Forging the Collective MemoryForging the Collective Memory

However, this volume shows that these volumes, rather than dealing objectively with the past, were used by the different governments to project an interpretation of the origins of the Great War that was more palatable to them and their ...

Author: Keith Wilson

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1571819282


Page: 300

View: 208

When studying the origins of the First World War, scholars have relied heavily on the series of key diplomatic documents published by the governments of both the defeated and the victorious powers in the 1920s and 1930s. However, this volume shows that these volumes, rather than dealing objectively with the past, were used by the different governments to project an interpretation of the origins of the Great War that was more palatable to them and their country than the truth might have been. In revealing policies that influenced the publication of the documents, the relationships between the commissioning governments, their officials, and the historians involved, this collection serves as a warning that even seemingly objective sources have to be used with caution in historical research.

Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National MemoryAbraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory

Not until this cultural realm is explored can we grasp Lincoln's part in the forging of national memory . Memory as a Cultural System The politics of memory produces little understanding of collective memory as such - only of its causes ...

Author: Barry Schwartz

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226741982


Page: 367

View: 845

Abraham Lincoln has long dominated the pantheon of American presidents. From his lavish memorial in Washington and immortalization on Mount Rushmore, one might assume he was a national hero rather than a controversial president who came close to losing his 1864 bid for reelection. In Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory, Barry Schwartz aims at these contradictions in his study of Lincoln's reputation, from the president's death through the industrial revolution to his apotheosis during the Progressive Era and First World War. Schwartz draws on a wide array of materials—painting and sculpture, popular magazines and school textbooks, newspapers and oratory—to examine the role that Lincoln's memory has played in American life. He explains, for example, how dramatic funeral rites elevated Lincoln's reputation even while funeral eulogists questioned his presidential actions, and how his reputation diminished and grew over the next four decades. Schwartz links transformations of Lincoln's image to changes in the society. Commemorating Lincoln helped Americans to think about their country's development from a rural republic to an industrial democracy and to articulate the way economic and political reform, military power, ethnic and race relations, and nationalism enhanced their conception of themselves as one people. Lincoln's memory assumed a double aspect of "mirror" and "lamp," acting at once as a reflection of the nation's concerns and an illumination of its ideals, and Schwartz offers a fascinating view of these two functions as they were realized in the commemorative symbols of an ever-widening circle of ethnic, religious, political, and regional communities. The first part of a study that will continue through the present, Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory is the story of how America has shaped its past selectively and imaginatively around images rooted in a real person whose character and achievements helped shape his country's future.

Remembering Social MovementsRemembering Social Movements

intrinsic relationship between collective memory and collective identity. ... Class identity, forged to some extent through memory, was the precondition for successful revolutions and the implementation of a socialist future.

Author: Stefan Berger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000390193


Page: 343

View: 623

Remembering Social Movements offers a comparative historical examination of the relations between social movements and collective memory. A detailed historiographical and theoretical review of the field introduces the reader to five key concepts to help guide analysis: repertoires of contention, historical events, generations, collective identities, and emotions. The book examines how social movements act to shape public memory as well as how memory plays an important role within social movements through 15 historical case studies, spanning labour, feminist, peace, anti-nuclear, and urban movements, as well as specific examples of ‘memory activism’ from the 19th century to the 21st century. These include transnational and explicitly comparative case studies, in addition to cases rooted in German, Australian, Indian, and American history, ensuring that the reader gains a real insight into the remembrance of social activism across the globe and in different contexts. The book concludes with an epilogue from a prominent Memory Studies scholar. Bringing together the previously disparate fields of Memory Studies and Social Movement Studies, this book systematically scrutinises the two-way relationship between memory and activism and uses case studies to ground students while offering analytical tools for the reader.

Historical trauma and memoryHistorical trauma and memory

'By forging a link between a normative past and the present and by building a future on this link, cultures create horizons of “diachronic communication” between the living ... 12 Cultural memory thus functions as a link between times.

Author: Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela

Publisher: African Sun Media

ISBN: 9781991201591


Page: 302

View: 106

How wounds from a previous generation may weigh on children and grandchildren contain much of interest. Yet if we unpack the ghostly, the eerie, and the spectral in transgenerational hauntings, if we allow for the suffering or the disturbed to forge social links, such contacts may enable breaking into reconnections and afterlives. … One only needs to think of the near epidemic of rape in South Africa to sense violent hypermasculinity erupting as madness, mediated by a history of brutal, racialised reduction. But it is also important to move beyond the brutalities and madness, to consider the individual and collective refigurations surfacing out of layers of catastrophe. Nancy Rose Hunt: Conference Keynote Address, “Beyond Trauma? Notes on a Word, a Frame, and a Diagnostic Category.” Historical Trauma and Memory: Living with the Haunting Power of the Past is based on essays presented at a conference with the same name which was held in Kigali, Rwanda in April 2019. The book gives readers front row seats as an interdisciplinary group of scholars from law, psychology, history, the arts, anthropology, theology, and philosophy address the complex matrix of the emotional legacies of historical trauma, cultural legacies, people interacting with their social and political environment, and the interplay of these factors in different post-conflict societies.

Cosmopolitanism and the Development of the International Criminal CourtCosmopolitanism and the Development of the International Criminal Court

22 In this sense, Lawrence Kritzman argues, Nora's project implicitly insists on the prominence of the nation-state in the forging of collective memory. The connection between memory and nation has also been explored from a comparative ...

Author: Jennifer Biedendorf

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781683931805


Page: 182

View: 481

Cosmopolitanism and the Development of the International Criminal Court examines a set of prominent discourses and events that emerged in the context of the development and establishment of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The analysis shows state and nonstate actors’ competing commitments to cosmopolitanism and national identity.

Exhibiting WarExhibiting War

granted (and “granted” is still the operative word) special access, or the status of “official” historian or editor of official documents, is a patriotic historian', and 'in the forging, or shaping, of the collective memory, ...

Author: Jennifer Wellington

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108509336



View: 301

What does it mean to display war? Examining a range of different exhibitions in Britain, Canada and Australia, Jennifer Wellington reveals complex imperial dynamics in the ways these countries developed diverging understandings of the First World War, despite their cultural, political and institutional similarities. While in Britain a popular narrative developed of the conflict as a tragic rupture with the past, Australia and Canada came to see it as engendering national birth through violence. Narratives of the war's meaning were deliberately constructed by individuals and groups pursuing specific agendas: to win the war and immortalise it at the same time. Drawing on a range of documentary and visual material, this book analyses how narratives of mass violence changed over time. Emphasising the contingent development of national and imperial war museums, it illuminates the way they acted as spaces in which official, academic and popular representations of this violent past intersect.

Historiography CultureHistoriography Culture

perfunctorily or as a hollow metaphor defining memory as a monolith in expressions like " the collective memory of early ... special issue on memory and the South ; Keith Wilson , ed . , Forging the Collective Memory : Government and ...

Author: Robert M. Burns

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 041532081X


Page: 504

View: 444

This collection aims to enable the reader to disentangle some of the ambiguities and confusions which have characterized the use of the term 'historiography'.

Assault on Mexican American Collective Memory 2010 2015Assault on Mexican American Collective Memory 2010 2015

They forgot that a movement is like a balloon—if you squeeze one spot, the air will shift to another. It also hurt the forging of a clear collective memory; something that is vital for future struggles.

Author: Rodolfo F. Acuña, Professor Emeritus

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781498548243


Page: 296

View: 712

This book puts recent events in the Southwestern United States into historical context, exploring how and why powerful elites are laying an assault on the history and identity of Mexican Americans and Latinos. It argues that neoliberalism and the privatization of schools and higher education drives this phenomenon.

German Literature and the First World War The Anti War TraditionGerman Literature and the First World War The Anti War Tradition

57 Paul Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1975); Jay Winter, Sites of Memory, ... Forging the Collective Memory: Government and International Historians through Two World Wars (Oxford: Berghahn, 1996); Matthew ...

Author: Brian Murdoch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317128441


Page: 320

View: 771

The period immediately following the end of the First World War witnessed an outpouring of artistic and literary creativity, as those that had lived through the war years sought to communicate their experiences and opinions. In Germany this manifested itself broadly into two camps, one condemning the war outright; the other condemning the defeat. Of the former, Erich Maria Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front remains the archetypal example of an anti-war novel, and one that has become synonymous with the Great War. Yet the tremendous and enduring popularity of Remarque’s work has to some extent eclipsed a plethora of other German anti-war writers, such as Hans Chlumberg, Ernst Johannsen and Adrienne Thomas. In order to provide a more rounded view of German anti-war literature, this volume offers a selection of essays published by Brian Murdoch over the past twenty years. Beginning with a newly written introduction, providing the context for the volume and surveying recent developments in the subject, the essays that follow range broadly over the German anti-war literary tradition, telling us much about the shifting and contested nature of the war. The volume also touches upon subjects such as responsibility, victimhood, the problem of historical hiatus in the production and reception of novels, drama, poetry, film and other literature written during the war, in the Weimar Republic, and in the Third Reich. The collection also underlines the potential dangers of using novels as historical sources even when they look like diaries. One essay was previously unpublished, two have been augmented, and three are translated into English for the first time. Taken together they offer a fascinating insight into the cultural memory and literary legacy of the First World War and German anti-war texts.

Encyclopedia of Global StudiesEncyclopedia of Global Studies

Collective memory research has burgeoned in recent decades, especially in post-conflict and transitional ... By constructing beliefs about common legacies and heritage, collective memory accounts for the way people forge a sense of ...

Author: Helmut K. Anheier

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781412994224


Page: 2072

View: 327

"With all entries followed by cross-references and further reading lists, this current resource is ideal for high school and college students looking for connecting ideas and additional sources on them. The work brings together the many facets of global studies into a solid reference tool and will help those developing and articulating an ideological perspective." — Library Journal The Encyclopedia of Global Studies is the reference work for the emerging field of global studies. It covers both transnational topics and intellectual approaches to the study of global themes, including the globalization of economies and technologies; the diaspora of cultures and dispersion of peoples; the transnational aspects of social and political change; the global impact of environmental, technological, and health changes; and the organizations and issues related to global civil society. Key Themes: • Global civil society • Global communications, transportation, technology • Global conflict and security • Global culture, media • Global demographic change • Global economic issues • Global environmental and energy issues • Global governance and world order • Global health and nutrition • Global historical antecedents • Global justice and legal issues • Global religions, beliefs, ideologies • Global studies • Identities in global society Readership: Students and academics in the fields of politics and international relations, international business, geography and environmental studies, sociology and cultural studies, and health.