Assumptions Can MisleadAssumptions Can Mislead



Can. Mislead. When we make an assumption we take something for granted. We accept it as fact. Many assumptions are automatic. We may not realize or even ...

Author: M. C. DYE

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 9781466987708

Category:

Page: 246

View: 920

This book is based on stunning true stories about people of all ages in a wide variety of situations. The stories illustrate how unrecognized, incorrect assumptions can cause mistakes, misunderstandings, and tragic outcomes. Assumptions are interwoven into the very fabric of our lives. When we make an assumption we take something for granted. We accept it as fact. The stories also show our need to be respected and understood, the types of assumptions we make, and how we can recognize assumptions before we make them. This is a book about us and how our assumptions affect us. The stories led to the book's title and chapter titles. Most chapters begin with stories. Some of the twenty-one chapter titles are: Urgent!; Tenacious Assumptions, Dogged Beliefs; Automatic Assumptions Can Mislead; Betrayed; Now Will You Listen; Our Doctors Need Our Stories; When We Are Patients; Hospitals; Recognizing Assumptions. Because medical errors are a serious problem, we, as patients, and our medical professionals need to be aware of incorrect assumptions that can compromise our care. Orlando has shown us how we can recognize assumptions and get the story right. Whether in health care or elsewhere, getting the story right can sometimes be crucial.

Assumptions Can MisleadAssumptions Can Mislead



This book is based on stunning true stories about people of all ages in a wide variety of situations. The stories illustrate how unrecognized, incorrect assumptions can cause mistakes, misunderstandings, and tragic outcomes.

Author: M. C. Dye

Publisher: Trafford on Demand Pub

ISBN: 1466987693

Category:

Page: 246

View: 119

This book is based on stunning true stories about people of all ages in a wide variety of situations. The stories illustrate how unrecognized, incorrect assumptions can cause mistakes, misunderstandings, and tragic outcomes. Assumptions are interwoven into the very fabric of our lives. When we make an assumption we take something for granted. We accept it as fact. The stories also show our need to be respected and understood, the types of assumptions we make, and how we can recognize assumptions before we make them. This is a book about us and how our assumptions affect us. The stories led to the book's title and chapter titles. Most chapters begin with stories. Some of the twenty-one chapter titles are: Urgent!; Tenacious Assumptions, Dogged Beliefs; Automatic Assumptions Can Mislead; Betrayed; Now Will You Listen; Our Doctors Need Our Stories; When We Are Patients; Hospitals; Recognizing Assumptions. Because medical errors are a serious problem, we, as patients, and our medical professionals need to be aware of incorrect assumptions that can compromise our care. Orlando has shown us how we can recognize assumptions and get the story right. Whether in health care or elsewhere, getting the story right can sometimes be crucial.

Relating Theory and DataRelating Theory and Data



model does not take them into account, then why would one expect the precise, ... Here isanexample of howan arbitrary assumption can mislead.

Author: Stephan Lewandowsky

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134759293

Category:

Page: 576

View: 568

This festschrift represents the proceedings of a conference held in honor of Bennet B. Murdock, one of the foremost researchers and theoreticians on human memory and cognition. A highly renowned investigator respected for both his empirical and theoretical contributions to the field, Murdock summarized and focused a large amount of research activity with his 1974 book Human Memory: Theory and Data. This unique collection of articles addresses many of the issues discussed in his classic text. Divided into five principal sections, its coverage includes: theoretical perspectives on human memory ranging from a biological view to an exposition of the value of formal models; recent progress in the study of processes in immediate memory and recognition memory; and new developments in componential and distributed approaches to the modeling of human memory. Each section concludes with an integrative commentary provided by some of Murdock’s eminent colleagues from the University of Toronto. Thus, this book offers a diversity of perspectives on contemporary topics in the discipline, and will be of interest to students and scholars in all branches of cognitive science.

Accountants Handbook Special Industries and Special TopicsAccountants Handbook Special Industries and Special Topics



... approaches described in paragraphs 200 and 201 could mislead users of the ... There are economic actuarial assumptions and noneconomic actuarial ...

Author: D. R. Carmichael

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471456179

Category:

Page: 840

View: 215

The premier accounting reference, revised and expanded The Accountants' Handbook series has the longest tradition of any reference of providing comprehensive coverage of the field to both accounting professionals and professionals in other fields who need or desire quick, understandable, and thorough exposure to complex accounting-related subjects. Like its predecessors, the Tenth Edition is designed as a single reference source that provides answers to all reasonable questions on accounting and financial reporting asked by accountants, auditors, bankers, lawyers, financial analysts, and other preparers and users of accounting information. Written by nationally recognized accounting professionals, including partners in major public accounting firms, financial executives, financial analysts, and other relevant business professionals, the Handbook covers both financial accounting and reporting and industry specific accounting issues in separate volumes for easy reference. Its comprehensive content provides analysis on over 43 critical areas of accounting.

Introduction to Robust Estimation and Hypothesis TestingIntroduction to Robust Estimation and Hypothesis Testing



One concern is that the sample mean can have a relatively large standard error ... in which analyses, based on conventional assumptions, can be misleading.

Author: Rand R. Wilcox

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123870155

Category:

Page: 608

View: 194

This revised book provides a thorough explanation of the foundation of robust methods, incorporating the latest updates on R and S-Plus, robust ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) and regression. It guides advanced students and other professionals through the basic strategies used for developing practical solutions to problems, and provides a brief background on the foundations of modern methods, placing the new methods in historical context. Author Rand Wilcox includes chapter exercises and many real-world examples that illustrate how various methods perform in different situations. Introduction to Robust Estimation and Hypothesis Testing, Second Edition, focuses on the practical applications of modern, robust methods which can greatly enhance our chances of detecting true differences among groups and true associations among variables. Covers latest developments in robust regression Covers latest improvements in ANOVA Includes newest rank-based methods Describes and illustrated easy to use software

Statistical Thinking for Non Statisticians in Drug RegulationStatistical Thinking for Non Statisticians in Drug Regulation



... can also account for baseline imbalances and allow the evaluation of the ... and if those assumptions are not valid, then the approach could mislead.

Author: Richard Kay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118470978

Category:

Page: 368

View: 99

Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation, Second Edition, is a need-to-know guide to understanding statistical methodology, statistical data and results within drug development and clinical trials. It provides non-statisticians working in the pharmaceutical and medical device industries with an accessible introduction to the knowledge they need when working with statistical information and communicating with statisticians. It covers the statistical aspects of design, conduct, analysis and presentation of data from clinical trials in drug regulation and improves the ability to read, understand and critically appraise statistical methodology in papers and reports. As such, it is directly concerned with the day-to-day practice and the regulatory requirements of drug development and clinical trials. Fully conversant with current regulatory requirements, this second edition includes five new chapters covering Bayesian statistics, adaptive designs, observational studies, methods for safety analysis and monitoring and statistics for diagnosis. Authored by a respected lecturer and consultant to the pharmaceutical industry, Statistical Thinking for Non-Statisticians in Drug Regulation is an ideal guide for physicians, clinical research scientists, managers and associates, data managers, medical writers, regulatory personnel and for all non-statisticians working and learning within the pharmaceutical industry.

Sound A Very Short IntroductionSound A Very Short Introduction



The brain's processing system has evolved to make reasonable assumptions about the ... Such assumptions can mislead, especially in situations that would not ...

Author: Mike Goldsmith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191018077

Category:

Page: 144

View: 267

Sound is integral to how we experience the world, in the form of noise as well as music. But what is sound? What is the physical basis of pitch and harmony? And how are sound waves exploited in musical instruments? In this Very Short Introduction Mike Goldsmith looks at the science of sound and explores sound in different contexts, covering the audible and inaudible, sound underground and underwater, accoustic and electric, and hearing in humans and animals. He also considers the problem of sound out of place - noise and its reduction. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

A Danish Photographer of Idaho IndiansA Danish Photographer of Idaho Indians



Such assumptions can mislead viewers and confuse the interpretation of the photograph . This interpretation was clearly based on sentimental conventions of ...

Author: Joanna Cohan Scherer

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806136847

Category:

Page: 157

View: 100

This volume reproduces a number of Wrensted's photographs including the names of the subjects, their biographical data, and an ethnographic analysis of their Native attire.

Quantitative Data Analysis for Language Assessment Volume IQuantitative Data Analysis for Language Assessment Volume I



This assumption postulates that the variances of the samples are approximately equal; and iv. the data should not contain any outliers, which can be defined ...

Author: Vahid Aryadoust

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351741224

Category:

Page: 272

View: 306

Quantitative Data Analysis for Language Assessment Volume I: Fundamental Techniques is a resource book that presents the most fundamental techniques of quantitative data analysis in the field of language assessment. Each chapter provides an accessible explanation of the selected technique, a review of language assessment studies that have used the technique, and finally, an example of an authentic study that uses the technique. Readers also get a taste of how to apply each technique through the help of supplementary online resources that include sample data sets and guided instructions. Language assessment students, test designers, and researchers should find this a unique reference as it consolidates theory and application of quantitative data analysis in language assessment.

New Developments in Parsing TechnologyNew Developments in Parsing Technology



We will also give an example to show how PCFGs can be badly mislead when the assumptions are violated. As an alternative we will propose distribution-free ...

Author: H. Bunt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402022951

Category:

Page: 403

View: 584

Parsing can be defined as the decomposition of complex structures into their constituent parts, and parsing technology as the methods, the tools, and the software to parse automatically. Parsing is a central area of research in the automatic processing of human language. Parsers are being used in many application areas, for example question answering, extraction of information from text, speech recognition and understanding, and machine translation. New developments in parsing technology are thus widely applicable. This book contains contributions from many of today's leading researchers in the area of natural language parsing technology. The contributors describe their most recent work and a diverse range of techniques and results. This collection provides an excellent picture of the current state of affairs in this area. This volume is the third in a series of such collections, and its breadth of coverage should make it suitable both as an overview of the current state of the field for graduate students, and as a reference for established researchers.

The Making of Modern EconomicsThe Making of Modern Economics



False and misleading assumptions can lead to trouble in economics. For example, computer-generated econometric models have been developed to forecast stock, ...

Author: Mark Skousen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317513797

Category:

Page: 502

View: 497

This book presents a bold, engaging and updated history of economics--the dramatic story of how the great economic thinkers built today's rigorous social science. Noted financial writer and economist Mark Skousen has revised this popular work, now in its third edition. This comprehensive, yet accessible introduction to the major economic philosophers of the past 225 years begins with Adam Smith and continues through the present day. The text examines the contributions made by each individual to our understanding of the role of the economist, the science of economics, and economic theory. Boxes in each chapter highlight little-known and entertaining facts about the economists' personal lives that had an influence on their work.

Adult Congenital Heart Disease An Issue of Cardiology Clinics E BookAdult Congenital Heart Disease An Issue of Cardiology Clinics E Book



Table 2 Assumptions of the recommended pulmonary artery systolic pressure ... do not apply and can mislead in subsets of patients with not only complex CHD ...

Author: Curt J Daniels

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323761215

Category:

Page: 240

View: 369

This issue of Cardiology Clinics will cover Adult Congenital Heart Disease. Curated by Dr. Curt J. Daniels, this issue will explore topics in the field that are relevant for practicing clinicians. This issue is one of four selected each year by the series editorial board: Jamil A. Aboulhosn, David M. Shavelle, Terrence D. Welch, and Audrey H. Wu. The volume will include articles on: ACHD Epidemiology and Work Force, Access and Delivery of ACHD Care, Atrial Septal Defect, Bicuspid Aortic Valve and ACHD Aortopathy, Coarctation of the Aorta, Ebstein Anomaly, Tetralogy of Fallot, Single Ventricle and Fontan Physiology, ACHD Transcatheter Therapy, ACHD Electrophysiology ̧ ACHD Cardiothoracic Surgery, Psychosocial Aspects of ACHD, Congenital Heart Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension, ACHD Heart Failure, and Mechanical Support and Transplant.

Volcanic UnrestVolcanic Unrest



Non-magmatic causes of volcanic deformation during an unrest period do not ... These assumptions can cause misleading interpretations when compared to ...

Author: Joachim Gottsmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319584126

Category:

Page: 313

View: 608

This open-access book summarizes the findings of the VUELCO project, a multi-disciplinary and cross-boundary research funded by the European Commission's 7th framework program. It comprises four broad topics: 1. The global significance of volcanic unrest 2. Geophysical and geochemical fingerprints of unrest and precursory activity 3. Magma dynamics leading to unrest phenomena 4. Bridging the gap between science and decision-making Volcanic unrest is a complex multi-hazard phenomenon. The fact that unrest may, or may not lead to an imminent eruption contributes significant uncertainty to short-term volcanic hazard and risk assessment. Although it is reasonable to assume that all eruptions are associated with precursory activity of some sort, the understanding of the causative links between subsurface processes, resulting unrest signals and imminent eruption is incomplete. When a volcano evolves from dormancy into a phase of unrest, important scientific, political and social questions need to be addressed. This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers of volcanic phenomena, professionals in volcanic hazard and risk assessment, observatory personnel, as well as emergency managers who wish to learn about the complex nature of volcanic unrest and how to utilize new findings to deal with unrest phenomena at scientific and emergency managing levels. This book is open access under a CC BY license.

European BusinessEuropean Business



Although it is unlikely that other member states will be able to follow the ... assumptions surrounding the concept of competitiveness can be misleading, ...

Author: Debra Johnson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134266043

Category:

Page: 480

View: 226

Fully revised and updated, this new edition of an already well-established text is easy to use, engagingly written and contains a wealth of pedagogical features. Exploring the European business environment; paying particular attention to the role of member states and how Europe interacts with the rest of the world, the authors examine what is unique about the European business environment – integration - how it has affected the strategy and behaviour of businesses with a European presence. New to this edition is: new material on the single European market, the single currency and related policy issues issues not dealt with elsewhere such as the European consumer, entrepreneurship, sustainability and Europe’s relationship with emerging economies like China an attractive new design and new pedagogical features, including numerous topical case studies to illustrate the themes explored, chapter objectives, discussion questions, boxed supporting information and extensive further reading and resources a companion website to provide extra material for students and lecturers European Business is an essential read for all students of international business. Visit the Companion website at www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415351355

Success in Academic Surgery Clinical TrialsSuccess in Academic Surgery Clinical Trials



Violation of any of these three assumptions can lead to misleading conclusions. If the assumptions are violated, it is recommended that a nonparametric ...

Author: Timothy M. Pawlik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447146797

Category:

Page: 183

View: 470

Surgical education is a rapidly expanding area of surgical research and career interest, and as the Association for Academic Surgery (AAS) Fall Courses (www.aasurg.org) and International courses offer more and more specialty tracking there is a greater need for an accompanying textbook to supplement the material presented in the courses.

Robust Nonlinear RegressionRobust Nonlinear Regression



In particular, outliers may breach those classical assumptions; their effect will therefore be to mislead. To show these effects, Figure 3.1 displays some ...

Author: Hossein Riazoshams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119010456

Category:

Page: 264

View: 995

The first book to discuss robust aspects of nonlinear regression—with applications using R software Robust Nonlinear Regression: with Applications using R covers a variety of theories and applications of nonlinear robust regression. It discusses both parts of the classic and robust aspects of nonlinear regression and focuses on outlier effects. It develops new methods in robust nonlinear regression and implements a set of objects and functions in S-language under SPLUS and R software. The software covers a wide range of robust nonlinear fitting and inferences, and is designed to provide facilities for computer users to define their own nonlinear models as an object, and fit models using classic and robust methods as well as detect outliers. The implemented objects and functions can be applied by practitioners as well as researchers. The book offers comprehensive coverage of the subject in 9 chapters: Theories of Nonlinear Regression and Inference; Introduction to R; Optimization; Theories of Robust Nonlinear Methods; Robust and Classical Nonlinear Regression with Autocorrelated and Heteroscedastic errors; Outlier Detection; R Packages in Nonlinear Regression; A New R Package in Robust Nonlinear Regression; and Object Sets. The first comprehensive coverage of this field covers a variety of both theoretical and applied topics surrounding robust nonlinear regression Addresses some commonly mishandled aspects of modeling R packages for both classical and robust nonlinear regression are presented in detail in the book and on an accompanying website Robust Nonlinear Regression: with Applications using R is an ideal text for statisticians, biostatisticians, and statistical consultants, as well as advanced level students of statistics.

Regaining Sanity for the EarthRegaining Sanity for the Earth



You can easily move to and fro on a geometrical line and express this by means of ... Logical deduction from axiomatic assumptions The fourth approach under ...

Author: Klaus Nürnberger

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781456876074

Category:

Page: 345

View: 432

For centuries science and faith have been drifting apart. Science lost its transcendent foundations, faith lost its credibility. Science conquered the future; faith got stuck in the past. Science unleashed unprecedented powers; faith became a private pastime. The economic and ecological consequences are catastrophic. Science and faith must reconnect and lead the way out of the crisis.

Statistics with RStatistics with R



We might think that all we need to do to validate this assumption is to create ... (of the associated regression equation) can mislead us into thinking that ...

Author: Robert Stinerock

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526421470

Category:

Page: 392

View: 516

The dynamic, student focused textbook provides step-by-step instruction in the use of R and of statistical language as a general research tool. It is ideal for anyone hoping to: Complete an introductory course in statistics Prepare for more advanced statistical courses Gain the transferable analytical skills needed to interpret research from across the social sciences Learn the technical skills needed to present data visually Acquire a basic competence in the use of R. The book provides readers with the conceptual foundation to use applied statistical methods in everyday research. Each statistical method is developed within the context of practical, real-world examples and is supported by carefully developed pedagogy and jargon-free definitions. Theory is introduced as an accessible and adaptable tool and is always contextualized within the pragmatic context of real research projects and definable research questions. Author Robert Stinerock has also created a wide range of online resources, including: R scripts, complete solutions for all exercises, data files for each chapter, video and screen casts, and interactive multiple-choice quizzes.

A Restless FaithA Restless Faith



But questions did begin to intrude, and i could so easily have become an atheist ... assumptions, and, to the extent that it does, it too is misleading. the ...

Author: Keith Mascord

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532608414

Category:

Page: 270

View: 112

This book tells the story of Keith's restless journey of faith, from his early days at Prairie Bible Institute in Canada, through positive encounters with Anglican evangelicalism in Australia, and into a more restful and sustainable faith. The book charts a way forward for people who feel they must choose between fundamentalism and jettisoning their faith altogether.