Defense IndustriesDefense Industries

At the end, there are briefly presented the concerns of the Romanian defence industry regarding the implementation of the new types of explosives and ammunition with attenuated risk. 97 P. Castelo Branco et al. (eds.) ...

Author: Pelagio Castelo Branco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402027956


Page: 386

View: 324

The state of the art in the area of security related civil science and technology concerning energetic materials and munitions is of pressing importance at the present time, because 10 years after the end of the cold war, in many countries in east and west, huge stockpiles of munitions still await destruction. The safety behavior of munitions and their energetic material is the determining factor for all precautionary measures for the protection of environment and population. The probability of a catastrophic reaction of munitions and their energetic components will be so more likely, the closer the munitions are to the end of their life time. Residues and undetected ordnance, recycling, destruction of ammunition and depletion or reuse of energetic materials will either cause more or less damage to environment. Scientific research and development have the aim to increase performance of munitions on one side and to improve safety in relation to unpredictable events on the other side. The impact on the environment by the production and normal use of munitions and their residues after use will acquire an increasing importance in environmental awareness. The excellent technical presentations were classified in five Groups, according to the technical programme. The "Introduction to the subject; Methods, tests and application; Insensitive and "green" munitions; Storage and transportation; and Demilitarisation and recycling" sessions, were closed by a final and general interesting discussion among participants.

Employment of Retired Military and Civilian Personnel by Defense IndustriesEmployment of Retired Military and Civilian Personnel by Defense Industries

For instance , a draftsman could work on a defense contract , with a defense contractor , provided it doesn't interfere with his duties . Secretary MILTON . I don't know . ... RETIRED PERSONNEL IN DÉFENSE INDUSTRY 905.

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Subcommittee for Special Investigations


ISBN: MINN:31951D02156487Q


Page: 1061

View: 284

The Modern Defense Industry Political Economic and Technological IssuesThe Modern Defense Industry Political Economic and Technological Issues

This has extended to some dual technologies, especially in the space sector. China does have a growing competence in space, including overtly military programs. India India has one of the highest levels of defense spending in the ...

Author: Richard A. Bitzinger

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781567207491


Page: 375

View: 302

Whether it's guns and ammunition or multidimensional anti-terrorism systems, the defense industry is dynamic, complex, and ubiquitous. It is also mysterious, powerful, and controversial, involving thousands of players worldwide—from suppliers and producers to government and military procurers to shadowy figures that trade in the black market. This comprehensive, two-volume reference will explore, on a global scale, the various issues, concepts, problems, and controversies surrounding the rise of the modern defense industry. Unparalleled in its scope and insight, The Modern Defense Industry will prove invaluable to the industry's critics and champions alike. The phenomenon of a more-or-less permanent defense industry—especially one so wide in scale, breadth (air, sea, land, and space), technology, and geography—is still relatively new. Until now, its implications for politics, economics, and technology have not been adequately discussed in an authoritative, accessible format for scholars and researchers, business people, journalists, policymakers, and interested laymen. The Modern Defense Industry addresses the period from 1945 to the present, covering the United States, Europe, Russia, China, Israel, and other important arms-producing and arms-procuring countries. Including essays by experts from around the world, a glossary, data on firms and governments, laws and policies, primary documents, case studies, and a host of other elements, this set will be a unique resource for anyone interested in the arms industry. It will also offer penetrating insights into topics like international relations and diplomacy, arms proliferation, and contemporary politics. Volume I comprises chapters by experts in the field on topics like the relationship between the industry, military, and government; how new modes of warfare are changing the industry; the implications of globalization on the industry; the black and gray areas of the arms trade; and much more. Volume II features an extensive A-Z glossary of terms, lists of defense firms and government agencies, annotated primary documents, lists of leading defense contractors and key weapons systems, an analysis of key legislation, and professional organizations. The Modern Defense Industry sets the standard for state of the art overviews of an industry that has, for better or worse, come to infuse nearly every aspect of world affairs in the early twenty-first century.

Insight Turkey 2020 03 Transformation of Turkey s Defense IndustryInsight Turkey 2020 03 Transformation of Turkey s Defense Industry

Tulpar Light Tank, produced by Otokar, was exhibited in Turkey at the 14th International Defense Industry Fair, April 25, 2020. GÖKSEL YILDIRIM / AA no-scientific events, first and foremost Teknofest31 and Roboik,32 continue to attract ...


Publisher: SET Vakfı İktisadi İşletmesi




View: 572

Turkey’s contemporary defense and military strategy can be best understood as a result of the historical process the country has experienced. This historical process has significantly altered the security environment surrounding Turkey while transforming her alliance relations, ultimately producing a new political vision for the country and a defense and military strategy that serves this vision. Firstly, although the end of the Cold War and the ensuing dissolution of the Soviet Union has ameliorated international security, Turkey was faced with both conventional and asymmetric threats on multiple fronts. This situation kept defense spending of the country at record levels despite military expenditures within NATO showing a rapid decline. On the other hand, the emerging political geography led to a series of new conflicts erupting in several hotspots, from the Balkans through to the Caucasus and the Middle East. Emerging conflicts were thought to require a common response which precipitated NATO’s evolution from a collective defense organization to a collective security organization. Concurrently, it meant that Turkey would actively join NATO’s new missions ranging from the peaceful resolution of disputes to stability operations with expeditionary forces featured by mobility, jointness, and readiness. Secondly, the 9/11 terrorist attacks against the U.S. created profound ramifications for Turkey’s regional security and her alliance relations. In particular, the American military occupation of Iraq jeopardized Turkey’s national security by effectively removing the political authority of that country and dismantling the Iraqi army. While the emerging political vacuum was filled by sectarian politics, the scarcity of security was exploited by the PKK, consolidating its presence in northern Iraqi territories. Divided Iraq has also transformed into a breeding ground for international terrorism which resulted in the rise of various extremist armed organizations, including ISIS. Thirdly, since the so-called Arab spring started in the early 2010s, the political and security landscape of the Middle East and North Africa has undergone significant changes. While the overthrow of dictators led to intra-state conflicts in several places, it was particularly the civil war in Syria that alarmed Turkish decision-makers due to its transformation into a safe haven for various terrorist groups operating at Turkey’s southern frontiers. Bereft of concrete ally support, Turkey unilaterally launched military operations into northern Syria in order to eliminate ISIS elements as well as curbing the long-term territorial ambitions of the PKK. The Arab spring has also aggravated previous tensions and engendered various factions that facilitated new alignments which is the case for today’s Eastern Mediterranean and Arab-Israeli relations. Against the backdrop of these considerations, Turkey’s contemporary defense and military strategy has been formed. In general, this strategy lays down the principles of using military force to support the political aims of the country. It operates as a “bridge” between policy and operation, in a classical sense. And that strategy is now not just informed by protecting the territorial integrity of the nation but has wider objectives, including enhancing the country’s international standing as well as achieving strategic autonomy. This in turn has necessitated new tools that extend beyond a sole deterrent force, namely military activism, and defense industry investments, along with the contribution to international security and commitments to the NATO alliance. The summer issue of Insight Turkey aims to explain the changing dynamics of Turkey’s military and defense strategy by taking into consideration current foreign and security policy practices of Turkey in the Middle East and North Africa region. More specifically, this issue is an attempt to develop a new framework to understand Turkey’s revolution in its military and defense strategies. Hulusi Akar, the Minister of National Defense of Turkey, in his commentary sheds light on the global and regional developments that threaten Turkey’s peace and stability and which contributed to shaping its defense strategy. A strategy that targets finding common solutions to international problems in a collaborative way. Akar gives special attention to the contribution of the distinguished, deterrent, efficient, motivated, well-trained, and disciplined Armed Forces that are equipped with high-level weaponry produced domestically using national resources. Within the context of the Turkish Defense Industry’s strong historical background, İsmail Demir highlights the transformation and rationality of the Turkish Defense Industry. He emphasizes the necessity of addressing the recent rise of the Turkish Defense Industry in two different but interrelated periods. The first provided the defense industry with strong support with an extremely decisive and long-term projection. The second represents the transformation of the expectations from the defense industry, in coordination with the changing position and function of the defense industry in bureaucratic mechanisms. Michaël Tanchum’s commentary is a coherent and rigorous analysis of the logical result of Turkey’s post-Cold War strategic reorientation, presented in its new expeditionary capability of enhanced naval capacity and new forward bases. Michaël examines Ankara’s challenge of calibrating the use of its hard power instruments to serve its post-Lausanne strategic orientation toward establishing Turkey-centered, inter-regional connectivity. In the middle of the COVID-19 global pandemic, Minister of Health of the Republic of Turkey, Fahrettin Koca, underscores the role of Turkey in the management of COVID-19. His commentary asserts that Turkey has successfully contained the COVID-19 pandemic and prevented devastating consequences due to its idiosyncratic approach to the crisis and the robustness of its healthcare system. After 85 years as a museum, Hagia Sophia welcomes Muslim worshippers’, a decision that has drawn intense criticism in Turkey and worldwide. However, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey, Yavuz Selim Kıran, argues that the functional change of Hagia Sophia will not affect Turkey’s centuries-old tradition of promoting tolerance, harmony, and diversity. The final off-topic commentary of this issue underlines the challenges to Pakistan’s nuclear threshold. Muhammad Haris Bilal Malik and Muhammad Abbas Hassan explain why Pakistan has been further threatened by India’s aggressive policies and provocative military modernization. The commentary concludes that Pakistan may be compelled to further revisit its nuclear threshold level to overcome India’s aggression. Besides the commentaries, this issue comprises five articles that focus on the Turkish Defense Industry past, present, and future and underline the factors that led to its remarkable evolution. The first article by Murat Yeşiltaş presents a general framework of Turkey’s Military and Defense Strategy. By taking into account the main drivers, primary objectives, and essential pillars, as well as its tangible repercussions on the military mindset, the author explains how the change in Turkey’s defense and military strategy stems both from Turkey’s changing security landscape and its quest to be an assertive regional player. Can Kasapoğlu’s research article covers two interrelated strategic topics regarding Turkey’s national military capacity in the 21st century: its defense technological and industrial base and its military policy, both currently characterized by a burgeoning assertiveness. In light of the rapid advances in technology that are continually shaping developments in the aerospace and defense sector, notably the evolution of airpower, Arda Mevlütoğlu, provides us with an understanding of the features of the next generation of air warfare, while presenting the status of the Turkish Air Force and offering suggestions on several challenges and opportunities. As a reply to the critics that Turkey is caught between a rock and a hard place due to the adamant opposition of its NATO allies, Mustafa Kibaroğlu tries to make sense of Turkey’s S-400 choice by assessing the impact of the S-400 deal on Turkey’s defense industries. On one hand, he presents his conception of the current “international political non-order” as an underlying factor behind the deal. On the other, he suggests that the deal must be approached from a wider perspective to grasp the extent of the service it has done in bolstering Turkey’s military-industrial complex. The last article related to the main theme of this issue focuses on Turkey’s defense spending. Merve Seren attempts to show that prioritization of defense spending during the AK Party era is specifically the outcome of a political preference. In other words, the shift in the political landscape from idealism to realism, associated with pragmatism. Our initial off-topic article highlights how Trump’s peace plan optimistically called the “Deal of the Century” adopts the Zionist discourse regarding al-Aqsa and its effects on undermining the Muslim sovereignty over the mosque, which will be a clear violation of the International law and status quo. Khalid el-Awaisi and Cuma Yavuz investigate the results of the implementation of Trump’s plan which they assert will lead to three main changes that would undo the centuries-old status quo of Masjid al-Aqsa completely and give Israel full control over this important historic and religious site. Ahmad AlShwawra and Ahmad Almuhtady’s off-topic article completes the dossier of this issue. The authors examine the potential implications of Jordan’s decision to import Mediterranean gas through Israel on Jordanian energy security, with special attention to how this decision will impact Jordanian foreign policy regarding the Palestinian cause. Through a wide range of articles and commentaries, this issue aims to bring to its readers a comprehensive framework on the transformation of Turkey’s Defense Industry and changing patterns of its military strategy.

Application of Aerospace and Defense Industry Technology to Environmental ProblemsApplication of Aerospace and Defense Industry Technology to Environmental Problems

Governor Brown also let four contracts to aerospace industries as described by Murray Weidenbaum in his statement to ... In recent decades , the defense - space industry has been the dominant source of employment growth for the State .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Conservation and Natural Resources Subcommittee


ISBN: UCAL:$B654695


Page: 259

View: 894

Review of Issues Relating to Defense Industry ConversionReview of Issues Relating to Defense Industry Conversion

For Textron , this philosophy has been a success in terms of keeping the company as a whole on a level economic keel during times of change such as the defense industry is now undergoing . For the benefit of the subcommittee , I would ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Small Business. Subcommittee on Procurement, Tourism, and Rural Development


ISBN: PSU:000016136021


Page: 128

View: 343

Defense Industry Profit Study of the General Accounting OfficeDefense Industry Profit Study of the General Accounting Office

BAILEY : The American Ordnance Association very much appreciates the opportunity , offered in your letter of January 5 , 1971 , to comment on the December 22 , 1970 , draft of your report to the Congress , entitled “ Defense Industry ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Legislation and Military Operations Subcommittee


ISBN: LOC:00185436330


Page: 192

View: 914

The Economics of the Global Defence IndustryThe Economics of the Global Defence Industry

In the mid-1980s in Turkey, the Undersecretary for Defense Industries was established due to the insignificance of political authority in procurement policy. In order to make the civilian authority the decision maker in defense policies ...

Author: Keith Hartley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429882692


Page: 616

View: 798

This book makes an original contribution to our knowledge of the world’s major defence industries. Experts from a wide range of different countries – from the major economies of North America and Western Europe to developing economies and some unique cases such as China, India, Singapore, South Africa and North Korea – describe and analyse the structure, conduct and performance of the defence industry in that country. Each chapter opens with statistics on a key nation’s defence spending, its spending on defence R&D and on procurement over the period 1980 to 2017, allowing for an analysis of industry changes following the end of the Cold War. After the facts of each industry, the authors describe and analyse the structure, conduct and performance of the industry. The analysis of ‘structure’ includes discussions of entry conditions, domestic monopoly/oligopoly structures and opportunities for competition. The section on ‘conduct’ analyses price/non-price competition, including private and state funded R&D, and ‘performance’ incorporates profitability, imports and exports together with spin-offs and technical progress. The conclusion explores the future prospects for each nation’s defence industry. Do defence industries have a future? What might the future defence firm and industry look like in 50 years’ time? This volume is a vital resource and reference for anyone interested in defence economics, industrial economics, international relations, strategic studies and public procurement.

The Future of the Defence Industries in Central and Eastern EuropeThe Future of the Defence Industries in Central and Eastern Europe

37 In 1991 the Deputy Chairman of the Russian State Defence Committee observed that the capacity for wartime mobilization ... See Linke , S. R. , Managing Crises in the Defense Industry : The Pepcon and Avtex Cases , McNair Paper no .

Author: Ian Anthony

Publisher: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

ISBN: 0198291892


Page: 142

View: 260

This report examines the prospects for defence industries in Central and Eastern Europe as they attempt to restructure in the wake of the dramatic changes in the security environment brought about by the end of the cold war. Chapters examine key factors affecting the process of industrial restructuring in the region: the role of military doctrine, the trend in national military expenditure, the process of internalization of the defence industry, and the role ofarms exports. Contributors: Ian Anthony, Shannon Kile, Evamaria Loose-Weintraub

Towards a Brave New Arms Industry Towards a Brave New Arms Industry

National Defense, Defense White Paper 1998: Republic of Korea (Seoul: Korea Institute for Defense Analyses, 1998), p. 160. Neuman, 'International Stratification and Third World Military Industries', pp. 180—81.

Author: Richard Bitzinger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136052804


Page: 120

View: 883

In the post-Cold War era, most countries have been forced to radically reduce their arms industries, and abandoned self-sufficiency in favour of a subordinate role in an increasingly globalized worldwide defence industry. This has significant implications for the future of armaments production, for proliferation, and for arms control.

Turkish Defense Industry and Undersecretariat for Defense IndustriesTurkish Defense Industry and Undersecretariat for Defense Industries

This book analyzed the development of Turkish defense industry and the functions of Undersecretariat for Defense Industry.

Author: Efsun Kizmaz

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3838368975


Page: 152

View: 142

This book analyzed the development of Turkish defense industry and the functions of Undersecretariat for Defense Industry. First, the evolution of defense industries in the world and today s propects of these industries were evaluated. Second, the historical background and today s situation of Turkish defense industry and Turkish procurement process were examined. Third, the role of Undersecretariat for Defense Industries, its legal basis and its composition were analyzed. This book will provide a substantial background knowledge for people who are interested in Turkey s defense industry policies.

Military Industry and Regional Defense PolicyMilitary Industry and Regional Defense Policy

The structure of the Israeli defense industry reflects both the socialist leanings of the early Labor governments and the gradual expansion of the private industrial sector. In the aftermath of the Six Day War, Israel made a distinct ...

Author: Timothy D. Hoyt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351558167


Page: 309

View: 341

Military Industry and Regional Defense Policy re-examines military industrialization in the developing world, focusing on policy-making in producer states and the impact of security perceptions on such policy-making.Timothy D. Hoyt reassesses the role of regional state sub-systems in international relations, and recent historical studies of international technology and arms transfers. Looking at Israel, Iraq and India, the three most powerful regional powers in the Cold War era, he presesnts an expert analysis of the three-sided phenomena of the regional hegemony, the regional competitor and the small over-achiever.This new book breaks away from existing literature on military industries in the developing world, which has focused on their economic and development costs and benefits. These past studies have used primitive methodologies that focus on the production of complete weapons systems - a misleading gauge in a world of growing international defense cooperation. They have also ignored empirical evidence of the impact of local military industrial production on Cold War regional conflict, and of the defence planning and concerns that drove development of indigenous military industries in key regional powers. This new text delivers an incisive new perspective.

Military Industry in Taiwan and South KoreaMilitary Industry in Taiwan and South Korea

3 The Defense Industries of Taiwan and South Korea in Detail Publicly available data about the defense industries of Taiwan and South Korea is limited. The sensitivity of the subject in the two countries, coupled with the relative ...

Author: Janne E. Nolan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781349181162


Page: 205

View: 560

Since World War II, the United States has done much to support economic, political, and social development in the Third World. At the same time, its policies toward developing nations often reflect an overly narrow conception of national and global security in which the influences of the modernization process seem scarcely to have been taken into account. Both strains in US policy are mirrored in strong academic traditions upon which policy-makers have drawn liberally in the postwar years. Developmentalists and security scholars alike will find much that is familiar in the case studies presented in Military Industry in Taiwan and South Korea. Dr Nolan's discussion of the stresses of rapid economic and political development in both states draws deeply on the modernization and dependencia studies of the last two decades, while her treatment of the 'security environment' within which domestic policies must be made will satisfy the international relationist concerned with states as actors within the international system. Throughout, Dr Nolan provides a detailed presentation of the behaviour of both polities that will be of interest to North-east Asian area specialists and students of US arms policy.

Creating a 21st Century Defense IndustryCreating a 21st Century Defense Industry

CREATING A 21ST CENTURY DEFENSE INDUSTRY Statement Before the House Armed Services Committee Panel on Business Challenges within the Defense Industry David J. Berteau Senior Vice President and Director , International Security Program ...

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. Panel on Business Challenges within the Defense Industry


ISBN: MINN:31951D035808088


Page: 76

View: 848

Defense Industry DiversificationDefense Industry Diversification

There is a trend toward industrial publication of needs through industry associations and in trade journals , and increasing competition for defense - space business is making it less necessary for government to publicize its needs .

Author: United States. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency


ISBN: MINN:30000010241861


Page: 334

View: 730

Military transformation and the defense industry after next the defense industrial implications of network centric warfareMilitary transformation and the defense industry after next the defense industrial implications of network centric warfare

Analyzing the defense industry of today in order to understand the defense industry of the future is inherently risky. After all, if analysts had sought to discern the contours of the industrial landscape of the year 2000 using data ...


Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781428980327



View: 912

The Politics and Economics of Defence IndustriesThe Politics and Economics of Defence Industries

... 188 Tlatelolco, Treaty of 216 Turkey defence spending 11, 12 see also Israel UN Register of Conventional Arms 113 United Kingdom arms sales 97 defence industries 95—107 definition 103—5 performance 105—6 defence industry employment ...

Author: Efraim Inbar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135226947


Page: 244

View: 477

This volume provides a policy-relevant analysis of the complex web of contemporary economic trends, political developments and strategic considerations that are shaping the contours of the new post-Cold War world market for weaponry.