Regional Economic Outlook October 2018 Middle East and Central AsiaRegional Economic Outlook October 2018 Middle East and Central Asia



Middle East and Central Asia. Other titles: Middle East and Central Asia | MCD
REO | World economic and financial surveys. Description: Washington, DC:
International Monetary Fund, 2018 | Oct. 18. | Includes bibliographical references.

Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 9781484380185

Category:

Page:

View: 653

As in other regions in the world, countries in MENAP and CCA regions are exposed to tightening in global financing conditions and ongoing global trade tensions. The former has already begun to impact several emerging market economies in MENAP and could have more severe implications should financial market sentiment suddenly deteriorate. Escalating global trade tensions will have a limited direct and immediate impact on these regions but could impart significant strains over time through negative effects on trading partners and through market confidence effects.

Insight Turkey Fall 2018 The Struggle Over Central AsiaInsight Turkey Fall 2018 The Struggle Over Central Asia



Michael Lelyveld, “China Nears Limit on Central Asian Gas,” Radio Free Asia, (
June 25, 2018), retrieved from https://www.rfa.org/english/commentaries/
energy_watch/china-nears-limit-oncentral-asian-gas-06252018100827.html. 18.
Vladimir ...

Author:

Publisher: SET Vakfı İktisadi İşletmesi

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 677

This issue of Insight Turkey comes with a different format and brings to its readers two different topics that require special attention when we consider the latest regional and global affairs. The planned topic was Central Asia; however, the early presidential and parliamentarian elections in Turkey led us to cover a second topic in the issue. First, the current issue focuses on a forgotten but very important region of Central Asia. The second section of the journal comprises commentaries and articles on the latest elections in Turkey, how to understand them and what could be the future of the presidential system. Central Asia is one of the most geostrategic and penetrated regions in the world. The founding father of geopolitics, the British geographer Sir Halford John Mackinder, considers Central Asia as a part of the “heartland.” The control of Central Asia, a region stretching from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east, is a precondition of the world hegemony. Throughout the 20th century, the Central Asian countries were under the rule of the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the republics of Central Asia re-emerged as independent actors of international politics. Later, they were declared as “near abroad” by Russia; that is, they were kept close to Russia through several multilateral platforms. Nowadays, Central Asian countries, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, face many challenges such as underdevelopment, poor governance and corruption, mutual mistrust between neighbors, fear of radicalism, and threats from neighboring global powers. The governments of the regional countries must work together in order to be able to overcome these challenges. They need to increase intra-regional trade and to de-securitize their relations with other countries. Central Asian countries are squeezed between two heavyweight powers, Russia and China. With the revitalization of the historical Silk Road by China, many observers began to discuss the increasing importance and role of the Central Asian countries. Central Asia will be the main ground for intra-East regional and global competition. The mostly Turkic and Muslim countries can play the role of game changers at least, between the two global actors. Turkey, a country which shares the same language, history and culture with the Central Asian countries, is also one of the effective actors in the region. After an unprepared and unsuccessful attempt to forge links, in the wake of their independence in the 1990s, Turkey has improved its relations with the Turkic states and now has multi-dimensional relations (economic, cultural, political, and security) with these countries. The transformation of the Turkish political system into a presidential one, after the April 16, 2017 referendum, was finalized with the June 24, 2018 elections, when Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was elected as the first Turkish president in the context of the new presidential system. Naturally, many questions have risen in terms of the transformation of the new system and its impact on Turkey’s foreign policy. This issue of Insight Turkey aims to discuss this political transformation. Turkey has been governed by a multi-party parliamentarian system for decades. The country has experienced several chaotic periods due to political instabilities, mainly as a result of coalition or weak governments. Since Turkey could not end the bureaucratic (especially military and judiciary) tutelage, it could not consolidate its democracy under the parliamentarian system. Therefore, many politicians such as Necmettin Erbakan and Süleyman Demirel asked for the transformation of the system into a presidential one. At a time when the whole world has been experiencing a transformation, Turkey has also decided to consolidate its political authority; and therefore, it has decided to transform its political system into a unified and strong executive power in order to be able to struggle against emerging threats. Ultimately, as a regional power and global actor, Turkey now has a strong political leadership, who plays an effective role in international politics. In this issue, we bring four manuscripts which analyze in detail the June 2018 elections and the new presidential system in Turkey. On the verge of the reorganization process in Turkey, Zahid Sobacı, Özer Köseoğlu, and Nebi Miş in their article provide a legal and institutional analysis of how the public policy process and the roles and responsibilities of policy actors have changed with the new system. Understanding the actual elections of June 24 is also very important. In the light of this, the detailed election analyses of Ali Çarkoğlu and Kerem Yıldırım provide an exemplary source. Furthermore, Hüseyin Alptekin’s article deals specifically with the patterns of Kurdish votes in 24 eastern Turkish cities and contends that intra-Kurdish and intra-regional differences have prevailed in the June 24 elections. The last piece on the elections is the commentary written by Ali Yaşar Sarıbay which addresses the factors that led to the new system in Turkey through historical and sociological processes. Six other manuscripts bring a general perspective on the regional and global affairs in Central Asia. Experts in this area analyze the Russian-Chinese competition in the region, the responses of the Central Asian states and Turkey’s comeback in Central Asia. Morena Skalamera, focusing on the rivalry between global and regional powers in Central Asia, i.e. Russia, China, the U.S., Turkey, etc., intends to explain the Central Asian governments’ failure to capitalize on these developments. Mariya Omelicheva and Ruoxi Du, on the other hand, shed light on why Russia has abstained from a possible conflict with China when it comes to the Central Asian energy and transportation networks by arguing that Kazakhstan’s multi-vector foreign policy has played a crucial role in this regard. This issue places a special emphasis on Kazakhstan, considering that it is one of the most important regional states. In the light of this, the articles of Azhar Serikkaliyeva et al. and Aidar Kurmashev et al. focus on the China-Kazakhstan strategic partnership and Kazakhstan’s example of fighting terrorism respectively. Lastly, as the title of this issue suggests, Turkey is redirecting its attention to Central Asia as a part of its recent foreign policy strategies. In this regards, Bayram Balcı and Thomas Liles provide a brief analysis of Turkey’s relations with Central Asian states in the political, economic, and cultural areas. Furthermore, Eşref Yalınkılıçlı focuses especially on Turkey’s relationship and cooperation with Uzbekistan, which in the new era seems indispensable for the sake of the former’s interests and influences in the region. Three off-topic manuscripts conclude this issue of Insight Turkey. As Trump directs the U.S. towards isolation and continues Obama’s policy of retrenchment in the Middle East, other actors such as the UK will attempt to fill the void. Within this context, Gareth Stansfield, Doug Stokes, and Saul Kelly in their article analyze the UK’s return to the region and its implication for the balance of power in the region. Vladimir Bobrovnikov brings attention to the making of the intolerant discourse on Islam in Soviet and Imperial Russia and the attempts to integrate applied Oriental studies into the general debates on Orientalism. Written by Emrah Kekilli, the last commentary focuses on the ongoing Libya crisis and its forthcoming elections. Placing the main fault upon UAE’s intervention, Kekilli contends that the crisis in Libya reflects the regional interests. With one more year coming to an end, we are pleased to present to our readers another insightful issue which aims to bring attention to the largely ignored region of Central Asia. Furthermore, the latest transformations in Turkey deserve to be analyzed thoroughly and presented to those readers interested in Turkey’s politics. With the trust that you will find this issue illuminating and interesting, we look forward to meeting you in the next year’s issues.

The European Union s Influence in Central AsiaThe European Union s Influence in Central Asia



This study examines the role of the European Union in Central Asian affairs.

Author: Olga Alinda Spaiser

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498542241

Category:

Page: 270

View: 301

This study examines the role of the European Union in Central Asian affairs. The author analyzes the various ways the European Union exerts influence in a region where other global powers have dominant positions and emphasizes the Central Asian states themselves as subjects and actors.

Europe and Central Asia Economic Update May 2018Europe and Central Asia Economic Update May 2018



"With growth in Europe and Central Asia likely at its peak, this report addresses two questions.

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9781464812996

Category:

Page:

View: 344

"With growth in Europe and Central Asia likely at its peak, this report addresses two questions. How well is the region prepared for an expected slowdown? How well has the economic upswing been used to adjust to the digital revolution? The report specifically focuses on cryptocurrency and blockchain activities in the region."

History of Central Asia The 4 volume setHistory of Central Asia The 4 volume set



Masterfully interweaving the stories of individuals and peoples, the author's engaging prose is richly augmented throughout by colour photographs taken on his own travels.

Author: Christoph Baumer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781838608675

Category:

Page: 1568

View: 490

For more than a hundred years, Central Asia was the heartland of the mightiest military power on the planet. But after the fragmentation of the all-conquering Mongol polity, the region began a steep decline which rendered this former domain of horse lords peripheral to world affairs. The process of deterioration reached its nadir in the second half of the nineteenth century, when the former territories and sweeping steppes of the great khans were overrun by Tsarist Russia. In the concluding volume of his acclaimed Central Asia quartet, Christoph Baumer shows how China in the east, and Russia in the northwest, succeeded in throwing off the Mongol yoke to become the masters of their own previous rulers. He suggests that, as traditional transcontinental trade routes declined in importance, it was the `Great Game' - or cold war between Imperial Russia and Great Britain - which finally brought Central Asia back into play as a region of strategic importance. This epic history concludes with an assessment of the transition to modern independence of the Central Asian states and their struggle to contain radical Islamism.

History of Research on Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans 1887 2018 History of Research on Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans 1887 2018



See Asia, South– India. Work of the Indian ... 1997 by Monsanto Co. from
Empresas La Moderna, S.A. (ELM) 1267, 2264, 2342, 2457 Asia, Central
Introduction of Soybeans to. ... NITROGEN. FIXATION. IN. SOYBEANS. (1887-
2018). 1068.

Author: William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi

Publisher: Soyinfo Center

ISBN: 9781948436007

Category:

Page: 1129

View: 327

This is the world's most comprehensive, well documented, and well illustrated book on this subject. With extensive subject and geographical index. 91 photographs and illustrations - mostly color, Free of charge.

Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia China and India 2018 Update Promoting Opportunities in E commerceEconomic Outlook for Southeast Asia China and India 2018 Update Promoting Opportunities in E commerce



Miyajima, K., M.S. Mohanty and J. Yetman (2014), “Spillovers of US
Unconventional Monetary Policy to Asia: The Role of ... SEACEN Economies,
The South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre,
Kuala Lumpur, ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264302990

Category:

Page: 108

View: 408

The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a bi-annual publication on regional economic growth, development and regional integration in Emerging Asia. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam ...

Central AsiaCentral Asia



Locating on the Silk Road, blue domes are one of the most significant shapes in the architecture of Central Asia.

Author: Brbara Bolkvadze

Publisher:

ISBN: 1536146358

Category:

Page: 202

View: 536

Locating on the Silk Road, blue domes are one of the most significant shapes in the architecture of Central Asia. The opening chapter of Central Asia: Perspectives and Present Challenges aims to identify and address the unique features of conical and pointed domes, which topped a majority of distinct buildings in the cities of Merv, Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva from the Parthian to the Shaybanids era.The following study is devoted to the problem of joint use of water resources of transboundary rivers by the countries of the Aral Sea basin. 90% of the region's water resources are concentrated in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, and irrigated agriculture is the base of the economies of Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, thus creating a conflict of interest.The concluding study utilizes a process tracing approach to construct an analytical narrative of the civil war in Tajikistan. This analysis demonstrates that the state and the insurgency can mutually constitute and transform one another during civil war.

The Sociology of Central Asian YouthThe Sociology of Central Asian Youth



First published 2018 by Routledge 2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon
OX144RN and by Routledge 711 Third Avenue, ... ISBN 9780815380603 (
hardback) | ISBN 9781351212830 (ebk) Subjects: LCSH: Youth-Asia, Central-
History.

Author: Mohd.Aslam Bhat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351212816

Category:

Page: 160

View: 394

At the onset of the twenty-first century, ‘youth studies’ emerged as a distinct field of inquisition. Discourses and debates in the field have since become more sophisticated, and the spectrum of analysis has likewise broadened. However, it is striking to note how little reference is made to young people of peripheral regions like Central Asia. The Sociology of Central Asian Youth seeks to critically broaden the discussion on youth transitions discourse by moving beyond the geographical terrain of North America, Britain, Australia and Western Europe. The work establishes an in-depth understanding of young Central Asians, with a special focus on those in Uzbekistan. This is accomplished through the explanatory powers of the various forms of sociological theory and, specifically, by pursuing an ambitious aim: to introduce the classic sociological debate about the relationship between structure and agency in social behaviour into the study of modern Central Asia. Presenting the experiences of youth against the backdrop of contemporary socio-economic and cultural changes in the post-Soviet space, this empirical monograph will appeal to postgraduate students and post/doctoral researchers interested in fields such as Youth Studies, Central Asian Studies, Social Anthropology, Cultural Studies and Sociology.

The Transformation of Central AsiaThe Transformation of Central Asia



With original empirical research and theoretical insight, the volume's contributors illuminate an obscure but resource-rich and strategically significant region.

Author: Pauline Jones Luong

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501731334

Category:

Page: 352

View: 772

With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, former Communist Party leaders in Central Asia were faced with the daunting task of building states where they previously had not existed: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Their task was complicated by the institutional and ideological legacy of the Soviet system as well as by a more actively engaged international community. These nascent states inherited a set of institutions that included bloated bureaucracies, centralized economic planning, and patronage networks. Some of these institutions survived, others have mutated, and new institutions have been created. Experts on Central Asia here examine the emerging relationship between state actors and social forces in the region. Through the prism of local institutions, the authors reassess both our understanding of Central Asia and of the state-building process more broadly. They scrutinize a wide array of institutional actors, ranging from regional governments and neighborhood committees to transnational and non-governmental organizations. With original empirical research and theoretical insight, the volume's contributors illuminate an obscure but resource-rich and strategically significant region.

Rethinking Prehistoric Central AsiaRethinking Prehistoric Central Asia



Talgar's placement in larger geographical and historic contexts -- Semirech'ye -- Landscape, settlement, and burial mounds -- Human population growth on the Talgar fan -- The Tuzusai landscape -- Demography and agropastoralism -- Notes -- ...

Author: Claudia Chang

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1138737089

Category:

Page: 144

View: 780

Talgar's placement in larger geographical and historic contexts -- Semirech'ye -- Landscape, settlement, and burial mounds -- Human population growth on the Talgar fan -- The Tuzusai landscape -- Demography and agropastoralism -- Notes -- Bibliography -- 5. Social organization in Talgar: Equality or hierarchy? -- Egalitarianism and social hierarchy in the nomadic world -- Social inequality and ranking at Talgar -- Interpretations of inequality at Talgar -- A model for Saka and Wusun sociopolitical structure on the Talgar fan -- The territorial imperative -- Talgar social organization and daily life -- Mobility, craft specialization, and social hierarchy -- Talgar archaeology and the big picture -- Notes -- Bibliography -- 6. The place of the Talgar fan in the development of nomadic states and civilizations -- Agropastoral economy in Talgar -- Were Talgar agropastoralists part of a nomadic society or state? -- The nomadic trope and the modern nation state -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index

Central Asia in the Era of SovereigntyCentral Asia in the Era of Sovereignty



This volume covers a wide range of issues and presents the work of emerging scholars authors well-known for their expertise in the region. The first part addresses social issues.

Author: Daniel L. Burghart

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498572675

Category:

Page: 544

View: 818

After twenty-five years of independence, there is little doubt that the five Central Asian states will persist as sovereign, independent states. They increasingly differ from each other, and are making their way in global politics. No longer connected only to Russia, they are now connected in important ways to Afghanistan, South Asia, China, Iran, and each other. This volume covers a wide range of issues and presents the work of emerging scholars authors well-known for their expertise in the region. The first part addresses social issues. Covering a wide range from HIV/AIDs to social media, the rebirth of Islam, outmigration, and problematic borders, this section follows two main currents: political development in the region and states’ responses to transboundary challenges. The second part, addressing economics and security, provides analyses of new infrastructure, informal economies (from bazaars to criminal networks), energy development, the role of enclaves in the Ferghana Valley, and the development of the states’ military structures. This section illuminates the interactions between economic developments and security, and the forces that could undermine both. The final part, comprised of five case studies, offers a “deeper dive” into a specific factor that matters in the development of each Central Asian state. These cases include Kazakhstan’s foreign policy identity, Kyrgyzstan’s domestic politics, Tajikistan’s pursuit of hydropower, foreign direct investment in Turkmenistan, and the perception of everyday corruption in Uzbekistan.

Islam in Central Asia and the Caucasus Since the Fall of the Soviet UnionIslam in Central Asia and the Caucasus Since the Fall of the Soviet Union



Bayram Balci seeks to analyse how these new Islamic influences have reached local societies and how they have interacted with pre-existing religious belief and practice.

Author: Bayram Balci

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190917272

Category:

Page: 256

View: 717

With the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, a major turning point in all former Soviet republics, Central Asian and Caucasian countries began to reflect on their history and identities. As a consequence of their opening up to the global exchange of ideas, various strains of Islam and trends in Islamic thought have nourished the Islamic revival that had already started in the context of glasnost and perestroika--from Turkey, Iran, the Arabian Peninsula, and from the Indian subcontinent; the four regions with strong ties to Central Asian and Caucasian Islam in the years before Soviet occupation. Bayram Balci seeks to analyse how these new Islamic influences have reached local societies and how they have interacted with pre-existing religious belief and practice. Combining exceptional erudition with rare first-hand research, Balci's book provides a sophisticated account of both the internal dynamics and external influences in the evolution of Islam in the region.

Central AsiaCentral Asia



This time, I am motivated to write this book from a different angle to show that cities in Central Asia have the potential to grow much faster and bigger in the near future.

Author: Nurbek Achilov

Publisher: Independently Published

ISBN: 1655421050

Category:

Page: 80

View: 902

This time, I am motivated to write this book from a different angle to show that cities in Central Asia have the potential to grow much faster and bigger in the near future. In addition to my books for travelers of Central Asia, this book is prepared for the evaluation of the biggest cities in the region. The statistical information is taken from official state sources.I hope it will be useful handbook not only for tourists but also researchers, businessmen and economists to evaluate Central Asia with a new outlook.I would be grateful for your comments, ideas, and support to continue my discoveries of opening Central Asia to the world.Welcome to explore 34 cities in Central Asia!

Muslims of Central AsiaMuslims of Central Asia



The first history-based integrated overview of Islam and Muslims in present-day Central Asia Between the tenth and sixteenth centuries Central Asia was one of the most prestigious cultural areas of the entire Muslim world, playing a pivotal ...

Author: Galina Yemelianova

Publisher: New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys

ISBN: 1474416322

Category:

Page: 256

View: 470

Between the tenth and sixteenth centuries Central Asia was one of the most prestigious cultural areas of the entire Muslim world, playing a pivotal role in the Silk Road trade. Throughout that history, and up to the present, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Turkmen and other Muslim peoples of Central Asia have developed their own unique understanding and practice of Islam which has shaped their national identity and particular social and political evolution. These special characteristics of Central Asian Islam ensured its survival during seventy years of Soviet atheist rule, while in the post-Soviet period Islam has been integrated into nation-building projects in constitutionally secular Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan. This absorbing history is traced in this fascinating study which shows how, from the seventh century to the present day, the region's people have negotiated their distinctively Central Asian Islamic identity in the face of enduring external Islamic and non-Islamic dominations, ethnic nationalisms and, more recently, global transnational Islamic influences.

Critical Approaches to Security in Central AsiaCritical Approaches to Security in Central Asia



This book will be of interest to students and researchers of Central Asian Studies as well as Security Studies and Political Science. The chapters were originally published in the journal Central Asian Survey.

Author: Edward Lemon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429656903

Category:

Page: 260

View: 356

Central Asia remains on the periphery, both spatially and in people’s imaginations. When the region does attract international attention, it is often related to security issues, including terrorism, ethnic conflict and drug trafficking. This book brings together leading specialists from a range of disciplines including geography, anthropology, sociology and political science to discuss how citizens and governments within Central Asia think about and practise security. The authors explore how governments use fears of instability to bolster their rule, and how securitized populations cope with (and resist) being labelled threats through strategies that are rarely associated with security, including marriage and changing their appearance. This collection examines a wide range of security issues including Islamic extremism, small arms, interethnic relations and border regions. While coverage of the region often departs from preconceived notions of the region as dangerous, obscure and volatile, the chapters in this book all place emphasis on the way local people understand security and harmony in their daily lives. This book will be of interest to students and researchers of Central Asian Studies as well as Security Studies and Political Science. The chapters were originally published in the journal Central Asian Survey.

Emerging Scholarship on the Middle East and Central AsiaEmerging Scholarship on the Middle East and Central Asia



In this book scholars specializing in the Middle East and Central Asia provide fresh analysis and cutting-edge critique of phenomena and events across the region.

Author: Katlyn Quenzer

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781498558433

Category:

Page: 224

View: 548

In this book scholars specializing in the Middle East and Central Asia provide fresh analysis and cutting-edge critique of phenomena and events across the region. Authors draw on multiple disciplinary traditions and cover a broad geography, in order to challenge understandings and propose new forms of scholarly engagement.