The Routledge Companion to Theatre Performance and Cognitive ScienceThe Routledge Companion to Theatre Performance and Cognitive Science



The Routledge Companion to Theatre, Performance and Cognitive Science integrates key findings from the cognitive sciences (cognitive psychology, neuroscience, evolutionary studies and relevant social sciences) with insights from theatre and ...

Author: Rick Kemp

Publisher: Routledge Companions

ISBN: 1138048895

Category:

Page: 364

View: 897

The Routledge Companion to Theatre, Performance and Cognitive Science integrates key findings from the cognitive sciences (cognitive psychology, neuroscience, evolutionary studies and relevant social sciences) with insights from theatre and performance studies. This rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field dynamically advances critical and theoretical knowledge, as well as driving innovation in practice. The anthology includes 30 specially commissioned chapters, many written by authors who have been at the cutting-edge of research and practice in the field over the last 15 years. These authors offer many empirical answers to four significant questions: How can performances in theatre, dance and other media achieve more emotional and social impact? How can we become more adept teachers and learners of performance both within and outside of classrooms? What can the cognitive sciences reveal about the nature of drama and human nature in general? How can knowledge transfer, from a synthesis of science and performance, assist professionals such as nurses, care-givers, therapists and emergency workers in their jobs? A wide-ranging and authoritative guide, The Routledge Companion to Theatre, Performance and Cognitive Science is an accessible tool for not only students, but practitioners and researchers in the arts and sciences as well.

Evolution Learning and CognitionEvolution Learning and Cognition



This review volume represents the first attempt to provide a comprehensive overview of this exciting and rapidly evolving development.

Author: Yee Chun Lee

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9971505304

Category:

Page: 411

View: 611

This review volume represents the first attempt to provide a comprehensive overview of this exciting and rapidly evolving development. The book comprises specially commissioned articles by leading researchers in the areas of neural networks and connectionist systems, classifier systems, adaptive network systems, genetic algorithm, cellular automata, artificial immune systems, evolutionary genetics, cognitive science, optical computing, combinatorial optimization, and cybernetics.

Evolution Cognition and RealismEvolution Cognition and Realism



In general, they take as their starting point descriptions of our cognitive capacities
provided by folk psychology, that is, our common sense account of how we
reason. Typically, we characterize ourselves as reasoning by performing
inferences ...

Author: Nicholas Rescher

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0819177555

Category:

Page: 129

View: 234

This collection of essays originated from an interdisciplinary conference on 'Evolutionary Epistemology' held in Pittsburgh in December of 1988 under the sponsorship of the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Philosophy of Science. Contents: Epistemological Roles for Selection Theory, by Donald T. Campbell; Evolutionary Models of Science, by Ronald N. Giere; Should Epistemologists Take Darwin Seriously? by Michael Bradie; Natural Selection, Justification, and Inference to the Best Explanation, by Alan H. Goldman; Interspecific Competition, Evolutionary Epistemology, and Ecology, by Kristin Shrader-Frechette; Toward Making Evolutionary Epistemology into a Truly Naturalized Epistemology, by William Bechtel; Confessions of a Creationist, by C. Kenneth Waters. Co-published with the Center for Philosophy of Science.

Cognition Evolution and BehaviorCognition Evolution and Behavior



Integrating research from psychology, behavioural ecology and ethology in a wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research about animal cognition in the broadest sense, this book discusses how and why animals process information as they do.

Author: Sara J. Shettleworth

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019511048X

Category:

Page: 688

View: 653

Integrating research from psychology, behavioural ecology and ethology in a wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research about animal cognition in the broadest sense, this book discusses how and why animals process information as they do.

Developing Scaffolds in Evolution Culture and CognitionDeveloping Scaffolds in Evolution Culture and Cognition



Sterelny's notion of collective cognitive resources is interesting in its own right but
remains centered on the social mechanisms by ... with the epistemic goal of
reshaping and augmenting their cognitive performance as integrated
collectivities.

Author: Linnda R. Caporael

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262019552

Category:

Page: 426

View: 460

"Scaffolding" is a concept that is becoming widely used across disciplines. This book investigates common threads in diverse applications of scaffolding, including theoretical biology, cognitive science, social theory, science and technology studies, and human development. Despite its widespread use, the concept of scaffolding is often given short shrift; the contributors to this volume, from a range of disciplines, offer a more fully developed analysis of scaffolding that highlights the role of temporal and temporary resources in development, broadly conceived, across concepts of culture, cognition, and evolution. The book emphasizes reproduction, repeated assembly, and entrenchment of heterogeneous relations, parts, and processes as a complement to neo-Darwinism in the developmentalist tradition of conceptualizing evolutionary change. After describing an integration of theoretical perspectives that can accommodate different levels of analysis and connect various methodologies, the book discusses multilevel organization; differences (and reciprocality) between individuals and institutions as units of analysis; and perspectives on development that span brains, careers, corporations, and cultural cycles. ContributorsColin Allen, Linnda R. Caporael, James Evans, Elihu M. Gerson, Simona Ginsburg, James R. Griesemer, Christophe Heintz, Eva Jablonka, Sanjay Joshi, Shu-Chen Li, Pamela Lyon, Sergio F. Martinez, Christopher J. May, Johann Peter Murmann, Stuart A. Newman, Jeffrey C. Schank, Iddo Tavory, Georg Theiner, Barbara Hoeberg Wimsatt, William C. Wimsatt

Dog Behaviour Evolution and CognitionDog Behaviour Evolution and Cognition



The first book to summarize the burgeoning research literature on the behavioural ecology of the dog.

Author: Ádám Miklósi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199545667

Category:

Page: 276

View: 715

This is the first book to summarize the burgeoning research literature on the behavioural ecology of the dog. As the leader of Europe's largest research group working solely on dog behaviour, the author is well placed to tackle such a project. The book will present a new ecological approach to the understanding of dog behaviour that will also highlight directions for future research. In providing links to human and primate behaviour research, it will appeal toanyone with an interest in behavioural ecology.

Managing Cognitive Load in Adaptive Multimedia LearningManaging Cognitive Load in Adaptive Multimedia Learning



235-267). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Eysenck, M. W. (1982). Attention and arousal:
Cognition and performance. New York: Springer-Verlag. Geary, D. (2002).
Principles of evolutionary educational psychology. Learning and Individual
Differences, ...

Author: Kalyuga, Slava

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781605660493

Category:

Page: 336

View: 800

"Provides theory and research-based recommendations on information presentation techniques for multimedia and e-learning environments. Focuses on extensively researched principles and methodologies, offering comprehensive research and practical implications while providing concrete examples on adaptive multimedia learning."--Publisher description.

Cognition and MotivationCognition and Motivation



This collection examines the many internal and external factors affecting cognitive processes.

Author: Shulamith Kreitler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521888677

Category:

Page: 506

View: 171

This collection examines the many internal and external factors affecting cognitive processes. Editor Shulamith Kreitler brings together a wide range of international contributors to produce an outstanding assessment of recent research in the field. These contributions go beyond the standard approach of examining the effects of motivation and emotion to consider the contextual factors that may influence cognition. These broad and varied factors include personality, genetics, mental health, biological evolution, culture, and social context. By contextualizing cognition, this volume draws out the practical applications of theoretical cognitive research while bringing separate areas of scholarship into meaningful dialogue.

Cognitive EvolutionCognitive Evolution



Cognitive Evolution suggests that the high order mental behaviors of Homo sapiens are rooted in the same biology as the moth's attraction to light, worker bees' foreknowledge of their assignments, ants' knowledge of the mechanics to execute ...

Author: Alice Travis

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581129816

Category:

Page: 240

View: 602

In a bold, reasoned, and meticulously researched knowledge leap, Cognitive Evolution erases the demarcation between life and intelligent life, deciphers the concepts of intelligence and cognition, and moves our kind to the precipices of digitizing the anatomical gnome of reason. Cognitive Evolution suggests that the high order mental behaviors of Homo sapiens are rooted in the same biology as the moth's attraction to light, worker bees' foreknowledge of their assignments, ants' knowledge of the mechanics to execute the architectural design of an ant hill, or a female cat's instinct to open the umbilical sack after giving birth. Author Alice Travis ponders, "If we begin with what we accept to be intelligent life, at what point does life become non-intelligent?" It was the recognition that there is no such point that gave birth to Cognitive Evolution, and its groundbreaking interpretation of intelligence. Electronic ebook edition available. Click on Diesel ebooks logo to the left.

The Evolution of CognitionThe Evolution of Cognition



This book encompasses the behavior and mentality of nonhuman as well as human animals and a full range of evolutionary approaches.

Author: Cecilia M. Heyes

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262082861

Category:

Page: 386

View: 859

In the last decade, "evolutionary psychology" has come to refer exclusively to research on human mentality and behavior, motivated by a nativist interpretation of how evolution operates. This book encompasses the behavior and mentality of nonhuman as well as human animals and a full range of evolutionary approaches. Rather than a collection by and for the like-minded, it is a debate about how evolutionary processes have shaped cognition. The debate is divided into five sections: Orientations, on the phylogenetic, ecological, and psychological/comparative approaches to the evolution of cognition; Categorization, on how various animals parse their environments, how they represent objects and events and the relations among them; Causality, on whether and in what ways nonhuman animals represent cause and effect relationships; Consciousness, on whether it makes sense to talk about the evolution of consciousness and whether the phenomenon can be investigated empirically in nonhuman animals; and Culture, on the cognitive requirements for nongenetic transmission of information and the evolutionary consequences of such cultural exchange. ContributorsBernard Balleine, Patrick Bateson, Michael J. Beran, M. E. Bitterman, Robert Boyd, Nicola Clayton, Juan Delius, Anthony Dickinson, Robin Dunbar, D.P. Griffiths, Bernd Heinrich, Cecilia Heyes, William A. Hillix, Ludwig Huber, Nicholas Humphrey, Masako Jitsumori, Louis Lefebvre, Nicholas Mackintosh, Euan M. Macphail, Peter Richerson, Duane M. Rumbaugh, Sara Shettleworth, Martina Siemann, Kim Sterelny, Michael Tomasello, Laura Weiser, Alexandra Wells, Carolyn Wilczynski, David Sloan Wilson

Cognitive Architectures in Artificial IntelligenceCognitive Architectures in Artificial Intelligence



This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Author: Andy Clark

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0815327692

Category:

Page: 308

View: 713

This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Ritual Performance and the SensesRitual Performance and the Senses



This is equally true of theories of mimesis that locate it within cognitive
representations as within socio-cultural ... and using Merlin Donald's Origins of
the Modern Mind to emphasize the place of mimesis in human cognition and
evolution.

Author: Jon P. Mitchell

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780857854964

Category:

Page: 240

View: 333

Ritual has long been a central concept in anthropological theories of religious transmission. Ritual, Performance and the Senses offers a new understanding of how ritual enables religious representations – ideas, beliefs, values – to be shared among participants. Focusing on the body and the experiential nature of ritual, the book brings together insights from three distinct areas of study: cognitive/neuroanthropology, performance studies and the anthropology of the senses. Eight chapters by scholars from each of these sub-disciplines investigate different aspects of embodied religious practice, ranging from philosophical discussions of belief to explorations of the biological processes taking place in the brain itself. Case studies range from miracles and visionary activity in Catholic Malta to meditative practices in theatrical performance and include three pilgrimage sites: the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the festival of Ramlila in Ramnagar, India and the mountain shrine of the Lord of the Shiny Snow in Andean Peru. Understanding ritual allows us to understand processes at the very centre of human social life and humanity itself, making this an invaluable text for students and scholars in anthropology, cognitive science, performance studies and religious studies.

The Evolution of Rhythm Cognition Timing in Music and SpeechThe Evolution of Rhythm Cognition Timing in Music and Speech



However a number of critical questions remain to be answered: Where does this human sensitivity for rhythm arise? How did rhythm cognition develop in human evolution? How did environmental rhythms affect the evolution of brain rhythms?

Author: Andrea Ravignani

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889455003

Category:

Page:

View: 801

Human speech and music share a number of similarities and differences. One of the closest similarities is their temporal nature as both (i) develop over time, (ii) form sequences of temporal intervals, possibly differing in duration and acoustical marking by different spectral properties, which are perceived as a rhythm, and (iii) generate metrical expectations. Human brains are particularly efficient in perceiving, producing, and processing fine rhythmic information in music and speech. However a number of critical questions remain to be answered: Where does this human sensitivity for rhythm arise? How did rhythm cognition develop in human evolution? How did environmental rhythms affect the evolution of brain rhythms? Which rhythm-specific neural circuits are shared between speech and music, or even with other domains? Evolutionary processes’ long time scales often prevent direct observation: understanding the psychology of rhythm and its evolution requires a close-fitting integration of different perspectives. First, empirical observations of music and speech in the field are contrasted and generate testable hypotheses. Experiments exploring linguistic and musical rhythm are performed across sensory modalities, ages, and animal species to address questions about domain-specificity, development, and an evolutionary path of rhythm. Finally, experimental insights are integrated via synthetic modeling, generating testable predictions about brain oscillations underlying rhythm cognition and its evolution. Our understanding of the cognitive, neurobiological, and evolutionary bases of rhythm is rapidly increasing. However, researchers in different fields often work on parallel, potentially converging strands with little mutual awareness. This research topic builds a bridge across several disciplines, focusing on the cognitive neuroscience of rhythm as an evolutionary process. It includes contributions encompassing, although not limited to: (1) developmental and comparative studies of rhythm (e.g. critical acquisition periods, innateness); (2) evidence of rhythmic behavior in other species, both spontaneous and in controlled experiments; (3) comparisons of rhythm processing in music and speech (e.g. behavioral experiments, systems neuroscience perspectives on music-speech networks); (4) evidence on rhythm processing across modalities and domains; (5) studies on rhythm in interaction and context (social, affective, etc.); (6) mathematical and computational (e.g. connectionist, symbolic) models of “rhythmicity” as an evolved behavior.

Reinventing DramaReinventing Drama



Performance Cognition Cognition is an individual ' s innate reasoning capacity .
... Thus , performance cognition is responsible for the intellectual evolution of the
actor ' s complex of dramatic performance iconicity , and it attaches ideas or ...

Author: Bruce G. Shapiro

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313309388

Category:

Page: 226

View: 176

This book draws together critical and literary theories and neuropsychology to provide a new artistic process for dramatic performance called iconicity. The premise of iconicity is that in dramatic performance actors use the same neural architecture that people use in their daily lives to execute events. The core of this neural architecture is the brain's capacitiy for internally generating, reduplicating, storing, and triggering imagery. The process of iconicity draws on the actor's use of this mental capacity. This book explores the principles of iconicity and develops them as a process for acting and staging dramatic performances. The first part of the book provides a theoretical explanation of iconicity. It offers a redefinition of acting and includes an examination of the ideology of acting and the role emotion plays in acting. The second part of the book is practically oriented. It explains dramatic structure in relation to iconicity, and it defines the four strands of the process: events, dialogue, interactions, and performance.

Number without language comparative psychology and the evolution of numerical cognitionNumber without language comparative psychology and the evolution of numerical cognition



This study is an effort to elucidate this question concerning the evolution of non-
verbal quantitative cognition. ... The domesticated dogs' performance on this task
was then compared directly to the data from 16 coyotes' performance on this ...

Author:

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 9782889191437

Category:

Page:

View: 727

Social Context and Cognitive PerformanceSocial Context and Cognitive Performance



Towards a Social Psychology of Cognition Pascal Huguet, Jean-Marc Monteil ...
the experimental method, the use of simulation tech143 niques (E.R. Smith, 1990
). This evolution tends to erase the Copyrighted Material General conclusion.

Author: Pascal Huguet

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134840700

Category:

Page: 176

View: 635

Based on twenty years of research on the social regulation of academic performances, this book offers theoretical and empirical arguments in favour of the inclusion of the social dimension of human beings as essential for their cognitive activities. We all engage in social interactions, compare ourselves with other people, belong to social groups, and are the object of a myriad of categorisations. Not only do such social experiences affect cognition, but they actually determine its form and its content. Several experiments indeed reveal that cognitive performance depends on the relationship between the individual and the social context in which cognition takes place. And this relationship is not forged directly by features of the situation, but rather by personal construals of these features (most notably social comparison). This fact alone justifies granting the individual's social experiences a psychological status and it further strengthens the key idea of this book, namely that the social context only exists through the intervention of cognitive processes of contextualization (producing a "cognitive context of the self") such as those involved in autobiographical memory. A "social psychology of cognition" is suggested, in which the fashionable distinction between cognition and social cognition makes no sense. From this innovative perspective it is indeed more the social nature of the individual rather than that of the object to be processed that defines the social nature of cognition. Well-known phenomena such as social facilitation and social loafing as well as established educational practices are also re-examined from this perspective.

Primate CognitionPrimate Cognition



This book reviews all that is scientifically known about the cognitive skills of non-human primates and assesses the current state of our knowledge.

Author: Michael Tomasello

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195106245

Category:

Page: 517

View: 873

In this enlightening exploration of our nearest primate relatives, Michael Tomasello and Josep Call address the current state of our knowledge about the cognitive skills of non-human primates and integrate empirical findings from the beginning of the century to the present.