a fitting tribute to his work. The chapters in this volume are presented in four groups. The first three offer an expansion of FG into a discourse-oriented model based on the existing layered structure. The second group discusses various existing discourse frameworks (Discourse Analysis, Rhetorical Structure Theory, and Accessibility Theory and Relevance) and their potential contribution to FG. The following chapters each discuss one or more pragmatic functions in specific languages (Dutch, Bulgarian, Spanish, and Hebrew). Finally, the final two chapters deal with connectivity.
Given the fact that Lango is a fairly strict SVO language, as Noonan (1992) claims, the fact shown in (3.11) suggests that SUBJ moves overtly out of the VP. Moreover, if it is true that auxiliaries are base-generated at Infl, ...
Author: Hiroyuki Ura
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Ura's theory of multiple feature-checking develops the basic idea in original and highly productive ways, providing persuasive answers to difficult questions that arise in widely-ranging languages, and opening up new and challenging problems. It is an impressive achievement, which merits careful study, according to Noam Chomsky.
The final chapter in this part, by Stefan Th. Gries (' Data in Construction Grammar '), then moves away from these theoretical issues but nevertheless addresses a fundamental issue of Construction Grammar: What kinds of data are used in ...
Author: Thomas Hoffmann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The last decade has seen a rise in popularity in construction-based approaches to grammar. The various approaches within the rubric 'construction grammar' all see language as a network of constructions-pairings of form and meaning. Construction Grammar, as a kind of cognitive linguistics, differs significantly from mainstream generative grammar as espoused by Chomsky and his followers. Advocates of Construction Grammar see it as a psychologically plausible theory of human language. As such, it is capable of providing a principled account of language acquisition, language variation and language change. Research in Construction Grammar also includes multidisciplinary cognitive studies in psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, and computational linguistics. The Oxford Handbook of Construction Grammar is the first authoritative reference work solely dedicated to Construction Grammar. Divided into five sections, the book will be an invaluable resource that students and scholars alike can turn to for a comprehensive account of current work on Construction Grammar, its theoretical foundations, and its applications to and relationship with other kinds of linguistic enquiry.
In example (31), recited below, A can assume that B is fulfilling his predictions andproducing a responding move but does not know whether or not it is an R/I to which he is hehears the termination choice: expected in turn to respond ...
Author: Malcolm Coulthard
The book explores ways in which the formal methods of linguistics can cast light on the structure of verbal interaction, and in particular considers how successive utterances cohere together in continuous spoken discourse. Beginning with an earlier model of discourse analysis elaborated to deal with teacher-pupil interaction in the classroom, it then reviews attempts to extend this model to a variety of discourses such as committee talk, doctor-patient interviews, broadcast discussions and the monologue of lectures. The extension of the original model to other situations has prompted a number of innovations and additional insights which are expounded in a series of contributions linked by complimentary themes. There are contributions on the role of intonation and of kinetics in discourse analysis; explorations of the problems of the analytic category ‘sentence’ and of the problems raised by casual conversation; and there is extended discussion of the structural properties underlying exchanges of utterances. The book moves easily between data and theory, forming a unified whole. It sums up a continuing and lively debate within a common tradition of discourse analysis and may well serve as a programmatic statement for future work in the field.
To form a yes/no question in English, move the auxiliary or model in TNS to the front of the clause. ... In grammatical examples of question formation, the auxiliary or modal moves over Joachim, a bald eagle, and the student, ...
Author: Anne Lobeck
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An engaging and fresh take on the rules and politics of English grammar, written in lively prose. It goes a step further than most books on grammar by providing an overview of the field, with a discussion of historical and current debates about grammar, and how we define, discuss, and approach it. Presents a novel, inquiry-based approach to understanding speakers' unconscious knowledge of English grammar Makes lucid connections, when relevant, with current linguistic theory Integrates language change and variation into the study of grammar Examines historical sources of socially evaluative perceptions of grammar, as 'good' or 'bad', and notions of language authority Provides syntactic explanations for many modern punctuation rules Explores some of the current controversies about grammar teaching in school and the role of Standard English in testing and assessment
In this analysis the first ( and only ) move , Mı , consists in the invitation of A by S. The move consists of two parts ( or submoves ) , a precondition and a directive one . These submoves are carried out by means of the speech acts E ...
Author: Matthew Anstey
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Crucial Readings in Functional Grammar will be an invaluable resource to anyone working in Functional Grammar, student and scholar alike. It contains important articles that have led to new avenues of research in the theory beyond Dik's two-volume Functional Grammar (1997), each concluded with a short paragraph with suggestions for further research. The book also contains two chapters by the editors: an introduction to current Functional Grammar theory and a researcher's guide to the hundred-plus Functional Grammar dissertations and monographs. Crucial Readings will be of much assistance both in bringing together in one volume the various ideas that complement Dik's canonical presentation of the theory and in the editorial contributions that provide a comprehensive review of Functional Grammar publications.
The grammar moves a motive rule into behavior , from availability to ascription . It is a collection of ) rule ( s ) of use for the doing of an ascription . It depicts for the observer a procedure for actually ascribing available ...
Author: John Beck
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
By including material from literary, philosophical, and anthropological sources, and by selecting readings which consider educational practice both within and beyond formal educational contexts, this book broadens the character of sociological inquiry in education. The editors bring together material they have found valuable when working with students of education and DEGREESsociology at all levels. Many of these articles and extracts are either inaccessible or have not been reprinted. The collection should stimulate inquiry about the assumptions underlying current debates on curriculum, streaming, school organization, methods of teaching, and preconceived notions of ability. Toward a Sociology of Education develops an alternative theoretical approach to and engages in critical dialogue with mainstream sociology, and also points to other theoretical and practical probabilities.