Constructions of VictimhoodConstructions of Victimhood



The book argues that the identity and social role of victims has undergone a process of constant renegotiation in this period, offering an innovative theoretical framework for understanding how restorative measures are formulated to address ...

Author: David Clarke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030048044

Category:

Page: 315

View: 591

The post-war Federal Republic of Germany faced the task of addressing the plight of the victims of state socialism under the Soviet occupation of eastern Germany and in the German Democratic Republic, many of whom fled to the west. These victims were not passive objects of the West German state’s policy, but organized themselves into associations that fought for recognition of their contribution to the fight against communism. After German unification, the task of commemorating and compensating these victims continued under entirely new political circumstances, yet also in the context of global trends in memory politics and transitional justice that give priority to addressing the fate of victims of non-democratic regimes. Constructions of Victimhood: Remembering the Victims of State Socialism in Germany draws on the constructivist systems theory of Niklas Luhmann to analyze the role of victims organizations, the political system, and historians and heritage professionals in the struggle over the memory of suffering under state socialism, from the Cold War to the present day. The book argues that the identity and social role of victims has undergone a process of constant renegotiation in this period, offering an innovative theoretical framework for understanding how restorative measures are formulated to address the situation of victims. As such, it offers not only insights into a neglected aspect of post-war German history, but also contributes to the ongoing academic debate about the role of victims in process of transitional justice and the politics of memory.

Betraying the EventBetraying the Event



This volume makes note of an attempt to sustain a conversation about changes in the ways the processes of victimization are written out and comprehended.

Author: Fatima Festić

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527561250

Category:

Page: 225

View: 735

In gaining an instrumental part, becoming a fashion, the victimhood theme has drawn attention to its fascinatory and manipulative aspects, and has asked for a critical reconsideration. This volume makes note of an attempt to sustain a conversation about changes in the ways the processes of victimization are written out and comprehended. The contributors aim to expose some recent instances and modalities of cultural and political constructions of victimhood in various parts of the world. Our concern with the overlapping areas of victimhood and rhetoric points to the ambiguous manner in which language and images thread their way into the critical discourses of today, and even devise a vicious reversal of the victimized/victimizer positions. Although we ask: can the victim’s real ever be fully represented?, we keep holding on the simple assurance that only an attempt at representation of the real in an actual performance can bring us closer to the victimizing event, make us grasp its other contested constructions and foresee the materiality of the effects of its linguistic implications. We try to suggest a comparative approach that would link different experiences of victimization, possibly enabling a cognitive exchange, and emphasize the necessity of raising the writers’ and readers’ awareness of the narrative consequences of victimizing processes and the policies following on from them.

The Pursuit of International Criminal Justice and the Construction of VictimhoodThe Pursuit of International Criminal Justice and the Construction of Victimhood



"There has been an increase in the attention paid to victims of international crimes in the context of recent efforts made in the field of international criminal justice.

Author: Ayodele Akenroye

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1086267472

Category:

Page:

View: 689

"There has been an increase in the attention paid to victims of international crimes in the context of recent efforts made in the field of international criminal justice. However, international law's attention to victims is arguably much older. What is new, is the attempt to formalize and legalize the status of victims and the ensuing dilemmas that arise. Moreover, it is clearly not simply the case that international criminal law grants victims' certain rights. Rather, in the process of granting such rights, international criminal law constitutes victims. In doing so, international law is required to constantly arbitrate the complex dilemma surrounding the fundamental nature of victimhood. A certain 'ideal victim' is thereby produced. The production of victimhood through international law is arguably part of the self-constitution of international law. This thesis will investigate some of the ways in which victimhood has been produced in the history of international law, and how the continuation of that process can be harnessed to better understand the evolving nature of international law. Thus, this thesis argues that the production of victimhood in international law and international criminal law remains a fraught and ideologically loaded process. " --

Human Trafficking in AsiaHuman Trafficking in Asia



The book critically examines a movement away from the language of victimhood across a wide array of discourses, and the neoliberal replacement of the concept of structural oppression with the concept of personal responsibility.

Author: Sallie Yea

Publisher:

ISBN: 0415521823

Category:

Page: 238

View: 436

By analysing the complex issues surrounding internal and cross-border human trafficking in Asia, and asserting critical perspectives and methodologies, this book extends the range of sites for discussion and sectors in which human trafficking takes place. The book re-centres human trafficking as an area of legitimate academic inquiry in a region that is often considered as an epicentre for human trafficking: East and Southeast Asia. It thus offers an in-depth analysis and up-to-date knowledge on research methodologies and engagements, patterns and forms of human trafficking, constructively critiquing anti-trafficking campaigns and discourses, and offering examples of good practice within the region that help us move beyond the impasse that currently hampers human trafficking as a field of inquiry in the social sciences. Providing constructive avenues for human trafficking research to proceed methodologically, theoretically and ethically, this book is of interest to students and scholars of Politics, International Relations and Southeast Asian Studies.

Knowing VictimsKnowing Victims



The book critically examines a movement away from the language of victimhood across a wide array of discourses, and the neoliberal replacement of the concept of structural oppression with the concept of personal responsibility.

Author: Rebecca Stringer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134746019

Category:

Page: 186

View: 276

Knowing Victims explores the theme of victimhood in contemporary feminism and politics. It focuses on popular and scholarly constructions of feminism as ‘victim feminism’ – an ideology of passive victimhood that denies women’s agency – and provides the first comprehensive analysis of the debate about this ideology which has unfolded among feminists since the 1980s. The book critically examines a movement away from the language of victimhood across a wide array of discourses, and the neoliberal replacement of the concept of structural oppression with the concept of personal responsibility. In derogating the notion of ‘victim,’ neoliberalism promotes a conception of victimization as subjective rather than social, a state of mind, rather than a worldly situation. Drawing upon Nietzsche, Lyotard, rape crisis feminism and feminist philosophy, Stringer situates feminist politicizations of rape, interpersonal violence, economic inequality and welfare reform as key sites of resistance to the victim-blaming logic of neoliberalism. She suggests that although recent feminist critiques of ‘victim feminism’ have critically diagnosed the anti-victim movement, they have not positively defended victim politics. Stringer argues that a conception of the victim as an agentic bearer of knowledge, and an understanding of resentment as a generative force for social change, provides a potent counter to the negative construction of victimhood characteristic of the neoliberal era. This accessible and insightful analysis of feminism, neoliberalism and the social construction of victimhood will be of great interest to researchers and students in the disciplines of gender and women’s studies, psychology, sociology, politics and philosophy.

Clues A Journal of Detection Vol 38 No 2 Fall 2020 Clues A Journal of Detection Vol 38 No 2 Fall 2020



The Cellar's trauma narrative is used to interrogate domestic noir constructions of victimhood through its ... This subversive portrayal illustrates the breakdown of trafficking power structures that, toward the end of the novel, ...

Author: Janice M. Allan

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9781476641454

Category:

Page:

View: 537

For over two decades, Clues has included the best scholarship on mystery and detective fiction. With a combination of academic essays and nonfiction book reviews, it covers all aspects of mystery and detective fiction material in print, television and movies. As the only American scholarly journal on mystery fiction, Clues is essential reading for literature and film students and researchers; popular culture aficionados; librarians; and mystery authors, fans and critics around the globe.

Controlling Small ArmsControlling Small Arms



A more critical literature emerged that challenged static constructions of 'victimhood', 'survivorship', and 'perpetration', forcing an important reappraisal in various policy communities. The impacts of this early effects research on ...

Author: Peter Batchelor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135005436

Category:

Page: 314

View: 854

This edited volume takes stock of the state of research and policy on the issue of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW), ten years after the UN first agreed to deal with the problem. The end of the Cold War originated a series of phenomena that would subsequently come to dominate the political agenda. Perhaps most symptomatic of the ensuing environment is the marked escalation in the scale and dynamics of armed violence, driven by the proliferation of SALW. Events in Rwanda, Somalia and Bosnia seared into global consciousness the devastating effects of this phenomenon, and of the necessity to engage actively in its limitation and prevention. This edited volume explores and outlines the research and policy on the SALW issue at this critical juncture. In addition to providing a detailed telling of the genesis and evolution of SALW research and advocacy, the volume features a series of essays from leading scholars in the field on both advances in research and action on SALW. It reflects on what has been achieved in terms of cumulative advances in data, methodology and analysis, and looks at the ways in which these developments have helped to inform policy making at national, regional and international levels. Alongside situating and integrating past and present advances in advocacy and international action, Controlling Small Arms also outlines future directions for research and action. This book will be of much interest to students of small arms, peace and conflict studies, peacebuilding, security studies and IR.

Frame Constructional Verb ClassesFrame Constructional Verb Classes



This construction closely resembles the valency behavior documented for English Robbery verbs ( cf. Goldberg 1995 : 45-50 ) , which realize the Victim as direct object and the Goods in an of PP ( which corresponds to German genitive ...

Author: Ryan Dux

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027261014

Category:

Page: 320

View: 377

While verb classes are a mainstay of linguistic research, the field lacks consensus on precisely what constitutes a verb class. This book presents a novel approach to verb classes, employing a bottom-up, corpus-based methodology and combining key insights from Frame Semantics, Construction Grammar, and Valency Grammar. On this approach, verb classes are formulated at varying granularity levels to adequately capture both the shared semantic and syntactic properties unifying verbs of a class and the idiosyncratic properties unique to individual verbs. In-depth analyses based on this approach shed light on the interrelations between verbs, frame-semantics, and constructions, and on the semantic richness and network organization of grammatical constructions. This approach is extended to a comparison of Change and Theft verbs, revealing unexpected lexical and syntactic differences across semantically distinct classes. Finally, a range of contrastive (German–English) analyses demonstrate how verb classes can inform the cross-linguistic comparison of verbs and constructions.

The Women Peace and Security AgendaThe Women Peace and Security Agenda



The historical victim The creation, circulation, and stickiness of emotions is weighted in “past histories of ... The construction of victimhood is historically weighted in the gendered and racialized “image of the suffering African ...

Author: Laura J. Shepherd

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000462487

Category:

Page: 292

View: 818

The Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda is comprised of the policies, protocols and practices enacted by a wide range of actors inspired by, or under the auspices, of the UN Security Council resolutions adopted under the title of ‘women and peace and security’. Since the adoption of the first resolution in 2000, resolution 1325, there have been nine others, each of which elaborates or extends aspects of the original resolution. This book provides a forward-looking collection of scholarship on the WPS agenda in two halves. The first half of the book presents a series of essays that each provide a glimpse of the rich and insightful research on WPS being undertaken in and about different contexts, to demonstrate the importance of centring the "local" as a site of knowledge production in the WPS agenda. The essays presented in the second half of the book also engage questions of knowledge production, documenting the exploratory methods in use in WPS scholarship, and highlighting those topics engaged at the hinterlands of what is a broad field – topics that gesture at the future of research in this area. The chapters in this book were originally published as special issues of the International Feminist Journal of Politics.

Female Perpetrated Sex AbuseFemale Perpetrated Sex Abuse



As the first direct exploration of FSA victimhood, this book analyses: why victims of FSA remain so underexplored and invisible as objects of human science knowledge; the limited and overly rigid discourses in local and global psychological ...

Author: Sherianne Kramer

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781315453606

Category:

Page: 188

View: 315

Female-Perpetrated Sex Abuse is a groundbreaking study into gender, sexuality and victimhood. It examines the cultural conditions of possibility for FSA victimhood as a means to advance contemporary critical understandings of the role of gender and sexuality as instruments of modern power. As the first direct exploration of FSA victimhood, this book analyses: why victims of FSA remain so underexplored and invisible as objects of human science knowledge; the limited and overly rigid discourses in local and global psychological theory and practice that continues to treat particular subjects as ‘victim worthy’ through paradigms that construct victimhood as gendered; and the possibility of new discourses that could disrupt normative understandings of gender, sexuality, and power in sex abuse, and as constitutive to the beginnings of a counter-knowledge on transgressive sexualities. By tracing the historical and cultural conditions of the emergence of FSA broadly and FSA victimhood specifically, Kramer illustrates how deeply engrained constructions of gender and sexuality both produce and constrain the possibilities for reporting, disclosing and self-identifying victimhood. Female-Perpetrated Sex Abuse is essential reading for academics, researchers and students alike, in the areas of psychology, sociology, gender studies, criminology, counselling and social work.

Handbook of Restorative JusticeHandbook of Restorative Justice



It is then unclear how restorative justice differs from conventional social constructions of the victim and how it can provide a more victimorientated perspective about how best to provide for different types of crime victims.

Author: Gerry Johnstone

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781843921516

Category:

Page: 650

View: 830

This book provides a comprehensive and authoritative account and analysis of restorative justice, one of the most rapidly growing phenomena in the field of criminology and justice studies. This book aims to meet the need for a comprehensive, reliable and accessible overview of the subject. It draws together leading authorities on the subject from around the world in order to: elucidate and discuss the key concepts and principles of restorative justice explain how the campaign for restorative justice arose and developed into the influential social movement it is today describe the variety of restorative justice practices, explain how they have developed in various places and contexts, and critically examine their rationales and effects identify and examine key tensions and issues within the restorative justice movement brings a variety of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives to bear upon the understanding and assessment of restorative justice. The Handbook of Restorative Justice is essential reading for students and practitioners in the field.

New Visions of Crime VictimsNew Visions of Crime Victims



Thus, the identification of a victim not only aids in the legal construction of criminality, but may incite the jury ... with victim status and the benefits associated with identifying a victim, combined with the fact that victimhood is ...

Author: Carolyn Hoyle

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781847310712

Category:

Page: 224

View: 284

This innovative collection presents original theoretical analyses and previously unpublished empirical research on criminal victimisation. Following an overview of the development and deficiencies of victimology,subsequent chapters present more detailed challenges to stereotypical conceptions of victimisation through their focus on: male victims of domestic violence; victims of male-on-male rape; corporate victims; and the 'victim-offenders' who are the recipients of IRA punishment beatings. The second half of the book considers criminal justice responses to victimisation, focusing in particular on the potential of, and limits to, restorative justice, the social (and gendered) construction of the victim within contested trials and the exclusionary nature of current 'victim-centred' initiatives. This important book will further the debate on how we conceptualise victims as well as their appropriate role within the criminal justice system. New Visions of Crime Victims will be of interest to academics, students, criminal justice practitioners and policy-makers. It has particular implications for scholarship in the fields of victimology, restorative justice and feminist approaches to criminology and criminal justice. The integration of work by established criminologists, such as Carolyn Hoyle, Paul Rock, Andrew Sanders and Richard Young with that of young, previously unpublished scholars, makes for an interesting and stimulating book. As well as being a valuable addition to the literature, it can be used to support undergraduate and postgraduate courses in criminal justice and criminology.

Studies in Law Politics and SocietyStudies in Law Politics and Society



First the status of “ victim " no longer is granted only to the dead body of the murder victim whose wounds and markings ... Evolving constructions of victimhood demand that law be progressive in its aims , expanding its focus so that ...

Author: Austin Sarat

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited

ISBN: 1848550901

Category:

Page: 224

View: 737

Offers fresh perspectives on sentencing and punishment, lawyering for the public good, and the meaning of legal doctrine. This book contains articles that exemplify the work being done in interdisciplinary legal scholarship.

Crime and MoralityCrime and Morality



Firstly, it can be noted the victim is an abstract notion, a metaphor that does not coincide with the flesh and blood ... refer to suffering that is experienced in reality, criminality and victimhood are theoretical constructions.

Author: J.C. Boutellier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400900134

Category:

Page: 182

View: 319

Over the last twenty-five years the significance of criminal justice has dramatically changed. In a "post-modern" culture, criminal law serves more and more as a focal point in public morality. The "discovery" of the victim of crime can be seen as the marking point by which criminal justice got its central position in the maintenance of social order. It is the result of a general "victimalization" of today's morality. This ingenious book - according to Michael Tonry - combines insights from criminology, sociology and moral philosophy. It is especially inspired by the work of Richard Rorty, who stresses the sensibility for suffering as the major source of morality in post-modern times. It describes the arousal of attention for victims and the development of crime prevention. More specifically, it analyzes child sexual abuse and prostitution. This "illuminating" book will be an eye-opener for theorists in criminology and moral philosophy, but will also be an inspiring work for policy makers in the area of criminal justice.

Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of SystemsTools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems



The Kaminsky DNS attack makes clever use of cache poisoning, so that when a victim DNS server is asked to resolve URLs within a non-malicious domain, it replies with the IP address of a malicious web server.

Author: Parosh Aziz Abdulla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642198342

Category:

Page: 394

View: 444

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems, TACAS 2011, held in Saarbrücken, Germany, March 26—April 3, 2011, as part of ETAPS 2011, the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software. The 32 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 112 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on memory models and consistency, invariants and termination, timed and probabilistic systems, interpolations and SAT-solvers, learning, model checking, games and automata, verification, and probabilistic systems.

Doing Criminological ResearchDoing Criminological Research



You must also remain conscious of gendered constructions of victimization that should be problematized and challenged by victimological research informed by political influences and cultural practices (qua McGarry and Walklate, 2015).

Author: Pamela Davies

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526422057

Category:

Page: 576

View: 690

The new edition of this bestselling textbook comes completely revised and updated to take students on a guided tour of criminological research. As a trusted companion, this book brings together a range of experts in the field to provide key perspectives on how to prepare, do and present research. Concise and engaging, each chapter comes with a range of learning features and contextualised case studies, giving an in-depth review on conducting research projects. The book: Includes fascinating case studies on transnational crime and policing, victims, male offenders, institutional abuse and more Comes with study questions, activities, key terms and a glossary Includes visual material which highlights and illustrates key points Contains new chapters on mixed methods; web based criminological research; experimental criminological research and quantitative criminological research This is the go-to for any student studying criminology, essential to those conducting their own research in the field.

Cahiers de la FemmeCahiers de la Femme



The construction of women as “ at risk ” groups implicitly triggers the construction of “ risky selves . ... danger to the wider In some cases , the more victims talk about the event , the lower their status as a victim ( Boutellier ) .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112067497278

Category:

Page:

View: 789

The Order of VictimhoodThe Order of Victimhood



This book explores how the construction and contestation of victims in societies emerging from conflict impact processes of peacebuilding.

Author: Sarah E. Jankowitz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319983288

Category:

Page: 218

View: 276

This book explores how the construction and contestation of victims in societies emerging from conflict impact processes of peacebuilding. It locates its inquiry in Northern Ireland where highly politicized, unresolved narratives of violence and a so-called ‘hierarchy of victims’ illuminate inherent paradoxes of victimhood in intergroup conflict. The author critiques how mechanisms designed to address the legacy of conflict often reify exclusive ‘victim’ and ‘perpetrator’ identities and obscure complex harm. Adopting an interdisciplinary lens, the book examines how the image of the ideal victim interacts with intergroup processes in a polarizing and intractable victim-perpetrator paradigm. The analysis of these issues in Northern Ireland suggests that exclusive policies and mechanisms reinforce rather than repair societal divisions, and that inclusive, complex approaches to victimhood are necessary to build sustainable peace. This book will be of particular interest to scholars of peace studies, transitional justice and criminology.