Cognitive and Working Memory TrainingCognitive and Working Memory Training



The goal of this volume is to educate. It is designed for students and researchers, and perhaps the armchair psychologist.

Author: Jared M. Novick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199974467

Category:

Page: 588

View: 419

Cognitive and Working Memory Training assembles an interdisciplinary group of distinguished authors--all experts in the field--who have been testing the efficacy of cognitive and working memory training using a combination of behavioral, neuroimaging, meta-analytic, and computational modelling methods. This edited volume is a defining resource on the practicality and utility of the field of cognitive training research in general, and working memory training in particular. Importantly, one focus of the book is on the notion of transfer--namely, the extent to which cognitive training--be it through music, video-game play, or working memory demanding interventions at school--generalizes to learning and performance measures that were decidedly not part of the training regimen. As most cognitive scientists (and perhaps many casual observers) recognize, the notions of cognitive training and transfer have been widely controversial for many reasons, including disagreement over the reliability of outcomes and consensus on methodological "best practices," and even the ecological validity of laboratory-based tests. This collection does not resolve these debates of course; but its contribution is to address them directly by creating an exchange in a single compendium among scientists who, in separate research publications, do not always reach the same conclusions. The book is organized around comprehensive overview chapters from different disciplinary perspectives--Cognitive Psychology (by Hicks and Engle), Neuroscience (by Kuchinsky and Haarmann), and Development (by Ling and Diamond)--that define major issues, terms, and themes in the field, with a pointed set of challenge questions to which other scientists respond in subsequent chapters. The goal of this volume is to educate. It is designed for students and researchers, and perhaps the armchair psychologist. Crucially, the contributors recognize that it is good for science to persistently confront our understanding of an area: Debate and alternative viewpoints, backed by theory, data, and inferences drawn from the evidence, is what advances scientific knowledge. This book probes established paradigms in cognitive training research, and the long-form of these chapters (not found in scientific journals) allows detailed exploration of the current state of the science. Such breadth intends to invite novel ways of thinking about the nature of cognitive and perceptual plasticity, which may enlighten either new efforts at training, new inferences about prior results, or both.

The Working Memory AdvantageThe Working Memory Advantage



"Arguing that a working memory is a stronger predictor of success than IQ, a guide to enhancing memory cites its role in life management skills and various learning disorders while outlining prescriptive exercises for improving brain ...

Author: Tracy Alloway

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781451650143

Category:

Page: 352

View: 137

"Arguing that a working memory is a stronger predictor of success than IQ, a guide to enhancing memory cites its role in life management skills and various learning disorders while outlining prescriptive exercises for improving brain function. 35,000 first printing."

The Impact of Working Memory Training on Children s Cognitive and Noncognitive SkillsThe Impact of Working Memory Training on Children s Cognitive and Noncognitive Skills



Working memory capacity is thought to play an important role for a wide range of cognitive and noncognitive skills such as fluid intelligence, math, reading, the inhibition of pre-potent impulses or more general self-regulation abilities.

Author: Eva M. Berger

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1192562600

Category:

Page:

View: 714

Working memory capacity is thought to play an important role for a wide range of cognitive and noncognitive skills such as fluid intelligence, math, reading, the inhibition of pre-potent impulses or more general self-regulation abilities. Because these abilities substantially affect individuals' life trajectories in terms of health, education, and earnings, the question of whether working memory (WM) training can improve them is of considerable importance. However, whether WM training leads to improvements in these far-transfer skills is contested. Here, we examine the causal impact of WM training embedded in regular school teaching by a randomized educational intervention involving a sample of 6-7 years old first graders. We find substantial immediate and lasting gains in working memory capacity. In addition, we document relatively large positive effects on geometry skills, reading skills, Raven's fluid IQ measure, the ability to inhibit pre-potent impulses and self-regulation abilities. Moreover, these far-transfer effects emerge over time and only become fully visible after 12-13 months. Finally, we document that 3-4 years after the intervention, the children who received training have a roughly 16 percentage points higher probability of entering the academic track in secondary school.

Working MemoryWorking Memory



This volume is essential reading for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in human memory and its improvement, including those working in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, ...

Author: Tracy Packiam Alloway

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781136208164

Category:

Page: 320

View: 298

Working memory – the conscious processing of information – is increasingly recognized as one of the most important aspects of intelligence. This fundamental cognitive skill is deeply connected to a great variety of human experience – from our childhood, to our old age, from our evolutionary past, to our digital future. In this volume, leading psychologists review the latest research on working memory and consider what role it plays in development and over the lifespan. It is revealed how a strong working memory is connected with success (academically and acquiring expertise) and a poor working memory is connected with failure (addictive behavior and poor decision-making). The contributions also show how working memory played a role in our cognitive evolution and how the everyday things we do, such as what we eat and how much we sleep, can have an impact on how well it functions. Finally, the evidence on whether or not working memory training is beneficial is explored. This volume is essential reading for students, researchers, and professionals with an interest in human memory and its improvement, including those working in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, gerontology, education, health, and clinical psychology.

Essentials of Working Memory Assessment and InterventionEssentials of Working Memory Assessment and Intervention



This book helps readers: Understand the development and neuroanatomy of working memory Learn techniques for improving working memory in the classroom Examine strategies for brain-based working memory training Effectively utilize working ...

Author: Milton J. Dehn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118638132

Category:

Page: 316

View: 302

Working memory deficits are the main reason why students with disabilities are unable to successfully respond to regular education interventions. Given the strong relationship between working memory and all areas of academic learning, a deeper understanding of working memory and the related assessments and interventions can facilitate greater achievement. This book helps readers: understand the development and neuroanatomy of working memory; learn techniques for improving it in the classroom; examine strategies for brain-based working memory training; and effectively utilise working memory assessment measures. A companion CD-ROM features worksheets, testing charts and other useful resources

Cognition and AddictionCognition and Addiction



Working memory training shows immediate and long-term effects on cognitive performance in children. F1000Res 3, 82. Ramey, T., Regier, P.S., 2018. Cognitive impairment in substance use disorders. CNS Spectr. 2018, 1e12.

Author: Antonio Verdejo García

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128152997

Category:

Page: 442

View: 759

Cognition and Addiction: A Researcher’s Guide from Mechanisms Towards Interventions provides researchers with a guide to recent cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, phenotyping, treatments and new vistas, including both substance and behavioral addictions. This book focuses on “what to know and “how to apply information, prioritizing novel principles and delineating cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools. Written by world renowned researcher Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, this resource will become a go-to guide for researchers in the field of cognitive neuroscience and addiction. Examines cognitive neuroscience advances in addiction theory, including both substance and behavioral addictions Discusses primary principles of cutting-edge assessment, phenotyping and treatment tools Includes detailed chapters on neuro-epidemiology and genetic imaging

Working Memory Training Increases General Learning Abilities in CD 1 Outbred MiceWorking Memory Training Increases General Learning Abilities in CD 1 Outbred Mice



General intelligence is a cognitive trait that is purported to influence most domain-specific learning abilities in humans.

Author: Kenneth Royce Light

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:607520666

Category:

Page: 82

View: 611

General intelligence is a cognitive trait that is purported to influence most domain-specific learning abilities in humans. Like humans, CD-1 outbred mice express individual differences in their "general" cognitive abilities, such that performance across diverse batteries of learning tasks tend to be positively correlated, and this general learning factor accounts for 32-48% of the variance of individual animals performance in cognitive test batteries. It has been demonstrated that in both humans and mice, the efficacy of working memory capacity correlates highly with measures of general cognitive ability. In three experiments, here we demonstrate that in genetically heterogeneous mice, repetitive working memory training promotes an increase in selective attention and has a commensurately positive effect on the animals' aggregate performance on a battery of five learning tasks. The enhancement of general cognitive performance by working memory exercise was attenuated if the selective attention demands of that exercise were reduced. Finally, because much of the human research conducted on working memory training is done in pre-pubescent children, we trained a group of mice beginning in pre-pubescence and found no difference between that group and one trained at our typical young-adult age. In total, these results provide initial evidence that the efficacy of working memory capacity and selective attention are causally related to an animal's general cognitive performance, and suggest behavioral strategies to promote those abilities.

Cognitive TrainingCognitive Training



Mapping differential responses to cognitive training using machine learning. Developmental Science, e12868. Rhodes, R. E., & Katz, B. (2017). Working memory plasticity and aging. Psychology and Aging, 32, 51–79.

Author: Tilo Strobach

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030392925

Category:

Page: 420

View: 809

The second edition of this book brings together a cutting edge international team of contributors to critically review the current knowledge regarding the effectiveness of training interventions designed to improve cognitive functions in different target populations. Since the publication of the first volume, the field of cognitive research has rapidly evolved. There is substantial evidence that cognitive and physical training can improve cognitive performance, but these benefits seem to vary as a function of the type and the intensity of interventions and the way training-induced gains are measured and analyzed. This book will address the new topics in psychological research and aims to resolve some of the currently debated issues. This book offers a comprehensive overview of empirical findings and methodological approaches of cognitive training research in different cognitive domains (memory, executive functions, etc.), types of training (working memory training, video game training, physical training, etc.), age groups (from children to young and older adults), target populations (children with developmental disorders, aging workers, MCI patients etc.), settings (laboratory-based studies, applied studies in clinical and educational settings), and methodological approaches (behavioral studies, neuroscientific studies). Chapters feature theoretical models that describe the mechanisms underlying training-induced cognitive and neural changes. Cognitive Training: An Overview of Features and Applications, Second Edition will be of interest to researchers, practitioners, students, and professors in the fields of psychology and neuroscience.

Cognitive and Brain Plasticity Induced by Physical Exercise Cognitive Training Video Games and Combined InterventionsCognitive and Brain Plasticity Induced by Physical Exercise Cognitive Training Video Games and Combined Interventions



Bilingualism modulates dual mechanisms of cognitive control: evidence from ERPs. Neuropsychology 66, 157–169. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.11.014 Morrison, A. B., and Chein, J. M. (2011). Does working memory training work?

Author: Soledad Ballesteros

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889455072

Category:

Page:

View: 992

The premise of neuroplasticity on enhancing cognitive functioning among healthy as well as cognitively impaired individuals across the lifespan, and the potential of harnessing these processes to prevent cognitive decline attract substantial scientific and public interest. Indeed, the systematic evidence base for cognitive training, video games, physical exercise and other forms of brain stimulation such as entrain brain activity is growing rapidly. This Research Topic (RT) focused on recent research conducted in the field of cognitive and brain plasticity induced by physical activity, different types of cognitive training, including computerized interventions, learning therapy, video games, and combined intervention approaches as well as other forms of brain stimulation that target brain activity, including electroencephalography and neurofeedback. It contains 49 contributions to the topic, including Original Research articles (37), Clinical Trials (2), Reviews (5), Mini Reviews (2), Hypothesis and Theory (1), and Corrections (2).

The Temporal Dynamics of Cognitive ProcessingThe Temporal Dynamics of Cognitive Processing



7:230. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00230 To Switch or Not to Switch: Role of Cognitive Control in Working Memory Training in Older Adults Chandramallika Basak* and Margaret A. O'Connell Center for Vital Longevity, School of Behavioral and ...

Author: Timothy Michael Ellmore

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889198887

Category:

Page:

View: 237

From our ability to attend to many stimuli occurring in rapid succession to the transformation of memories during a night of sleep, cognition occurs over widely varying time scales spanning milliseconds to days and beyond. Cognitive processing is often influenced by several behavioral variables as well as nonlinear interactions between multiple neural systems. This frequently produces unpredictable patterns of behavior and makes understanding the underlying temporal factors influencing cognition a fruitful area of hypothesis development and scientific inquiry. Across two reviews, a perspective, and twelve original research articles covering the domains of learning, memory, attention, cognitive control, and social decision making this research topic sheds new light on the temporal dynamics of cognitive processing.