Floods Famines and EmperorsFloods Famines and Emperors



In 1999, few people had thought to examine the effects of climate on civilization. Now, due in part to the groundbreaking work of archaeologist Brian Fagan, climate change is a central issue.

Author: Brian Fagan

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465005306

Category:

Page: 368

View: 509

In 1999, few people had thought to examine the effects of climate on civilization. Now, due in part to the groundbreaking work of archaeologist Brian Fagan, climate change is a central issue. Revised and updated ten years after its first publication, Floods, Famines and Emperors remains the definitive account of how the world's best-known climate event had an indelible impact on history.

Floods Famines And EmperorsFloods Famines And Emperors



Examines the links between climate and culture by looking at the long-term effects of El Nino on weather patterns over the past five millennia and studying the impact on human civilization during that time

Author: Brian Fagan

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105023122786

Category:

Page: 284

View: 311

Examines the links between climate and culture by looking at the long-term effects of El Nino on weather patterns over the past five millennia and studying the impact on human civilization during that time

Floods Famines and EmperorsFloods Famines and Emperors



The emperor also involved himself closely in management of the Grand Canal, ordering prompt repairs after severe floods and making heavy investments in the infrastructure needed to transport grain and control floodwaters.

Author: Brian Fagan

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9780786727681

Category:

Page: 368

View: 769

In 1997 and early 1998, one of the most powerful El Ninos ever recorded disrupted weather patterns all over the world. Europe suffered through a record freeze as the American West was hit with massive floods and snowstorms; in the western Pacific, meanwhile, some island nations literally went bone dry and had to have water flown in on transport planes. Such effects are not new: climatologists now know the El Nino and other climate anomalies have been disrupting weather patterns throughout history. But until recently, no one had asked how this new understanding of the global weather system related to archaeology and history. Droughts, floods, heat and cold put stress on cultures and force them to adapt. What determines whether they adapt successfully? How do these climate stresses affect a people's faith in the foundations of their society and the legitimacy of their rulers? How vulnerable is our own society to climate change? In this dazzlingly original new book, archaeologist Brian Fagan shows that short-term climate shifts have been a major -- and hitherto unrecognized -- force in history. El Nino-driven droughts have brought on the collapse of dynasties in Egypt; El Nino monsoon failures have caused historic famines in India; and El Nino floods have destroyed whole civilizations in Peru. Other short-term climate changes may have caused the mysterious abandonment of the Anasazi dwellings in the American Southwest and the collapse of the ancient Maya empire, as well as changed the course of European history. This beautifully written, groundbreaking book opens a new door on our understanding of historical events.

The Little Ice AgeThe Little Ice Age



From renowned archeologist Brian Fagan, the classic history of how climate change transformed Europe and the world The Little Ice Age tells the story of the turbulent, unpredictable, and often very cold years of modern European history, ...

Author: Brian Fagan

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465022723

Category:

Page: 272

View: 170

From renowned archeologist Brian Fagan, the classic history of how climate change transformed Europe and the world The Little Ice Age tells the story of the turbulent, unpredictable, and often very cold years of modern European history, revealing how the 500-year cold snap that began in the fourteenth century affected historical events and what it means for today's global warming. Renowned archaeologist Brian Fagan shows how the increasing cold influenced familiar events, from Norse exploration to the settlement of North America to the Industrial Revolution. This is a fascinating book for anyone interested in history, climate, and how they interact.

Unstoppable Global WarmingUnstoppable Global Warming



Fagan , Floods , Famines and Emperors , 197 . 38. Fagan , Floods , Famines and Emperors , 49 . ... L. Ladurie and E. Ladurie , Times of Feast , Times of Famine , translated by B. Bray ( New York : Noonday Press , 1971 ) , 64–79 . 55.

Author: Siegfried Fred Singer

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742551172

Category:

Page: 260

View: 911

Argues that global warming is a natural, cyclical phenomenon that has not been caused by human activities and that its negative consequences have been greatly overestimated.

Fish on FridayFish on Friday



Fish on Friday tells the story of the discovery of America as a product of the long sweep of history: the spread of Christianity and the radical cultural changes it brought to Europe, the interaction of economic necessity with a changing ...

Author: Brian Fagan

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465022855

Category:

Page: 368

View: 272

What gave Christopher Columbus the confidence in 1492 to set out across the Atlantic Ocean? Fish on Friday tells the story of the discovery of America as a product of the long sweep of history: the spread of Christianity and the radical cultural changes it brought to Europe, the interaction of economic necessity with a changing climate, and generations of unknown fishermen who explored the North Atlantic in the centuries before Columbus. A fascinating and multifaceted book, Fish on Friday will intrigue everyone who wonders how the vast forces of climate, culture, and technology conspire to create the history we know.

Unstoppable Global WarmingUnstoppable Global Warming



Fagan, Floods, Famines and Emperors, 197. 38. Fagan, Floods, Famines and ... L. Ladurie and E. Ladurie, Times of Feast, Times of Famine, translated by B. Bray (NewYork: Noonday Press, 1971), 64–79. 55. J. Grove and Arthur Battagel, ...

Author: S. Fred Singer

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442209336

Category:

Page: 276

View: 114

Singer and Avery present—in popular language supported by in-depth scientific evidence—the compelling concept that global temperatures have been rising mostly or entirely because of a natural cycle. Using historic data from two millennia of recorded history combined with the natural physical records found in ice cores, seabed sediment, cave stalagmites, and tree rings, Unstoppable Global Warming argues that the 1,500 year solar-driven cycle that has always controlled the earth's climate remains thedriving force in the current warming trend. Trillions of dollars spent on reducing fossil fuel use would have no effect on today's rising temperatures. The public policy key, Singer and Avery propose, is adaptation, not fruitless attempts at prevention.Further, they offer convincing evidence that civilization's most successful eras have coincided with the cycle's warmest peaks. With the added benefit of modern technology, humanity can not only survive global climate change, but thrive.

The Long SummerThe Long Summer



In The Long Summer, Brian Fagan brings us the first detailed record of climate change during these 15,000 years of warming, and shows how this climate change gave rise to civilization.

Author: Brian Fagan

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465022820

Category:

Page: 304

View: 929

Humanity evolved in an Ice Age in which glaciers covered much of the world. But starting about 15,000 years ago, temperatures began to climb. Civilization and all of recorded history occurred in this warm period, the era known as the Holocene-the long summer of the human species. In The Long Summer, Brian Fagan brings us the first detailed record of climate change during these 15,000 years of warming, and shows how this climate change gave rise to civilization. A thousand-year chill led people in the Near East to take up the cultivation of plant foods; a catastrophic flood drove settlers to inhabit Europe; the drying of the Sahara forced its inhabitants to live along the banks of the Nile; and increased rainfall in East Africa provoked the bubonic plague. The Long Summer illuminates for the first time the centuries-long pattern of human adaptation to the demands and challenges of an ever-changing climate-challenges that are still with us today.

A Companion to Global Environmental HistoryA Companion to Global Environmental History



391); J. Diamond, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, New York, Penguin, 2005; B. Fagan, Floods, Famines and Emperors: El Niño and the Fate of Civilizations, New York, Basic Books, 1999, p. 129; Fagan, The Great Warming, ...

Author: J. R. McNeill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118977538

Category:

Page: 560

View: 733

God s Family God s EarthGod s Family God s Earth



Brian Fagan, Floods, Famines and Emperors: El Nino and the Fate of Civilization (Basic Books, 1999, 2009), 266. According to Michael H. Grantz, drought follows the plow in that "with increasing pressure to cultivate marginal areas, ...

Author: Kaoma, Kapya J.

Publisher: Kachere Series

ISBN: 9789990802627

Category:

Page: 252

View: 134

This book explores how the mounting ecological crisis has religious, political, and economic roots that enable and promote social and environmental harm. It presents the thesis that religious traditions, including their ethical expressions, can effectively address the crisis, ameliorate its effects, and advocate social and environmental betterment, now and in the future. The ecological overtones of African traditional religions and Christianity are examined along with a discussion on African morality. Recognition is given to the conflict between ecological values and religious teachings in an examination contrasting the awareness of socio-economic problems caused by overpopulation.

FloodsFloods



Floods, Droughts, and Climate Change. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2002.Davis, Lee Allyn. Natural Disasters. New York: Facts on File, 2002. Fagan, Brian M. Floods, Famines and Emperors: El Niño and the Fate of Civilizations.

Author: Michael Woods

Publisher: LernerClassroom

ISBN: 9780822568650

Category:

Page: 64

View: 986

A flood can occur instantly, from ocean waves that wash over land. Or it can begin slowly, with a rainfall lasting many hours. Regardless, terrible disasters can occur whenever too much water rushes into or slowly gathers in the wrong place. Rushing water can sweep buildings off foundations. People must quickly leave their homes and possessions to seek safety. Some drown before they can escape. With dramatic images and firsthand survivor stories plus the latest facts and figures this book shows you flood disasters up close.

Floods Flash Floods and MudslidesFloods Flash Floods and Mudslides



Floods , Droughts , and Climate Change . Tucson , AZ : University of Arizona Press , 2002 . Fagan , Brian . Floods , Famines , and Emperors : El Niño and the Fate of Civilizations . New York , NY : Basic Books , 1999 .

Author: G. S. Prentzas

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1404205349

Category:

Page: 64

View: 208

Looks at where floods and mudslides are likely to happen and how to prepare for and survive them.

Disaster and Human HistoryDisaster and Human History



... 190, 194, 197, 198, 200 FAD see Malthusian Theory of Famine Fagan, Brian 118–119, 125 fall line 209 fallowing 133, ... 235, 376 also Great Bhola Cyclone; Hurricane Katrina; tsunami; Yellow River Floods, Famines, and Emperors 125; ...

Author: Benjamin Reilly

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786436552

Category:

Page: 399

View: 856

"This book examines the relationship between mankind and the natural environment through the lens of natural disasters, where the interaction between humanity and its environment comes into sharpest focus. The text achieves this goal through the examinati

Russia in the Time of CholeraRussia in the Time of Cholera



... Petrovka, Saltikovski per., d. T-va, No. 9, 1905), pp. 170–1. Robbins, Famine, pp. 172–3. Fagan, Floods, Famines and Emperors, pp. 8, 11. Kane, Russian Hajj, pp. 47–8. Clemow, The Cholera, p. 3. LeDonne, The Russian Empire, pp.

Author: John P. Davis

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781786733658

Category:

Page: 336

View: 571

As the nineteenth century drew to a close and epidemics in western Europe were waning, the deadly cholera vibrio continued to wreak havoc in Russia, outlasting the Romanovs. Scholars have since argued that cholera eventually fell prey to better sanitation and strict quarantine under the Soviets, citing as evidence imperial mismanagement, a `backward' tsarist medical system and physicians' anachronistic environmental interpretations of the disease. Drawing on extensive archival research and the so-called `material turn' in historiography, however, John P. Davis here demonstrates that Romanov-era physicians' environmental approach to disease was not ill-grounded, nor a consequence of neo-liberal or populist political leanings, but born of pragmatic scientific considerations. The physicians confronted cholera in a broad and sophisticated way, essentially laying the foundations for the system of public health that the Soviets successfully used to defeat cholera during the New Economic Policy (1922-1928). By focusing for the first time on the conclusion of the cholera epoch in Russia, Davis adds an indispensable layer of nuance to the existing conception of Romanov Russia and its complicated legacy in the Soviet period.

Encyclopedia of Environmental ChangeEncyclopedia of Environmental Change



397 FAULT Fagan B (1999) Floods, famines and emperors. New York: Basic Books. Glantz MH (ed.) (1987) Drought and hunger in Africa: Denying famine a future. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Murchadha CÓ (2011) The great famine: ...

Author: John A Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446264881

Category:

Page: 1496

View: 401

Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

How War BeganHow War Began



Fagan, Floods, Famines, and Emperors, pp. 94 – 95. An excellent map showing the shoreline is in Algaze, “Initial Social Complexity in Southwestern Asia,” p. 202. 68. Pollock, Ancient Mesopotamia, pp. 71–72, 76.69.

Author: Keith F. Otterbein

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781603446372

Category:

Page: 309

View: 644

Have humans always fought and killed each other, or did they peacefully coexist until organized states developed? Is war an expression of human nature or an artifact of civilization? Questions about the origins and inherent motivations of warfare have long engaged philosophers, ethicists, and anthropologists as they speculate on the nature of human existence. In How War Began, author Keith F. Otterbein draws on primate behavior research, archaeological research, and data gathered from the Human Relations Area Files to argue for two separate origins. He identifies two types of military organization: one that developed two million years ago at the dawn of humankind, wherever groups of hunters met, and a second that developed some five thousand years ago, in four identifiable regions, when the first states arose and proceeded to embark upon military conquests. In careful detail, Otterbein marshals evidence for his case that warfare was possible and likely among early Homo sapiens. He argues from comparison with other primates, from Paleolithic rock art depicting wounded humans, and from rare skeletal remains embedded with weapon points to conclude that warfare existed and reached a peak in big game hunting societies. As the big game disappeared, so did warfare--only to reemerge once agricultural societies achieved a degree of political complexity that allowed the development of professional military organizations. Otterbein concludes his survey with an analysis of how despotism in both ancient and modern states spawns warfare. A definitive resource for anthropologists, social scientists, and historians, How War Began is written for all who areinterested in warfare, whether they be military buffs or those seeking to understand the past and the present of humankind. --Publlisher.

People of the EarthPeople of the Earth



This comprehensive book tells a narrative story of human prehistory to a reader with little or no archaeological experience or background.

Author: Brian M. Fagan

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105112210955

Category:

Page: 645

View: 368

This comprehensive book tells a narrative story of human prehistory to a reader with little or no archaeological experience or background. Designed to show how today's diverse humanity developed biologically and culturally over millions of years and against a background of constant climatic change, it treats all areas of the world evenly, and covers all periods of prehistory from human origins to the appearance of literate civilizations. Recent discoveries, new archaeological methodologies, and the latest theories of human biological and cultural evolution add to the excitement of this adventure in archaeology. The tale begins with human origins and ends with the Spanish Conquest of Mexico and Peru in the fifteenth century A.D. It spans the origins of food production and the development of civilization—not only in classic areas of archaeological research like Europe, southwestern Asia, and Mesoamerica—but in such lesser known regions as southeast Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. For individuals who recognize the importance of knowing the past to understand the future—and our world today.