The Greatest MathematicianThe Greatest Mathematician



A biography of ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes, who invented the compound pulley and other machines. His contributions to mathematics included devising the formulas for the surface and volume of a sphere.

Author: Paul W. Hightower

Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 0766034089

Category:

Page: 128

View: 478

A biography of ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes, who invented the compound pulley and other machines. His contributions to mathematics included devising the formulas for the surface and volume of a sphere.

100 Greatest Science Discoveries of All Time100 Greatest Science Discoveries of All Time



Archimedes: What Did He Do Besides Cry Eureka? Washington, DC: The Mathematical Association of America, 1999. Zannos, Susan. The Life and Times of ...

Author: Kendall Haven

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 1591582652

Category:

Page: 255

View: 971

Introduces one hundred discoveries that changed science, including information on who discovered it, how it was discovered, and what makes it one of the one hundred greatest scientific breakthroughs.

ArchimedesArchimedes



Archimedes: What Did He Do Beside Cry Eureka? Mathematical Assoc. of America, 1999. Zannos, Susan. The Life and Times of Archimedes. Bear, Del.

Author: Mary Gow

Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9780766065307

Category:

Page: 96

View: 747

An original and profound thinker, Archimedes was a mathematician, a physicist, a mechanical engineer, and an inventor. He is most famous for proving the law of the lever and inventing the compound pulley. This title in the GENIUS SCIENTISTS AND THEIR GENIUS IDEAS series offers a look at one of the greatest minds of the ancient world.

Archimedes in the 21st CenturyArchimedes in the 21st Century



... an interest in mathematics: the 2009 book Eureka Man, for example, both discusses Archimedes' biography and explains his mathematical contributions.

Author: Chris Rorres

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 9783319580593

Category:

Page: 160

View: 206

​This book is a collection of papers presented at the “Archimedes in the 21st Century” world conference, held at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences in 2013. This conference focused on the enduring and continuing influence of Archimedes in our modern world, celebrating his centuries of influence on mathematics, science, and engineering. Archimedes planted the seeds for a myriad of seminal ideas that would grow over the ages. Each chapter surveys the growth of one or more of these seeds, and the fruit that they continue to bear to this day. The conference speakers contributing to this book are actively involved in STEM fields whose origins trace back to Archimedes, many of whom have conducted and published research that extends Archimedes’ work into the 21st century. The speakers are not historians, so while historical context is provided, this book is uniquely focused on the works themselves as opposed to their history. The breadth and depth of Archimedes’ influence will inspire, delight, and even surprise readers from a variety of fields and interests including historians, mathematicians, scientists, and engineers. Only a modest background in math is required to read this book, making it accessible to curious readers of all ages.

ArchimedesArchimedes



Archimedes : What Did He Do Besides , . Cry Eureka ? Washington , DC : The Mathematical Association of America , 1999 . Zannos , Susan . The Life and Times ...

Author: Heather Hasan

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1404207740

Category:

Page: 112

View: 181

Describes the life and ideas of the Greek philosopher whose principles greatly influenced mathematics and physics.

Archimedes and the Roman ImaginationArchimedes and the Roman Imagination



The great mathematician Archimedes, a Sicilian Greek whose machines defended Syracuse against the Romans during the Second Punic War, was killed by a Roman after the city fell, yet it is largely Roman sources, and Greek texts aimed at Roman ...

Author: Mary Jaeger

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472025329

Category:

Page: 230

View: 718

The great mathematician Archimedes, a Sicilian Greek whose machines defended Syracuse against the Romans during the Second Punic War, was killed by a Roman after the city fell, yet it is largely Roman sources, and Greek texts aimed at Roman audiences, that preserve the stories about him. Archimedes' story, Mary Jaeger argues, thus becomes a locus where writers explore the intersection of Greek and Roman culture, and as such it plays an important role in Roman self-definition. Jaeger uses the biography of Archimedes as a hermeneutic tool, providing insight into the construction of the traditional historical narrative about the Roman conquest of the Greek world and the Greek cultural invasion of Rome. By breaking down the narrative of Archimedes' life and examining how the various anecdotes that comprise it are embedded in their contexts, the book offers fresh readings of passages from both well-known and less-studied authors, including Polybius, Cicero, Livy, Vitruvius, Plutarch, Silius Italicus, Valerius Maximus, Johannes Tzetzes, and Petrarch. "Jaeger, in her meticulous and elegant study of different ancient accounts of his life and inventions...reveal more about how the Romans thought about their conquest of the Greek world than about 'science'." ---Helen King, Times Literary Supplement "An absolutely wonderful book on a truly original and important topic. As Jaeger explores neglected texts that together tell an important story about the Romans' views of empire and their relationship to Greek cultural accomplishments, so she has written an important new chapter in the history of science. A genuine pleasure to read, from first page to last." ---Andrew Feldherr, Associate Professor of Classics, Princeton University "This elegantly written and convincingly argued project analyzes Archimedes as a vehicle for reception of the Classics, as a figure for loss and recovery of cultural memory, and as a metaphorical representation of the development of Roman identity. Jaeger's fastening on the still relatively obscure figure of the greatest ancient mathematician as a way of understanding cultural liminality in the ancient world is nothing short of a stroke of genius." ---Christina S. Kraus, Professor and Chair of Classics, Yale University "Archimedes and the Roman Imagination forms a useful addition to our understanding of Roman culture as well as of the reception of science in antiquity. It will make a genuine contribution to the discipline, not only in terms of its original interpretative claims but also as a fascinating example of how we may follow the cultural reception of historical figures." ---Reviel Netz, Professor of Classics, Stanford University Cover art: Benjamin West. Cicero Discovering the Tomb of Archimedes. Yale University Art Gallery. John Hill Morgan, B.A. 1893, LL.B. 1898, M.A. (Hon.) 1929, Fund.

Eureka ManEureka Man



The Life and Legacy of Archimedes Alan Hirshfeld. Merriman, Norman. “Cattle Problem Solved.” New York Times, January 18, 1930. Miller, G. A. “Archimedes and ...

Author: Alan Hirshfeld

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 0802719791

Category:

Page: 256

View: 446

Many of us know little about Archimedes other than his "Eureka" exclamation upon discovering that he could immerse an object in a full tub of water and measure the spillage to determine the object's weight. That seemingly simple observation not only proved to King Hieron II of Syracuse that a certain amount of silver had been used in what was supposed to be his solid-gold crown, it established the key principles of buoyancy that govern the flotation of hot-air balloons, ships, and denizens of the sea. Archimedes had a profound impact on the development of mathematics and science: from square roots to irrigation devices; planetariums to the stability of ships; polyhedra to pulleys; number systems to levers; the value of pi to the size of the universe. Yet this same cerebral man developed machines of war so fearsome, they might have sprung from a devil's darkest imagination - indeed, weapons that held at bay the greatest army of antiquity. Ironically, Archimedes' reputation swelled to mythic proportions in the ancient world for his feats of engineering: the hand-cranked irrigation device, commonly known as "Archimedes' screw," and his ingenuous use of levers, pulleys, and ropes to pull, single-handedly, a fully laden ship! His treatises, rediscovered after a thousand years of collective amnesia in Europe, guided nascent thinkers out of the Dark Ages and into the Renaissance. Indeed, Archimedes' cumulative record of achievement-both in breadth and sophistication-places him among the exalted ranks of Aristotle, Leonardo da Vinci, Isaac Newton, and Albert Einstein. Eureka Man brings to life for general readers the genius of Archimedes, offering succinct and understandable explanations of some of his more important discoveries and innovations.

Physik MechanikPhysik Mechanik



O. Lawson Dick with an introductory essay The Life and Times of John Aubrey , p . 32. Aubrey adopted the essence of Archimedes ' Method without having the ...

Author: Astrid Schürmann

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 3515087427

Category:

Page: 236

View: 395

Die neuen Entwicklungen in der Wissenschaftsgeschichte der letzten 20 Jahre sind inzwischen auch fuer die Untersuchung der antiken Wissenschaften fruchtbar gemacht worden. Der Sammelband stellt dies anhand der Physik dar, die als moderne Wissenschaft zwei zentrale Wissensgebiete der antiken Philosophie sowie der angewandten mathematischen Wissenschaften vereint, die antike Naturwissenschaft und die Fachdisziplin der Mechanik. Die Autoren und Autorinnen zeigen in ihren Beitr�gen, da� gerade das Verh�ltnis von eher theoretischer Wissenschaft und angewandter Praxis ein besonders spannendes ist. Als "Brueckenkopf" zwischen beiden Bereichen wird hier die antike Umweltforschung pr�sentiert. Die Texte wenden sich neben dem Fachpublikum besonders an interessierte, aufgeschlossene LeserInnen anderer Interessensgebiete, die sich einen Eindruck der neuesten Forschungen verschaffen m�chten, und sind daher allgemein verst�ndlich und nachvollziehbar geschrieben. Mit Beitr�gen von: Astrid Schuermann, Gottfried Heinemann, Ren� Kayser, Helen S. Lang, Christian Pietsch, Holger Sonnabend, Burkhard Mei�ner, Hermann J. Kienast:, Dennis L. Simms, Philippe Fleury, Karin Tybjerg.

Can Science Make Sense of Life Can Science Make Sense of Life



eureka. moments. In a time when science has displaced religion as the ... The Greek mathematician Archimedes gave us a name for such moments of ...

Author: Sheila Jasanoff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781509522743

Category:

Page: 156

View: 452

Since the discovery of the structure of DNA and the birth of the genetic age, a powerful vocabulary has emerged to express science’s growing command over the matter of life. Armed with knowledge of the code that governs all living things, biology and biotechnology are poised to edit, even rewrite, the texts of life to correct nature’s mistakes. Yet, how far should the capacity to manipulate what life is at the molecular level authorize science to define what life is for? This book looks at flash points in law, politics, ethics, and culture to argue that science’s promises of perfectibility have gone too far. Science may have editorial control over the material elements of life, but it does not supersede the languages of sense-making that have helped define human values across millennia: the meanings of autonomy, integrity, and privacy; the bonds of kinship, family, and society; and the place of humans in nature.

Archimedes And The FulcrumArchimedes And The Fulcrum



' The Big Idea series is a fascinating look at the greatest advances in our scientific history, and at the men and women who made these fundamental breakthroughs.

Author: Paul Strathern

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 9781448106479

Category:

Page: 96

View: 188

At a moment of great discovery, one Big Idea can change the world... The greatest mathematician of his time, Archimedes transformed the development of early maths. But it is his revolutionary insights into mechanical science for which he is so revered, inventing the fulcrum and lever, pulley and water pump, among other technological advances that changed the course of history. Archimedes & the Fulcrum is a captivating and easily digestible investigation into the legendary life and work of the greatest mathematical mind the world had seen, up until his tragic death at the hands of the Romans. Single-handedly launching a 4,000 ton ship, calculating volumes and perfect spirals, laying the foundations of theoretical physics and inventing military weaponry as a seventy-year-old, Archimedes' Big Idea was so much more than his famed leap from his bath, shouting 'Eureka!' The Big Idea series is a fascinating look at the greatest advances in our scientific history, and at the men and women who made these fundamental breakthroughs.

Raising Multicultural Awareness in Higher EducationRaising Multicultural Awareness in Higher Education



I encourage commentary on what life was like in the times of Archimedes ... reading the part where he yells out EUREKA!! celebrating the fact that he solved ...

Author: Ana Maria Klein

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761859116

Category:

Page: 108

View: 867

This book is written for teacher-candidates who are becoming culturally responsible and informed reflective practitioners. As readers explore the contents of the textbook and carry out the suggested teaching and learning exercises, they will find themselves equipped with a toolkit for addressing multicultural education concerns.

Eureka Eureka



But who were they? In Eureka!, Peter Jones tells their epic story, which begins with the Trojan War and ends with the rise of the Roman Empire, by breaking down each major period into a series of informative nuggets.

Author: Peter Jones

Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd

ISBN: 9781782395157

Category:

Page: 300

View: 651

The ancient Greeks gave us our alphabet and much of our scientific, medical and cultural language; they invented democracy, atomic theory, and the rules of logic and geometry; laid the foundations of philosophy, history, tragedy and comedy; and debated everything from the good life and the role of women, to making sense of foreigners and the best form of government, all in the most sophisticated terms. But who were they? In Eureka!, Peter Jones tells their epic story, which begins with the Trojan War and ends with the rise of the Roman Empire, by breaking down each major period into a series of informative nuggets. Along the way he introduces the major figures of the age, including Homer, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Alexander the Great, Euclid and Archimedes; explores the Greek myths and the role of the gods;provides fascinating insights into everyday life in ancient times; and shows us the very foundations of Western culture. Eureka! is both entertaining and illuminating, and will delight anyone who ever wanted to know more about our ancient ancestors.

100 Scientists Who Made History100 Scientists Who Made History



EUREKA! Archimedes This A legendary came problem-solving inventions up with life that calculations of EUREKA have mathematical stayedtimes. and moments ...

Author: Andrea Mills

Publisher: Dorling Kindersley Ltd

ISBN: 9780241480403

Category:

Page: 128

View: 175

From brainy biologists and clever chemists to magnificent mathematicians and phenomenal physicists, discover 100 remarkable scientists who shaped our world. Containing a universe of knowledge, 100 Scientists Who Made History tells the story of the people who increased our grasp of almost everything around us. From Aristotle and Rosalind Franklin, to Marie Curie, Stephen Hawking, and Brian Cox, get the lowdown on the people whose thirst for knowledge has shaped the way we live today. Find out when each scientist lived, what they discovered, and why it was important. Learn a little about the life of each person and how they made their discoveries - some studied for years and some discoveries happened by accident! See how scientists through time built on each other's work to advance their research and our knowledge about the world. With beautiful photography and illustrations, 100 Scientists Who Made History is a fascinating look at the most important scientists and their discoveries.

The Genius of Archimedes 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics Science and EngineeringThe Genius of Archimedes 23 Centuries of Influence on Mathematics Science and Engineering



Papers on the following subjects form part of the book: Hydrostatics (buoyancy, fluid pressure and density, stability of floating bodies); Mechanics (levers, pulleys, centers of gravity, laws of equilibrium); Pycnometry (measurement of ...

Author: S. A. Paipetis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048190916

Category:

Page: 515

View: 641

Archimedes is held in high esteem by mathematicians, physicists and engineers as one of the most brilliant scientists of all time. These proceedings contain original, unpublished papers with the primary emphasis on the scientific work of Archimedes and his influence on the fields of mathematics, science, and engineering. There are also papers dealing with archaeological aspects and the myths and legends about Archimedes and about the Archimedes Palimpsest. Papers on the following subjects form part of the book: Hydrostatics (buoyancy, fluid pressure and density, stability of floating bodies); Mechanics (levers, pulleys, centers of gravity, laws of equilibrium); Pycnometry (measurement of volume and density); Integral Calculus (Archimedes as the father of the integral calculus, method of exhaustion, approximation of pi, determination of areas and volumes); Mathematical Physics (Archimedes as the father of mathematical physics, Law of the Lever, Law of Buoyancy, Axiomatization of Physics); History of Mathematics and Mechanics (Archimedes’ influence in antiquity, the middle ages, the Renaissance, and modern times; his influence on Leonado da Vinci, Galileo, Newton, and other giants of science and mathematics); Ancient Machines and Mechanisms (catapults, water screws, iron hands, compound pulleys, planetaria, water clocks, celestial globes, the Antikythera Mechanism); Archimedean Solids (their rediscovery in the Rennaisance and their applications in materials science and chemistry); Archimedean Legends (how stories of golden crowns, eureka moments, naked runs, burning mirrors, steam cannons, etc., have influenced us through the ages, whether true or not); The Cattle Problem (how its 18th century rediscovery inspired the study of equations with integer solutions); Teaching the Ideas of Archimedes (how his life and works have influenced the teaching of science, mathematics, and engineering).