A History of Muslims Christians and Jews in the Middle EastA History of Muslims Christians and Jews in the Middle East

Kasaba, The Ottoman Empire in the World Economy, pp. 29–31. Rodogno,
Against Massacre, p. 65–67. See, for example, Lewis, The Jews of Islam, p. 9.
Masters, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World, pp. 106–7. The phrase

Author: Heather J. Sharkey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521769372


Page: 392

View: 920

This book traces the history of conflict and contact between Muslims, Christians, and Jews in the Ottoman Middle East prior to 1914.

Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab WorldMulticulturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World

In our larger work on minorities in the Middle East, these categories are analyzed
with a view to explaining groups' minority ... 59 B. Masters, Christians and Jews in
the Ottoman Arab World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), 61.

Author: Will Kymlicka

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191662621


Page: 320

View: 810

Since the Arab Spring, Arab states have become the new front line in the struggle for democratization and for open societies. As the experience of other regions has shown, one of the most significant challenges facing democratization relates to minority rights. This book explores how minority claims are framed and debated in the region, and in particular, how political actors draw upon, re-interpret, or resist both the new global discourses of minority rights and more local traditions and practices of co-existence. The contributors examine a range of pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial factors that shape contemporary minority politics in the Arab world, and that encumber the reception of international norms of multiculturalism. These factors include the contested legacies of Islamic doctrines of the `dhimmi' and the Ottoman millet system, colonial-era divide and rule strategies, and post-colonial Arab nation-building. While these legacies complicate struggles for minority rights, they do not entail an `Arab exceptionalism' to global trends to multiculturalism. This volume explores a number of openings for new more pluralistic conceptions of nationhood and citizenship, and suggests that minority politics at its best can serve as a vehicle for a more general transformative politics, supporting a broader culture of democracy and human rights, and challenging older authoritarian, clientalistic, or patriarchal political tendencies. The chapters include both broad theoretical and historical perspectives as well as more focused case studies (including Western Sahara/Morocco, Algeria, Israel/Palestine; Sudan; United Arab Emirates, and Iraq).

The Orthodox Church in the Arab World 700 1700The Orthodox Church in the Arab World 700 1700

Conversion and Continuity: Indigenous Christian Communities in Islamic Lands,
Eighth to Eighteenth Centuries. Toronto: Pontifical Institute ... Christians and Jews
in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism. Cambridge: Cambridge ...

Author: Samuel Noble

Publisher: Northern Illinois University Press

ISBN: 9781501751301


Page: 355

View: 756

Arabic was among the first languages in which the Gospel was preached. The Book of Acts mentions Arabs as being present at the first Pentecost in Jerusalem, where they heard the Christian message in their native tongue. Christian literature in Arabic is at least 1,300 years old, the oldest surviving texts dating from the 8th century. Pre-modern Arab Christian literature embraces such diverse genres as Arabic translations of the Bible and the Church Fathers, biblical commentaries, lives of the saints, theological and polemical treatises, devotional poetry, philosophy, medicine, and history. Yet in the Western historiography of Christianity, the Arab Christian Middle East is treated only peripherally, if at all. The first of its kind, this anthology makes accessible in English representative selections from major Arab Christian works written between the 8th and 18th centuries. The translations are idiomatic while preserving the character of the original. The popular assumption is that in the wake of the Islamic conquests, Christianity abandoned the Middle East to flourish elsewhere, leaving its original heartland devoid of an indigenous Christian presence. Until now, several of these important texts have remained unpublished or unavailable in English. Translated by leading scholars, these texts represent the major genres of Orthodox literature in Arabic. Noble and Treiger provide an introduction that helps form a comprehensive history of Christians within the Muslim world. The collection marks an important contribution to the history of medieval Christianity and the history of the medieval Near East.

The Cambridge History of TurkeyThe Cambridge History of Turkey

99 - 109 ; Oded Peri , Christianity under Islam in Jerusalem : The Question of the
Holy Sites in Early Ottoman Times ( Leiden , 2001 ) , pp . 10 – 24 ; Bruce Masters
, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World : The Roots of Sectarianism ...

Author: Kate Fleet

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521620953


Page: 640

View: 802

Volume 3 of The Cambridge History of Turkey covers the period from 1603 to 1839.

Conflict Conquest and ConversionConflict Conquest and Conversion

Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East Eleanor H. Tejirian,
Reeva Spector Simon. 3. ... Bruce Masters, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman
Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism (New York: Cambridge University Press, ...

Author: Eleanor H. Tejirian

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231511094


Page: 320

View: 900

Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion surveys two thousand years of the Christian missionary enterprise in the Middle East within the context of the region's political evolution. Its broad, rich narrative follows Christian missions as they interacted with imperial powers and as the momentum of religious change shifted from Christianity to Islam and back, adding new dimensions to the history of the region and the nature of the relationship between the Middle East and the West. Historians and political scientists increasingly recognize the importance of integrating religion into political analysis, and this volume, using long-neglected sources, uniquely advances this effort. It surveys Christian missions from the earliest days of Christianity to the present, paying particular attention to the role of Christian missions, both Protestant and Catholic, in shaping the political and economic imperialism of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Eleanor H. Tejirian and Reeva Spector Simon delineate the ongoing tensions between conversion and the focus on witness and "good works" within the missionary movement, which contributed to the development and spread of nongovernmental organizations. Through its conscientious, systematic study, this volume offers an unparalleled encounter with the social, political, and economic consequences of such trends.

And Freedom Became a Public squareAnd Freedom Became a Public square

Political, Sociological and Religious Overviews on the Arab Christians and the
Arabic Spring Najib George Awad. Chapter 4: The Christians and the Call ... 176
Masters, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World,. Najib George Awad
102 ...

Author: Najib George Awad

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643902665


Page: 261

View: 714

From an Arab Christian perspective, this book introduces some of the substantial components and the pivotal ramifications of the latest revolutions in the Arab World, known as "the Arabic Spring." It offers a fresh, timely, and intellectual reading of the promising "Spring" in Syria and in the rest of the "born-again" Arab world. The first part of the book looks at the uprisings in general, while the second part examines Christians in the Arab world and their view of the uprisings, with primary attention to the case of Syria. The third part is an invitation for developing an Arabic contextual religious discourse out of the recent Arabic world's (deeply religious) context and changes. The book will benefit those who would like to have a general idea about what happened, and is still happening, in the Arab world, as well as those who would like to get some insightful and coherent understanding of why, how, and on what presumptions the Arab Christians base their appraisal of, and stances on, the Arabic Spring. (Series: Studies on Oriental Church History / Studien zur Orientalischen Kirchengeschichte - Vol. 46)

Jews in the Realm of the SultansJews in the Realm of the Sultans

Chapter 3 Jews in the Ottoman State Ottoman Law and the Jews As a Muslim
state , the Ottoman Empire ' s legal ... 110 – 37 ; Bruce Masters , Christians and
Jews in the Ottoman Arab World : The Roots of Sectarianism ( Cambridge 2001 )
, 16 ...

Author: Yaron Ben-Naeh

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 3161495233


Page: 503

View: 750

Jewish society in the Ottoman Empire has not been the subject of systematic research. The seventeenth century is the main object of this study, since it was a formative era. For Ottoman Jews, the 'Ottoman century' constituted an era of gradual acculturation to changing reality, parallel to the changing character of the Ottoman state. Continuous changes and developments shaped anew the character of this Jewry, the core of what would later become known as 'Sephardi Jewry'.Yaron Ben-Naeh draws from primary and secondary Hebrew, Ottoman, and European sources, the image of Jewish society in the Ottoman Empire. In the chapters he leads the reader from the overall urban framework to individual aspects. Beginning with the physical environment, he moves on to discuss their relationships with the majority society, followed by a description and analysis of the congregation, its organization and structure, and from there to the character of Ottoman Jewish society and its nuclear cell - the family. Special emphasis is placed throughout the work on the interaction with Muslim society and the resulting acculturation that affected all aspects and all levels of Jewish life in the Empire. In this, the author challenges the widespread view that sees this community as being stagnant and self-segregated, as well as the accepted concept of a traditional Jewish society under Islam.

Minority Rights in the Middle EastMinority Rights in the Middle East

8 See generally, P Thornberry, International Law and the Rights of Minorities (
Clarendon Press 1991). 9 Aral (n 6) 475. 10B Masters, Christians and Jews in the
Ottoman Arab World (Cambridge University Press 2001) 61. 11 Ibid. 12 Ibid.

Author: Joshua Castellino

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191668883


Page: 456

View: 113

Within the Middle East there are a wide range of minority groups outside the mainstream religious and ethnic culture. This book provides a detailed examination of their rights as minorities within this region, and their changing status throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. The rights of minorities in the Middle East are subject to a range of legal frameworks, having developed in part from Islamic law, and in recent years subject to international human rights law and institutional frameworks. The book examines the context in which minority rights operate within this conflicted region, investigating how minorities engage with (or are excluded from) various sites of power and how state practice in dealing with minorities (often ostensibly based on Islamic authority) intersects with and informs modern constitutionalism and international law. The book identifies who exactly can be classed as a minority group, analysing in detail the different religious and ethnic minorities across the region. The book also pays special attention to the plight of minorities who are spread between various states, often as the result of conflict. It assesses the applicable domestic legislative instruments within the three countries investigated as case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon, and highlights key domestic remedies that could serve as models for ensuring greater social cohesion and greater inclusion of minorities in the political life of these countries.

Ottoman Empire and Islam Oxford Bibliographies Online Research GuideOttoman Empire and Islam Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

>Masters, Bruce. Christians and jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of
Sectarianism. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. The primary focus is
on the expansion of Catholicism among Arab Christians in early modern Syria, ...

Author: Eric Dursteler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199810949


Page: 26

View: 161

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of Islamic studies find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Renaissance and Reformation, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of European history and culture between the 14th and 17th centuries. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibliographies.com.

Democracy Islam and Secularism in TurkeyDemocracy Islam and Secularism in Turkey

Aron Rodrigue, “Difference and Tolerance in the Ottoman Empire,” interview by
Nancy Reynolds, Stanford Humanities Review 5 (1995): 81–92. 4. Bruce Masters
, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism ...

Author: Ahmet T. Kuru

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231530255


Page: 240

View: 825

While Turkey has grown as a world power, promoting the image of a progressive and stable nation, several choices in policy have strained its relationship with the East and the West. Providing historical, social, and religious context for this behavior, the essays in Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey examine issues relevant to Turkish debates and global concerns, from the state's position on religion to its involvement with the European Union. Written by experts in a range of disciplines, the chapters explore the toleration of diversity during the Ottoman Empire's classical period; the erosion of ethno-religious heterogeneity in modern, pre-democratic times; Kemalism and its role in modernization and nation building; the changing political strategies of the military; and the effect of possible EU membership on domestic reforms. The essays also offer a cross-Continental comparison of "multiple secularisms," as well as political parties, considering especially Turkey's Justice and Development Party in relation to Europe's Christian Democratic parties. Contributors tackle critical research questions, such as the legacy of the Ottoman Empire's ethno-religious plurality and the way in which Turkey's assertive secularism can be softened to allow greater space for religious actors. They address the military's "guardian" role in Turkey's secularism, the implications of recent constitutional amendments for democratization, and the consequences and benefits of Islamic activism's presence within a democratic system. No other collection confronts Turkey's contemporary evolution so vividly and thoroughly or offers such expert analysis of its crucial social and political systems. Contributors: Karen Barkey (Columbia University) Ümit Cizre (Istanbul Sehir University) M. Sükrü Hanioglu (Princeton University) Stathis N. Kalyvas (Yale University) Ahmet T. Kuru (San Diego State University) Joost Lagendijk (Sabanc University) Ergun Özbudun (Bilkent University) Alfred Stepan (Columbia University)

Piety Politics and PowerPiety Politics and Power

The Reasonableness of Christianity with a Discourse of Miracles and a Part of
the Third Letter Concerning Toleration. Edited by I. T. Ramsey. ... Christians and
Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Secularism. Cambridge Studies in

Author: David D. Grafton

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630877187


Page: 312

View: 846

From the time of Martin Luther's writing of "On War Against the Turk" in 1529 to American Lutheran military chaplains serving in the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, Lutheranism has had a symbiotic relationship with Islam in the Middle East, framed across cultural and religious borders. There have been those who have crossed these "borders" to engage in mission and dialogue. In Piety, Politics, and Power, David Grafton examines the origins of the American Lutheran missionary movement in the Middle East, with a focus on its encounter with Muslims and the varied Lutheran theological responses toward Islam. The narrative is placed within historical contexts to provide an overarching background of Middle Eastern history and Christian-Muslim Relations. The survey covers Lutheran missionary communities in Persia, Iraq, Egypt, Lebanon, and Jerusalem and the West Bank, including the work of the Lutherans working for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missionaries, the Anglican Church Missionary Society, the Lutheran Orient Mission, the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. Whether enthusiastic Pietists seeking the conversion of Muslims and Jews; cautious theologians in dialogue with Islam, Judaism, or Oriental Orthodoxy; or social activists working on behalf of refugees in Egypt and the West Bank, Grafton argues that these Christian missionaries were all enmeshed in the politics of the communities in which they lived, and either contributed to or suffered from the realities of Middle Eastern and international politics. Given the current reality of "Pax Americana" in the Middle East, the author asks the driving question about the role of American Lutheran missions and Lutheran-Middle Eastern Muslim dialogue in the age of American power in the Middle East.

Cosmopolitanisms in Muslim ContextsCosmopolitanisms in Muslim Contexts

Marc David Baer, “The Great Fire of 1660 and the Islamization of Christian and
Jewish Space in Istanbul”, International ... Christians and Jews in the Ottoman
Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Author: Derryl N MacLean

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748656097


Page: 208

View: 577

Focuses on moments in world history when cosmopolitan ideas and actions pervaded specific Muslim societies and cultures, exploring the tensions between regional cultures, isolated enclaves and modern nation-states.

Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century EuropeParadoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

2 For the English translation see JC Hurewitz (ed), The Middle East in World
Politics: A Documentary Record, vol 1, ... 3 Bruce Masters, Christians and Jews in
the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism, Cambridge, Cambridge ...

Author: Thomas Hippler

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191043871


Page: 300

View: 328

'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked. Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict. Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict. These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed. This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe.

Emergence of Minorities in the Middle EastEmergence of Minorities in the Middle East

Masters, Bruce, Christians and ]ews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of
Sectarianism (Cambridge: Cambridge ... Mazower, Mark, Salonica, City of Ghosts
: Christians, Muslims, and Jews, 1430-1950 (London: HarperPerennial, 2005) ...

Author: Benjamin Thomas White

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748688937


Page: 256

View: 353

This book uses a study of Syria under the French mandate to show what historical developments led people to start describing themselves and others as 'minorities'.

Choreographies of Shared Sacred SitesChoreographies of Shared Sacred Sites

See Bruce Masters, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of
Sectarianism, Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization (Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press. 2001); and Alexander de Groot, “The Historical Development ...

Author: Elazar Barkan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231538060


Page: 384

View: 185

This anthology explores the dynamics of shared religious sites in Turkey, the Balkans, Palestine/Israel, Cyprus, and Algeria, indicating where local and national stakeholders maneuver between competition and cooperation, coexistence and conflict. Contributors probe the notion of coexistence and the logic that underlies centuries of "sharing," exploring when and why sharing gets interrupted—or not—by conflict, and the policy consequences. These essays map the choreographies of shared sacred spaces within the framework of state-society relations, juxtaposing a site's political and religious features and exploring whether sharing or contestation is primarily religious or politically motivated. Although religion and politics are intertwined phenomena, the contributors to this volume understand the category of "religion" and the "political" as devices meant to distinguish between the theological and confessional aspects of religion and the political goals of groups. Their comparative approach better represents the transition in some cases of sites into places of hatred and violence, while in other instances they remain noncontroversial. The essays clearly delineate the religious and political factors that contribute to the context and causality of conflict at these sites and draw on history and anthropology to shed light on the often rapid switch from relative tolerance to distress to peace and calm.

Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire The Arabic speaking landsChristians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire The Arabic speaking lands

Within the Arab world the Copts are the most numerous Christian community .
Coptic , the liturgical language , is the last surviving vestige of Ancient Egyptian .
Despite agreement on doctrine with the other Monophysite churches ( Jacobite
and ...

Author: Benjamin Braude


ISBN: UOM:39015000579691



View: 599

How did the vast Ottoman empire, stretching from the Balkans to the Sahara, endure for more than four centuries despite its great ethnic and religious diversity? The classic work on this plural society, the two-volume Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Empire, offered seminal reinterpretations of the empire¿s core institutions and has sparked more than a generation of innovative work since it was first published in 1982. This new, abridged, and reorganized edition, with a substantial new introduction and bibliography covering issues and scholarship of the past thirty years, has been carefully designed to be accessible to a wider readership. -- from https://books.google.com (Oct. 30, 2015).

Evangelicals and IsraelEvangelicals and Israel

The Story of American Christian Zionism Stephen Spector. Affairs, 7 ... to pay (
Bruce Masters, Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of
Sectarianism [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001], 17–19). 35. Reza

Author: Stephen Spector

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199887941


Page: 352

View: 372

Most observers explain evangelical Christians' bedrock support for Israel as stemming from the apocalyptic belief that the Jews must return to the Holy Land as a precondition for the second coming of Christ. But the real reasons, argues Stephen Spector, are far more complicated. In Evangelicals and Israel, Spector delves deeply into the Christian Zionist movement, mining information from original interviews, web sites, publications, news reports, survey research, worship services, and interfaith conferences, to provide a surprising look at the sources of evangelical support for Israel. Israel is God's prophetic clock for many evangelicals - irrefutable proof that prophecy is true and coming to pass in our lifetime. But Spector goes beyond end-times theology to find a complex set of motivations behind Israel-evangelical relations. These include the promise of God's blessing for those who bless the Jews; gratitude to Jews for establishing the foundations of Christianity; remorse for the Chu

Jews and Muslims in the Islamic WorldJews and Muslims in the Islamic World

( New York : Holmes & Meier , 1982 ) ; Mark Alan Epstein , The Ottoman Jewish
Communities and Their Role in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries ( Freiburg :
Schwarz , 1980 ) , 26ff .; Bruce Masters , Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab

Author: Bernard Dov Cooperman

Publisher: Joseph and Rebecca Meyerhoff Center for Jewish Studies

ISBN: UCSD:31822040771511


Page: 384

View: 984

Essays on the symbiotic relation ship between Jews and Muslims, including their history, social life, architecture, religion, music, and literature.

Ottoman BrothersOttoman Brothers

Ottoman Brothers explores Ottoman collective identity, tracing how Muslims, Christians, and Jews became imperial citizens together in Palestine following the 1908 revolution.

Author: Michelle Campos

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804770682


Page: 343

View: 568

Ottoman Brothers explores Ottoman collective identity, tracing how Muslims, Christians, and Jews became imperial citizens together in Palestine following the 1908 revolution.