language in itself any more or less static than its diachrony. Reflecting on the “great mistake and confusion” that was the “sharp separation between synchrony and diachrony,” Jakobson remarked that it issued from the conflation of two ...

Author: José M. González

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110422986


Page: 408

View: 821

Not a few of the more prominent and persistent controversies among classical scholars about approaches and methods arise from a failure to appreciate the fundamental role of time in structuring the interpretation of Greek culture. Diachrony showcases the corresponding importance of diachronic models for the study of ancient Greek literature and culture. Diachronic models of culture reach beyond mere historical change to the systemically evolving dynamics of cultural institutions, practices, and artifacts. The papers collected here illustrate the construction and proper use of such models. They emphasize the complementarity of synchronic and diachronic perspectives and highlight the need to assess how well diachronic models fit history. The contributors to this volume strive to be methodologically explicit as they tackle a wide range of subjects with a variety of diachronic approaches. Their work shows both the difficulty and the promise of diachronic analysis. Our incomplete knowledge of Greek antiquity throughout time and the Greeks' own preoccupation with the past in the construction of their present make diachronic analysis not just invaluable but indispensable for the study of ancient Greek literature and culture.

Synchrony and DiachronySynchrony and Diachrony

However, as will be argued on the basis of the data collected in the volume, we believe that the synchrony-diachrony interface can be better captured and understood through those methodological tools that can be suitably applied to the ...

Author: Anna Giacalone Ramat

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027272072


Page: 450

View: 677

The focus of this volume is on the relation between synchrony and diachrony. It is examined in the light of the most recent theories of language change and linguistic variation. What has traditionally been treated as a dichotomy is now seen rather in terms of a dynamic interface. The contributions to this volume aim at exploring the most adequate tools to describe and understand the manifestations of this dynamic interface. Thorough analyses are offered on hot topics of the current linguistic debate, which are all involved in the analysis of the synchrony-diachrony interface: gradualness of change, synchronic variation and gradience, constructional approaches to grammaticalization, the role of contact-induced transfer in language change, analogy. Case studies are discussed from a variety of languages and dialects including English, Welsh, Latin, Italian and Italian dialects, Dutch, Swedish, German and German dialects, Hungarian. This volume is of great interest to a broad audience within linguistics, including historical linguistics, typology, pragmatics, and areal linguistics.

The Diachrony of GrammarThe Diachrony of Grammar

Diachrony: The parallels 4.1 Preliminaries As noted earlier, diachrony is the odd man out in our attempts to match language development trends with bio-evolution. Both language phylogeny and language ontogeny have much clearer analogs ...

Author: T. Givón

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027268884


Page: 928

View: 104

The case-studies assembled in these two volumes span a lifetime of research into the diachrony of grammar. That is, into the rise and fall of syntactic constructions and their attendant grammatical morphology. While focused squarely on the data, the studies are nonetheless cast in an explicit theoretical perspective – adaptive, developmental, variationist. Taken as a whole, this work constitutes a frontal assault on Ferdinand de Saussure's corrosive legacy in linguistics. Over the years, reviewers slapped the author's wrist periodically for having dared to commit that most heinous of sins against de Saussure's hallowed legacy – panchronic grammar. In this work he pleads guilty, having never seen a piece of synchronic data that didn't reek, to high heaven, of the diachrony that gave it rise. Reek in two distinct ways: first with the frozen relics of the past that prompt us to reconstruct prior diachronic states; and second with the synchronic variation that hints at ongoing change. Conversely, the author confesses to having never seen a diachronic explanation that did not hinge on the synchronic principles – Carnap's general propositions – that govern language behavior. The synchrony and diachrony of grammar are twin faces of the same coin. To study one without the other is to gut both. By understanding how synchronic grammars come into being we also understand the cognitive, communicative, neurological and developmental universals that constrain diachronic change – and through it synchronic typology.

Diachrony in Biblical HebrewDiachrony in Biblical Hebrew

The evolutionary relevance of language diachrony and language ontogeny is the organism's adaptive on-line behavior—invention, learning, and skill acquisition—which constitutes the common thread running through all three developmental ...

Author: Cynthia Miller-Naudé

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9781575066837


Page: 544

View: 703

Diachrony in Biblical Hebrew is an indispensable publication for biblical scholars, whose interpretations of scriptures must engage the dates when texts were first composed and recorded, and for scholars of language, who will want to read these essays for the latest perspectives on the historical development of Biblical Hebrew. For Hebraists and linguists interested in the historical development of the Hebrew language, it is an essential collection of studies that address the language’s development during the Iron Age (in its various subdivisions), the Neo-Babylonian and Persian periods, and the Early Hellenistic period. Written for both “text people” and “language people,” this is the first book to address established Historical Linguistics theory as it applies to the study of Hebrew and to focus on the methodologies most appropriate for Biblical Hebrew and Aramaic. The book provides exemplary case studies of orthography, lexicography, morphology, syntax, language contact, dialectology, and sociolinguistics and, because of its depth of coverage, has broad implications for the linguistic dating of Biblical texts. The presentations are rounded out by useful summary histories of linguistic diachrony in Aramaic, Ugaritic, and Akkadian, the three languages related to and considered most crucial for Biblical research.

Markedness in synchrony and diachronyMarkedness in synchrony and diachrony

They range from the general question of transferability of originally synchronic concepts to diachrony to the difficulty of seperating internal from external factors. In between are the “normal” difficulties of segregating the ...

Author: Olga Miseska Tomic

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110862010


Page: 421

View: 475

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.

The Diachrony of NegationThe Diachrony of Negation

diachrony. of. negation. Introduction. Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen & Jacqueline Visconti The University of Manchester / University of Genoa 1. A resilient subject Despite intensive research, negation remains elusive in many ways.

Author: Maj-Britt Mosegaard Hansen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027269881


Page: 258

View: 657

Despite intensive research, negation remains elusive. Its expression across languages, its underlying cognitive mechanisms, its development across time, and related phenomena, such as negative polarity and negative concord, leave many unresolved issues of both a definitional and a substantive nature. Such issues are at the heart of the present volume, which presents a twofold contribution. The first part offers a mix of large-scale typological surveys and in-depth investigation of the evolution of negation in individual languages and language families that have not frequently been studied from this point of view, such as Chinese, Berber, Quechua, and Austronesian languages. The second part centers on French, a language whose early stages are comparatively richly documented and which therefore provides an important test case for hypotheses about the diachrony of negative marking. Representing, moreover, a variety of theoretical approaches, the volume will be of interest to researchers on negation, language change, and typology.

The Diachrony of Written Language ContactThe Diachrony of Written Language Contact

Hence, the diachrony of retranslations does not reflect the well-known cases of change attested in the diachrony of non-translated texts. Iarguethatlaterretranslationsdonotexhibitinstancesof changeaccording totheoverallgrammaticalchange ...

Author: Nikolaos Lavidas

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004503564


Page: 396

View: 427

This book adds a diachronic dimension to the study of written language contact. It examines in a contrastive way aspects of the history of translation as related to grammatical changes in English and Greek.

Diachrony and DialectsDiachrony and Dialects

3.3 Diachrony: intersections between modern dialect comparison and historical data e quando s'ebbono insieme salutate (Bono Giamboni, Libro lxiii 7);. 56 Michele Loporcaro 3.3 Diachrony: intersections between modern dialect comparison ...

Author: Paola Benincà

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198701781


Page: 400

View: 850

This book examines morphosyntactic variation in the Romance varieties spoken in Italy from both a regional and historical perspective. It examines a range of phenomena, backed up by extensive empirical data, and will be a valuable resource not only for specialists in Italo-Romance but also for researchers in morphosyntactic change more generally

Space in DiachronySpace in Diachrony

Diachrony. An. introduction. Silvia Luraghi, Tatiana Nikitina & Chiara Zanchi University of Pavia / LLACAN – CNRS/University of Pavia & University of Bergamo 1. Asymmetries in the space domain Space is a fundamental dimension of human ...

Author: Silvia Luraghi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027265197


Page: 370

View: 875

Space is a fundamental dimension of human life and is pervasive in human experience. Research on space has highlighted the possible asymmetrical nature of spatial relations. Differences in the encoding of goals and sources of motion are a case in point, and cross-linguistic coding tendencies show that path is less frequently flagged by a dedicated case than goal, source/origin, and (static) location (locative). Interestingly, such asymmetries may correlate with certain types of landmark, as in the case of toponyms or of animate entities. Even though these issues have been focused upon both in typological and psycholinguistic research, they remain largely open. The papers in this collection aim to show that a diachronic approach may shed light on the way in which asymmetries in the space domain come about over time, thus contributing to the clarification of synchronically puzzling facts.

Periphrasis and Inflexion in DiachronyPeriphrasis and Inflexion in Diachrony

As far as diachrony is concerned, most attention has been paid to potential changes in the organization of a paradigm, whether due to internal factors, especially the effects of sound change, or to extra-paradigmatic pressures.

Author: Adam Ledgeway

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198870807


Page: 496

View: 437

This volume brings together contributions from leading specialists in syntax and morphology to explore the complex relation between periphrasis and inflexion from both a synchronic and diachronic perspective. The chapters draw on data from across the Romance language family, including standard and regional varieties and dialects.