Film and the HolocaustFilm and the Holocaust



" This wide-ranging book surveys and discusses the ways in which the Holocaust has been represented in cinema, covering a deep cross-section of both national cinemas and genres.

Author: Aaron Kerner

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781441183897

Category:

Page: 352

View: 551

When representing the Holocaust, the slightest hint of narrative embellishment strikes contemporary audiences as somehow a violation against those who suffered under the Nazis. This anxiety is, at least in part, rooted in Theodor Adorno's dictum that "To write poetry after Auschwitz is barbaric." And despite the fact that he later reversed his position, the conservative opposition to all "artistic" representations of the Holocaust remains powerful, leading to the insistent demand that it be represented, as it really was. And yet, whether it's the girl in the red dress or a German soldier belting out Bach on a piano during the purge of the ghetto in Schindler's List, or the use of tracking shots in the documentaries Shoah and Night and Fog, all genres invent or otherwise embellish the narrative to locate meaning in an event that we commonly refer to as "unimaginable." This wide-ranging book surveys and discusses the ways in which the Holocaust has been represented in cinema, covering a deep cross-section of both national cinemas and genres.

East German Film and the HolocaustEast German Film and the Holocaust



By combining close analyses of key films with extensive archival research, this book explores how GDR filmmakers depicted Jews and the Holocaust in a country where memories of Nazi persecution were highly prescribed, tightly controlled and ...

Author: Elizabeth Ward

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781789207484

Category:

Page: 264

View: 990

East Germany’s ruling party never officially acknowledged responsibility for the crimes committed in Germany’s name during the Third Reich. Instead, it cast communists as both victims of and victors over National Socialist oppression while marginalizing discussions of Jewish suffering. Yet for the 1977 Academy Awards, the Ministry of Culture submitted Jakob der Lügner – a film focused exclusively on Jewish victimhood that would become the only East German film to ever be officially nominated. By combining close analyses of key films with extensive archival research, this book explores how GDR filmmakers depicted Jews and the Holocaust in a country where memories of Nazi persecution were highly prescribed, tightly controlled and invariably political.

First Films of the HolocaustFirst Films of the Holocaust



Jeremy Hicks recovers much of the major film work in Soviet depictions of the Holocaust and views them within their political context, both locally and internationally.

Author: Jeremy Hicks

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822978084

Category:

Page: 312

View: 807

Most early Western perceptions of the Holocaust were based on newsreels filmed during the Allied liberation of Germany in 1945. Little, however, was reported of the initial wave of material from Soviet filmmakers, who were in fact the first to document these horrors. In First Films of the Holocaust, Jeremy Hicks presents a pioneering study of Soviet contributions to the growing public awareness of the horrors of Nazi rule. Even before the war, the Soviet film Professor Mamlock, which premiered in the United States in 1938 and coincided with the Kristallnacht pogrom, helped reinforce anti-Nazi sentiment. Yet, Soviet films were often dismissed or even banned in the West as Communist propaganda. Ironically, in the brief 1939–1941 period of Nazi and Soviet alliance, such films were also banned in the Soviet Union, only to be reclaimed after the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union in 1941, and suppressed yet again during the Cold War. Jeremy Hicks recovers much of the major film work in Soviet depictions of the Holocaust and views them within their political context, both locally and internationally. Overwhelmingly, wartime films were skewed to depict Soviet resistance, “Red funerals,” and calls for vengeance, rather than the singling out of Jewish victims by the Nazis. Almost no personal testimony of victims or synchronous sound was recorded, furthering the disconnection of the viewer to the victims. Hicks examines correspondence, scripts, reviews, and compares edited with unedited film to unearth the deliberately hidden Jewish aspects of Soviet depictions of the German invasion and occupation. To Hicks, it’s in the silences, gaps, and ellipses that the films speak most clearly. Additionally, he details the reasons why Soviet Holocaust films have been subsequently erased from collective memory in the West and the Soviet Union: their graphic horror, their use as propaganda tools, and the postwar rise of the Red Scare in the United States and anti-Semitic campaigns in the Soviet Union.

Holocaust and the Moving ImageHolocaust and the Moving Image



Based on an event held at the Imperial War Museum in 2001, this book is a blend of voices and perspectives - archivists, curators, filmmakers, scholars, and Holocaust survivors.

Author: Toby Haggith

Publisher: Wallflower Press

ISBN: 1904764517

Category:

Page: 317

View: 928

Based on an event held at the Imperial War Museum in 2001, this book is a blend of voices and perspectives - archivists, curators, filmmakers, scholars, and Holocaust survivors. Each section examines films and how they have contributed to wider awareness and understanding of the Holocaust since the war.

The Holocaust in American FilmThe Holocaust in American Film



This work offers insights into how specific films influenced the Americanization of the Holocaust and how the medium per se helped seed that event into the public consciousness.

Author: Judith E. Doneson

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 0815629265

Category:

Page: 302

View: 801

This work offers insights into how specific films influenced the Americanization of the Holocaust and how the medium per se helped seed that event into the public consciousness. In addition to an in-depth study on films produced for both theatrical release and TV since 1937 - including The Great Dictator, Cabaret, Julia, and the mini-series Holocaust - this work provides an analysis of Schindler's List and the debate over the merit of Spielberg's vision of the Holocaust. It also examines more thoroughly made-for-television movies, such as Escape From Sobibor, Playing For Time, and War and Remembrance. A special chapter on The Diary of Anne Frank discusses the evolution of that singularly European work into a universal symbol. Paying special attention to the tumultuous 1960s in America, it assesses the effect of the era on Holocaust films made during that time. It also discusses how these films helped integrate the Holocaust into the fabric of American society, transforming it into a metaphor for modern suffering. Finally, the work explores cinema in relation to the Americanization of the Jewish image.

Polish Film and the HolocaustPolish Film and the Holocaust



This book is the first to address the representation of the Holocaust in Polish film and does so through a detailed treatment of several films, which the author frames in relation to the political, ideological, and cultural contexts of the ...

Author: Marek Haltof

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857453563

Category:

Page: 274

View: 596

During World War II, Poland lost more than six million people, including about three million Polish Jews who perished in the ghettos and extermination camps built by Nazi Germany in occupied Polish territories. This book is the first to address the representation of the Holocaust in Polish film and does so through a detailed treatment of several films, which the author frames in relation to the political, ideological, and cultural contexts of the times in which they were created. Following the chronological development of Polish Holocaust films, the book begins with two early classics: Wanda Jakubowska's The Last Stage (1948) and Aleksander Ford's Border Street (1949) and next explores the Polish School period, represented by Andrzej Wajda's A Generation (1955) and Andrzej Munk's The Passenger (1963). Then, between 1965 and 1980 there was an 'organized silence' regarding sensitive Polish-Jewish relations resulting in only a few relevant films until the return of democracy in 1989 when an increasing number were made, among them Krzysztof Kieslowski's Decalogue 8 (1988), Andrzej Wajda's Korczak (1990),Jan Jakub Kolski's Keep Away from the Window (2000), and Roman Polanski's The Pianist (2002). An important contribution to film studies, this book has wider relevance in addressing the issue of Poland's national memory.

Memories of Resistance and the Holocaust on FilmMemories of Resistance and the Holocaust on Film



This book investigates cinematic representations of the murder of European Jews and civilian opposition to Nazi occupation from the war up until the twenty-first century.

Author: Mercedes Camino

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137499691

Category:

Page: 267

View: 535

This book investigates cinematic representations of the murder of European Jews and civilian opposition to Nazi occupation from the war up until the twenty-first century. The study exposes a chronology of the conflict’s memorialization whose geo-political alignments are demarcated by vectors of time and space—or ‘chronotopes’, using Mikhail Bakhtin’s term. Camino shows such chronotopes to be first defined by the main allies; the USA, USSR and UK; and then subsequently expanding from the geographical and political centres of the occupation; France, the USSR and Poland. Films from Western and Eastern Europe and the USA are treated as primary and secondary sources of the conflict. These sources contribute to a sentient or emotional history that privileges affect and construct what Michel Foucault labels biopolitics. These cinematic narratives, which are often based on memoirs of resistance fighters like Joseph Kessel or Holocaust survivors such as Primo Levi and Wanda Jakubowska, evoke the past in what Marianne Hirsch has described as ‘post-memory’.

Hollywood and the HolocaustHollywood and the Holocaust



In chapters devoted to films ranging from The Great Dictator to InglouriousBasterds, this volume looks at how these films have shaped perceptions of the Shoah.

Author: Henry Gonshak

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442252240

Category:

Page: 368

View: 363

The Holocaust has been the focus of countless films in the United States, Great Britain, and Europe, and its treatment over the years has been the subject of considerable controversy. When finally permitted to portray the atrocities, filmmakers struggled with issues of fidelity to historical fact, depictions of graphic violence, and how to approach the complexities of the human condition on all sides of this horrific event. In Hollywood and the Holocaust, Henry Gonshak explores portrayals of the Holocaust from the World War II era to the present. In chapters devoted to films ranging from The Great Dictator to InglouriousBasterds, this volume looks at how these films have shaped perceptions of the Shoah. The author also questions if Hollywood, given its commercialism, is capable of conveying the Holocaust in ways that do justice to its historical trauma. Through a careful consideration of over twenty-five films across genres—including Life Is Beautiful, Cabaret, The Reader, The Boys from Brazil, and Schindler’s List—this book provides an important look at the social, political, and cultural contexts in which these movies were produced. By also engaging with the critical responses to these films and their role in the public’s ongoing fascination with the Holocaust, this book suggests that viewers take a closer look at how such films depict this dark period in world history. Hollywood and the Holocaust will be of interest to cultural critics, historians, and anyone interested in the cinema’s ability to render these tragic events on screen.

France Film and the HolocaustFrance Film and the Holocaust



This book explores the relationship between film and the Holocaust in France: how has film changed the way that this traumatic event has been inscribed in French cultural memory?

Author: Ferzina Banaji

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137008830

Category:

Page: 204

View: 826

When confronted with a historical event of the tragic magnitude of the Holocaust, cinema with its inherently representational nature has often been found lacking. The proliferation of Holocaust films, especially in France, testifies that filmmakers appear stubbornly immune to representational moratoria making film's relationship with the Holocaust a profoundly engaged and complex one. This book explores the relationship between film and the Holocaust in France: how has film changed the way that this traumatic event has been inscribed in French cultural memory? And what can these representations tell us about how we think of and understand the traumas of history?

Frames of EvilFrames of Evil



In this book, the authors challenge this classic horror frame, the narrative and visual borders used to demarcate monsters and the monstrous.

Author: Caroline Joan Picart

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809327244

Category:

Page: 186

View: 808

American filmmakers appropriate the "look" of horror in Holocaust films and often use Nazis and Holocaust imagery to explain evil in the world. In this book, the authors challenge this classic horror frame, the narrative and visual borders used to demarcate monsters and the monstrous. After examining the way in which directors and producers of the most influential American Holocaust movies default to this Gothic frame, they propose that multiple frames are needed to account for evil and genocide. Using Schindler's List, The Silence of the Lambs, and Apt Pupil as case studies, the authors provide substantive and critical analyses of these films that transcend the classic horror interpretation. For example, Schindler's List, has the appearance of a historical docudrama but actually employs the visual rhetoric and narrative devices of the Hollywood horror film. The authors argue that evil has a face: Nazism, which is configured as quintessentially innate, and supernaturally crafty. The text is augmented bythirty-six film and publicity stills, also explores the commercial exploitation of suffering in film and offers constructive ways of critically evaluating this exploitation. The authors suggest that audiences will recognize their participation in much larger narrative formulas that place a premium on monstrosity and elide the role of modernity in depriving millions of their lives and dignity, often framing the suffering of others in a manner that allows for merely "documentary" enjoyment.

The Holocaust in American FilmThe Holocaust in American Film



Analyzes how films have portrayed the Holocaust, argues that it has been distorted as an historical event, and looks at the changing film image of Jews

Author: Judith E. Doneson

Publisher: Jewish Publication Society of America

ISBN: UOM:39015014563418

Category:

Page: 262

View: 322

Analyzes how films have portrayed the Holocaust, argues that it has been distorted as an historical event, and looks at the changing film image of Jews

The Holocaust in French FilmThe Holocaust in French Film



Gathers detailed analyses of the nine most widely praised French films dealing with the Holocaust. Includes stills, filmography, bibliography, index, and a lengthy interview with director Pierre Sauvage.

Author: André Colombat

Publisher: Metuchen, N.J. : Scarecrow Press

ISBN: UOM:39015032821608

Category:

Page: 435

View: 241

Analyzes the evolution of the representation of the Holocaust in French cinema from 1940 to the present. Gathers detailed analyses of the nine most widely praised French films dealing with the Holocaust. Includes stills, filmography, bibliography, index, and a lengthy interview with director Pierre Sauvage.

After the FactAfter the Fact



Carrying wider implications for the fields of Film Studies, Jewish Studies, and Visual Studies, this book closely analyzes ten contemporary and internationally produced films, most of which have hardly been touched upon in the critical ...

Author: Brad Prager

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781623569259

Category:

Page: 304

View: 796

After the Fact studies the terrain of Holocaust documentaries subsequent to the turn of the twenty-first century. Until now most studies have centered primarily on canonical films such as Shoah and Night and Fog, but over the course of the last ten years filmmaking practices have altered dramatically. Changing techniques, diminishing communities of survivors, and the public's response to familiar, even iconic imagery, have all challenged filmmakers to radically revise and newly envision how they depict the Holocaust. Innovative styles have emerged, including groundbreaking techniques of incorporating archival footage, survivor testimony, and reenactment. Carrying wider implications for the fields of Film Studies, Jewish Studies, and Visual Studies, this book closely analyzes ten contemporary and internationally produced films, most of which have hardly been touched upon in the critical literature or elsewhere.

The Fantastic in Holocaust Literature and FilmThe Fantastic in Holocaust Literature and Film



One way they have achieved this is through elements of fantasy. Covering a range of theoretical perspectives, this collection of essays explores the use of fantastic story-telling in Holocaust literature and film.

Author: Judith B. Kerman

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786458745

Category:

Page: 244

View: 772

When reality becomes fantastic, what literary effects will render it credible or comprehensible? To respond meaningfully to the surreality of the Holocaust, writers must produce works of moral and emotional complexity. One way they have achieved this is through elements of fantasy. Covering a range of theoretical perspectives, this collection of essays explores the use of fantastic story-telling in Holocaust literature and film. Writers such as Jane Yolen and Art Spiegelman are discussed, as well as the sci-fi television series V (1983), Stephen King's novella Apt Pupil (1982), Guillermo del Toro's Pan's Labyrinth (2006) and Martin Scorsese's dark thriller Shutter Island (2010).

Italian Film in the Shadow of AuschwitzItalian Film in the Shadow of Auschwitz



Throughout the book, Marcus brings a variety of perspectives to bear on the question of how Italian filmmakers are confronting the Holocaust, and why now given the sparse output of Holocaust films produced in Italy from 1945 to the early ...

Author: Millicent Joy Marcus

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802091895

Category:

Page: 187

View: 646

Throughout the book, Marcus brings a variety of perspectives to bear on the question of how Italian filmmakers are confronting the Holocaust, and why now given the sparse output of Holocaust films produced in Italy from 1945 to the early 1990s.

The Holocaust Film Sourcebook FictionThe Holocaust Film Sourcebook Fiction



The work lists films made during World War II and after (including Nazi films). Each entry provides bibliographic information, a summary of the story, and a list of primary and secondary sources.

Author: Caroline Joan Picart

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN: 0275983277

Category:

Page: 447

View: 739

A comprehensive filmography, listing fictional narrative films in the first volume and documentary and propaganda films in the second. The films - listed alphabetically - were produced in many different countries. The work lists films made during World War II and after (including Nazi films). Each entry provides bibliographic information, a summary of the story, and a list of primary and secondary sources. Each volume contains a few "spotlight essays". Partial contents:

Projecting the Holocaust Into the PresentProjecting the Holocaust Into the Present



In this accessible, clear, jargon free, and comprehensive text, Projecting the Holocaust into the Present offers an insightful historical perspective on how public conceptions of the Holocaust in film have changed over time.

Author: Lawrence Baron

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742543331

Category:

Page: 307

View: 891

In this accessible, clear, jargon free, and comprehensive text, Projecting the Holocaust into the Present offers an insightful historical perspective on how public conceptions of the Holocaust in film have changed over time.

Screening the HolocaustScreening the Holocaust



Discusses the difficulties in dealing with the Holocaust artistically, looks at a variety of Holocaust films, including documentaries, and assesses their effectiveness in handling the subject

Author: Ilan Avisar

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105002542731

Category:

Page: 212

View: 857

Discusses the difficulties in dealing with the Holocaust artistically, looks at a variety of Holocaust films, including documentaries, and assesses their effectiveness in handling the subject