Divining Slavery and FreedomDivining Slavery and Freedom

Since its original 2008 publication in Brazil, Divining Slavery and Freedom has been extensively revised and updated in this first English translation, complete with new primary sources and an updated bibliography.

Author: João José Reis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107079779


Page: 352

View: 764

This book discusses African religion and its place in a slave society, using the story of Domingos Sodré as its backdrop.

Divining Slavery and FreedomDivining Slavery and Freedom

It tells the story of Domingos Sodré, an African-born priest who was enslaved in Bahia, Brazil in the nineteenth century.

Author: João José Reis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316299760



View: 125

Since its original publication in Portuguese in 2008, this first English translation of Divining Slavery has been extensively revised and updated, complete with new primary sources and a new bibliography. It tells the story of Domingos Sodré, an African-born priest who was enslaved in Bahia, Brazil in the nineteenth century. After obtaining his freedom, Sodré became a slave owner himself, and in 1862 was arrested on suspicion of receiving stolen goods from slaves in exchange for supposed 'witchcraft'. Using this incident as a catalyst, the book discusses African religion and its place in a slave society, analyzing its double role as a refuge for blacks as well as a bridge between classes and ethnic groups (such as whites who attended African rituals and sought help from African diviners and medicine men). Ultimately, Divining Slavery explores the fluidity and relativity of conditions such as slavery and freedom, African and local religions, personal and collective experience and identities in the lives of Africans in the Brazilian diaspora.

Museums and Atlantic SlaveryMuseums and Atlantic Slavery

in African Heritage and Memories of Slavery in Brazil and the South Atlantic World, edited by Ana Lucia Araujo, 71–108. Amherst: Cambria Press, 2014. Reis, João José. Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, ...

Author: Ana Lucia Araujo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000401677


Page: 132

View: 392

Museums and Atlantic Slavery explores how slavery, the Atlantic slave trade, and enslaved people are represented through words, visual images, artifacts, and audiovisual materials in museums in Europe and the Americas. Divided into four chapters, the book addresses four recurrent themes: wealth and luxury; victimhood and victimization; resistance and rebellion; and resilience and achievement. Considering the roles of various social actors who have contributed to the introduction of slavery in the museum in the last thirty years, the analysis draws on selected exhibitions, and institutions entirely dedicated to slavery, as well as national, community, plantation, and house museums in the United States, England, France, and Brazil. Engaging with literature from a range of disciplines, including history, anthropology, sociology, art history, tourism and museum studies, Araujo provides an overview of a topic that has not yet been adequately discussed and analysed within the museum studies field. Museums and Atlantic Slavery encourages scholars, students, and museum professionals to critically engage with representations of slavery in museums. The book will help readers to recognize how depictions of human bondage in museums and exhibitions often fail to challenge racism and white supremacy inherited from the period of slavery.

The Story of RufinoThe Story of Rufino

Slavery, Freedom, and Islam in the Black Atlantic João José Reis, Flávio dos Santos Gomes, Marcus J. M. Carvalho ... 1992); Reis, Divining Slavery and Freedom; Lisa Earl Castillo and Luis Nicolau Parés, “Marcelina da Silva e seu mundo: ...

Author: João José Reis

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190224363


Page: 324

View: 870

A finalist for the Brazilian Book award and winner of the Casa de las America Prize for Brazilian Literature, The Story of Rufino: Slavery, Freedom, and Islam in the Black Atlantic was written by three experts in the history of slavery in Brazil and reconstructs the lively biography of Rufino Jose Maria, set against the historical context of Brazil and Africa in the nineteenth century.0This book narrates the life of a Yoruba Muslim named Rufino Jose Maria, born in the kingdom of Oyo, in present-day Nigeria. Enslaved as an adolescent by a rival ethnic group, he was acquired by Brazilian slave traffickers and taken across the Atlantic. He spent eight years as a slave in the city of Salvador, in the northeast of Brazil, where he arrived in 1823. Rufino was later sold to the southernmost province of Rio Grande do Sul, where he became the slave of the local chief of police.0Five years later, in 1835, he bought his freedom with money he saved as a hired-out slave in the streets of Salvador, in Bahia, and Porto Alegre, in Rio Grande do Sul. He may also have earned part of the money from making Islamic amulets, as he was a literate Muslim. 0.

Slavery in the Global Diaspora of AfricaSlavery in the Global Diaspora of Africa

Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Pereira Sodre, an African Priest in Nineteenth Century Brazil (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015). Reis, João José and Beatriz Gallotti Mamigonian. “Nagô and Mina: The Yoruba ...

Author: Paul E. Lovejoy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351671330


Page: 298

View: 990

The collective significance of the themes that are explored in Slavery in the Global Diaspora of Africa bridge the Atlantic and thereby provide insights into historical debates that address the ways in which parts of Africa fitted into the modern world that emerged in the Atlantic basin. The study explores the conceptual problems of studying slavery in Africa and the broader Atlantic world from a perspective that focuses on Africa and the historical context that accounts for this influence. Paul Lovejoy focuses on the parameters of the enforced migration of enslaved Africans, including the impact on civilian populations in Africa, constraints on migration, and the importance of women and children in the movement of people who were enslaved. The prevalence of slavery in Africa and the transformations of social and political formations of societies and political structures during the era of trans-Atlantic migration inform the book’s research. The analysis places Africa, specifically western Africa, at the center of historical change, not on the frontier or periphery of western Europe or the Americas, and provides a global perspective that reconsiders historical reconstruction of the Atlantic world that challenges the distortions of Eurocentrism and national histories. Slavery in the Global Diaspora of Africa will be of interest to scholars and students of colonial history, African history, Diaspora Studies, the Black Atlantic and the history of slavery.

Afro Latin American StudiesAfro Latin American Studies

Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, an African Priest in Nineteenth-Century Brazil. Translated by H. Sabrina Gledhill. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Restall, Matthew. 2009. The Black Middle: Africans, ...

Author: Alejandro de la Fuente

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316835890



View: 873

Alejandro de la Fuente and George Reid Andrews offer the first systematic, book-length survey of humanities and social science scholarship on the exciting field of Afro-Latin American studies. Organized by topic, these essays synthesize and present the current state of knowledge on a broad variety of topics, including Afro-Latin American music, religions, literature, art history, political thought, social movements, legal history, environmental history, and ideologies of racial inclusion. This volume connects the region's long history of slavery to the major political, social, cultural, and economic developments of the last two centuries. Written by leading scholars in each of those topics, the volume provides an introduction to the field of Afro-Latin American studies that is not available from any other source and reflects the disciplinary and thematic richness of this emerging field.

Atlantic CrossroadsAtlantic Crossroads

58 Reis, Rebelião Escrava, 292, 365–7; idem, Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, an African Priest in Nineteenth-Century Brazil (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015), chapter 5.

Author: José Moya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000385342


Page: 388

View: 152

Unlike most books on the Atlantic that associate its history with European colonialism and thus end in 1800, this volume demonstrates that the Atlantic connections not only outlasted colonialism, they also reached unprecedented levels in postcolonial times, when the Atlantic truly became the world’s major crossroads and dominant economy. Twice as many Europeans entered New York, Buenos Aires, and São Paulo in 3 years on the eve of WWI as had arrived in all the New World during 300 years of colonial rule. Transatlantic ties surged again with mass movements from the West Indies, Latin America, and Africa to North America and Western Europe from the 1960s to the present. As befits a transnational subject, the 24 contributors in this volume come from 14 different countries. Over half of the chapters are co-authored, an exceptional level of scholarly collaboration, and all but two are explicitly comparative. Comparisons include Congo and Yoruba slaves in Brazil, Irish and Italian mercenaries and adventurers in the New World, German Lutherans in Canada and Argentina, Spanish laborers in Algeria and Cuba, the diasporic nationalism of ethnic groups without nation states, and the transatlantic politics of fascism and anti-fascism in the interwar. Overall, the volume shows the Atlantic World’s distinctiveness rested not on the level or persistence of colonial control but on the density and longevity of human migrations and the resulting high levels of social and cultural contact, circulation, connection, and mixing. This title will appeal to students and researchers in the fields of Atantic and global history, migration, diaspora, slavery, ethnicity, nationalism, citizenship, politics, anthropology, and area studies.

Literature and Ethics in Contemporary BrazilLiterature and Ethics in Contemporary Brazil

Reis, João J. Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, an African Priest in Nineteenth-Century Brazil, 2015. ———. Rebelião escrava no Brasil - A história do levante dos Malês em 1835. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, ...

Author: Vinicius Mariano De Carvalho

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781315386379


Page: 290

View: 682

When Brazil was honored at the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2013, the Brazilian author Luiz Ruffato opened the event with a provocative speech, claiming that literature, through its pervasive depiction and discussion of ‘otherness,’ has the potential to provoke ethical transformation. This book uses Ruffato’s speech as a starting point for the discussion of contemporary Brazilian literature that stands in contrast to the repetition of social and cultural clichés. By illuminating the relevance of humanities and literature as a catalyst for rethinking Brazil, the book offers a resistance to the official discourses that have worked for so long to conceal social tensions, injustices, and secular inequities in Brazilian society. In doing so, it situates Brazilian literature away from the exotic and peripheral spectrum, and closer to a universal and more relevant ethical discussion for readers from all parts of the world. The volume brings together fresh contributions on both canonical contemporary authors such as Graciliano Ramos, Rubem Fonseca, and Dalton Trevisan, and traditionally silenced writing subjects such as Afro-Brazilian female authors. Essays deal with specific contemporary literary and social issues while engaging with historically constitutive phenomena in Brazil, including authoritarianism, violence, and the systematic violation of human rights. The exploration of diverse literary genres -- from novels to graphic novels, from poetry to?crônicas -- and engagement with postcolonial studies, gender studies, queer studies, cultural studies, Brazilian studies, South American literature, and world literature carves new space for the emergence of an original?Brazilian thought.

Becoming BraziliansBecoming Brazilians

... Power, History: Latin America's Material Culture Laird Bergad: The Comparative Histories of Slavery in Brazil, Cuba, ... Perea: The Caudillo of the Andes João José Reis: Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, ...

Author: Marshall C. Eakin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316813140



View: 490

This book traces the rise and decline of Gilberto Freyre's vision of racial and cultural mixture (mestiçagem - or race mixing) as the defining feature of Brazilian culture in the twentieth century. Eakin traces how mestiçagem moved from a conversation among a small group of intellectuals to become the dominant feature of Brazilian national identity, demonstrating how diverse Brazilians embraced mestiçagem, via popular music, film and television, literature, soccer, and protest movements. The Freyrean vision of the unity of Brazilians built on mestiçagem begins a gradual decline in the 1980s with the emergence of an identity politics stressing racial differences and multiculturalism. The book combines intellectual history, sociological and anthropological field work, political science, and cultural studies for a wide-ranging analysis of how Brazilians - across social classes - became Brazilians.

The Admirable Adventures and Strange Fortunes of Master Anthony KnivetThe Admirable Adventures and Strange Fortunes of Master Anthony Knivet

... Power, History: Latin America's Material Culture Laird Bergad: The Comparative Histories of Slavery in Brazil, Cuba, ... Reis: Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, an African Priest in Nineteenth-Century Brazil ...

Author: Anthony Knivet

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107090910


Page: 268

View: 654

This is the first comprehensive, annotated edition in English of Anthony Knivet's 1625 travel account.

The Yellow Demon of FeverThe Yellow Demon of Fever

Fighting Disease in the Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Slave Trade Manuel Barcia. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. ... Carney and Rosomoff, In the Shadow of Slavery, 88–89. ... Reis, Divining Slavery and Freedom, 136–37.

Author: Manuel Barcia

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300252019


Page: 288

View: 198

A pathbreaking history of how participants in the slave trade influenced the growth and dissemination of medical knowledge As the slave trade brought Europeans, Africans, and Americans into contact, diseases were traded along with human lives. Manuel Barcia examines the battle waged against disease, where traders fought against loss of profits while enslaved Africans fought for survival. Although efforts to control disease and stop epidemics from spreading brought little success, the medical knowledge generated by people on both sides of the conflict contributed to momentous change in the medical cultures of the Atlantic world.

Bahia s IndependenceBahia s Independence

Death Is a Festival: Funeral Rites and Rebellion in Nineteenth-Century Brazil, trans. H. Sabrina Gledhill. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. – Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, ...

Author: Hendrik Kraay

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773557970


Page: 416

View: 828

Since 1824, Bahians have marked independence with a popular festival that contrasts sharply with the official commemoration of Brazil's independence on 7 September. The Dois de Julho (2 July) festival celebrates the day the Portuguese troops were expelled from Salvador in 1823, the culmination of a year-long war that gave independence a radical meaning in Bahia. Bahia's Independence traces the history of the Dois de Julho festival in Salvador, the Brazilian state's capital, from 1824 to 1900. Hendrik Kraay discusses how the festival draws on elements of saints' processions, carnivals, and civic ritual in the use of such distinctive features as the indigenist symbols of independence called the caboclos and the massive procession into the city that re-enacts the patriots' victorious entry in 1823. Providing a social history of celebration, Kraay explains how Bahians of all classes, from slaves to members of the elite, placed their stamp on the festivities and claimed recognition and citizenship through participation. Analyzing debates published in newspapers – about appropriate forms of commemoration and the nature of Bahia's relationship to Brazil – as well as theatrical and poetic representations of the festival, this volume unravels how Dois de Julho celebrations became so integral to Bahia's self-representation and to its politics. The first history of this unique festival's origins, Bahia's Independence reveals how enthusiastic celebrations allowed an active and engaged citizenry to express their identity as both Bahians and Brazilians and to seek to create the nation they desired.

Black Saints in Early Modern Global CatholicismBlack Saints in Early Modern Global Catholicism

Reis, João José, Divining Slavery and Freedom: The Story of Domingos Sodré, an African Priest in Nineteenth-Century Brazil, trans. H. Sabrina Gledhill (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015). Renoux, Christian, “Canonizzazione e ...

Author: Erin Kathleen Rowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108421218


Page: 342

View: 799

This is the untold story of how black saints - and the slaves who venerated them - transformed the early modern church. It speaks to race, the Atlantic slave trade, and global Christianity, and provides new ways of thinking about blackness, holiness, and cultural authority.


“And Wallace and every slave on this world. ... Freedom. She and others had thrown that word around so many times, it seemed to have lost its meaning. ... “Then, if even the nobles are slaves, how can anyone have real freedom?

Author: Bryan Davis

Publisher: Zondervan

ISBN: 9780310404804


Page: 400

View: 451

For years, tales of DRAGONS from another world kidnapping and enslaving humans have been circulating in Jason Masters’ world, while for a slave girl named Koren, the stories of a human world seem pure myth. Together, these two teens will need to bridge two planets in order to overthrow the draconic threat and bring the lost slaves home. The mysteries unfold As a Starlighter, Koren knows her destiny is to save her fellow human slaves from the dragons’ bondage—but by following the orders of the smooth-talking dragon king, Taushin, has she in fact doomed her people and herself? As Koren struggles over her choices, Elyssa discovers a new aspect to her Diviner gifts when her pendant begins to unlock mysteries surrounding the stardrops from the Exodus star. Soon Elyssa, along with Jason and his father, also uncovers new truths behind the dragons’ prophecy and learns that Randall has teamed with Magnar and Arxad to wage battle against Taushin’s followers. With a major war imminent and talk of a new Starlighter in the air, confusion and uncertainty reign—something Taushin might have planned for all along.

Popular Culture in the Ancient WorldPopular Culture in the Ancient World

In G77 Aesop criticizes the assurance that his master, representative of high culture, places in divination – a criticism that can also be considered a further slight to Apollo. ... his movement between slavery and freedom.

Author: Lucy Grig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107074897


Page: 348

View: 724

This book adopts a new approach to the classical world by focusing on ancient popular culture.

Divination and Prediction in Early China and Ancient GreeceDivination and Prediction in Early China and Ancient Greece

queries on topics that do not appear at Delphi: crime, questions about military matters by private individuals, slavery, freedom, and judicial and legal activity. The overall effect of the queries from Dodonais to reaffirm the ...

Author: Lisa Raphals

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107292284



View: 421

Divination was an important and distinctive aspect of religion in both ancient China and ancient Greece, and this book will provide the first systematic account and analysis of the two side by side. Who practised divination in these cultures and who consulted it? What kind of questions did they ask, and what methods were used to answer those questions? As well as these practical aspects, Lisa Raphals also examines divination as a subject of rhetorical and political narratives, and its role in the development of systematic philosophical and scientific inquiry. She explores too the important similarities, differences and synergies between Greek and Chinese divinatory systems, providing important comparative evidence to reassess Greek oracular divination.

Divination with Dilogg nDivination with Dilogg n

One of the slaves, who was more influential in its birth than any other, was François Makandal. ... known for his healing abilities, but soon after this started taking off, he came up with a plan that could mean the people's freedom.

Author: Monique Joiner Siedlak

Publisher: Oshun Publications, LLC

ISBN: 9781950378883



View: 147

Discover Divination with Diloggún, one of the oldest known spiritual practice in the world. This book details the rich history of coconut and cowrie shell divination and introduces readers to its powerful technique that allows them to connect to the wisdom of ancestors, spirits, and deities. It invites readers to follow its origins with the West African Yoruba people to lands as far away as Brazil, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. Learn about the divination systems, the meaning behind the sixteen cowrie shell combinations, the powerful messages of the Orishas and the great mystical divination techniques of these sacred magical tools. Inside you’ll find: Where West African cowrie-shell divinations are found What Diloggun divination is The Obi divination And more! The history, hands-on instructions, and theories outlined in this book will teach you how to use the shells to answer your questions and ultimately achieve your true destiny if you so desire.

Slavery Freedom and Culture Among Early American WorkersSlavery Freedom and Culture Among Early American Workers

Interracial love was sparked in such bordellos as the Diving Bell , Swimming Beach , and Arcade on Orange Street , and in the nearby Yankee Kitchen , Cow Bay , and Squeeze Gut Alley . Recording his visit of the early 1840s , Charles ...

Author: Graham Russell Hodges

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 0765601133


Page: 185

View: 212

Covering a chronological span from the seventeenth century to the Civil War, the book reunites black and labor history, including such major topics as the formation of slavery in the North, the American Revolution, blacks and the Workingmen's Movement, and interracial marriage before the Civil War. This book provides fascinating reading for students of American history, labor history, urban history, and black history.

Diving Deep Into Nonfiction Grades 6 12Diving Deep Into Nonfiction Grades 6 12

I was now about twelve years old, and the thought of being a slave for life began to bear heavily upon my heart. Just about this time, ... The silver trump of freedom had roused my soul to eternal wakefulness. Freedom now appeared ...

Author: Jeffrey D. Wilhelm

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 9781506344072


Page: 264

View: 158

All nonfiction is a conversation between writer and reader, an invitation to agree or disagree with compelling and often provocative ideas. With Diving Deep Into Nonfiction, Jeffrey Wilhelm and Michael Smith deliver a revolutionary teaching framework that helps students read well by noticing: Topics and the textual conversation Key details Varied nonfiction genres Text structure The classroom-tested lessons include engaging short excerpts and teach students to be powerful readers who know both how authors signal what’s worth noticing in a text and how readers connect and make meaning of what they have noticed.

The Story of RufinoThe Story of Rufino

Winner of the Casa de las América Prize for Brazilian Literature, The Story of Rufino reconstructs the lively biography of Rufino José Maria, set against the historical context of Brazil and Africa in the nineteenth century.

Author: João José Reis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190224370


Page: 352

View: 942

Winner of the Casa de las América Prize for Brazilian Literature, The Story of Rufino reconstructs the lively biography of Rufino José Maria, set against the historical context of Brazil and Africa in the nineteenth century. The book tells the story of Rufino or Abuncare, a Yoruba Muslim from the kingdom of Oyo, in present-day Nigeria. Enslaved as an adolescent by a rival ethnic group, he was captured by Brazilian slave traders and taken to Brazil as a slave sometime in the early 1820s. In 1835, after being enslaved in Salvador and Rio Grande do Sul, Rufino bought his freedom with money he made as a hired-out slave and perhaps from making Islamic amulets. He found work in Rio de Janeiro as a cook on a slave ship bound for Luanda in Angola, despite the trans-Atlantic slave trade having been illegal in Brazil since 1831. Rufino himself became a petty slave trader. He made a few voyages before his ship was captured by the British and taken to Sierra Leone in 1841 for trial by the Anglo-Brazilian Mixed Commission to determine if it was equipped for the slave trade, since there were no slaves on board. During the three months awaiting the court's decision, Rufino lived among Yoruba Muslims, his people, and attended Quranic and Arabic classes. He later returned to Sierra Leone as a witness in a court case and attended classes with Muslim masters for almost two years. Once back in Brazil, he established himself as a diviner -- serving whites and blacks, free and slaves, Brazilians and Africans, Muslim and non-Muslims -- as well as a spiritual leader, an Alufa, in the local Afro-Muslim community. In 1853 Rufino was arrested due to rumors of an imminent African slave revolt. The police used as evidence for his arrest the large number of Arabic manuscripts in his possession, the same kind of material the police had found with Muslim rebels in Bahia thirty years earlier. During his interrogation, Rufino told his life story, which is used to reconstruct the world in which he lived under slavery and in freedom on African shores, aboard slave ships, and in Brazil. An extraordinary Atlantic history carefully pieced together from the archives, The Story of Rufino illuminates the complexities of slavery and freedom in Africa and Brazil and the resilience of ethnic and religious identities.