The Destruction of the European JewsThe Destruction of the European Jews

Examines the history of persecution against European Jews, discusses the definition of a Jew according to the German regime, and describes the processes through which Jews were eliminated during the Holocaust years."

Author: Raul Hilberg

Publisher: Google Print Common Library

ISBN: 0300095872


Page: 1388

View: 315

Examines the history of persecution against European Jews, discusses the definition of a Jew according to the German regime, and describes the processes through which Jews were eliminated during the Holocaust years."

Judging Privileged JewsJudging Privileged Jews

The following analysis of The Destruction of the European Jews was first
published in Adam Brown, “'Privileged' Jews, Holocaust Representation and the '
Limits' of Judgement: The Case of Raul Hilberg,” in Europe's Expansions and ...

Author: Adam Brown

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9780857459923


Page: 234

View: 112

The Nazis’ persecution of the Jews during the Holocaust included the creation of prisoner hierarchies that forced victims to cooperate with their persecutors. Many in the camps and ghettos came to hold so-called “privileged” positions, and their behavior has often been judged as self-serving and harmful to fellow inmates. Such controversial figures constitute an intrinsically important, frequently misunderstood, and often taboo aspect of the Holocaust. Drawing on Primo Levi’s concept of the “grey zone,” this study analyzes the passing of moral judgment on “privileged” Jews as represented by writers, such as Raul Hilberg, and in films, including Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah and Steven Spielberg’s Schindler’s List. Negotiating the problems and potentialities of “representing the unrepresentable,” this book engages with issues that are fundamental to present-day attempts to understand the Holocaust and deeply relevant to reflections on human nature.

Nazi Germany And The Jews The Years Of PersecutionNazi Germany And The Jews The Years Of Persecution

Barkai, From Boycott to Annihilation, p. 114. 81. Walk, Das Sonderrecht, p. 223.
82. Ibid., p. 229. I am using the simplified translation of the law as presented in
Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews, p. 82. 83. Walk, Das Sonderrecht,

Author: Saul Friedlander

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781780227566


Page: 448

View: 101

A magisterial history of the Jews in Nazi Germany and the regime's policies towards them in the years prior to World War II and the Holocaust. Written by arguably the world's leading scholar on the subject. Himself a survivor, Friedlander has been a leading figure in Holocaust studies for decades and this book represents a definitive summing up of his research and that of hundreds of other historians. NAZI GERMANY AND THE JEWS: THE YEARS OF PERSECUTION is perhaps the richest examination of the subject yet written, and, crucially, one that never loses sight of the experiences of individuals in its discussion of Nazi politics and the terrible statistics and technological and administrative sophistication of the Final Solution.

Soldiers of DestructionSoldiers of Destruction

... years have transpired between the publication of the original and the second
editions of Soldiers of Destruction. ... and who became conspicuous activists in
the destruction of the European Jews, played an even greater role in the SS ...

Author: Charles Sydnor

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691008531


Page: 375

View: 234

Surveys the emergence of the Nazi SS and its Death's Head Division, noting the impact of this elite and powerful army upon military history


25 Charisma, Bureaucracy, and the “Final Solution” Raul Hilberg's The
Destruction of the European Jews Hilberg began the research for this classic
study soon after World War II and the perpetration of the mass murder of Europe's

Author: Irving M. Zeitlin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745661483


Page: 286

View: 973

This book is a comprehensive account of how the Jews became a diaspora people. The term 'diaspora' was first applied exclusively to the early history of the Jews as they began settling in scattered colonies outside of Israel-Judea during the time of the Babylonian exile; it has come to express the characteristic uniqueness of the Jewish historical experience. Zeitlin retraces the history of the Jewish diaspora from the ancient world to the present, beginning with expulsion from their ancestral homeland and concluding with the Holocaust and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In mapping this process, Zeitlin argues that the Jews' religious self-understanding was crucial in enabling them to cope with the serious and recurring challenges they have had to face throughout their history. He analyses the varied reactions the Jews encountered from their so-called 'host peoples', paying special attention to the attitudes of famous thinkers such as Luther, Hegel, Nietzsche, Wagner, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, the Left Hegelians, Marx and others, who didn't shy away from making explicit their opinions of the Jews. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of Jewish studies, diaspora studies, history and religion, as well as to general readers keen to learn more about the history of the Jewish experience.

Escape Through the BalkansEscape Through the Balkans

Hilberg , The Destruction of the European Jews , 2 : 742 . 18 . Hilberg , The
Destruction of the European Jews , 2 : 754 - 55 . 19 . Alexandar Matkovski , A
History of the Jews in Macedonia ( Skopje : Macedonian Review Editions , 1982 )
, 129 .

Author: Irene Grunbaum

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803270828


Page: 191

View: 119

Describes the author's flight from Belgrade to Brazil

The Crime of Destruction and the Law of GenocideThe Crime of Destruction and the Law of Genocide

... as both states indeed experienced highly media-covered trials with respect to
the destruction of the European Jews. In spite of the widely recognized
qualification of this destruction as genocide, this particular legal qualification was
set aside ...

Author: Ms Caroline Fournet

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409493358


Page: 218

View: 716

This highly original work provides a thought-provoking and valuable resource for researchers and academics with an interest in genocide, criminology, international organizations, and law and society. In her book, Caroline Fournet examines the law relating to genocide and explores the apparent failure of society to provide an adequate response to incidences of mass atrocity. The work casts a legal perspective on this social phenomenon to show that genocide fails to be appropriately remembered due to inherent defects in the law of genocide itself. The book thus connects the social response to the legal theory and practice, and trials in particular. Fournet's study illustrates the shortcomings of the Genocide Convention as a means of preventing and punishing genocide as well as its consequent failure to ensure the memory of this heinous crime.

European Pack for Visiting Auschwitz Birkenau Memorial and MuseumEuropean Pack for Visiting Auschwitz Birkenau Memorial and Museum

Roma exhibition entitled “ The Destruction of the European Roma ” , opened in
2001 and presented in block 13 ; • European Jews exhibition entitled “ The
Martyrdom and Struggle of the Jews in Europe from 1933 to 1945 ” , opened in
1978 ...

Author: Alicja Białecka

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 928716794X


Page: 281

View: 510

Taking groups of students To The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum is a heavy responsibility, but it is a major contribution to citizenship if it fosters understanding of what Auschwitz stands for, particularly when the last survivors are at the end of their lives. it comes with certain risks, however. This pack is designed for teachers wishing to organise student visits to authentic places of remembrance, and For The guides, academics and others who work every day with young people at Auschwitz. There is nothing magical about visiting an authentic place of remembrance, and it calls for a carefully thought-out approach. To avoid the risk of inappropriate reactions or the failure to benefit from a large investment in travel and accommodation, considerable preparation and discussion is necessary before the visit and serious reflection afterwards. Teachers must prepare students for a form of learning they may never have met before. This pack offers insights into the complexities of human behaviour so that students can have a better understanding of what it means to be a citizen. How are they concerned by what happened at Auschwitz? is the unprecedented process of exclusion that was practised in the Holocaust still going on in Europe today? in what sense is it different from present-day racism and anti-Semitism? the young people who visit Auschwitz in the next few years will be witnesses of the last witnesses, links in the chain of memory. Their generation will be the last to hear the survivors speaking on the spot. The Council of Europe, The Polish Ministry of Education And The Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum are jointly sponsoring this project aimed at preventing crimes against humanity through Holocaust remembrance teaching.

The Nazi Holocaust Part 5 Public Opinion and Relations to the Jews in Nazi EuropeThe Nazi Holocaust Part 5 Public Opinion and Relations to the Jews in Nazi Europe

The German People and the Destruction of the European Jews LAWRENCE D .
STOKES IN CE 1945 and the worldwide revelation of the horrible brutalities
culminating in mass murder perpetrated against Europe's Jews and other groups
in ...

Author: Michael Robert Marrus

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110970449


Page: 448

View: 409

Diese Reihe bietet erstmals eine Basissammlung von Faksimiles englischsprachiger historischer Artikel zu allen Aspekten der Vernichtung der europäischen Juden. Die große Anzahl von annähernd 300 Aufsätzen aus 84 Zeitschriften und Sammlungen ermöglicht den Lesern, sich einen Überblick über diesen Themenkomplex zu verschaffen. Die Reihe beginnt mit einem Rückblick auf die Wurzeln des Antisemitismus und einer Darstellung der verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Methoden zur Erforschung des Holocaust. Die Reihe endet mit der Dokumentation der Befreiung der Konzentrationslager und mit Aufsätzen zu den Kriegsverbrecherprozessen. Der Erscheinungszeitraum umfasst die Jahre 1950 bis 1987, zu den Verfassern gehören beispielsweise Jakob Katz, Saul Friedländer, Eberhard Jäckel, Bruno Bettelheim und Herbert A. Strauss.


Those who watched Claude Lanzmann's film Shoah ( 1985 ) will recall the
imposing figure of Raul Hilberg , the only scholar who features in this
reconstruction of ...

Author: Omer Bartov

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415150353


Page: 300

View: 991

Presenting a critical study of the Holocaust with a summary of the state of the field, this book contains major reinterpretations by Holocaust authors along with key texts on testimony, memory and justice after the catastrophe.

The Path to GenocideThe Path to Genocide

6 Bureaucracy and Mass Murder: The German Administrator's Comprehension of
the Final Solution1 In his incomparable work, The Destruction of the European
Jews, Raul Hilberg argues that the Final Solution was an administrative process

Author: Christopher R. Browning

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521558786


Page: 191

View: 113

An authoritative and compelling account of the evolution of Nazi Jewish policy between 1939 and 1942.

Laboratory for World DestructionLaboratory for World Destruction

Albert Einstein once remarked that when the German Jews first began to flock
into the universities of Central Europe at the end of the 19th century, it was as if
they had spent an entire millennium preparing for the entrance examinations.
During ...

Author: Robert S. Wistrich

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803208698


Page: 244

View: 99

Published and distributed for the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism During the sixty years between the founding of Bismarck’s German Empire and Hitler’s rise to power, German-speaking Jews left a profound mark on Central Europe and on twentieth-century culture as a whole. How would the modern world look today without Einstein, Freud, or Marx? Without Mahler, Schoenberg, Wittgenstein, or Kafka? Without a whole galaxy of other outstanding Jewish scientists, poets, playwrights, composers, critics, historians, sociologists, psychoanalysts, jurists, and philosophers? How was it possible that this vibrant period in Central European cultural history collapsed into the horror and mass murder of the Nazi Holocaust? Was there some connection between the dazzling achievements of these Jews and the ferocity of the German backlash? Robert S. Wistrich’s Laboratory for World Destruction is a bold and penetrating study of the fateful symbiosis between Germans and Jews in Central Europe, which culminated in the tragic denouement of the Holocaust. Wistrich shows that the seeds of the catastrophe were already sown in the Hapsburg Empire, which would become, in Karl Kraus’s words, “an experimental station in the destruction of the world.” Featured are incisive chapters on Freud, Herzl, Lueger, Kraus, Nordau, Nietzsche, and Hitler, along with a sweeping panorama of the golden age of Central European Jewry before the lights went out in Europe.

Gray ZonesGray Zones

Chapter 2 – 55 “ALLEVIATION” AND “COMPLIANCE The Survival Strategies of
the Jewish Leadership in the ... That book was Raul Hilberg's The Destruction of
the European Jews, in this case the 1967 Quadrangle paperback printing of the ...

Author: Jonathan Petropoulos

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845453026


Page: 417

View: 780

Accomplished Holocaust scholars--among them Raul Hilberg, Gerhard L. Weinberg, Christopher Browning, Peter Hayes, and Lynn Rapaport--bring a necessary interdisciplinary focus to bear on timely and often controversial topics in cutting-edge Holocaust studies that range from historical analysis to popular culture.

How Silent Were the Churches How Silent Were the Churches

Canadian Protestantism and the Jewish Plight during the Nazi Era Alan Davies,
Marilyn F. Nefsky. 64 “Theologisches Gutachten ... 66 Raul Hilberg, The
Destruction of the European Jews (New York: New Viewpoints, 1973), p. 29. 67
Deborah ...

Author: Alan Davies

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 9781554586660


Page: 195

View: 280

Winner of the 1997 Jewish Book Committee award for scholarship on a Canadian Jewish subject. Ever since Abella and Troper (None Is too Many, 1982) exposed the anti-Semitism behind Canada’s refusal to allow Jewish escapees from the Third Reich to immigrate, the Canadian churches have been under a shadow. Were the churches silent or largely silent, as alleged, or did they speak? In How Silent Were the Churches? a Jew and a Christian examine the Protestant record. Old letters, sermons and other church documents yield a profile of contemporary Protestant attitudes. Countless questions are raised — How much anti-Semitism lurked in Canadian Protestantism? How much pro-German feeling? How accurately did the churches of Canada read the signs of the times? Or did they bury their heads in the sand? Davies and Nefsky discover some surprising answers. The theologies and the historical and ethnic configurations of Protestant Canada, encompassing religious communities from the United Church to the Quakers, are brought into relief against the background of the Great Depression, the rise of fascism in Europe and the resurgence of nativism in Canadian society. The authors conclude their study with an evaluation of the limits to Protestant influence in Canada and the dilemmas faced by religious communities and persons of conscience when confronted by the realities of power.

Nazi Europe and the Final SolutionNazi Europe and the Final Solution

... lose sight of the constant ongoing antisemitic violence to which the Jewish
population in Germany was exposed from the beginning of National Socialist rule
. ' 1 2 Raul Hilberg , The Destruction of the European Jews , New York , 1985 , pp

Author: David Bankier

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845454103


Page: 572

View: 602

In recent years scholars and researchers have turned their attention to the attitudes of ordinary men [and women] during the period of the persecution of the Jews in occupied Europe. This comprehensive work addresses the disturbing question of how people reacted when their neighbours were ostracized, humiliated, deported and later murdered. On the basis of new archival material the authors also discuss the attitudes and actions--or lack of actions--of those who had an official status, or were active in the underground. The studies present the varying and complex situations that pertained in Europe reaching from states allied to Nazi Germany, such as Slovakia and Romania, to countries like France with a relatively autonomous population; also included are countries like Ukraine and Lithuania, whose nationalist movements viewed the Third Reich as the major factor that would aid them in achieving independence.

Jewish American and Holocaust LiteratureJewish American and Holocaust Literature

... of the 'machinery of destruction' ” (27), an expression coined by Raul Hilberg in
The Destruction of the European Jews. These were middle-aged Germans from
working-class backgrounds, haphazardly selected and drafted into reserve units

Author: Alan L. Berger

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791484449


Page: 266

View: 325

Deepens and enriches our understanding of the Jewish literary tradition and the implications of the Shoah. Challenging the notion that Jewish American and Holocaust literature have exhausted their limits, this volume reexamines these closely linked traditions in light of recent postmodern theory. Composed against the tumultuous background of great cultural transition and unprecedented state-sponsored systematic murder, Jewish American and Holocaust literature both address the concerns of postmodern human existence in extremis. In addition to exploring how various mythic and literary themes are deconstructed in the lurid light of Auschwitz, this book provides critical reassessments of Saul Bellow, Bernard Malamud, and Philip Roth, as well as contemporary Jewish American writers who are extending this vibrant tradition into the new millennium. These essays deepen and enrich our understanding of the Jewish literary tradition and the implications of the Shoah.

How Was It Possible How Was It Possible

Raul Hilberg From The Destruction of the European Jews Origins of the Killing
Centers The most secret operations of the destruction process were carried out in
six camps located in Poland in an area stretching from the incorporated areas to

Author: Peter Hayes

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803274891


Page: 904

View: 280

As the Holocaust passes out of living memory, future generations will no longer come face-to-face with Holocaust survivors. But the lessons of that terrible period in history are too important to let slip past. How Was It Possible?, edited and introduced by Peter Hayes, provides teachers and students with a comprehensive resource about the Nazi persecution of Jews. Deliberately resisting the reflexive urge to dismiss the topic as too horrible to be understood intellectually or emotionally, the anthology sets out to provide answers to questions that may otherwise defy comprehension. This anthology is organized around key issues of the Holocaust, from the historical context for antisemitism to the impediments to escaping Nazi Germany, and from the logistics of the death camps and the carrying out of genocide to the subsequent struggles of the displaced survivors in the aftermath. Prepared in cooperation with the Jewish Foundation for the Righteous, this anthology includes contributions from such luminaries as Jean Ancel, Saul Friedlander, Tony Judt, Alan Kraut, Primo Levi, Robert Proctor, Richard Rhodes, Timothy Snyder, and Susan Zuccotti. Taken together, the selections make the ineffable fathomable and demystify the barbarism underlying the tragedy, inviting readers to learn precisely how the Holocaust was, in fact, possible.

Hitler s EmpireHitler s Empire

Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe Mark Mazower. 55. ... N. Masur, En jude talarmed
Himmler (Stockholm, 1945); the text of Masur's report to the World Jewish
Congress is available online at ... Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews,

Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141917504


Page: 768

View: 972

The powerful, disturbing history of Nazi Europe by Mark Mazower, one of Britain's leading historians and bestselling author of Dark Continent and Governing the World Hitler's Empire charts the landscape of the Nazi imperial imagination - from those economists who dreamed of turning Europe into a huge market for German business, to Hitler's own plans for new transcontinental motorways passing over the ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, and earnest internal SS discussions of political theory, dictatorship and the rule of law. Above all, this chilling account shows what happened as these ideas met reality. After their early battlefield triumphs, the bankruptcy of the Nazis' political vision for Europe became all too clear: their allies bailed out, their New Order collapsed in military failure, and they left behind a continent corrupted by collaboration, impoverished by looting and exploitation, and grieving the victims of war and genocide. About the author: Mark Mazower is Ira D.Wallach Professor of World Order Studies and Professor of History Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans: A Short History (which won the Wolfson Prize for History), Salonica: City of Ghosts (which won both the Duff Cooper Prize and the Runciman Award) and Governing the World: The History of an Idea. He has also taught at Birkbeck College, University of London, Sussex University and Princeton. He lives in New York.